Category: SSIC 02000 Telecommunications
Updated: 06/24/96
Number: MCO 2400.2
Subj: MC MGT OF THE RADIO FREQ SPECTRUM

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
WASHINGTON, DC 20380-0001
MCO 2400.2
C4-CCT-61
16 Jun 89


MARINE CORPS ORDER 2400.2

From: Commandant of the Marine Corps
To: Distribution List

Subj: MARINE CORPS MANAGEMENT OF THE RADIO FREQUENCY SPECTRUM

Ref: (a) OPNAVINST 2400.20E (NOTAL)
(b) ACP 190 U.S. Supp-1(B)
(c) NTIA Manual of Regulations and Procedures for
Federal Radio Frequency Management
(d) NTP-6(C)
(e) OPNAVINST 2410.31D (NOTAL)

(f) MCO 2410.2
(g) OPNAVINST 2400.7F (NOTAL)
(h) MCO 3430.1A
(i) MCO 3430.3C

Encl: (1) List of Abbreviations and Acronyms
(2) Procedures For Obtaining Frequency Allocations
Within the United States Marine Corps
(3) USMC Assigned Frequency Managers

1. Purpose. To establish policy as directed by the Secretary
of Defense, and apply the instruction in reference (a)
concerning use of the radio frequency electromagnetic
spectrum within the United States Marine Corps (USMC), to
establish and assign responsibility for radio frequency
electromagnetic spectrum management within the USMC, and to
provide guidance and task assignments.

2. Scope. This Order applies to all USMC commands and
activities, both active and Reserve, involved in the research,
development, procurement or operation of communications-
electronics (C-E) equipment which transmit or receive
electromagnetic radiation. This Order does not change or
nullify any national, DoD, or naval policy contained in the
references, but serves to define a USMC radio frequency
electromagnetic spectrum management program and amplify
existing policy and guidance as they pertain to Marine Corps
commands and activities.

3. Definitions. Abbreviations and acronyms used in this Order
are explained in enclosure (1). Terms used in this instruction
are defined as follows:

a. Electromagnetic Spectrum. The range of frequencies of
electromagnetic radiation from zero to infinity.

b. Radio Frequency (RF). A general term applied to
electromagnetic frequencies below 3000 GHZ.




c. Communications-Electronics (C-E). The specialized
field concerned with the use of electronic devices and systems
for the acquisition or acceptance, processing, storage,
display, analysis, protection, disposition, and transfer of
information. In this Order, C-E systems include
communications, radar, navigation, scanners, and all other
systems which use the radio frequency electromagnetic
spectrum.

d. Frequency Allocation

(1) A frequency band established by national or
international rules and regulations for specific categories of
radio services, such as radio location, radio navigation, mobile
or fixed communications, space telemetry, etc.

(2) As used in this Order, an approved frequency
allocation is provided by the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)
and acknowledges that development and/or procurement of C-E
equipment can be supported for operation on a specific
frequency or band of frequencies within the radio frequency
spectrum. CNO approval for frequency allocation is normally
not provided until CNO acquires both national (NTIA) and DoD
(JFP, USMCEB) approval for same frequency allocation.

e. Frequency Assignment. The discrete frequency or
frequencies on which C-E equipment or a system is authorized to
operate within its allocated frequency band at the location(s)
designated and within the constraints of the authorized
assignment.

f. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC). The ability
of telecommunications equipment, subsystems, and systems to
operate in their intended operational environments without
suffering or causing unacceptable degradation because of
electromagnetic radiation or response.

g. Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E(3)). The
impact of the electromagnetic environment upon the operational
capability of equipment, systems, and platforms. It
encompasses all electromagnetic environment disciplines,
including EMC/EMI, EMV, EMP, ECCM, EMCON, HERO, P-STATIC, and
RADHAZ.

4. Policy

a. Frequency Allocations

(1) Applications for frequency allocations for C-E
equipment shall be initiated by the organization, activity,
or command developing and/or procuring the C-E equipment
during the conceptual stage (stage 1) or as soon as an
RF band(s) of operation is identified. Applications for
frequency allocation will be updated during each phase



2


of allocation (defined by DD Form 1494, Feb 87) and whenever
significant changes are planned in system electromagnetic
characteristics or operational use.

