US Space Command

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USSPACECOM REGULATION 27-1
Headquarters United States Space Command
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5003 28 February 1991

Programming

UNITED STATES SPACE COMMAND PROGRAMMING SYSTEM

This regulation describes scheduled programming actions of the United States Space
Command (USSPACECOM) Programming System. It assigns responsibility for planning and
executing Command programming actions. It applies to all personnel assigned to
Headquarters (HQ) USSPACECOM and its component commands.

1. HQ USSPACECOM Programming Action:

a. General. Throughout the year programming actions occur which are driven by
the Department of Defense (DOD) Planning, Programming and Budgeting System (PPBS),
the National Foreign Intelligence Program (NFIP), and the Capabilities Programming
and Budgeting System (CPBS) . Several of these actions significantly affect the
resources available to execute HQ United States Space Command Commander in Chief
(USCINCSPACE)-assigned missions during the years of the Future Years Defense Program
(FYDP). See attachment 1 for definition of terms. The schedule for HQ USSPACECOM
programming actions, including component participation within the PPBS cycle is shown
at attachment 2. The key programming actions are:

(1) USCINCSPACE Program Objective Memorandum (POM) guidance to components.

(2) Integrated Priority List (IPL) preparation.

(3) POM and General Defense Intelligence Program (GDIP) preparation,
review, and adjustments.

(4) Budget Estimate Submission (BES) review by USCINCSPACE.

b. USCINCSPACE POM Guidance to Components. Each Commander in Chief (CINC) is
responsible for providing POM guidance to Service component commanders on warfighting
requirements and priorities for use in developing their programs and budget requests
to the respective military departments. Final USCINCSPACE POM guidance is provided
to the components during June of the fiscal year prior to the POM submission year.
This POM guidance forms the basis of the IPL.

C. IPL. Each unified and specified CINC is required to provide a list of
prioritized requirements for consideration by Secretaries of the Military Departments,
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. and the Secretary of Defense in development
of Department of Defense programs and budgets. This input is required in October of
the fiscal year in which the Services' POMs are being developed. The IPL identifies
operational and resource deficiencies, contains potential programs to correct these

Supersedes USSPACECOMR 27-1, 17 June 1988. (For summary of changes see page 6.)
No. of Printed Pages: 14
OPR: J5X (Maj Richard A. Kniseley, USAF)
Approved by: Col Timothy J. McMahon, USAF
Editor: Pamela K. Gatson
Distribution: F
2 USSPACECOMR 27-1 28 February 1991

deficiencies, and prioritizes these programs across missions and Services. Documents,
such as threat assessments, architectures, and master plans, identify deficiencies
and plans to correct them, and are useful guides in preparing the IPL.

d. POM. Each Service provides a POM to the Secretary of Defense recommending
military programs, including dollar and manpower levels, for funding over a 6-year
program. CINCs participate in the POM process primarily through their components
by:
(1) Developing a POM input during September through January of the POM
development year which consists of Program Decision Packages (PDP). PDPs involving
manpower to be identified on the Command's joint manpower document are developed and
sponsored through the POM process by HQ USSPACECOM's components. The responsible
component command sponsors the PDP and advocates it through their Service POM in
accordance with USCINCSPACE's guidance.

(2) The Program Budget Review Committee (PBRC) reviewing component command
POMs before submission to Services headquarters to make sure they meet the
requirements of USCINCSPACE and reflect the resources needed by HQ USSPACECOM.

(3) Reviewing Services' Poms and reprogramming actions during Office of
the Secretary of Defense (OSD)-directed decrement projects.

(4) Reviewing component commanders' and Services' recommendations for
resource reductions during OSD-directed decrement projects.

e. GDIP. The GDIP is one element of the National Foreign Intelligence Program
(NFIP). The NFIP was established by Congress and Presidential direction to satisfy
national intelligence requirements.

(1) Other elements involved in the NFIP are the Consolidated Cryptological
Program (National Security Agency and the Services) , the Central Intelligence Agency
Program, the Foreign Counter-Intelligence Program (OSI, etcetera) , and other national
intelligence programs.

