US Space Command

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USSPACECOM REGULATION 55-8
Headquarters United States Space Command
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5003 23 February 1990

Operations

EXERCISE PLANNING, DESIGN, EXECUTION, AND CRITIQUE PROGRAM

This regulation establishes requirements and prescribes policy for con-
ducting exercises. It applies to HQ United States Space Command (USSPACE-
COM); Commander, Air Force Space Command (AFSPACECOM); Commander, Naval
Space Command (NAVSPACECOM); and Commander, Army Space Command (USARSPACE).
Additionally this regulation applies to all units and agencies under the
operational command and control of Commander in Chief, United States Space
Command (USCINCSPACE), and provides guidance to other commands and agencies
which participate in or support USSPACECOM's participation in the Joint
Chiefs of Staff (JCS) exercise program.

Paragraph Page
Chapter 1 - Introduction
References .................................................. 1-1 2
Background .................................................. 1-2 2
Purpose ..................................................... 1-3 2
General ..................................................... 1-4 2
Exercise Phases ............................................. 1-5 4
Tasks ....................................................... 1-6 4
Revisions ................................................... 1-7 4

Chapter 2 - Exercise Planning and Post Exercise Actions
Exercise Process ............................................ 2-1 5
Planning Phase .............................................. 2-2 5
Exercise Design ............................................. 2-3 5
Scenario .................................................... 2-4 5
Document Preparation ........................................ 2-5 7
Central Planning Team (CPT) ................................. 2-6 8
Post-Exercise Phase ......................................... 2-7 10

Chapter 3 - Exercise Control and Simulation
General ..................................................... 3-1 12
Control ..................................................... 3-2 12
Simulation .................................................. 3-3 12
Controller-Player Relationship .............................. 3-4 13

Chapter 4 - Exercise Design Checklist
General ..................................................... 4-1 14
Exercise Design Checklist ................................... 4-2 14

Figure
4-1 - Exercise Design Checklist ....................................... 14

No. of Printed Pages: 15
OPR: J3Z (Steve S. Zakaluk)
Approved by: Col James M. Mutter, USMC
Editor: Pamela K. Gatson
Distribution: F

2 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

1-1. References:

a. JCS Command Post Exercise Program (JCS MOP #177).

b. Unified Command Plan (SM 729-83).

c. DOD Defense Guidance, FY 1990-1994 (29 Mar 88).

d. Exercise Planning Guidance SM 747-87.

e. Joint Training Program (JCS MOP #200).

f. USSPACECOM Standing Exercise Plan (EXPLAN) 3499-90.

1-2. Background. As directed in reference 1-la, USSPACECOM exercises and
USSPACECOM participation in JCS exercises will conform to national policy,
military strategic guidance (references 1-lb and c), and the guidance of
USCINCSPACE. Reference I-ld and the USSPACECOM Exercise Planning Group
(EPG) implement this guidance and give national policy and military
strategy relevant to exercise planning for USSPACECOM. Reference 1-le
directs Commander in Chief (CINC) development of Joint Mission Essential
Task Lists (JMETL) for incorporation into JCS exercises. Reference 1-lf
contains general information about all exercises in which USSPACECOM par-
ticipates. USSPACECOM sponsors and participates in exercises to improve
the capability of players to respond to crisis, contingency, and general
war situations by testing plans and battlestaff procedures. Exercises are
used more for testing than training. JCS exercise play is tightly con-
trolled due to political and safety concerns as well as multi-CINC
involvements and the necessity to complete National objectives. When
possible, USSPACECOM-sponsored exercises are designed to allow some flexi-
bility to accomodate innovative battlestaff actions and decision
making. However, as with multi-CINC exercises, USSPACECOM or component
exercise freeplay may be limited by exercise designers and control
personnel to ensure accomplishment of command-approved exercise objectives
or for safety considerations.

1-3. Purpose. This regulation provides planning guidance for the conduct
of JCS- and USSPACECOM-sponsored and -directed command post exercises
(CPX). It applies to HQ USSPACECOM, all service component commands (SCC),
and activities participating in USSPACECOM CPXS.

1-4. General:

a. JCS requires the unified and specified commands to participate in
JCS exercises and to conduct their own exercises.

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 3

b. USSPACECOM sponsors and participates in CPXs to improve capability
of the command and participants to respond to crisis, contingency, and
general war situations. Conclusions of current or future capabilities,
vulnerabilities, or effectiveness should not be drawn from exercise play or
political-military decisions made during an exercise.

c. USSPACECOM CPXs and participation in JCS exercises test procedures
for use in possible contingencies. Disclosure of these procedures, as well
as exercise results, introduces the risk of degraded operational effective-
ness in a real contingency. Adherence to operational security (OPSEC) doc-
trine is mandatory in all phases of the exercise cycle.

d. The EPG is a steering committee chaired by USSPACECOM, Director of
Operations implementing JCS and USCINCSPACE exercise guidance. All US-
SPACECOM directors and deputy directors may participate in the EPG. SCCs
are invited to participate. The EPG's purpose is to:

(1) Approve the USSPACECOM exercise program, specific exercise
concepts, JMETLS, and scenarios.

