BY ORDER OF THE 14 APRIL 1993
SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE AIR FORCE POLICY DIRECTIVE 10-2

Operations

READINESS

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1.1. Readiness, the ability of forces, units, weapon systems, or other equipment to deliver the outputs for which they were designed, including the ability to deploy and employ without unacceptable delay, is fundamental to the successful accomplishment of the Air Force mission. This directive establishes policy for Air Force and Air Reserve Component units as they prepare personnel and equipment to achieve and maintain the required level of readiness necessary to meet their assigned peacetime and wartime tasking.

1.2. The Air Force will establish command and control structures to support the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and to provide continuity of command and control in the event of hostile action or natural disaster.

1.2.1. Command and control will support Air Force combat and combat support forces and elements directly responsive to Emergency Action Messages from the JCS, Headquarters US Air Force (HQ USAF), or combatant commands and will accumulate, monitor, and analyze operational, logistical, personnel, medical, civil engineering, and other data necessary to support decisions.

1.2.2. The Air Force will provide facilities, procedures, and staffing to support combatant command operations.

1.3. The Air Force will establish and maintain base and launch operability to support the forces and will ensure their ability to continue operations in the event of hostile action or natural disaster.

1.4. The Air Force will effectively manage its resources by providing for the training, morale, welfare, recreation, health and fitness of its personnel and will provide the equipment, supplies, and infrastructure to support them in carrying out the Air Force mission.

1.4.1. The Air Force will identify and manage critical resources necessary to restore operations, save lives, mitigate human suffering, and minimize damage during and after a crisis on or near an Air Force installation.

1.4.2. The Air Force will identify, code, train, and place personnel to meet individual and unit requirements and will participate in exercises to enhance readiness and improve crisis response capability.

1.4.3. In times of mobilization or hostilities, the Air Force will manage personnel accountability, casualty reporting, and replacement actions. The Air Force will also evacuate noncombatant personnel and assist reception and repatriation of transiting evacuees.

1.5. The Air Force will continually assess readiness based on established criteria.

1.6. The following responsibilities and authorities are established:

1.6.1. HQ USAF is responsible for policy oversight and advocacy of the Air Force's Readiness Program and for interface with the Office of the Secretary of Defense staff concerning development of Department of Defense (DoD) policy and legislative initiatives. The Secretariat and the Air Staff will enforce and interpret for the Air Force those portions of the readiness policy related to their functional areas.

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OPR: HQ USAF/XOOO (Maj Jack D. Hayes) Editor: SAF/AAIP (Mrs Denise A. Britford)
Certified by: HQ USAF/XO (Brig Gen Hal M. Hornburg) Pages: 8/Distribution: F
1.6.2. Commanders of major commands (MAJCOM), field operating agencies (FOA), direct reporting units (DRU), HQ AFRES, and the National Guard Bureau (NGB) will:

1.6.2.1. Ensure forces directly supporting the National Military Command System and combatant, subunified, and Air Force component commands have command and control structures providing continuous uninterrupted operations and ensure all others have the capability to activate and operate necessary command and control structures using existing facilities.

1.6.2.2. Sustain an accurate and timely flow of readiness-related information within and out of their commands.

1.6.2.3. Establish air base operability; civil engineering; medical; and morale, welfare, recreation, and services structures and methods to support the readiness policy.

1.6.2.4. Ensure the command participates in and supports exercises.

1.6.2.5. Develop methods to ensure continuity of operations within their commands.

1.6.2.6. MAJCOM commanders will ensure HQ USAF is informed of their location or their designated alternate at all times.

1.7. Methods for measuring and displaying compliance with this policy are in attachment 1.

1.8. An explanation of abbreviations, acronyms, and terms used in this policy directive is in attachment 2.

1.9. Governing policies and directives implemented by this policy directive, other policy directives with which it interfaces and the instructions which implement this policy are listed in attachment 3.

