BY ORDER OF THE AIR FORCE INSTRUCTION 13-102
SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE 12 July 1994

Operations

AIR SUPPORT OPERATIONS CENTER (ASOC) AND TACTICAL AIR CONTROL PARTY (TACP) TRAINING AND EVALUATION PROCEDURES

This instruction prescribes minimum standardized training and evaluation procedures, objectives, and responsibilities. It implements AFPD 13-1, Theater Air Control System, and applies to individuals filling ASOC and TACP duty positions and. It supplements ancillary, Air Force specialty code (AFSC) based continuation, and upgrade training programs. This instruction does not apply to US Air Force Reserve units.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES

This revision prescribes the use of AF Form 3827, Terminal Attack Control Evaluation, to document terminal attack control evaluations.

1. Responsibilities:
1.1. HQ USAF/XOFI will approve any changes to this instruction and assist in resolving major training issues between using commands.
1.2. Serving as Combat Air Forces (CAF) lead major command (MAJCOM) for United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE), Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), and the National Guard Bureau (NGB), HQ ACC/DOY will review and consolidate MAJCOM and NGB inputs for recommended changes to this instruction and send them to HQ USAF/XOFI. The ACC AFSC 1C4X1 functional manager will develop and maintain the basic workcenter qualification training plan (WQTP) for AFSC 1C4X1 career field.
NOTE: AFSCs assigned to ASOCS and TACP units that have WQTPs will use a group-developed WQTP add-on to manage the requirements of this instruction. If a WQTP does not exist, the group will add applicable requirements to their existing job qualification standard (JQS) or training folder until WQTPs are available.
1.3. MAJCOMs and NGB will:

1.4. NAF and AOG standardization-evaluation personnel will:
OPR: HQ USAF/XOFI (MSgt Dennis L. Wise) Pages: 13/Distribution: F
Certified by: HQ USAF/ XOF (Col Norton A. Schwartz)
1.5. Group-level training and standardization-evaluation personnel will:
1.6. Detachment, squadron, and unit commanders will:
1.7. The unit standardization-evaluation officer (SEO) and NCO (SENCO) will:
1.8. A separate unit standardization-evaluation section is not mandatory if collocated with a group standardization-evaluation section capable of satisfying the unit's standardization-evaluation needs.
1.9. Unit trainers will:
2. Formal School Requirements:
2.1. Corps air liaison officers (ALO) and planners, ASOC fighter duty officers (FDO), and division ALOs must complete the Battle Staff Course (BSC ACC 228550) at the Air Ground Operations School (AGOS). Completion of the Joint Firepower Control Course (JFCC ACC 228560) is highly desirable. Training should occur en route to assignment when possible.
2.2. All other ALO and planner duty positions (O-4 and below) require completion of JFCC. Individuals should complete training en route to the assignment. For these individuals, completion of BSC is desirable, not required.
2.3. Tactical air command and control personnel (AFSC 1C471) in the grades of E-7 and above must complete the BSC ACC Course 228550) as a prerequisite to awarding the 9 skill-level. Fighter duty technicians (FDT), regardless of skill-level, should also complete BSC prior to assignment to an ASOC.
2.4. Completion of ACC Course 228561 (Enlisted Terminal Attack Control Course) is a mandatory prerequisite for tactical air command and control specialists prior to certification as an ETAC.
2.5. Other formal school requirements levied by AFSC skill-level upgrade and special qualification requirements. (See career field training and education plans (CFETP) or governing directives.) EXAMPLE: J5AZA11000 000, Basic Parachutist, required by all AFSCs serving in airborne duty positions.

3. Training Objectives:
3.1. All ASOC and TACP personnel (operations and support) will satisfy the training objectives in attachment 2, regardless of duty position. Completion and certification of these objectives are prerequisites to being designated MR or MQ.
3.2. All personnel working in ASOC and TACP support duty positions must satisfy the training objectives in attachments 2 and 3 and receive certification prior to being designated MQ.

4. Terminal Attack Control Training Procedures (AFSC 1C4X1 and ETAC). In the absence of a certified terminal attack controller (ALO ETAC), AFSC 1C4X1 is the most qualified individual immediately available to the ground commander to control close air support missions. Unit, group, or NAF and AOG standardization-evaluation will conduct formal ETAC terminal attack control evaluations according to the procedures prescribed in paragraph 6.
4.1. Terminal Attack Control Tiers. Attachment 5 outlines the 4-tier terminal attack control program for ETAC and non-ETAC AFSC 1C4X1 personnel. Commanders will assign 1C4X1 personnel different tiers based on their qualification to perform terminal attack control. Once the individual attains tier 4 (ETAC), commanders may assign them to duty positions requiring this special qualification.
4.2. ETAC Categories. ETACs at different echelons of assignment and different duty positions require different levels of proficiency. For example, the duties and responsibilities of a battalion ETAC warrant a higher priority for available training sorties than an ETAC assigned to division or corps headquarters. Attachment 6 identifies the three prioritized categories of required proficiency for ETACs.

