HQ NORAD AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND NORAD REGULATION 10-1
Peterson Air Force Base Colorado 80914-4100 11 March 1994

Operations

ASSISTANCE TO AIRCRAFT IN DISTRESS

This regulation is intended to provide direction to subordinate
units who may be tasked to assist aircraft in distress or provide
emergency navigational assistance within the North American
Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) system. It applies to
Headquarters NORAD, regions, sectors, and commanders of other
units under the operational control of the Commander in Chief
(CINC), NORAD. Other commands and agencies having air defense
responsibilities to CINCNORAD will use this regulation for
guidance. NORAD region commanders are authorized to supplement
this regulation to establish specific responsibilities and
operating procedures for their areas.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES

Updates operations/reporting procedures and distribution list.

1. Responsibilities:

1.1. NORAD Region Commanders. Ensure operations personnel of
all command and control facilities monitor emergency radio
frequencies, radar beacons, and distress patterns to the maximum
extent possible.

1.2. NORAD Regions. Ensure the Senior Director (SD) at the
ROCC/SOCC applies these procedures when a call or emergency
transponder "squawk" (identification friend or foe (IFF))
transmission is received from an aircraft in distress or in need
of emergency navigational assistance.

1.3. Region Operations Control Center/Sector Operations Control
Center (ROCC/SOCC). ROCC/SOCC Senior Directors immediately
assess the need to assume direct supervisory control over air
defense assistance until a successful recovery is complete or
the emergency no longer exists. When another agency is providing
assistance, the SD monitors the situation and will not attempt to
intervene until the emergency is terminated.

______________
Supersedes NR55-10, 30 January 1987. (For summary of changes see
above.)
No. of Printed Pages: 4
OPR: NJ30G (MSgt Mazurek)
Approved by: NJ30 (Col Pope)
Editor: Pam Gatson
Distribution: F;X (See page 4.)

2 NR 10-1 11 March 1994

The SD should consider these factors in making the proper
assignment:

1.3.1. The nature of the emergency.

1.3.2. Position of aircraft if known.

1.3.3. Locations of suitable airports or air bases with
emergency facilities.

1.3.4. Fuel status of search aircraft
.
1.3.5. Current and forecast weather conditions throughout the
operational area.

1.3.6. The ROCC/SOCC SD ensures the following actions are taken:

1.3.6.1. The recovery airport or air base is notified of the
type of emergency and pertinent recovery information, even if the
recovery base is located in another facility's area of
responsibility.

1.3.6.2. Proper FAA Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) and
Transport Canada (TC) centers are provided with required
emergency information to ensure flight safety.

1.3.6.3. The proper search and rescue (SAR) unit is notified at
once.

1.3.6.4. Navigational aid is available. If radio
communication is established with the distressed aircraft,
ensures all information concerning position and distance from the
recovery facility, runway length, condition of navigational
facilities, and any other information relating to a safe recovery
is provided
.
1.3.6.5. All operational messages for SAR activities are
relayed over the tactical network. The appropriate region is
notified at once of any NORAD alert aircraft in distress. The
region then notifies the NORAD Air Defense Operations Center
(ADOC). An update call is made when the emergency has ended.
Required information is transmitted when MINIMIZE is in effect.

1.3.6.6. All air and ground frequencies, transmissions, and
instructions issued or received over point-to-point communication
are monitored and recorded.

NR 10-1 11 March 1994 3

Note: The surveillance section takes the "record track" switch
action on the track(s) of concern any time a distress situation
of any type is known or suspected to be in the unit's area of
responsibility. Retains Joint Surveillance System (JSS)
media covering the period of a distress situation at least 30
days or until released by competent authority.

1.3.6.7. Adjacent units are notified, giving the type of
emergency, position of aircraft, and radio frequency if
assistance is required.

1.3.6.8. Fighter aircraft are scrambled or diverted if
necessary. If refueling support is required, initiates actions
to request launch. Note: The CONROCC requests tanker support
through HQ Air Mobility Command (AMC).

1.3.6.9. Alerted agencies are notified when emergency has ended.

1.3.6.10. A mission-ready (MR) weapons director assists and
or monitors the emergency in progress.

1.4. Reports. For NORAD operational Control (OPCON) forces only,
forward reports submitted under the provisions of AFR 127-4,
Investigating and Reporting US Air Force Mishaps, to HQ
NORAD/J30, Canadian NORAD Region follows guidelines established
in Fighter Group Order (FGO) 6.00/4.