BUSTER C. GLOSSON, Lt General, USAF
DCS/Plans and Operations

3 Attachments
1. Measuring and Displaying Compliance With Policy
2. Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms
3. Related Policies and Instructions

MEASURING AND DISPLAYING COMPLIANCE WITH POLICY

A1.1. Compliance with the policy of providing civil engineering, personnel, medical, and morale, welfare, recreation and services structures and methods to provide necessary support during all phases of exercise, contingency, emergency, and wartime operations will be assessed by using SORTS category level (C-level) data. Measurements will be charted separately for each area monthly and compared to the previous 11 months.

A1.2. Compliance with the policy of developing methods which enable headquarters or command structures to continue operations will be measured yearly by calculating the percentage of headquarters or command structures using current acceptable methods. Measurements will be charted annually and compared to the measurements from the previous 3 years.

A1.3. Compliance with the policy to provide identity, location, resource, and training status data will be assessed by taking measurements of data accuracy. Measurement will be done monthly. A software program will be used to identify errors within the HQ USAF database (e.g., missing data elements, relational errors between elements, etc.) on data provided by each command reporting organization and will notify the appropriate command of any needed correction. Errors for each command reporting organization will be charted monthly and compared to the previous 11 months' data.

A1.4. The following displays (figures A1.1 through A1.3), with notional data, will be used to show the degree of compliance with the policies in this directive.

Figure A1.1. Sample Metric of C-Level Data for C.E., Personnel, Medical, & MWRS Structures.

Figure A1.2. Sample Metric of Percentage of Headquarters & Command Structures Using Current Acceptable Methods to Achieve Continuity of Operations.

Figure A1.3. Sample Metric of Location, Identity, and Resource & Training Status Database.

ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND TERMS

A2.1. This attachment lists all of the acronyms and abbreviations used in this policy directive and gives the explanations of some of the most important terms used. Unless identified as extracted from another document, terminology used in this glossary is not standardized within DoD and is applicable only in the context of this directive.

Section A--Abbreviations and Acronyms Explained

AFI Air Force Instruction

AFPD Air Force Policy Directive

C-Level Category Level

DRU Direct Reporting Unit

FOA Field Operating Agency

HQ AFRES Headquarters, Air Force Reserve

HQ USAF Headquarters, United States Air Force

HQ USAF/CE Air Force Civil Engineer

HQ USAF/DP Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel

HQ USAF/LG Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics

HQ USAF/MW Air Force Director of Morale, Welfare, Recreation, and Services

HQ USAF/SG Air Force Surgeon General

HQ USAF/XO Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Operations

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff

MAJCOM Major Command

MWRS Morale, Welfare, Recreation, and Services

NGB National Guard Bureau

NMCS National Military Command System

SORTS Status of Resources and Training System

Section B--Terms Explained

Category Level (C-Level). A six-point scale showing the degree to which a unit meets standards within four measured resource areas of personnel, equipment and supplies on hand, equipment condition, and training, and an overall unit assessment

Combatant Command. One of the unified or specified commands established by the President. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Command and Control. The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Contingency. An emergency involving military forces caused by natural disasters, terrorists, subversives, or by required military operations. Due to the uncertainty of the situation, contingencies require plans, rapid response and special procedures to ensure the safety and readiness of personnel, installations, and equipment. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Continuity of Operations. The degree or state of being continuous in the conduct of functions, tasks, or duties necessary to accomplish a military action or mission in carrying out the national military strategy. It includes the functions and duties of the commander, as well as the supporting functions and duties performed by the staff and others acting under the authority of the commander. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Emergency Actions Messages. Formatted messages through which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the National Command Authorities, through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, pass significant directives to the unified and specified commands and their forces as outlined in Emergency Actions Procedures - Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Volume V.

Exercise. A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving planning, preparation, and execution. It is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. It may be a combined, joint, or single service exercise, depending on participating organizations. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Infrastructure Support. As used in this policy directive will include but not be limited to such services as emergency repair, force beddown, facilities operations, maintenance, and protection as well as explosive ordnance disposal and monitoring and protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination.

National Military Command System (NMCS). The priority component of the Worldwide Military Command and Control System designed to support the National Command Authorities in the exercise of their responsibilities. (Joint Publication 1-02) It also supports the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the exercise of their responsibilities. The NMCS consists of the National Military Command Center, Alternate National Military Command Center, and the National Emergency Airborne Command Post.