(2) Marine Corps organizations, activities, or
commands developing and/or procuring C-E equipment, for which
the USMC is not the lead service for procurement or is not the
lead procurement organization, shall ensure that the
application for frequency allocation submitted by the lead
service or procurement organization contains any appropriate
USMC peculiar information required to permit proper frequency
assignment to Marine Corps commands and activities.

(3) Funds shall not be obligated for the development,
production, or procurement of C-E equipment beyond the
conceptual stage until a frequency allocation for the equipment
has been approved by the CNO.

(4) Applications for frequency allocations are not
required for electro-optics (3000 GHZ - 3000 THZ), for fuze
development per reference (c), or for low power equipment as
defined in reference (d). Use of low power devices without
restriction is limited to narrow bandwidths and extremely low
radiated power. Tactical equipment normally does not qualify
for use as lower power devices. Applications for frequency
allocations for nontactical, commercial or intrabase radios,
used either for nontactical support on USMC installations or
for communications support in tactical operations, are required.

(5) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) considerations
for the development and operation of C-E systems are mandatory.
Policy and requirements are governed by references (e) and (f).
Waiver authority for EMC requirements resides with the CNO.

(6) The degrading effect of E(3) on C-3 systems,
in use or intended for future use, will be minimized to the
maximum extent possible. The duties and responsibilities for
E(3) are governed by the Marine Corps E3 Control Program, per
reference (g).

b. Frequency Assignments

(1) Radio frequency assignment requests shall be
initiated by Marine Corps organizations, activities, or
commands only after frequency allocation has been approved for
the specific geographic area(s) within the US&P.

(2) Radio frequency assignment requests for foreign
countries shall be initiated by Marine Corps organizations,
activities, or commands only after the responsible CINC has
released the approved frequency allocation information on the
specific C-E equipment(s) to the country(s) in which frequency
assignment(s) is required.


3


(3) C-E transmitting equipment shall not be activated
without both a frequency allocation and a frequency assignment.
The Joint Frequency Panel (JFP), USMCEB retains assignment
authority for commonality of netting frequencies, for control
of international actions and for control of satellite
communications.

5. Procedures

a. Frequency Allocations. Marine Corps organizations,
activities, or commands will utilize the procedures listed in
enclosure (2) to obtain new or updated frequency allocations.
Criteria listed in paragraph 6a of reference (a) apply to all
USMC organizations, activities, and commands.

b. Frequency Assignments

(1) Frequency assignments can be requested by any
command or activity with a requirement to operate C-E equipment
which has an approved frequency allocation (J/F 12 Paper).
Requirements for frequency assignment will be submitted in
Standard Frequency Action Format (SFAF), as set forth by
references (b) and (d), or as promulgated by the CMC (CCT) when
new Standard Frequency Action Formats are approved, but have
not been published or reference publications have not been
updated. Requirements for frequency assignment for NATO
countries will be submitted in NATO 14 Point Format, as set
forth by the HQ USECOM Spectrum Management Manual. The
preferred method of submitting requirements for frequency
assignment is Naval message. Requirements for frequency
assignment should be classified when associated with
operations/exercises that are classified. Lead times for
submitting frequency assignment requests vary according to
activity/command making the assignment, normally 60-120 days in
advance of exercises/operations. Frequency requests should be
submitted as soon as requirements are known.