OFFICIAL CHARLES A. HORNER
General, USAF
Commander in Chief

ROBERT F. KOENIG, JR.
Colonel, USAF
Director of Information Management

4 NR 10-1 11 March 1994

DISTRIBUTION: X
JCS/J3, Pentagon, Room 2B913, Washington DC 20301-3000.........10
OJCS/J36/CCD, Pentagon, Washington DC 20301-3000................6
HQ USAF/XOOS, 1480 Air Force Pentagon, Washington DC 20330-1480.4
Chief of Staff Army, Pentagon, Washington DC 20310-2000.........2
Chief of Naval operations, Washington DC 20350-2000.............4
Commandant of the Marine Corps, HQ USMC, 2 Navy Annex, Washington
DC 20380-1775 ..................................................2
USACOM/J3, 1562 Mitscher Ave Ste 200, Norfolk VA 23551-2488.....4
Commander in Chief, USCINCPAC/J3, Box 64015, Camp H.M. Smith, HI
96861-4015 .....................................................4
US Special operations Command/J3, 7701 Tampa Point Blvd, Tampa FL
33621-5323 ......................................................
HQ Forces Command/J3, Fort McPherson GA, 30330-6000.............2
USCINCSOUTH/J3, APO Miami FL 34003..............................I
USCINCSTRAT/DO, 901 SAC Blvd Ste lFl4, Offutt AFB ]NE 68113-6700.4
Chief NMCC, Site R, Ft Richie MD 21719-5010.....................2
OJCS/NEACP, 102 Lookinglass Ave, Ste 19, Offutt AFB NE, 68113-
3150 ............................................................2
HQ ACC/IGIO 219 Dodd Blvd 14th Floor, Langley AFB VA 23665-2799.2
Air Command Headquarters, CFB Winnipeg, Westwin Manitoba R3J OTO,
Attn: G-3/ACS...................................................8
102 FW/DO 158 Reilly Street BOX 25 Otis ANGB MA 02542-5028......2
119 FG/DO, 1400 28 Ave, North Fargo ND 58102-1051...............2
120 FG/DO, ANG, 2800 Airport Ave B, Great Falls MT 59404-5000...2
125 FG/DOI P.O. Box 18018, Jacksonville FL 32229-0018...........2
142 FG/DO, 6801 NE Cornfoot Rd, Portland IAP (ANG) OR 97218-2797.
................................................................2
144 FW/DOC, 5323 E McKinley Ave, Fresno CA 95727-2199...........2
147 FG/DO, Texas ANG, 14657 Sneider St, Houston TX 77034-5586...2
148 FG/Dot 4680 Viper St, Duluth MN 55811-6031..................2
158 FG/DOC, Vermont ANG, Burlington ZAP, VT 05401-5895..........2
159 FG/DO, USUAS New Orleans, LA 70143-5000.....................2
177 FG/DO, 400 Langley Rd, ANGB, Atlantic City NJ 08232-9500....2
FAA HQ (ATO-200t ATO-300,ATO-400), 800 Independence Ave SW,
Washington DC 20591.............................................3
Director, FAA ANR, FAA, 701-C Street, Anchorage AX 99513........5
Director, FAA Central Rgn, FAA, 601 E. 12th St Kansas City MO
64106..........................................................15
Director, Eastern Rgn, FAA, JFK Intl Aprt, Jamaica NY 11430....15
Director, Southern Rgn, FAA, P.O. Box 20636, Atlanta GA 30320..15
Director, Southwest Rgn, FAA, P.O. Box 1689, Fort Worth TX 76101.
...............................................................15
Director, Western Rgn, FAA, P>O> Box 92007, Worldway Postal
Center, Los Angeles CA 90009...................................15
Director, FAA New England Rgn, FAA, 12 New England Executive
Parkl Burlington MA 01803.......................................5
Director, FAA Great Lakes Rgn, FAA, O'Hare Lake officer Center,
2300 E. Devon Ave, Des Plaines IL 60018.........................5
Director, FAA Northwest Montana Rgn, FAA, 17900 Pacific Hwy
South, C-68966, Seattle WA 98168................................5