US Space Command

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USSPACECOM REGULATION 120-2
Headquarters United States Space Command
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5001 20 November 1987

Inspector General

USSPACECOM INSPECTOR GENERAL EVALUATIONS

This regulation describes the types of evaluations to be conducted by the United States Space Command (USSPACECOM)
Inspector General (IG). It delineates functional areas to be evaluated and discusses responsibilities of Headquarters
(HQ) USSPACECOM, supporting component commands, and the IG. It applies to HQ USSPACECOM and compo-
nent commands.

1. General. USSPACECOM Regulation 120-1, c. Exercise Evaluation. The performance of
United States Space Command Inspector General, USSPACECOM assets may be observed during exer-
establishes the policies and procedures for the overall cises. No formal report is published; however, obser-
direction of the USSPACECOM IG. As a unified com- vations may be reported to USCINCSPACE and other
mander, the Commander in Chief, United States Space individuals and agencies as appropriate.
Command (USCINCSPACE) has operational control
of specified assets assigned to HQ USSPACECOM, d. Joint Evaluation. An operational evaluation for
and to Army, Navy, and Air Force component com- which the USSPACECOM IG, when authorized by
manders. The USSPACECOM IG evaluates HQ USCINCSPACE, provides augmentation to another
USSPACECOM; subordinate component commands' unified, specified, or joint command.
execution of USCINCSPACE guidance, policies, and
regulations; and any special areas of interest designated 3. Frequency of Evaluations. Usually, exercise
by USCINCSPACE. The IG reports the results of these evaluations are conducted every 2 years. Component
evaluations and advises USCINCSPACE in all areas commands and USSPACECOM staff agencies receive
relating to joint operational readiness, command and a copy of the evaluation schedule prior to the start of
control, operations security, and overall mission a given fiscal year. The USSPACECOM IG conducts
effectiveness. scheduled and no-notice evaluations and investigations
as directed by USCINCSPACE or higher authority
2. Types of Evaluations. The USSPACECOM IG through USCINCSPACE. Notification of the dates for
command evaluation program is intended to provide scheduled evaluations is given at least 30 days in ad-
USCINCSPACE with additional means for determin- vance. For unscheduled evaluations, 5 days advance
ing overall mission effectiveness and operational notice is given where practicable, and limiting factors
readiness. Specific evaluation requirements and the se- and absence of key personnel are considered. The
quence of events are published as scenarios to include notification includes the names and security clearances
which activities are to be evaluated. These scenarios of team personnel; quarters, facilities, and transpor-
are coordinated by the USSPACECOM IG and for- tation required; and may include a request for specific
warded through channels to the orgainzations data to be made available prior to beginning the
concerned. Following are the primary methods of evaluation.
evaluation:
4. Reporting Limiting Factors. All activities alerted
a. Command and Control Evaluation (CCE). A for an evaluation by the USSPACECOM IG report to
CCE is a system-wide evaluation that assesses the HQ USSPACECOM IG, by message or letter as ap-
operational capability of USSPACECOM assets (see propriate, any factor which would preclude or interfere
attachment 1). with execution of an Inspector General evaluation.

b. Investigations. Investigations regarding specific 5. Augmentation. Since the USSPACECOM IG
areas of interest or concern are conducted as required organization does not include an evaluation team,
under the direction of USCINCSPACE. augmentation is required to conduct evaluations. The

No. of Printed Pages: 4
OPR: IGD (CDR F. H. Porter)
Approved by: Col J. W. Grassman
Editor: S. E. Gillespie
Distribution: F
2 USSPACECOMR 120-2 20 November 1987

augmented personnel who make up the evaluation team an irregularity or deficiency is of major significance
are not responsible for the policies, operations, and are:
practices being evaluated, but have the applicable ex-
pertise. USSPACECOM staff agencies, upon receipt a. Failure to accomplish the mission or conditions
of a request from the IG for augmentees, provide the which, if uncorrected, would adversely affect ac-
necessary specialists from the staff. When specialists complishment of the mission.
from the staff are not available, the IG requests b. Violations of regulations or law.
qualified personnel from the component commands or
other sources. Augmentees assigned outside the Peter- c. Acts or conditions which are detrimental to the
son AFB Complex are responsible for obtaining travel efficiency or reputation of the United States
orders for travel with the team. USSPACECOM IG Government.
fund citations for TDY travel are supplied in the d. Failure to take action which conforms to policies
notification to the activity providing the augmentee or orders of the immediate commander or higher
support. commanders.

6. IG Team Support. Upon arrival at the head- e. Failure to implement adequate operations and
quarters of the activity to be evaluated, the communications security.
USSPACECOM IG briefs the commander. The team
chief provides the commander with an evaluation ac- f. Failure to correct previous major irregularities
tivity schedule indicating the areas to be evaluated and and deficiencies reported by the USSPACECOM IG.
the names of the evaluators. The team chief also ar- No adjective grades are assigned. Follow-up on action
ranges for an exit critique to debrief the commander items is coordinated by the USSPACECOM IG.
on pertinent results. For planning, the support required
from the headquarters or activity being evaluated is set
forth in attachment 2. These requirements vary based 8. Coordination. Component commanders are
on the activity being evaluated and are amended, as notified prior to USSPACECOM IG conducting in-
required, by the evaluation notification message or spections or evaluations of subordinate activities. The
upon arrival of the IG team. USSPACECOM IG will not infringe upon the
established responsibilities of the inspectors general
of the component commands, to include duplicating
7. Evaluation Reports. Evaluation reports advise uniservice administrative support areas or respon-
USCINCSPACE of those results of the evaluation siblities of other established inspection agencies.
which are of major significance to mission accomplish- Similarly, the USSPACECOM IG will not usurp the
ment and include matters that may become the subject established functional evaluation responsibilities of
of public inquiry. Some factors which the the USSPACECOM staff agencies.
USSPACECOM IG considers in determining whether

