HQ NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND NORAD REGULATION 11-3
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5002 25 August 1989

Administrative Practices

CODE WORDS, NICKNAMES, AND EXERCISE TERMS

This regulation tells how to assign and use code words, nicknames, and exercise
terms. It applies to Headquarters, North American Aerospace Defense Command
(NORAD), regions, and sectors.

1. References:

a. Department of Defense (DOD) 5200.1-R/Air Force Regulation (AFR) 205-1,
Information Security Program.

b. Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) Publication 1-03.19, JRS, General Use or
Miscellaneous.

C. Joint Army, Navy, Air Force Publication (JANAP) 119(C), Joint Voice Call
Sign Book.

d. Joint Army, Navy, Air Force Publication (JANAP) 299(S), US Joint Code
Word Index.

2. Explanation of Terms:

a. Code Word. A single word from JANAP 299(S) which has an assigned clas-
sified meaning to secure and safeguard its information about actual real-world
military plans or operations classified as CONFIDENTIAL or higher. Code words
are not assigned from JANAP to test, drill, or exercise activities. A code word
is placed in one of three categories:

(1) Available. Allocated to the using command. Available code words
individually will be unclassified until placed in the active category.

(2) Active. These are current and are assigned a classified meaning.

(3) Canceled. Formerly active, but discontinued due to compromise,
suspected compromise, cessation, or completion of the operation to which it
pertained. Each canceled code word will not be used for 2 years and remains
canceled until returned to the active category.

b. Nickname. A combination of two separate unclassified words which is
assigned an unclassified meaning and is used for unclassified administration,
morale, or public information,

C. Exercise Term. A combination of two words, normally unclassified, to
designate a test, drill, or exercise. Use an exercise term to prevent confusing
exercise directives with actual operation directives.

Supersedes NR 11-3, 4 June 1987. (For summary of changes see page 5.)
No. of Printed Pages: 7
OPR: IMCA (CTAL R. W. James)
Approved by: Col G. A. Stansell
Editor: P. S. Stricklin
Distribution: F;X(See page 6.)

2 NR 11-3 25 August 1989

d. Control Point. HQ NORAD Document Control (IMCA), is the central control
point for code words, nicknames, and exercise terms. This office controls,
reviews, and forwards activation, change, and cancellation requests to the Joint
Chiefs of Staff (JCS).

3. Code Words:

a. JCS allocates words or blocks of code words from JANAP 299(S).

b. CINCNORAD gets blocks of code words from OJCS/J3/Combat Operations Sup-
port Division (CSOD) and reallocates them within the Command.

C. Activate code words only to:

(1) Designate a classified military plan or operation.

(2) Designate classified geographic locations in conjunction with plans
or operations.

(3) Conceal intentions in discussions and messages or other documents
about plans, operations, or geographic locations.

d. Using organizations:

(1) Assign a specific meaning, classified TOP SECRET, SECRET, or
CONFIDENTIAL commensurate with security, to a code word. Code words are not
used to cover unclassified meanings.

(2) Avoid using a code word repeatedly for similar purposes. Example:
If the initial phase of an operation is designated "Meaning," succeeding phases
should not be designated "Meaning II" and "Meaning III," but should have differ-
ent code words.

4. Nicknames:

a. JCS allocates letter groups to unified and specified commands. NORAD is
assigned AM through AR, EA through FF, JM through JR, and VG through VL.

b. Assignment of the first word nickname identifies the using agency (see
figure 1).

ORGANIZATION PRIMARY SECONDARY
HQ NORAD ANCHOR ANGLE
ALASKAN NORAD REGION (ANR) VILLAGE VIEW
CONUS NORAD REGION ARCHER VIGIL
CONUS SOUTHEAST SECTOR ARGUS FELL
CONUS SOUTHWEST SECTOR FAVOR FEW
CONUS NORTHEAST SECTOR FAMOUS FEAST
CONUS NORTHWEST SECTOR FALL FERRY
CANADIAN NORAD REGION FANCY FEATHER
CANADIAN NORAD SECTOR EAST FARM FEATURE
CANADIAN NORAD SECTOR WEST FARE FEED
CHEYENNE MOUNTAIN AIR FORCE BASE VISOR VINE

Figure 1. Assignment of First-Word Nicknames.

