Category: SSIC 03000 Operations & Readiness
Updated: 06/24/96
Number: MCO 3700.3
Subj: ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE SELECTION PROGRAM

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
WASHINGTON, DC 20380-0001
MCO 3700.3
MMOA-2
18 Jun 1986


MARINE CORPS ORDER 3700.3

From: Commandant of the Marine Corps
To: Distribution List

Subj: Astronaut Candidate Selection Program

Encl: (1) Astronaut Candidate Application Format

Report Required: Astronaut Candidate Program (Report Symbol
MC-3700-OT), par. 5

1. Purpose. To provide eligibility criteria and application
procedures for Marines desiring to participate in the Astronaut

Candidate Program with the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA).

2. Background. NASA annually recruits astronaut candidates
from both the civilian and military communities to support the
space shuttle program. NASA selects pilot and mission
specialist astronaut candidates as needed. All positions are
located at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston,
Texas, and involve a 1-year training and evaluation program.
The current Memorandum of Understanding between DoD, the
services, and NASA concerning space shuttle crewmembers governs
the detailing of military personnel with NASA. The current
tour length is 5 years with possible 1-year extensions.
Selected Marines will remain in an active duty status for pay,
benefits, leave, and other military matters and can anticipate
a return to normal career assignments upon completion of duty
with NASA.

a. Pilot Astronauts. Pilot astronauts serve as both space
shuttle commanders and pilots. During flight, the commander
has onboard responsibility for the vehicle, crew, mission
success, and safety of flight. The pilot assist the commander
in controlling and operating the vehicle. The pilot may assist
in deployment and retrieval of satellites using the remote
manipulator system, in extravehicular activities, and in other
payload operations.

b. Mission Specialist Astronauts. Mission specialist
astronauts will have overall responsibility for the
coordination of shuttle operations in the areas of crew
activity planning, consumables usage, and experiment and
payload operations. Mission specialists are required to have a
detailed knowledge of shuttle systems, as well as operational
characteristics, mission requirements and objectives, and
supporting systems and equipment for each of the experiments to



PCN 102 034402 00




be conducted on their assigned missions. Mission specialists
may perform extravehicular activities, payload handling using
the remote manipulator system, and perform or assist in specific
experiment operations.

3. Qualifications of Applicants

a. Pilot astronaut candidate minimum qualifications are:

(1) Bachelor's degree from an accredited institution in
engineering, biological science, physical science, or
mathematics. An advanced degree or equivalent experience is
desired. Quality of academic preparation is important.

(2) At least 1,000 hours pilot-in-command time in high
performance jet aircraft. Flight test experience is highly
desirable.

(3) Ability to pass NASA Class I space flight physical
(similar to military flight physicals) to include the following
specific standards:

(a) Distant visual acuity: 20/50 or better
uncorrected; correctable to 20/20 each eye.

(b) Hearing loss not to exceed:

Frequency (HZ) 500 1000 2000
Loss (db) 30 25 25

(c) Blood pressure: Preponderant systolic not to
exceed 140, nor diastolic to exceed 90mm Hg, (140/90) measured
in sitting position.

(4) Height between 64 and 76 inches.

(5) Be a U.S. citizen on active duty in the Marine
Corps with a minimum of 5 years active service.

b. Mission specialist astronaut candidate minimum
qualifications are:

(1) Bachelor's degree from an accredited institution
in engineering, biological science, physical science, or
mathematics. Degree must be supplemented by at least 3 years
related, progressively responsible, professional experience.
An advanced degree is desired and may be substituted for part
or all of the experience requirement (master's degree = 1 year,
Ph.D. degree = 3 years). Quality of academic preparation is
important.

(2) Ability to pass NASA Class II space flight physical
(similar to military flight physicals) to include the following
specific standards:


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(a) Distant visual acuity: 20/100 or better
uncorrected; correctable to 20/20 each eye.

(b) Hearing loss not to exceed:

Frequency (HZ) 500 1000 2000
Loss (db)
Better ear 30 25 25
Worse ear 35 30 30

(4) Height between 60 and 76 inches.

(5) Be a U.S. citizen on active duty in the Marine
Corps with a minimum of 5 years active service.

c. Educational Requirements. Applicants for the Astronaut
Candidate Program must meet the basic educational requirements
for NASA engineering and scientific positions. Specifically
required is successful completion of a standard professional
curriculum in an accredited college or university leading to at
least a bachelor's degree with major study in an appropriate
field of engineering, physical science, biological science, or
mathematics. The following degree fields, while related to
engineering and the sciences, are not considered qualifying:

(1) Degrees in Technology; i.e., Engineering
Technology, Aviation Technology, Medical Technology, etc.

