NPD10-36

"Series Number"

BY ORDER OF THE CINC
NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND

21 March 1996

Operations

"Long Title - Type In All Capital Letters"

NORAD

PLANNING AND REQUIREMENTS

SYSTEM

(NPRS)

This policy directive applies to HQ NORAD, its Regions and Sectors, and supporting activities. The NORAD Mission Planning and Requirements System (NPRS) is the process used to guide Headquarters North American Aerospace Defense Command (HQ NORAD) operational planning and requirements. This process ensures existing and future aerospace defense, aerospace control, and supporting systems meet the current and projected mission requirements of the Command. It brings together HQ NORAD and force provider planning resources to provide operational and programmatic recommendations to the Commander in Chief, North American Aerospace Defense Command (CINCNORAD). It also applies to Armed Forces Reserves and the Air National Guard in support of the NORAD mission. These recommendations are directly applicable to NORAD policy/doctrine; Concept of Operations (CONOPS) development; requirements generation; and programming and acquisition action in both Canada and the United States. The NPRS will be used to generate the NORAD Requirements Review Report (NRRR), Integrated Priority List (IPL) and other NORAD top level planning documents.

1.Authority. This policy directive implements CINCNORAD guidance and is not based on higher headquarters directives. The NPRS is established by the authority of CINCNORAD. The NPRS is compatible with and supportive of the planning functions of both Canada and the United States: DoD, MND, MCC, Joint Staff, NDHQ, Unified Commands and supporting agency and force provider planning functions. Coordination with national agencies is accomplished on a routine and ongoing basis.

2. Vision. The NPRS supports the NORAD Vision. This Vision should be captured in a holistic future warfighting concept which focuses on a time horizon of about 20 years. This time horizon is outside the strict confines of existing and programmed force structure, yet near enough to affect current policy and guidance on operational concepts, system designs, requirements formulation, and technology plans. The concept is formed from a variety of inputs, including the US National Security and Military Strategies and the Canadian Defence White Paper and Defence Development Planning Guidance, lessons learned from recent operational experiences and future conflict scenarios. Additionally, the Vision and supporting concept are influenced, but not driven, by an appreciation of future science and technology possibilities. Together, the NORAD Vision and warfighting concept are the "blueprint" for requirements. Requirements not related to this blueprint should be challenged.

3.Tenets. The NPRS process is guided by the following warfighting tenets. These tenets, if considered during the development of concepts, requirements and system design, will ensure NORAD is capable of successfully executing its mission in the future.

3.1.Unity of Effort (Synergy). NORAD must be capable of integrating joint and combined forces as allocated. Application of multiple missions of aerospace power can enhance overall effectiveness. NORAD operations can be applied in coordinated joint campaigns with surface forces, either to enhance or be enhanced by surface forces.

3.2.Concentration of Military Power. Aerospace power is most effective when it is focused in purpose and not needlessly dispersed.

3.3.Centralized Control/Decentralized Execution. Control should be centralized to achieve advantageous synergism and establish effective priorities. Execution should be decentralized to achieve effective spans of control, responsiveness, and tactical flexibility.

3.4.Agility (Flexibility and Versatility). NORAD forces must be capable of rapid response, able to be focused at the point of need.

3.5. Persistence. NORAD forces must endure and operate to a level consistent with supported operations.

4.Missions. NORAD will continuously provide warning of an aerospace attack on North America, and maintain continental aerospace control, to include peacetime air sovereignty and appropriate defense measures in response to hostile actions against North America.

5.Process. Administration and interpretation of the NPRS is the responsibility of HQ NORAD Directorate of Plans. The Directorate of Plans is authorized to task HQ NORAD elements, components and supporting agencies in support of the NPRS process and is responsible for external coordination of NPRS activities and products. The baseline starting point for the NPRS process is the NORAD mission, the primary objectives of which are stated in the current NORAD Agreement . In order to accomplish these mission objectives, NORAD must be able to effectively accomplish certain operational tasks. These tasks form the basis for the identification and development of desired operational capabilities, the synthesis of which results in projected forces, technologies and resources, manifested in future operating concepts. These operating concepts are influenced and further refined by respective national policies, as well as by staff efforts at higher and supporting headquarters (e.g., JROC approved requirements, Canadian Forces Defence Planning and Force Development [DPFD] decisions, and Joint Warfighting Capability Assessments [JWCA]). The NPRS process then transitions into the NORAD Mission Requirements Planning (MRP) process. The MRP process collects, reviews and consolidates all current and emerging NORAD mission needs; assesses current and programmed systems' capabilities to fulfill identified mission needs in the context of the operating concept and threat, over a spectrum varying from peacetime to war; and ascertains resource shortfalls and develops them into a defensible set of deficiencies and recommendations. The primary product of this phase is the NORAD Requirements Review Report (NRRR). MRP results are used for MNS and IPL development, and may lead to validated national and binational requirements. In this way, the MRP supports activities associated with the Planning, Programming and Budgeting System (PPBS), the Canadian Defence Program Management System (DPMS), preparation for CINCNORAD congressional testimony, and Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) and Defense Acquisition Board (DAB) activities. Finally, in addition to providing a community forum for the exchange of NORAD programming information, NPRS allows NORAD to respond to a dynamic threat, budgetary, and technological environment, while enhancing NORAD operations and warfighting capability.

6.Program Matrix. A program matrix will be developed to track operational requirements (MNS, CONOPS, ORDs and CRDs) by mission requirement and associated program. A system will also be developed to track program funding. The Directorate of Plans is responsible for developing and maintaining these planning tools.

7. The success of NPRS is assessed based on the ability of the process to define and satisfy the current and future mission needs of the Command and force providers, and to provide the products necessary for

timely and effective operational, planning and programming action. To determine the effectiveness of the NPRS process, metrics to measure the success are at attachment 1.

RODNEY S. LUSEY, Colonel, USA
Joint Secretariat

Attachment
Measuring and Displaying Policy Compliance

DISTRIBUTION: X
US Secretariat, Canada/US Military Cooperation Committee/MCC, 1111 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 5111, Arlington VA, 22202-5000......................................................................................................1
Canadian Secretariat, Canada/US Military Cooperation Committee/MCC, J3 Plans (Air) 4, National
Defence Headquarters, MGen George Pearkes Building, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A0K2..................1
Deputy Chief Plans and Requirements, Air Command Headquarters, Westwin, Manitoba, Canada,
R3J0T0....................................................................................................................................................1

MEASURING AND DISPLAYING POLICY COMPLIANCE

A1.1. HQ NORAD appraises the commands ability to implement this directive by measuring mission area deficiency resolution.

A1.2. Successful implementation of a NORAD Planning and Requirements System is evident as deficiencies are resolved and the warfighters are able to effectively accomplish the NORAD mission. This is measured annually by the Force Capability Working Teams as they conduct mission area assessments. During these assessments the teams rate current, programmed, and future systems as:

GREEN - Meets mission requirements with acceptable risk.
- Fully mission capable.

YELLOW - Marginally meets mission requirements with acceptable risk.
- Partially mission capable.

RED - Does not meet mission requirements.
- Not mission capable.

A1.3. The metric displays the number of green, yellow, and red mission areas and compares them from year to year. Since 1995 is the first year the areas were analyzed there are no trends. As deficiencies and mission needs are met by the NPRS the number of green mission areas should increase while yellow and red decrease. The measurement is conducted on an annual basis.