5. Terminal Attack Control Training Procedures for ALOs and Battalion Air Liaison Officers (BnALO). The following procedures apply to all ALO and BnALO candidates required to perform routine, unassisted terminal attack control of close air support aircraft.

6. Terminal Attack Control Training and Evaluation Requirements. Attachment 4 prescribes minimum terminal attack control training requirements for ALOs and ETACs that require terminal attack control certification. It is also the guide for conducting terminal attack control training for AFSC 1C4X1 personnel in tiers 2 and 3 training status. (See attachment 5.)

7. Evaluation and Documentation Procedures. With the exception of terminal attack control, commander-appointed task certifiers will accomplish training objectives according to paragraph 3 of this instruction. (See AFPD 36-1, Military Training, and the associated family of Air Force instructions for established procedures.)
7.1. Document training event completion and evaluation data using MAJCOM-approved personal computer-based training program management software according to published software documentation.
7.2. Unit commanders will certify MR and MQ training status based on trainer or evaluator recommendations and appropriate data entries made in the individual's training record.
7.3. Supervisors may decertify individuals in a task based on failure to meet the task measurement standard. Supervisors will inform commanders of all task decertifications. The commander will determine whether the task criticality warrants revocation of MR or MQ status. Supervisors will then annotate individual training records accordingly.
7.4. In cases of task decertification, the member will receive remedial training.
7.5. Unit, group, or NAF and AOG SEOs and SENCOs will conduct terminal attack control formal evaluations using the provisions of this instruction and AF Form 3827.
7.6. When possible, SEOs should evaluate officer candidates and SENCOs should evaluate enlisted candidates. In the absence of an SEO, an SENCO may evaluate officer candidates with approval of the candidate's ASOC or TACP commander. SEOs may evaluate enlisted candidates as required.
7.7. AF Form 3827 serves as the terminal attack control evaluation checklist and certification tool. It is a self-explanatory form designed to provide economy of effort and flexibility.
7.7.1. The SEO or SENCO will conduct the evaluation using the provisions of this instruction and AF Form 3827 as a checklist. The form will include a summary of the evaluation and a recommendation to the commander.
7.8. The SEO or SENCO should debrief the evaluatee and the evaluatee's supervisor of the evaluation results at the earliest opportunity following the event (normally, within 5 working days).
7.8.1. The SEO or SENCO will send the original AF Form 3827 (maintain a copy) to the commander for action immediately following the debrief.
7.8.2. The commander analyzes data and renders a decision by certifying the individual, ordering additional training, or removing the individual from the certification program.
7.8.3. The commander indicates certification by signing and dating the appropriate blocks. The certification date establishes the member's evaluation eligibility zone.
7.8.4. The commander returns the form to standardization-evaluation who records the data the member's training record.
7.9. If the member is certified as an ETAC, the commander will award special experience identifier (SEI) 914.
7.10. The member must receive his next formal terminal attack control evaluation within 12 calendar months from the last certification date.
7.10.1. Unit commanders may request a 60-day (120-day for Air National Guard) extension of the zone based on aircraft availability, army exercise schedules, or other compelling reasons. Group-level commanders and Corps ALOs (ACPF commanders for Air National Guard) exercise extension authority based on justification provided.
7.10.2. If a member receives an evaluation early, the next evaluation is due 12 months from the recertification date indicated on the AF Form 3827.
7.11. Removal of MR or MQ status automatically decertifies the member as a terminal attack controller. NOTE: Category "C" ETACs not filling ASOC and TACP duty positions are bound to attachment 4 requirements only. They must remain MQ according to the requirements of their duty positions (i.e. technical school and AGOS instructors).
7.12. Unit-level SEOs and SENCOs will analyze evaluations for trends and report significant findings (positive and negative) to group-level standardization-evaluation with recommendations.

Form Prescribed:
AF Form 3827, Terminal Attack Control Evaluation

BUSTER C. GLOSSON, Lieutenant General, USAF
DCS/Plans and Programs

Attachments
1. Glossary of Terms
2. Training and Evaluation Requirements for All ASOC and TACP Personnel
3. Training and Evaluation Requirements for ASOC and TACP Support Personnel
4. Training and Evaluation Requirements for Terminal Attack Controllers
5. Terminal Attack Control Tiers for AFSC 1C4X1
6. Enlisted Terminal Attack Control Categories

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Air Liaison Officer (ALO)--Officer assigned to brigade-level or higher tactical training party (TACP) duty positions. Minimum of one ALO at brigade-level must maintain terminal attack control certification. Other ALOs will maintain certification at the discretion of the Corps ALO (division ALO if no peacetime Corps ALO exists).