(2) Marine Corps FMF commands requiring training
frequencies on Marine Corps installations will submit
requirements to the base, post, or station CEO. FMF commands
in CONUS requiring training frequencies for areas outside of
Marine Corps installations will submit requirements to the
appropriate Naval Area Frequency Coordinator, as identified in
reference (a). FMF commands requiring training frequencies
outside of Marine Corps installations in Hawaii will submit
requirements to the Naval Communications Area Master Station,
Eastern Pacific (NAVCAMS, EASTPAC). FMF commands under the
operational control of CG, 1st MEB will submit frequency
requirements to the G-6, 1st MEB. Copies of all FMF frequency
assignment requests in US&P will be forwarded to the Naval
Electromagnetic Spectrum Center, Washington, DC (NAVEMSCEN).
FMF commands requiring training frequencies on mainland Japan
or on Okinawa will submit requirements to the Assistant Chief
of Staff, Communications-Electronics, Marine Corps Bases,
Japan, Camp Butler, Japan (COMMARCORBASESJAPAN CAMP BUTLER
JA//ACSCE//). FMF commands requiring training frequencies
in other countries in the western Pacific will submit
requirements to the G-6, III MEF, with the exception of


4


commands afloat or commands directed to submit requirements to
an exercise director or JTF headquarters. Copies of all FMF
frequency assignment requests in the Western Pacific will be
forwarded to the G-6, III MEF.

(3) Marine Corps bases, posts, and stations in
CONUS will submit frequency requirements to the appropriate
Naval Area Frequency Coordinator, as identified in reference
(a). Marine Corps base, posts, and stations in Hawaii will
submit frequency requirements to NAVCAMS, EASTPAC. Marine Corps
Base, Camp Butler will submit all base, post and station
requirements for Japan to the Commander, U.S. Forces Japan
(COMUSFORJ) (ATTN: Navy Frequency Coordinator).

(4) For Marine forces afloat, the CLF will submit
frequency requirements to the CATF for consolidation and
approval, as required by reference (d). The CATF will submit a
consolidated frequency requirement to the appropriate frequency
coordinating agency or CINC via the numbered fleet commander.

(5) Frequency assignment requests for the NAVEUR AOR
are submitted according to what category of deployment Marine
forces are involved in, a reinforcement role or an amphibious
role.

(a) Reinforcement Role. FMF commands deploying
to the NAVEUR AOR will submit frequency assignment requests (in
NATO 14 Point format) to HQ FMFEUR DESIGNATE, INFO CINCUSNAVEUR,
NAVEMSCEN, JFMO LANT and addressees deemed appropriate (National
or NATO requirements). HQ FMFEUR DESIGNATE will forward
requests to CINCUSNAVEUR or the appropriate NATO command.

(b) Amphibious Role. All FMF frequency
requirements for Marine forces operating in the NAVEUR AOR in
an amphibious deployment role will be submitted to the CATF in
accordance with reference (d). The CATF will submit a
consolidated landing force/afloat support frequency requirement
to the numbered fleet commander INFO HQ FMFEUR DESIGNATE and
addressees deemed appropriate. The fleet commander will forward
frequency assignment requests to CINCUSNAVEUR, INFO those
addressees deemed appropriate.

c. Frequency Record Management

(1) The DoD Frequency Resource Record System (FRRS) is
the single worldwide record of DoD frequency assignments. The
majority of Navy and Marine Corps commands and activities do
not have the large number of frequencies assigned (either
permanent or temporary) that require access to the FRRS data
base. To assist Navy/Marine Corps ashore commands in
maintaining and managing their relatively small number of
frequency assignments, CNO initiated the Frequency Assignment
Computer Terminal System (FACTS). FACTS is a MS DOS
compatible, microcomputer based program managed by the


5


Commander, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command. FACTS
helps the local frequency manager control the use of
frequencies assigned to the local area, calculate potential
interface for proposed frequency usage, and prepare requests
for frequency assignment as SFAF messages. The FACTS
Configuration Control Board (CCB), which includes a Marine
Corps member, provides oversight to the program and approves
software changes, establishes priorities for maximizing FACTS
capabilities, and recommends program funding to the Program
Manager. The Middle Atlantic Area Frequency Coordinator
(MID-LANT AFC), Patuxent River, Maryland acts as the FACTS
Executive Manager and provides day-to-day management of the
program.

(2) Marine Corps bases, posts, stations and FMF
commands may participate in the FACTS Program on a voluntary
basis. Marine Corps commands and activities may apply directly
to the Executive Manager to participate in the FACTS Program.
Two regional managers assist the Executive Manager with
overseeing FACTS management and operations in their respective
regions, as follows:

(a) Joint Frequency Management Office Atlantic
(JFMOLANT) Norfolk, Va. All FACTS participants within Europe
and the Eastern U.S., to include Caribbean, Azores, and
Iceland.

(b) Navy Frequency Coordinator, Western U.S.
(NFCWUS), Point Mugu, CA. All FACTS participants within the
Pacific, to include the Western Pacific, the Western U.S., and
Alaska.

(3) The following Marine Corps commands will act as
Marine Corps FACTS regional representatives. These regional
representatives will compile information or respond to
inquiries relating to Marine Corps specific information for
commands and activities (Regular and Reserve) within their
assigned region. The regional assignments are:

(a) Communications-Electronics Officer,
Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, NC. All USMC FACTS
participants within Europe and the Eastern U.S. (east of the
Mississippi River).

(b) Communications-Electronics Officer,
Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, CA. All USMC FACTS
participants within the Western U.S. (west of the Mississippi
River).

(c) Assistant Chief of Staff, G-6, Marine Corps
Bases Pacific, Camp H.M. Smith, Hi. All USMC FACTS
participants in Hawaii and the Western Pacific area.

d. Frequency Usage Reporting. All Marine Corps commands
and activities will report usage of the radio frequency
spectrum in accordance with references (d) and (g).

e. Frequency Authorization For Electronic Countermeasures
(ECM). EW training requirements include the use of ECM on radio


6


frequencies. EW officers are required to coordinate frequency
usage and receive the appropriate approval to conduct ECM over
the radio frequency spectrum. Coordination is required between
the EW officer, the CEO/G-6, and the facility frequency
manager to ensure TABOO and restricted frequencies are not
interfered with. Reference (h) provides regulations and
guidance for ECM operations in the United States and Canada.
For foreign countries, ECM frequency assignment should be
coordinated and approved using the same procedures established
for frequency assignment requests, unless otherwise directed by
an applicable CINC, sub-unified command, or JTF order or
operations plan.

f. Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming and Interference (MIJI)
Reporting. MIJI reporting requirements and procedures are
established by reference (i).

6. Responsibilities

a. Director, C4 Division, C4I2 Department, Headquarters,
U.S. Marine Corps. Under the Director, C4 Division, the Head,
Telecommunications Branch (CCT) provides overall policy
guidance and direction to Marine Corps radio frequency spectrum
management, and shall be responsible for:

(1) Representing the Marine Corps in joint, national,
and international spectrum management policy.

(2) Ensuring Marine Corps compliance with naval
regulations regarding radio frequency spectrum management.

(3) Reviewing and coordinating all Applications for
Frequency Allocation (DD Form 1494) submitted by Marine Corps
activities and commands. This includes the proper endorsement
and submission of applications to CNO (OP-941) for review and
approval through the JFP, USMCEB.

(4) Coordinating Marine Corps frequency allocation and
frequency assignment matters with the Director, NAVEMSCEN.

(5) Providing a Marine Corps representative to the
FACTS Configuration Control Board.

(6) Coordinating Marine Corps spectrum management
analysis requirements with the Marine Corps Deputy Director,
ECAC.

(7) Designating the Marine Corps primary and alternate
members to the JFP, USMCEB.

b. Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development
Command (MCCDC) and Commanding General, Marine Corps Research
Development and Acquisition Command (MCRDAC). Ensure an
approved frequency allocation is obtained prior to the
development of C-E equipment and establish safeguards to


7


ensure that an approved frequency allocation is obtained
before assuming contractual obligations for full-scale
development, production, or procurement of any C-E equipment.

c. Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific
(FMFPAC) and Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic
(FMFLANT). Assume responsibility for radio frequency spectrum
matters for commands under your authority on behalf of the CMC
and coordinate Marine Corps frequency allocation and frequency
assignment requirements with unified commands and FLTCINC's.

d. Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Europe
Designate. Act as the Marine Corps radio frequency spectrum
representative to USCINCEUR and CINCUSNAVEUR, and be
responsible for:

(1) Coordinating Marine Corps frequency allocations
and frequency assignments in Europe and for NATO.

(2) Providing a Marine Corps representative to the
Allied Radio Frequency Agency (ARFA), when required.

e. Commander, Marine Corps Bases, Japan. Act as the
Marine Corps radio frequency spectrum representative to the
Government of Japan and to the Commander, U.S. Forces Japan,
and be responsible for coordinating Marine Corps frequency
allocations and frequency assignments in Japan.

7. Action

a. Commands and activities shall exercise responsibilities
set forth in paragraph 6.

b. Fleet Marine Force commanders shall comply with the
content of this Order and shall ensure that radio frequencies
used in their commands are coordinated and authorized.

c. Commanders of Marine Corps installations and activities
shall comply with the content of this Order and shall:

(1) Ensure that all C-E equipment considered for local
procurement have an approved frequency allocation.

(2) Ensure that only assigned radio frequencies are
used by installation and tenant activities, and that frequency
assignments and records are kept current.

(3) Report radio frequency use below 30 MHZ, in
accordance with references (d) and (g).


8


8. Reserve Applicability. This Order is applicable to the
Marine Corps Reserve.


R. L. PHILLIPS
Director, Command, Control,
Communications and Computer
(C4) Division

DISTRIBUTION: L6/L10/L53

Copy: 8145001


9


ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


ACP Allied Communications Publications
C-E Communications-Electronics
C4 Command, Control, Communications and Computer
C4I2 Command, Control, Communications and Computer,
Intelligence and Interoperability
CATF Commander, Amphibious Task Force
CCB Configuration Control Board
CINC Commander in Chief
CINCUSNAVEUR Commander in Chief, United States Navy, Europe
CLF Commander, Landing Force
CNO Chief of Naval Operations
CONUS Continental United States
DOD Department of Defense
E(3) Electromagnetic Environmental Effects
ECAC Electromagnetic Compatibility Analysis Center
ECM Electronic Countermeasures
ECCM Electronic Counter-Countermeasures
EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMCON Emission Control
EMP Electromagnetic Pulse
EMV Electromagnetic Vulnerability
EW Electronic Warfare
FACTS Frequency Assignment Computer Terminal System
FMF Fleet Marine Force
FMFEUR Fleet Marine Force, Europe
FRRS Frequency Resource Record System
JFMO Joint Frequency Management Office
JFP Joint Frequency Panel
GHZ Gigahertz
HERO Hazards of Electronic Radiation
MEB Marine Expeditionary Brigade
MEF Marine Expeditionary Force
MHZ Megahertz
MOS Military Occupational Specialty
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAVEMSCEN Naval Electromagnetic Spectrum Center
NAVEUR Navy, Europe
NTIA National Telecommunications and Information
Administration
NTP Naval Telecommunications Procedures
P-STATIC Precipitation Static
RADHAZ Radiation Hazard
RF Radio Frequency
SFAF Standard Frequency Action Format
SPAWARSYSCOM Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command
THZ Terahertz
USMC United States Marine Corps
USMCEB United States Military Communications-Electronics
Board
US&P United States and Possessions


ENCLOSURE (1)
1


PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING FREQUENCY ALLOCATIONS WITHIN THE
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS

1. DD Form 1494, Feb 87 (Application for Equipment Frequency
Allocation) will be completed by the organization, activity, or
command with lead development and/or procurement authority and
forwarded to the CMC (CCT), via the appropriate chain of
command. Instructions for completing DD Form 1494 are contained
on the reverse sides of the form.

2. After review and approval, the CMC will forward the DD Form
1494 to CNO (OP-941F). Submitting organizations, activities,
or commands requiring a technical review of the application
will have the technical review completed prior to submission to
the CMC. The CMC may request a technical review of the
application prior to submission to CNO. Technical reviews may
be available from such organizations as SPAWARSYSCOM, ECAC,
NAVEMSCEN, and the equipment manufacturer.

3. Specific geographical areas must be identified for US&P
during Stages 1, 2 and 3 of Allocation. For locations outside
of US&P, specific locations and/or countries must be identified
in the Foreign Coordination General Information section of DD
Form 1494. These listings identify coordinating requirements
to the responsible CINC(s) for the countries identified in the
DD 1494. The originator of an application for equipment
frequency allocation which contains sensitive or classified
information will attach a statement of authorized disclosure to
the DD Form 1494. This statement will identify what sensitive
or classified information, if any, is releasable to which
country(s).

4. A determination of the EMC of the proposed equipment/system
in its intended electromagnetic environment shall be conducted
by the originator of the DD 1494. A copy of the EMC evaluation
will accompany the Stage 3 Application For Equipment Frequency
Allocation. A waiver of EMC standard parameters can only be
approved by CNO. Waiver requests will be included with DD 1494
submissions and will include proper justification for the waiver
(i.e., economic, technical, schedule, etc.).

5. The CNO (OP-941F) will forward USMC Applications For
Equipment Frequency Allocation to the JFP, USMCEB, and to NTIA
when appropriate, for review and approval. The CNO (OP-941F)
will return a letter identifying approval or nonapproval of the
DD 1494 to the CMC (CCT) and to the originating organization,
activity, or command. The JFP, USMCEB will distribute approved
DD 1494(s) to the appropriate CINC's, U.S. activities, and
agencies to ensure that proper coordination of frequency
assignment can be conducted.

6. When any of the electromagnetic parameters, equipment
characteristics, nomenclature, or required geographic areas of
operation change for C-E equipment/systems for which a
frequency allocation has been approved or is pending, a letter


ENCLOSURE (2)
1


identifying the changes shall be initiated by the originator of
the DD 1494 or by the organization, activity, or command which
has life cycle project management of the equipment/system.
This letter shall be forwarded to the CMC (CCT) for review, and
if approved, forwarded to CNO for review and submission to the
JFP, USMCEB. For approved applications which have gone through
the Joint Frequency Allocation-to-Equipment Process at the JFP
and a J/F 12 number has been assigned for accounting purposes
(referred to as J/F 12 papers), the JFP will produce a "Note To
Holder" identifying the approved changes to the approved
frequency allocation (J/F 12 paper).

7. Organizations, activities, or commands which require
additional information to an already approved J/F 12 paper(s)
(frequency allocation) to coordinate requests for frequency
assignment will forward specific requests for information by
naval message to CNO WASHINGTON DC, info CMC WASHINGTON
DC//CCT// and NAVEMSCEN WASHINGTON DC.

ENCLOSURE (2)
2


USMC ASSIGNED FREQUENCY MANAGERS

The following commands and activities have billet assignments
for USMC Radio Frequency Managers. In addition to rank
requirements, the main prerequisite for assignment to one of
these billets is possession of the Class B MOS of 2581, Radio
Frequency Management Technician, which is awarded upon
graduation from the Interservice Radio Frequency Management
School, Keesler, AFB, MS.

HQ, FMFPAC, Camp H.M. Smith, HI MSGT
I MEF, Camp Pendleton, CA MSGT
II MEF, Camp Lejeune, NC MSGT
III MEF, Camp Courtney, Okinawa MSGT
JFMOPAC, Camp H.M. Smith, HI MSGT
1st MEB, MCAS, Kaneohe Bay, HI GYSGT
4th MEB, NAB, Norfolk, VA GYSGT
5th MEB, Camp Pendleton, CA GYSGT
6th MEB, Camp Lejeune, NC GYSGT
7th MEB, MCAGCC, 29 Palms, CA GYSGT
9th MEB, Camp Courtney, Okinawa GYSGT
MARCORBASESJAPAN, Camp Butler, JA GYSGT
MCB, Camp Pendleton, CA GYSGT
MCB, Camp Lejeune, NC SSGT
Commander, Naval Forces Korea SSGT
HQ, 4th MARDIV, New Orleans, LA SSGT
NSA, Fort Meade, MD (1) GYSGT
(1) SSGT



ENCLOSURE (3)
1