(2) The GDIP is the programmatic vehicle to fund national intelligence
requirements such as collection, production (such as, space order-of -battle and
installation data), Special Security Office (SSO), Intelligence Data Handling Systems
(IDHS) , and intelligence communications programs. Warfighting capabilities and direct
support activities, such as headquarters staff intelligence functions and unit
support, are funded in the PPBS under appropriate major force programs (MFP).

(3) The Director of Intelligence is the GDIP manager for HQ USSPACECOM
and prepares and consolidates all Command GDIP baseline and initiative programs. The
submission is sent to the appropriate Service GDIP manager, the GDIP staff, in turn
to the intelligence community staff, and the Office of Management and Budget for
inclusion in the President's Budget.

(4) While GDIP programs are normally staffed by HQ USSPACECOM, Director
of Intelligence (J-2) within the GDIP community, GDIP programs may be reflected on
the USCINCSPACE IPL. HQ USSPACECOM J2 is the advocate for these programs.

(5) Selected GDIP programs are also submitted in PDP format and ranked in
the appropriate component POM as a validation of the HQ USSPACECOM requirements and
reflection of the level of Command support. Services POM panels review GDIP PDPs

USSPACECOMR 27-1 28 February 1991 3

for information only. Funding decisions for the GDIP are made through the NFIP
process outlined in paragraph (3) and reconciled with the DOD POM when the President' s
Budget is formulated.

(6) USSPACECOM participation in the NFIP (through the Director of
Intelligence) involves the following:

(a) Developing appropriate HQ USSPACECOM NFIP programmatic submissions.

(b) Providing guidance to components on requirements and program
priorities for use in building their NFIP programs and participating in NFIP cut
drills. These are expressed in the HQ USSPACECOM Integrated Intelligence Priority
List (IIPL).

(c) Reviewing components NFIP submissions before they are sent to the
respective Service headquarters.

f. Budget Estimate Submission (BES) . CINCs also have the opportunity to review
the BES and changes to the BES that are accomplished through Program Budget Decisions
(PBD) normally during September through December of the POM submission years. A
CINC's participation in the PBD process is limited because of the very short time
(usually 1 or 2 days) available for review and comment.

2. HQ USSPACECOM Programming System:

a. General. The HQ USSPACECOM Programming System is the vehicle by which the
functional staff completes and reviews programming actions. It provides the
procedures for making the IPL recommendations to USCINCSPACE for identifying programs
and priorities for the POM and NFIP, for conducting decrement exercises, and for
reprogramming actions, and budget formulation and advocacy. (Budget execution is the
responsibility of the Financial Management Board with support from the HQ AFSPC
Comptroller) . The HQ USSPACECOM Program and Budget Review Board (PBRB) , Program and
Budget Review Committee (PBRC) , and on functional and mission panels make up the
USSPACECOM Programming System and serve in an advisory capacity to USCINCSPACE.

b. Organization and Membership:

(1) Program and Budget Review Board. The Deputy Commander in Chief United
States Space Command (DEPUSCINCSPACE) chairs the Program and Budget Review Board and
membership consists of the HQ USSPACECOM directors. The HQ USSPACECOM Director of
Plans (J5) also serves as the office of primary responsibility (OPR) and provides the
executive secretary.

(2) Program and Budget Review Committee. The HQ USSPACECOM Director of
Plans chairs the Program and Budget Review Committee with membership consisting of
deputy directors from the organizations listed in attachment 3. The HQ USSPACECOM
Deputy Director for Plans and Policy (J5X) is the Assistant Chairperson and the
Executive Secretary. The Director of Plans approves the composition of the supporting
functional and mission panels.

(3) Functional and mission panels. Chaired or co-chaired by an 0-6, with
members in the rank of 0-3 to 0-5. Attachment 4 shows the panels and membership.
The panel chairperson provides an executive officer for recording and other
administrative duties.