OFFICIAL JOHN L. PIOTROWSKI
General, USAF
Commander in Chief

G. A. STANSELL 2 Attachments
Colonel, USAF 1. Command and Control Evaluations (CCE)
Director of Administration 2. IG Team Support

USSPACECOMR 120-2 Attachment 1 20 November 1987 3

COMMAND AND CONTROL EVALUATIONS (CCE)

Al-1. Type of Evaluation. A CCE is a system-wide, end-to-end evaluation of the ability of USSPACECOM assets
to perform their operational missions. The CCE assesses command and control; the component's execution of USCINC-
SPACE guidance, policies, and regulations; and any special areas of interest designated by USCINCSPACE. Notice
is given prior to the CCE and the evaluation is normally conducted in conjunction with a scheduled exercise. During
a CCE, evaluators may be located at national and lateral agencies, individual subordinate sites, and various operations
centers to assess end-to-end system performance.

Al-2. Scope of Evaluation. The CCE evaluates either a single command system (for example, missile warning or
space surveillance) or a combination of systems. Additionally, HQ NORAD IG may evaluate the ability of NORAD
forces to perform the atmospheric air defense mission in conjunction with a USSPACECOM CCE.

Al-3. Functional Areas Evaluated. As a minimum, the following functions are evaluated to assess mission performance:

a. Initial Response and Recall. If actual response is not observed due to the prior-notice nature of the CCE, recall
and initial response plans and procedures are evaluated.

b. Response to Events. Actions and decisions in response to scenario events and inputs are evaluated for timeliness,
effectiveness, correctness, and other critical factors.

c. Information Flow. The end-to-end flow of information and data are evaluated for mission effectiveness.

d. Transfer of Command and Control (C2). Accomplishment of C2 transfer to alternate command elements is
evaluated.

e. Emergency Action Message (EAM) Processing and Response. EAM procedures and actions are evaluated at
all levels.

f. Reconstitution. Actions to reconstitute forces; reestablish command, control, and communication (C3); and prepare
for follow-on actions are evaluated.

g. Other Areas. Following are other functions which may be evaluated: supervision and management; coordination;
briefings; use of checklists; use of equipment; knowledge of regulations, procedures, and resources; adequacy of plans
and regulations (both unified and component); and the overall operations security (OPSEC) program.

Al-4. Ground Rules:

a. The CCE is conducted every 36 months or as directed by USCINCSPACE. The evaluation is normally conducted
in conjunction with a large-scale exercise.

b. Notice for a CCE is given to all concerned agencies at least 90 days prior to the evaluation.

c. A letter of instruction (LOI) is distributed at least 30 days prior to the start of the CCE. The LOI contains specific
instructions and guidance plus additional ground rules as required. An entry authority list (EAL), granting IG team
members unescorted access to restricted areas, is presented just prior to the CCE.

d. Responses to real-world events which occur during the CCE are evaluated.

e. Written tests, prepared by the USSPACECOM staff, may be administered to personnel working in operations
centers under the operational control of USSPACECOM. Testing of component personnel requires USCINCSPACE
approval. Tests are designed to evaluate key personnel knowledge of USCINCSPACE guidance, policies, and regula-
tions regarding the exercise of command and control as well as their knowledge of the principles of OPSEC.

Al-5. Critique and Report. The IG will debrief CCE results and provide a final report to USCINCSPACE. Pertinent
annexes of the CCE report are provided to participating component commands following review by USCINCSPACE.
Any further distribution is made at his discretion. Findings requiring a response (those with a mission impact) include
a problem statement, the governing directive (if applicable), supporting information, and action agency responsible
for the reply. Reply instructions are included in the CCE report. The IG closes the findings when corrective actions
resolve the problems.

4 USSPACECOMR 120-2 Attachment 2 20 November 1987

IG TEAM SUPPORT

Commanders of evaluated activities should plan to provide support and assistance to USSPACECOM IG teams. The
exact requirements are outlined in the notification correspondence or arranged upon arrival, as the composition of each
team varies depending on the type of evaluation and the activity to be evaluated.

a. Transportation. Upon arrival and during the evaluation, appropriate vehicles are available to provide adequate
transportation for the evaluation team. Adequate reserved parking space should be provided adjacent to the IG work offices .

b. Office Space and Equipment. IG team administrative and work area offices should contain one typing desk or
table and one typing chair, one typewriter, two tables approximately 60 inches by 30 inches, and eight straight-back
chairs. Appropriate storage space in or near the team work area should be made available for approximately 1.5 cubic
feet of classified material.

c. Office Supplies. Normal office supplies are furnished by the activity being evaluated. A detailed list of requirements
is provided in the notification correspondence, or upon arrival.

d. Administrative Support. One qualified civilian or military typist should be provided. The typist must possess
security clearance commensurate with classification of areas being evaluated.

e. Billeting. Reservations for billeting are included in the notification message.