NR 11-3 25 August 1989 3

C. Nicknames may be assigned to actual, real-world events, projects, move-
ment of forces, and other nonexercise activities involving elements of informa-
tion of any classification category. However, the nickname with the description
or meaning it represents along with the relationship of the nickname and its
meaning must be unclassified. A nickname is not designed to achieve a security
objective.

d. Avoid using the following as nicknames:

(1) Any two-word combination voice call sign found in JANAP 119. Note:
Single words in JANAP 119 may be used as part of a nickname if the first word of
the nickname does not appear in JANAP 299.

(2) Combination of words including the word "project," "exercise," or
"operation."

(3) Words that may be used correctly either as a single word or as two
words, such as "moonlight."

(4) Exotic words, trite expressions, and well-known commercial trade-
marks.

(5) Names of countries, states, and proper nouns.

5. Exercise Terms:

a. These terms may be assigned only to tests, drills, or exercises to
emphasize the event as a test, drill, or exercise, and not an actual operation.
The exercise term, description, or meaning it represents and the relationship of
the exercise term and its meaning can be classified or unclassified.

b. A classified exercise term is designated to simulate actual use of code
words and must use identical security procedures throughout the planning,
preparation, and execution of the test, drill, or exercise to ensure realism,

(1) When preparing exercise messages, the controlling exercise term
follows the message classification and originator's office symbol, and precedes
the text of the message. Internal instructions, such as the attention line or
reference, follow the exercise term.

(2) The controlling exercise term is again repeated at the end of the
message text. Example: "UNCLAS EFTO EXERCISE FERTILE BRAVE 88-1 FOR NCZ.
Reference Northeast Sector OpOrd... for selected routes. EXERCISE FERTILE BRAVE
88-1.11

(3) Use Arabic numerals with exercise terms, such as FENCING VIRGO 88-
1. Also, a letter used to denote an area is permissible, such as, FENCING VIRGO
88-1-W denotes a Westerner training area. The letter "R" denotes a rescheduled
exercise, such as, AMALGAM MUTE 88-2-R. However, the use of phonetic words
(ALFA, BRAVO, and so forth) with exercise terms is not permissible, such as
FENCING VIRGO ALFA.

(4) Assignment of first-word exercise terms identifies the using agency
(see figure 2).

4 NR 11-3 25 August 1989

ORGANIZATION FIRST WORD
HQ NORAD AMALGAM or VIGILANT
ALASKAN NORAD REGION (ANR) FENCING
CONUS NORAD REGION FALCON
CONUS SOUTHEAST SECTOR FEDERAL
CONUS SOUTHWEST SECTOR FALLING
CONUS NORTHEAST SECTOR FERTILE
CONUS NORTHWEST SECTOR FELIX
CANADIAN NORAD REGION FABRIC
CANADIAN NORAD SECTOR EAST FACTOR
CANADIAN NORAD SECTOR WEST FACULTY
CHEYENNE MOUNTAIN AIR FORCE BASE AMAZON

L
Figure 2. Assignment of First-Word Exercise Terms.

(5) Assignment of second-word exercise terms identifies the specific
exercise function (exercise, test, evaluation, inspection, and so forth). (See
attachment 1.)

6. How to Request Code Words, Nicknames, and Exercise Terms:

a. Each directorate requesting a code word submits a letter to HQ NORAD/
IMCA for "Code Word Control Point Officer" with the following information:
name, rank, and (AV) phone number of the primary and at least one alternate
point of contact and their sample signature. Such letters are updated yearly or
upon transfer of individuals.

b. Each requesting directorate must submit a letter to HQ NORAD/IMCA for
"Nicknames and Exercise Terms Control Point Officer" with the following
information: name, rank, and (AV) phone number of the primary and at least one
alternate point of contact and their sample signature. Such letters are updated
yearly or upon transfer of individuals. Use AF Form 608, Nickname, Assignment/
Change/Cancellation Request (original plus two), to request a nickname activa-
tion, change, or cancellation, The request must be signed by the primary or
alternate control point officer. Submit requests to HQ NORAD/IMCA. (Note:
NORAD Sectors submit requests through appropriate NORAD region in turn to HQ
NORAD/IMCA.)

C. Procedures for selecting, assigning, and reporting exercise terms are
identical to those used for nicknames as contained in subparagraph b above.
However, when reporting an exercise term on AF Form 608, enter in block 7 the
phrase, "This is an Exercise Term." Update these requests yearly or upon
transfer of appointed individuals.