4 USSPACECOMR 27-1 28 February 1991

c. Nomination and Tenure. Organizations shown in attachments 3 and 4 nominate
primary and alternate members to the PBRC and supporting panels. The PBRC Chairperson
approves panel nominations. Submit nominations for all PBRC and panel members through
the PBRC Chairperson. The Program and Budget Review Board plus functional and mission
panels are standing organizations which meet throughout the year. Once assigned as
a member, an individual remains on the PBRC or panel until reassigned or replaced.

d. Attendance at Meetings. Attendance at HQ USSPACECOM Programming System
meetings takes priority over routine duties. However, if a primary member of the
PBRC is absent, the designated alternate, 0-5 or above, serves as a voting member.
In the case of a Program and Budget Review Board member, only the vice director or
acting director is an acceptable voting alternate.

e. Programming and System Responsibilities:

(1) Program and Budget Review Board:

(a) Provides guidance to the PARCH on programming actions.

(b) Reviews PARCH recommendations prior to USCINCSPACE approval.

(c) Receives briefings from component commands on POM and NFIP actions.

(d) Provides resolution of resource allocation priority conflicts
between NFIP and PPBS program decision packages.

(2) Program and Budget Review Committee. The PBRC is the focal point for
all programming actions within HQ USSPACECOM. It prepares recommendations to the
Program and Budget Review Board.

(a) The HQ USSPACECOM Director of Plans (j5):

1. Serves as PBRC Chairman. In his absence the Vice Director of
Plans is the acting Chairman.

2. Provides USSPACECOM policy and guidance to the PBRC.

3. Approves the agenda, convenes, and chairs the PBRC.

4. Designates functional deputy directors to provide briefings or
papers to the PBRC in deliberations.

5. Designates staff organizations to provide nonvoting advisors
on specific issues.

(b) The HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director, Plans and Policy (J5X):

1. Serves as PBRC Executive Secretary.

2. Establishes procedures for the PBRC.

3. Schedules briefings.

4. Prepares agendas and controls attendance at meetings.

USSPACECOMR 27-1 28 February 1991 5

5. Provides guidance to members or advisors, and assigns program
responsibility to panels.

6. Maintain records and makes staff inquiries for the PBRC.

7. Based on panel and PBRC deliberations, prepares drafts of IPL
and POM guidance to components, issues outlines on Services' PoMs, and makes
recommendations on the BES for PBRB review and USCINCSPACE approval.

8. Prepares guidance for PDP monitors who normally come from the
functional office responsible for the program being evaluated.

9. Prepares draft POM ranking for PBRC and PBRB consideration and
advocates content to Services.

10. Prepares and publishes results of PBRC deliberations, and
monitors follow-up actions to PBRC and PBRB recommendations or Command Section
directives.

(3) Functional and mission panels. Panels prepare inputs on programming
actions as assigned by the PBRC, recommend priorities, advise and assist the PBRC.

(a) Panel chairpersons are responsible to the PBRC Chairman. They
are normally deputy directors in the rank of 0-6. The panel chairpersons:

1. Prepare agendas, schedule meetings, and preside over the panel.

2. Appoint an executive secretary to maintain records, publish
reports, provide documents, control attendance and keep minutes.

3. Task members for briefings and studies to assist panel
deliberations.

4. Provide briefings and documents to the PBRC as required.

5. Provide a replacement chairperson of comparable rank if not
available for meeting.

6. Identify component PDP resource allocation priority conflicts,
as required, to the PBRC.

(b) Panel cochairpersons are responsible to the panel chairperson to
ensure minority views are documented and briefed to the PBRC.

(c) Deputy directors nominate primary and alternate members from
functional staff as listed in attachment 4. Panel chairperson decides attendance of
advisors.

6 USSPACECOMR 27-1 28 February 1991

(4) Component commanders provide:

(a) Advisors to the PBRC and panels identified in attachment 4.

(b) Programmatic and technical information, as required on own PDP to
aid resolution of resource allocation priority conflicts, by the PBRB during
development of POM guidance to components.

(c) Inputs on implementation review subjects and Defense Programming
Guidance for USCINCSPACE presentation at the DPRBS.

(d) A copy of POM input to USCINCSPACE for review before submission to
Services.

(e) Comments on proposed USCINCSPACE IPL.