Battalion Air Liaison Officer (BnALO)--Officer attached to or aligned against an Army battalion TACP. Terminal attack control certification is mandatory.

Enlisted Terminal Attack Controller (ETAC)--ETACs are volunteer tactical air, command and control specialists (AFSC 275X0) especially selected, trained, and certified (SEI 914) to perform routine, unassisted terminal attack control.

Mission Ready (MR)--MR personnel are able to perform assigned wartime tasking based on duty position, unit mission, and Air Force specialty code (AFSC). The individual's supervisor verifies and the unit commander must certify MR status. It is a tool for measuring the training condition of unit-critical personnel for the Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS). Only those persons required to be SORTS reported as MR crewmembers must maintain MR status.

Mission-Qualified (MQ)--MQ designation identifies all personnel filling air support operations center (ASOC) and TACP unit type code (UTC) positions not required to be SORTS-reported against MR crew positions. Individuals must satisfy training requirements in attachments 2 and 3 in order to achieve MQ status.

Standardization-Evaluation NCO (SENCO)--Commander's NCO representative whose function is to provide impartial, non-biased evaluation of personnel recommended for terminal attack control certification.

Standardization-Evaluation Officer (SEO)--The SEO is the commander's chief evaluator, appointed to perform impartial, non-biased terminal attack control evaluations and to manage the commander's standardization-evaluation program.

Task Evaluator--Commander-appointed subject matter experts, trained to evaluate subject knowledge and task performance of others based on measurement of specific objectives. Only fully-qualified experts will be task evaluators. Enlisted evaluators must be skilled in the craft (7 skill-level). Task evaluators may not task evaluate personnel they have trained. Task evaluators are certifying officials for the tasks they evaluate.

Trainer--Trainers are commander-appointed and certified subject-matter experts, trained to conduct subject and task instruction of others. Enlisted trainers must complete the formal on-the-job training (OJT) trainer course, be an airman leadership school graduate, and possess equal or higher skill-level than the trainee. Officer trainers must be subject-matter experts in the areas they train. They must be OJT trainer course graduates and possess equivalent or higher trainer credentials and experience than the trainee.

Workcenter Qualification Training Plan (WQTP)--WQTP provides basic task (training) requirements for an occupational specialty. It establishes 100 per cent task coverage. WQTP identifies who needs training, what training is they need, and resources needed to support the training. WQTP software (furnished by HQ ACC/DOYC) is integrated into a personal computer based, automated, data entry and retrieval system called the Interim Training and Education Measurement System (I-TEMS). I-TEMS WQTP software also provides commanders and trainers the ability to manage their unit training program. Training requirements in this instruction are in addition to specialty core tasks comprising the basic WQTP for each AFSC. If the I-TEMS WQTP system is available, training requirements in this instruction become a local unit or group WQTP add-on. If unavailable, the training requirements in this instruction may become local additions to the applicable job qualification standard, specialty training standard, or training folder.

TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL ASOC AND TACP PERSONNEL

TASK OBJECTIVE
FREQUENCY
MEASUREMENT

1. Supervisor will perform a training history evaluation on all newly assigned members to verify their qualification to perform in assigned duty position based on AFSC and skill-level. Include a minimum of one task performance evaluation.

One time, within 30 days of the date assigned station. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved checklist designed to measure objective.
2. Member will receive mission orientation to impart fundamental knowledge of Army and Air Force missions, goals, and history pertinent to unit of assignment. Include subject knowledge of Air Force chain of command, organizational structure, importance and role of duty position, and basic understanding of how the Army unit intends to fight and win. Group commanders may add related topics. Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter as required based on syllabus revision, then determined by group-level authority. According to unit- or group-approved lesson plan or briefing. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject knowledge. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.
3. Unit training programs will provide training on operating and using unit-specific and Army-issued equipment, not taught during technical training or AGOS field instruction. Examples include, but are not limited to, night-vision equipment, M60, laser pointers, stoves, mobiflex, etc. Include subject or task knowledge and evaluations (as required) based on equipment type. Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station, then recurring requirements will be determined by group authority, based on equipment type. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved checklist or lesson plan. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance. Use current equipment publications to support the objective.
4. Member will receive subject and task knowledge instruction covering unit and individual mobility procedures and responsibilities. Include all subject areas that directly affect unit or individual ability to deploy. Perform task evaluations as required. EXAMPLES: MRC-144 load-out, deployment processing, convoy procedures, etc. Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter as required, based on revision and unit commander discretion. According to unit-developed, group-approved checklist or lesson plan. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject or task knowledge and task performance when required. Use current references, operating instructions (OI), and standard operating procedures (SOP) to support the objective.
5. Member will receive local area procedures subject knowledge training. Include subject areas unique to unit location, type, or mission. EXAMPLES: range procedures, maintenance turn-in procedures, local Army SOPs, etc. Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter as required. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan or briefing. Include measurement device designed to measure subject knowledge. Use current OIs and SOPs to support the objective.

TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ASOC AND TACP SUPPORT PERSONNEL

TASK OBJECTIVE
FREQUENCY
MEASUREMENT

1. Member will receive subject knowledge instruction covering fundamentals of survival. Instruction will include, but not be limited to, various climates, terrain, food and water procurement, travel, self-aid, and signaling.

Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter every 18 months. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan. Include measurement device designed to measure subject knowledge. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.
2. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering fundamentals of site selection and bivouac as it pertains to ASOC and TACP operations. Include field task evaluation. One time, within 90 days of the date assigned station. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan or checklist. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.
3. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering basic camouflage techniques. Include techniques for individual, equipment, and vehicle camouflaging. Include field task evaluation. One time, within 90 days of the date assigned station. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved checklist or lesson plan. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance. Use current Army publications and SOPs to support the objective.
4. Member will receive subject knowledge instruction covering personal hygiene and sanitation procedures under field conditions. Emphasis on health problems and mission impact resulting from poor field hygiene and sanitation. One time, within 90 days of the date assigned station. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan. Include group-approved measurement device designed to measure subject knowledge. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.
5. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering point-to-point ground navigation principles (foot and vehicle). Include field task evaluation. Initially within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter every 18 months. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan or scenario. Include a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.
6. Member will receive subject knowledge instruction covering escape, evasion, and resistance principles. Initially, within 90 days of the date assigned station and thereafter every 18 months. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan. Include a measurement device designed to measure subject knowledge. Use current Air Force and Army references to support the objective.

TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS FOR TERMINAL ATTACK CONTROLLERS

CORE TASK: Perform routine unassisted ground terminal attack control of close air support aircraft.
SUBTASKS
FREQUENCY
MEASUREMENT

1. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance training covering coordination of close air support missions with TACS and maneuver force elements. Training will include understanding maneuver commander's intent and how to obtain approval to expend ordnance.

Every 12 months. Due date based on date last received training. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.
2. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance training covering fire support coordination procedures. Training will include procedures for coordinating air to ground fires with surface-to-surface fires. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Task performance will occur during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.
3. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering close air support initial contact procedures. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Members accomplish task performance during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.
4. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering close air support target data procedures. Include procedures for determining target suitability, identification and description. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Members will accomplish task performance during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.
5. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering close air support observation and positive control position procedures. Include airspace deconfliction procedures, applicable radio transmissions, local ACA measures, final control procedures, visual control procedures. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Members will accomplish task performance during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.
6. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering close air support weapons selection, utilization, and adjustment procedures. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Members will accomplish task performance during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject or task knowledge and task performance.
7. Member will receive task knowledge and performance instruction covering terminal attack control procedures. Instruction will include hands-on control of attack aircraft under field exercise or scenario conditions. A control is a complete initial point to target attack. Subsequent controls require separate initial point to target mission planning. To count as a formal evaluation or currency control, the situation must, as a minimum, include actual or simulated integration of all other attachment 4 subtasks. AC-130 gunship missions are not suitable for formal evaluations but only count as one currency control per mission number. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Currency controls required every 6 months as follows:
BnALOs: 2 controls
Brigade ALOs: 2 controls
Div ALOs: 2 controls
Cat A ETACs: 6 controls
Cat B ETACs: 2 controls
Cat C ETACs: 2 controls
Trainers: 2 controls
Standardization-evaluation: 2 controls
NOTE: 12-month cycle for ANG units (i.e. BnALOs = 4 controls in 12 months).
According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject or task knowledge and task performance.
8. Member will receive subject and task knowledge and performance instruction covering close air support battle damage assessment (BDA) procedures. Subject academics required annually. Due date based on date last received training. Members will accomplish task performance during each formal evaluation or countable mission sortie. According to unit- or group-developed, group-approved lesson plan, field scenario, and checklist. Use current Air Force, Army, and joint references to support the task. Include group-approved a measurement device designed to measure subject and task knowledge and performance.

TERMINAL ATTACK CONTROL TIERS FOR AFSC 1C4X1 PERSONNEL

Tier 1--Terminal Attack Control Trainee
Tier 2--Terminal Attack Control Capable
Tier 3--Enlisted Terminal Attack Controller (ETAC) Candidate
Tier 4--Enlisted Terminal Attack Controller (ETAC)
ENLISTED TERMINAL ATTACK CONTROL CATEGORIES

NOTE: Applies to tier 4 ETACs only.

Category "A"--Highly Proficient ETAC

Category "B"--Proficient ETAC
Category "C"--Qualified ETAC