Readiness. The ability of forces, units, weapon systems, or equipment to deliver the outputs for which they were designed. It includes their ability to be deployed and employed without unacceptable delays. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS). A Joint Chiefs of Staff-controlled, automated data system primarily created to provide the National Command Authority and Joint Chiefs of Staff with authoritative identification, location, and resource information. It is used throughout the chain of command to measure the daily resource and training status of operating forces.

Unit. Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as a table of organization and equipment; specifically part of an organization. (Joint Publication 1-02)

Wartime. Some level of armed conflict whether incident, limited war, or general war.

RELATED POLICIES AND INSTRUCTIONS

A3.1. This directive implements readiness related policy from the following DoD and Joint directives, instructions, and publications:

DoD Publication Number PublicationTitle Publication Date

DoD Directive 1100.18, Wartime Manpower Mobilization
and Change 1 Planning January 31, 1986

DoD Directive 1315.6 Responsibilities for Military Troop
Construction Support of the Department
of the Air Force Overseas August 26, 1978

DoD Directive 3020.26 Continuity of Operations Policies and
Planning October 24, 1985

DoD Directive 5160.62 Single Manager Responsibility for Military
Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology
and Training May 1, 1985

DoD Directive 6010.17 National Disaster Medical System December 28, 1988

DoD Directive 6480.5, Military Blood Program June 16, 1972
and Change 1

DoD Instruction 1100.19, Wartime Manpower Mobilization Planning
and Change 1 Policies and Procedures February 20, 1986

DoD Instruction 6015.20, Changes in Services Provided at Military
and Change 1 Medical Treatment Facilities (MTFs) and
Dental Treatment Facilities (DTFs) December 3, 1992

Joint Plan for DoD Noncombatant Repatriation

Joint Publication 1-03, Joint Reporting Structure (JRS) General Instructions

Joint Publication 1-03.3, JRS Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)

Joint Publication 1-03.5, JRS Operational Status Reports

Joint Publication 1-03.6, JRS Event/Incident Reports

Joint Publication 1-03.8, JRS Situation Monitoring

Joint Publication 1-03.10, JRS Communications Status

Joint Publication 1-03.13, JRS Joint Resource Assessment Database, Record Format and Data Field Codes

Joint Publication 4-02, Medical Support in Joint Operations

A3.2. This directive interfaces with the following Air Force mission and policy directives:

Publication Number PublicationTitle Former Publication
or Date

AFMD 20 Air Force Combat Operations Staff No Former Publication

AFPD 10-4 Operations Planning No Former Publication

AFPD 32-30 Explosive Ordnance Disposal March 3, 1993

AFPD 32-40 Disaster Preparedness No Former Publication

AFPD 36-22 Military Training No Former Publication

AFPD 44-1 Medical Operations No Former Publication

A3.3. Guidance from this policy is implemented by the following Air Force instructions:

AFI 10-201 Status of Resources and Training (SORTS) AFR 55-15

AFI 10-204 Participation in the Military Exercise Program AFR 55-37

AFI 10-205 Availability of MAJCOM Commanders AFR 55-21

AFI 10-206 Operational Reporting Instructions AFR 55-55

AFI 10-207 Command Posts AFR 55-23

AFI 10-208 Continuity of Operations Planning AFR 55-105

AFI 10-209 RED HORSE Program AFR 93-9

AFI 10-210 Prime Base Engineer Emergency Force (BEEF)
Program AFR 93-3

AFI 10-211 Civil Engineering Contingency Response
Planning AFR 93-10

AFI 10-212 Air Base Operability Program AFR 360-1

AFI 10-213 Operations Under Emergency Conditions AFR 170-18

AFI 10-214 Prime Readiness in Base Support (RIBS) AFP 215-42

AFI 10-215 Personnel Support for Contingency Operations
(PERSCO) AFR 35-20

AFI 10-216 Evacuation and Repatriation of Air Force Family AFR 35-27
Members and Other US Noncombatants

AFI 10-217 Resource Augmentation Duty (READY) Program AFR 35-45