(f) A review of Service POM satisfaction of USCINCSPACE requirements.

(g) Suggested issue outlines to USCINCSPACE through the PBRB.

OFFICIAL DONALD J. KUTYNA
General, USAF
Commander in Chief

WAYNE R. HEINKE 4 Attachments
Colonel, USAF 1. Definition of Terms
Director of Information Management 2. Schedule for USSPACECOM Programming
Actions
3. Program and Budget Review Committee
Membership
4. Functional and Mission Panels Membership

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
Updates regulation in its entirety.

USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 1 28 February 1991 7

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Al-1. Budget Estimate Submission (BES) Budget estimates provided by each DOD
component to the Secretary of Defense to include the prior, current, and budget
fiscal years. It is prepared and approved based on the programs as approved by
program decision memorandums and on economic assumptions related to pay and pricing
policies.

Al-2. Defense Programming Guidance (DPG) . DOD planning publication which serves as
an authoritative statement directing defense policy, strategy, force and resource
planning, and fiscal guidance for development of program objective memorandums.

Al-3. Defense Programming Resources Board (DPRB) . The Secretary of Defense
corporate review body that meets to resolve issues (program alternatives) with the
program objective memorandums submitted to the Office of Secretary of Defense by the
Services and Defense agencies. The Chairman is the Deputy Secretary of Defense with
the membership consisting of Service secretaries, defense agency heads, Chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, under secretaries of defense, and assistant secretaries
of defense.

Al-4. Future Years Defense Program (FYDP) . The FYDP quantifies forces and resources
associated with Secretary of Defense-approved programs for the DOD. It addresses the
prior, current, budget, and program years. The program years are 4 years beyond the
second budget year.

Al-5. General Defense Intelligence Program (GDIP) . One portion of the National
Foreign Intelligence program the GDIP consolidates resource requests over a 6-year
period from Defense Intelligence Agency,, Air Force, Army, and Navy intelligence
organizations, and selected programs into one document that is sent to Congress each
year for appropriation approval.

Al-6. Integrated Priority List (IPL). List of each CINC's higher priority needs,
prioritized across Services and functional lines to provide visibility for key problem
areas requiring the highest priority attention by the DOD in developing and
programming for solutions. CINCs also offer suggested solutions for these problems.
The IPLs are submitted biennially by the CINCs to the Secretary of Defense and the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Al-7. Integrated Intelligence Priority List (IIPL) A list of each command' s
higher-priority intelligence needs to provide visibility for key intelligence problem
areas requiring highest priority attention in developing and programming for
solutions. The IIPLs are submitted biennially to the DIA, GDIP Staff, Service GDIP
managers, intelligence community staff, and the Office of Management and Budget for
inclusion in the President's Budget.

Al-8. Major Force Programs (MFP). Categories of DOD program requests for
consideration by Congress. Dollars in terms of total obligation authority are shown
by development, investment, and operating cost for each major force program. The
programs are:

a. MFP 1 - Strategic Forces.

b. MFP 2 - General Purpose Forces.

8 USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 1 28 February 1991

C. MFP 3 - Intelligence and Communications.

d. MFP 4 - Airlift and Sealift Forces.

e. MFP 5 - Guard and Reserve Forces.

f. MAP 6 - Research & Development.

g. MAP 7 - Central Supply and Maintenance.

h. MAP 8 - Training, Medical, and Other General Personnel Activities.

i. MAP 9 - Administrative and Associated Activities.

j. MAP 10 - Support of Other Nations.

k. MAP 11 - Special Operations Forces.

Al-9. National Foreign Intelligence Program (NF3:P) The government program
containing all resource requirements for intelligence programs over a 6-year period.
Elements of the NFIP are the General Defense Intelligence Program, the Consolidated
Cryptological Program, the CIA Program, the Foreign Counter-intelligence Program, and
all other national intelligence programs.

Al-10. Planning, Programming and Budgeting System (PPBS) . PPBS is a cyclic process
containing three distinct but interrelated phases: planning, programming, and
budgeting. The process provides for decision-making on future programs and permits
prior decisions to be examined and analyzed from the viewpoint of the current
environment and the time period being addressed. Its purpose is to produce a plan,
a program, and finally a budget for the DOD.