7. Annual Verification. Before 15 January of each year, each agency verifies
currency of assigned code words, nicknames, and exercise terms. Send this
validation to HQ NORAD/IMCA.

B. Classification, Downgrading, and Security:

a. Code Words:

(1) When developing a plan or planning an operation, the code word and
its meaning have the same classification. When the plan must be sent to other

NR 11-3 25 August 1989 5

organizations, the using organization may downgrade the code words below the
classification assigned to their meanings. Classify code words at least
CONFIDENTIAL.

(2) Cancel a code word which is replaced by another code word because
of compromise or suspected compromise or any other reason and classify it
CONFIDENTIAL for 2 years. After that time, the code word becomes unclassified.

(3) When a plan or operation is discontinued or completed and is not
replaced by a similar plan or operation, but the meaning cannot be declassified;
the code word assigned is canceled and classified CONFIDENTIAL for 2 years or
until the meaning is declassified, whichever comes first. After that time, the
code word becomes unclassified.

(4) In every case, when a code word is used, place the security clas-
sification of the code word in parentheses immediately following the code
word. Example: "Label(C)."

b. Nicknames: Nicknames are not classified.

C. Exercise Terms: Follow procedures described in para a. above.

9. Security:

a. When correspondence mentions active code words, avoid bringing the code
words and their meanings together, Handle them separately and dispatch related
correspondence at different times so they do not travel through mail or courier
channels together.

b. Avoid using code words for to addresses, return addresses, shipping
designators, file indicators, call signs, identification signals, and so on.

C. The meaning of a code word may be used in a message or other documents
with the code word only when essential. Active code words may be used in cor-
respondence or other documents forwarded to addressees who may or may not know
the meaning. If the context of a document contains detailed instruction or
similar information which indicates the purpose or nature of the related mean-
ing, avoid using the active code word.

OFFICIAL JOHN L. PIOTROWSKI
General, USAF
Commander in Chief

G. A. STANSELL 1 Attachment
Colonel, USAF 1. Assignment of Second Word Exercise
Director of Information Management Terms

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
Updates procedures.

6 NR 11-3 25 August 1989

DISTRIBUTION: X

HQ 158 TFG/DOTA, IAP, Burlington VT 05401-5895 ................................ 1
HQ 159 TFG/DO, USNAS, New Orleans IA 70413-5000 ............................... 1
HQ 962d Airborne Warning and Control Squadron, Elmendorf AFB AK 99506-5000 ....1
HQ 120 FIG/DO, IAP, Great Falls MT 59401-5000 ................................. 1
HQ 184 TFG/DOC, McConnell AFB KS 67221-6225 ................................... 1
HQ 57 FWW/DOOX, Nellis AFB NV 89191-5000 ...................................... 1
Aerospace Network, Inc., 4620 Edison Ave, Colorado Springs, CO 80915 ..........1

NR 11-3 Attachment 1 25 August 1989 7

ASSIGNMENT OF SECOND WORD EXERCISE TERMS

SECOND WORD ASSOCIATED MEANING

ANGEL Sector-coordinated Unit Level FIX (ROCC/SOCC
Controlled Intercepts)

ARIZONA Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base Internal System
Training Mission (STM)

BRAVE Region-sponsored System FIX

CHIEF JCS-approved, CINCNORAD-sponsored FIX

DOLLY HQ NORAD Battle Staff Exercise

GAIN Region/sector-sponsored Internal ROCC/SOCC CPX

GOLD Sector-coordinated Unit Level FIX (autonomous
intercept procedures)

INDIAN Region-sponsored System CPX

KEYNOTE Region-coordinated, Sector-sponsored FIX

LEADER Recall of Airborne Forces (FIX)

LIBEL Region-coordinated, Sector-sponsored System CPX

MUTE NORAD IG Evaluation

OVERVIEW JCS-approved, CINCNORAD-sponsored CPX

PIPE Region-sponsored Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC)
Warning and Reporting System (WRS) Training Exercise

RICE SOCC-sponsored Internal CPX (Battle Staff/BSSC/Crew
training)

SPADE Region/sector No-Notice AST

UNION Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base SPACC Training

VANTAGE Sector-coordinated/scheduled Interoperability FIX
with US Navy Units

VIRGO Special Exercise or Test (FIX)

WARRIOR JCS-approved, CINCNORAD-sponsored FIX

YELL FE14A Exercise