(2) Degrees in Nursing.

(3) Degrees in Psychology except Clinical,
Physiological, or Experimental Psychology which are considered
qualifying).

(4) Degrees in Social Sciences; i.e., Geography,
Anthropology, Archaeology, etc.

(5) Degrees in Aviation, Aviation Management, or
similar fields.

4. Application Procedures. Active duty Marines must submit
applications to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (MMOA-2)
and not directly to NASA. An application package which
contains the required forms for enclosures to the application
must be obtained from the Commandant of the Marine Corps
(MMOA-2), AUTOVON 224-2211/2038/2312/1138. Applicants will
submit an administrative action form (NAVMC10274) in the
format of the enclosure.

5. Application Dates. A Marine Corps selection board will
convene each November to select the best qualified applicants.
This application is a one-time submission for each candidate.
Application dates will be published by separate Marine Corps
bulletins in the 3700 series.


3



6. Records Disposition. The Commandant of the Marine Corps
(MMOA-2) will forward applications of Marines selected to NASA
by 1 January. Nonselected applications will be destroyed 3
months after ending date of selection board.

7. Action. Endorsements to applications should include a
thorough personal assessment of the applicant's ability to
represent the Marine Corps and the potential to succeed as a
team player within the highly technological environment of
NASA.

8. Reserve Applicability. This Order is not applicable to the
Marine Corps Reserve.


J. J. MCMONAGLE
By direction

DISTRIBUTION: A

Copy to: 8145001


4



ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION (5216)
NAVMC 10274 (REV. 9-70) SN: 0000-003-0902 U/1:PD(100)
Previous Edition will be used

ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE APPLICATION FORMAT

_________________________________________________________________
4. FROM | 5. ORGANIZATION AND STATION
|
(APPLICANT) | (APPLICANT'S ORGANIZATION)
___________________________________|
6. VIA |
(CHAIN OF COMMAND) |
___________________________________|_____________________________
7. |8. NATURE OF ACTION
Commandant of the Marine Corps |
MMOA-2 | ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE
Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps | APPLICATION
Washington, DC 20380-0001 |
|
|
|
_________________________________________|_______________________
9. REFERENCE OR AUTHORITY |10. ENCLOSURES
|
(a) MCO 3700.3 | (1) AS APPLICABLE (SEE PAR.
(b) (CURRENT ALMAR SOLICITING | BELOW)
APPLICATIONS) |
|
__________________________________|______________________________

11. SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

1. I request to be considered for duty as a space shuttle
crewmember with the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration.

2. I volunteer for both the Pilot Astronaut Program and
Mission Specialist Astronaut Program, or I volunteer for the
Pilot Astronaut Program only, or I volunteer for the Mission
Specialist Program only.

3. Armed Forces Active Duty Base Date (AFADBD):

4. Academic Background

a. Service schools:

b. Academic achievements:

c. College(s) Attended

(1) College(s), year(s) of graduation, and
major/minor.

(2) Grade point average
Undergraduate:
Graduate:


ENCLOSURE (1)
1



5. Pilot and Instrument Rating (if applicable):

6. Flying Experience (If Applicable)

a. Total hours:

b. Total hours within last 12 months:

c. Test Pilot School and graduation date:

7. Experience/Technical Competence (Mission Specialist Only)

a. Postgraduate job experience (degree related):

b. Experience in aeronautic/space-related fields:

8. The following enclosures are submitted for consideration
(as applicable):

Encl: (1) Personal Qualifications Statement (Standard
Form 171)
Encl: (2) Report of Medical History (Standard Form 93)
Encl: (3) Report of Medical Examination (Standard Form
88) (filled out by a flight surgeon and dated
not earlier than 1 June of current year)
Encl: (4) Supplemental Medical History (JSC Form 465)
Encl: (5) Supplemental Information (JSC Form 490)
Encl: (6) Complete College Transcripts of grades for each
degree (legible copy acceptable)
Encl: (7) Supplemental record of aeronautical experience
(JSC Form 603) (pilot applicants only)
Encl: (8) Pilot Accident History File (obtained by
individual request from: Naval Safety Center,
Code 501, NAS, Norfolk, VA 23511-5796) (pilot
applicants only).

ENCLOSURE (1)
2