Al-11. Program Budget Decisions (PBD). Decision documents signed by the Secretary
or Deputy Secretary of Defense that address resources in the budget request that
relate to the appropriations and budget activity structure of the DOD. Priority is
placed on assuring that budgets are prepared to true program cost for all years and
that affordability in the outyears s-s explicitly reviewed and examined.

Al-12. Program Decision Packages (PDP). Documents that describe an independent
portion of the USSPACECOM and components' program in terms of capability, dollars,
and manpower that are used throughout the programming process to track independent
program requests.

Al-13. Program Objective Memorandum (POM) . Developed by each DOD component (Service
and agencies) that contains proposed programs consistent with the policy, strategy,
force, and resources in that Defense Guidance. The programs are expressed with
respect to objectives to be achieved, and dollar and manpower resources to be
allocated. In addition to the 2 budget years, the program period contains the 4 years
beyond the last budget year.

10 USSPACECOM 27-1 Attachment 3 28 February 1991

PROGRAM AND BUDGET REVIEW COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP

CHAIRMAN: HQ USSPACECOM Director of Plans (J5)

VOTING MEMBERS: HQ USSPACECOM/JIM

J2X J4-j6L

J2-NCN J4-J6O

J2C J4-J6P

J2-NPN J5B

J3C J5C

J3M J5S

J30 ANV

J3S

J3X

NONVOTING MEMBERS: HQ USSPACECOM/J3W

HQ AFSPC/ACB/XPX/LKX

HQ NAVSPACECOM/NI/N5

HQ USARSPACE/MOSC-SRR

SIO/SYA

HQ NORAD/J5X

JOSDEPS

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY: J5X
USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 4 28 February 1991

FUNCTIONAL AND MISSION PANELS MEMBERSHIP

MANPOWER PANEL

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM, Deputy Director for Manpower (JIM)

COCHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM, Deputy Director Plans and Policy (J5X)

J1P

J2X

J3E

J4-J6E

J5E

ADVISORS: JOSDEPS HQ AFSPC/XPM

INTELLIGENCE PANEL

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Intelligence Plans,
Programs, and Systems (J2X)

COCHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Chief, Tactical Operations and
Exploitation Division (J30T)

J2-NCN

J2C

J2-NPN

J3M

J3X

J4-J6L

J4-J6O

J5S

ADVISORS: J5C

12 USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 4 28 February 1991

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for C2 Programs (J4-J60)

COCHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Command Control (j3C)

J2X

J2-NCN

J3M

J30

J3S

J4-J6L

J4-J6P

J5B

J5C

J5-NPN

J5X

ADVISORS: J2-NPN

USARSPACE/SRR

JOSDEPS

USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 4 28 February 1991 13

SURVEILLANCE AND WARNING PANEL

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for Command, Control,
and Warning (J5C)

COCRAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Missile Warning
Systems (J3M)

J2X

J2-NCN

J2-NPN

J3C

J3S

J4-J6L

J4-J60

J4-J6P

J5B

J5S

J5X

ADVISORS: J2C USARSPACE/SRR JOSDEPS

SPACE SUPPORT AND CONTROL PANEL

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for Space Operations (J5S)

COCHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Space Operations (J30)

J2-NPN J5B

J2X J5X

J3C J2R

J3S J4-J6L

ADVISORS: J4-J6O JOSDEPS

J5C USARSPACE/SRR

14 USSPACECOMR 27-1 Attachment 4 28 February 1991

BMD PLANNING AND REQUIREMENTS PANEL

CHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for BMD Planning (J5B)

COCHAIRPERSON: HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for Operations, Plans,
and Requirements (J3X)

J2X J5X

J3M

J3S

J4-J6L

J4-J6O

J4-J6P

ADVISORS: HQ USSPACECOM/j2-NPN

HQ USSPACECOM/J5C

HQ AFSPC/XPD

HQ NAVSPACECOM/N5

HQ USARSPACE/MOSC-SRR

JOSDEPS

Notes: