HQ NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND NORAD REGULATION 55-18
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5001 23 November 1987

Operations

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN NORAD AND THE FAA

This regulation informs all echelons of the North American Aerospace Defense
Command (NORAD) of the Memorandum of Understanding between NORAD and the Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA). It applies to all NORAD echelons and military
agencies under the operational control of CINCNORAD, and is for the guidance and
information of other commands having collateral responsibilities in the conduct
of air defense.

1. General. The attached memorandum sets forth mutually agreed upon arrange-
ments regarding responsibilities and working relationships of FAA and NORAD to
ensure accomplishment of the air defense mission.

2. Responsibilities. NORAD and the FAA comply with the attached Memorandum of
Understanding.

OFFICIAL JOHN L. PIOTROWSKI
General, USAF
Commander in Chief
G. A. STANSELL
Colonel, USAF 1 Attachment
Director of Administration Memorandum of Understanding
Between NORAD and the FAA

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
Administrative update reflecting NORAD reorganization.

_______________
Supersedes NORAD Regulation 55-18, 1 August 1968. (For summary of changes, see
above.)
No. of Printed Pages: 4
OPR: NCOOG (Maj G. Evans)
Approved by: Lt Col C. DeArmond
Editor: S. Gillespie
Distribution: F;X(FAA ADLO, Peterson AFB CO 80914-5001.......................5
HQ FAA, 800 Independence Ave SW, Attn: ATO-110, Washington DC 20590-5000 ....50
ANMCC, Fort Richie MD 21719-5000..............................................2
JCS/NEACP, Offutt AFB NE 68113-5000...........................................1)

2 NR 55-18 Attachment 1 23 November 1987

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
BETWEEN
NORAD AND THE FAA

GENERAL.

The North American (Aerospace) Defense Command (NORAD is charged with the
responsibility for defending the North American continent against air attack.
In accordance with the NORAD Terms of Reference, CINCNORAD is responsible for
the development of plans and policies for the identification and security
control of air traffic and the control of electromagnetic radiation. In this
regard, CINCNORAD is authorized to coordinate directly with appropriate U.S. and
Canadian agencies.

The authority and responsibilities of the Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) are stated in the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (Public Law 85-726) 85th
Congress. The FAA is charged with the responsibility for the establishment and
operation of a common system of air navigation and air traffic control within
the United States.

In discharging its responsibilities, NORAD makes extensive use of the
airspace for a variety of operations. These operations are conducted within the
framework of the FAA regulatory provisions and with the active assistance and
participation of the FAA. Close coordination between NORAD, its component
forces, and the FAA is imperative to carry out air defense requirements effec-
tively without undue restrictions to civil and nontactical aviation.

PURPOSE.

It is the purpose of this paper to set forth mutually agreed arrangements
regarding responsibilities and working relationships of FAA and NORAD to insure
accomplishment of the air defense mission.

RESPONSIBILITIES.

The North American (Aerospace) Defense Command will:

1. Coordinate with the Federal Aviation Administration on all matters of
mutual interest and participation in air defense.

2. Participate jointly with the FAA in the development of plans for the
security control of air traffic and control of air navigation aids within the
United States and develop jointly with FAA the test procedures required thereof.

3. Coordinate with the FAA on requirements for prohibiting or restricting
flights of aircraft in the interest of air defense.

4. Exchange with FAA information on nuclear detonations, biological and
chemical data and provide fallout prediction data to FAA air traffic control
facilities as requested for specific locations.

NR 55-18 Attachment 1 23 November 1987 3

5. Provide FAA air route traffic control centers with DEFCONs and air
defense warnings, as appropriate, when declared by CINCNORAD or when declared by
higher authority and affecting the status of NORAD forces.

The Federal Aviation Administration will:

1. Participate jointly with NORAD in the development of plans, implementing
instructions and tests for the security control of air traffic and the control
of air navigation aids.

2. Designate zones or areas essential to the NORAD mission in which it may
be necessary to prohibit or restrict flights of aircraft, and the promulgation
of regulations for aircraft operation in such zones or areas. Such actions will
be requested through the Department of Defense.

3. Provide liaison to NORAD and its subordinate commands by assigning
liaison officers with Headquarters NORAD, NORAD regions, and at subordinate
echelons as may be required and mutually agreed upon.

4. Gather, process, and furnish air movement data to appropriate air
defense facilities in accordance with mutually acceptable procedures for all
flights of civil and military aircraft requiring identification in Air Defense
Identification Zones and in such other areas and under such conditions as may be
agreed upon.

5. Provide air traffic control surveillance, and radar control service and
information in support of air defense requirements as mutually agreed upon.

6. Exchange with NORAD information on nuclear detonations, biological and
chemical data, and provide status and damage information of FAA facilities
(includes, but is not necessarily limited to, air route traffic control centers
and supporting radar facilities that are solely operated by FAA).

LIAISON.

The Liaison Officer shall be a member of the Commander's Staff and, working
through appropriate staff section, his duties will include:

1. Advising the headquarters of the current policies, procedures, opera-
tional capabilities and limitations of the FAA with respect to air defense
matters.

2. Assisting in the formulation of requests, and/or development of services
to be performed by the FAA.

3. Effecting coordination, as required, with appropriate offices of the FAA
on air defense activities.

4. Participating, as required, in conferences and in the coordination of
air defense activities with civil and military agencies.

4 NR 55-18 Attachment 1 23 November 1987

5. Assisting in the development, coordination and execution of air defense
exercises.

6. Assisting in the preparation, maintenance, and execution of detailed
plans for the security control of air traffic and air navigation aids.

7. In the event of an air defense emergency, be readily available on a
24-hour basis for duty as required by the appropriate headquarters. These per-
sonnel will be subject to military security regulations. The FAA will insure
that such personnel assigned have a security clearance of SECRET or higher.

ADMINISTRATIVE.

NORAD will:

1. Furnish FAA Liaison Officers assigned to Headquarters NORAD or
subordinate echelons with suitable office space, facilities, equipment, and
supplies. Such facilities, equipment, and supplies furnished will be on a
nonreimbursable basis and will be funded and budgeted for by USAF Air Defense.

2. Issue appropriate orders to FAA Liaison Officers assigned authorizing
necessary transportation (including travel on military aircraft) and messing,
billeting, and emergency medical treatment as available at military installa-
tions. While performing duty for the NORAD agency concerned, FAA Liaison
Officers will be accorded those privileges and courtesies normally accorded
officers of equivalent rank.

FAA will:

1. Pay all salaries and expenses of FAA Liaison Officers and their
secretaries. Administrative control of FAA personnel shall remain with FAA.

2. Where resources made available by FAA for air defense purposes may not
provide for all the services required, requests for such services which may
require additional FAA personnel, equipment, and/or communications for which
military funds must be provided will be referred by FAA to Headquarters NORAD
for resolution.

APPROVED: APPROVED:

/s/R. J. REEVES /s/WILLIAM F. McKEE
General, USAF Administrator
Commander in Chief, NORAD Federal Aviation Administration