(2) Resolve contentious issues of the exercise program.

e. The frequency and scope of USSPACECOM exercises is recorded in
USSPACECOM's Annual Exercise Program Assessment and Analysis.

f. The USSPACECOM, Deputy Director for Exercises (SPJ3Z), schedules,
plans, conducts, and evaluates USSPACECOM-directed and -sponsored exercises
through the Central Planning Team (CPT) and Exercise Control Group (ECG).

g. Each USSPACECOM staff functional area, SCC, and participating ex-
ternal command and agency provides exercise planning representatives and
control personnel to support the Deputy Director for Exercises in the US-
SPACECOM exercise effort. These representatives collectively constitute
the CPT and ECG. The CPT performs three principal tasks:

(1) Plans and develops exercises.

(2) Prepares exercise materials.

(3) Plans and conducts exercise critique and analysis.

h. Due to the unique relationship between USSPACECOM and NORAD, and
the segregation of exercises by command, exercise design, and documentation
may vary. USSPACECOM, Deputy Director for Exercises, and NORAD, Deputy Di-
rector for Exercises, coordinate on, or resolve as appropriate, exercise
scheduling, design, and documentation issues.

i. SCCs are encouraged to mirror the provisions and procedures
outlined in this regulation for their exercise programs. Nevertheless, SCC
regulations and exercise documentation will be provided to USSPACECOM,
Deputy Director of Exercises, and relevant joint staffs for coordination.
Tasking of SCCs for exercise support will be at the discretion of Director
of Operations through Deputy Director of Exercises.

4 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

1-5. Exercise Phases. The exercise process is divided into three phases:
planning, execution, and post exercise review.

a. The planning phase encompasses all aspects of exercise design, in-
cluding:

(1) Appointment of the overall project officer (PO) by USSPACECOM,
Deputy Director of Exercises. USSPACECOM staff offices, service compon-
ents, and other major participants appoint their respective project
officers.

(2) Development of the exercise concept to include length of exer-
cise, level of crisis, goals, and JMETLs to be completed.

(3) Development of the announcement message or letter, exercise
specification (EXSPEC), EXPLAN supplement (EXSUP), exercise order (EXORD),
and control staff instructions (COSIN).

(4) Evaluation of exercise objective attainment by the Director,
Center for Aerospace Analysis (AN). In this capacity AN helps identify
measures of effectiveness (MOE); and develops and recommends appropriate
methodologies of measurement. The USSPACECOM Exercise Planning Group pro-
vides additional guidance.

(5) Conducting planning conferences.

(6) Preparation of briefings and training for participants.

(7) Development of a plan for exercise analysis by AN.

b. The execution phase represents exercise play as directed by EXPLAN
3499-90, the EXSUP, EXORD, and COSIN.

c. The post exercise phase consists of analysis, critique, and evalua-
tion with following elements:

(1) Analysis according to the evaluation plan.

(2) First Impressions Report.

(3) Exercise critique conference (ECC) assigning critique cate-
gories and offices of primary responsibility (OPR) and corrective action
reports from participants (formats shown in EXPLAN 3499-90).

(4) Final Report.

1-6. Tasks. USSPACECOM directorates, deputy directorates, and SCCs pro-
vide exercise support as contained in this regulation and EXPLAN 3499-90.
See figure 4-1, Exercise Design Checklist.

1-7. Revisions. Submit recommended revisions to USSPACECOM, Deputy Direc-
tor for Exercises (SPJ3Z).

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 5

Chapter 2

EXERCISE PLANNING AND POST EXERCISE ACTIONS

2-1. Exercise Process. The exercise program is divided into three major
phases. This chapter deals primarily with tasks and activities involved in
exercise planning and post exercise phases. Planning phase tasks and ac-
tivities are conducted sequentially for continuity; however, some tasks are
done concurrently.

2-2. Planning Phase. This phase covers an 18-month period for JCS exer-
cise or a 10-month period for APOLLO GRIFFIN exercises. This phase
includes exercise design, document preparation, and final coordination.
Elements of these tasks are identified and discussed in subsequent para-
graphs.

2-3. Exercise Design. This part of the planning phase includes the debig-
nation of project officers, concept development, and preparation of the
announcement message or letter, EXSPEC, EXSUP, EXORD, and COSIN.

a. Project officer Requirements. Before development of a USSPACECOM
or JCS exercise; Deputy Director for Exercises, as CPT chairman, requests
each major participant appoint a project officer to be a CPT member.
Designated personnel should have sufficient tenure remaining to assure
maximum continuity during planning, execution, and evaluation of exercises.
Personnel assigned are designated trusted agents or controllers and will
have access to "CONTROL EYES ONLY" documents.

b. Concept. The purpose of the concept briefing to the Director of
Operations, and exercise concept paper, is to inform command and staff of
the exercise concept and preliminary scenario.

2-4. Scenario. The scenario is an outline or synopsis of the exercise
political and military activity which implements the concept and JMETLs for
the exercise. All exercise objectives, play, and player actions are coor-
dinated and properly integrated into the scenario. The major USSPACECOM
elements of an exercise scenario are:

a. Intelligence:

(1) General:

(a) The Deputy Director for Operational Intelligence coordi-
nates the development of the intelligence scenario for USSPACECOM exercises
based on an approved concept for each exercise. Exercise intelligence sce-
narios are comprised of the following major elements: the pre-exercise
scenario contained in the EXSUP and the EXORD; the exercise intelligence
chronology contained in the COSIN; and intelligence items that support the
Master Scenario Events List (MSEL). The pre-exercise scenario presents a
chronological summary of principal political, military, and economic events
which have caused the military crisis situation existing at exercise start
time (STARTEX). The intelligence chronology is general in nature and is

6 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

designed to provide controllers with an understanding of the planned direc-
tion of the exercise. It provides the rationale for specific intelligence-
related or intelligence-supported MSEL items which controllers inject
during the execution phase. Intelligence items are specific in nature and
intended to emulate real-world intelligence materials.

(b) The pre-exercise scenario and necessary intelligence
assumptions are contained in the EXSUP and EXORD for each exercise.
Military, political, and economic situations portrayed in the scenario
reflect official intelligence estimates of real-world conditions.
Political-military events should be considered projections of what could
come to pass. Exercise intelligence chronology, published in the COSIN,
includes hypothetical situations in various parts of the world which
require US military responses during active exercise play.

(c) To obtain certain exercise objectives, it may be
necessary to use intelligence events which do not reflect real world
estimates. These events should be appropriately caveated.

(2) Enemy Order of Battle:

(a) It may be necessary to simulate the repositioning of
hostile forces before start of an exercise to conform to the pre-exercise
situation. Direct all such movements toward achieving maximum realism in
play. An exercise order of battle in the EXSUP will delineate the location
of elements that are moved for exercise purposes.

(b) Base the execution phase on DIA estimates of foreign
order of battle except for those countries where the United States conducts
combined planning and operations. Show cut-off dates for information to be
used in an exercise in the Intelligence Section of the EXORD.

(3) Blue Order of Battle. This is according to EXPLAN 3499-90,
EXSPEC and EXSUP.

b. Space Logistics. Each CPX provides for the exercising of logistics
and offers an opportunity to evaluate procedures, policies, or systems.

c. Personnel. Each CPX provides for personnel actions in a joint en-
vironment and permits participants to evaluate command and service proce-
dures, policies, or systems.

d. Command, Control, and Communications (C3). CPXs must realistically
demonstrate C3 limitations and vulnerabilities during exercises. Denial
actions (live and administrative) should occur at different times (consis-
tent with scenario) and at all command levels where, based on intelligence
assessments and communications systems expertise, player communications
capabilities would be vulnerable and interruptions expected.

e. Space Control. Each CPX provides for the exercising of all aspects
of space control (protection, negation, and surveillance). Exercise design
requires a flow of information which provides for evaluation of the conduct
of the Space Control Mission and Command and Control (C2) network.

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 7

f. Missile Warning. Design CPXs in such a way to be able to eval-
uate command relationships, high-level decision making, capability and
determination reporting in support of JCS and other forward user require-
ments, sensor management, event processing, communications and connectivity
requirements and shortfalls, transfer of functions to survivable C2 ele-
ments, and wartime reserve mode (WARM) procedures.

g. Security. Each CPX provides for the exercising of security and
offers an opportunity to evaluate procedures and policies designed for
protection of sites, equipment, and personnel.

2-5. Document Preparation. The exercise announcement, EXSPEC, EXSUP,
EXORD, and COSIN are the basic documents which detail instructions and
orders to develop, execute, and critique an exercise. They are based upon
an approved concept and supplement the basic information in EXPLAN 3499-90.
Coordination and publication of USSPACECOM exercise documents is the
responsibility of the USSPACECOM, Deputy Director for Exercises, in col-
laboration with all major participants, and may result in one or more CPT
meetings. Distribute information of concern to all participants in the
EXSUP and EXORD. Mark information which is restricted to trusted agents,
controllers, or project officers, "CONTROL EYES ONLY" and distributed
accordingly. Format for these documents and assigned responsibilities are
described in EXPLAN 3499-90.

a. Exercise Announcement. Announces inclusive dates and type of exer-
cise to SCCS, and other interested commands.

b. Exercise Specification (EXSPEC). Provides concept, goals, JMETLS,
global and theater scenarios, exercise development timeline, and major MSEL
sequences to exercise designers and their supervisors.

c. Exercise Supplement (EXSUP). Provides exercise specific informa-
tion not contained in EXPLAN 3499-90 to all participants.

d. Exercise order (EXORD). Provides final information and instruction
for conduct of the exercise to all participants.

e. Control Staff Instruction (COSIN). Provides direction for conduct
and control of the exercise and instructions for preparing simulation
material to exercise controllers. Significant sections are:

(1) Exercise Timeline. A brief graphic presentation of key events
scheduled or anticipated during the exercise.

(2) Exercise Chronology. A day-by-day listing of scheduled key
intelligence items with the correlating operations and support events
expected to occur as a result of intelligence play. This chronology lays
out the general scenario and is designed to provide controllers with an
understanding of the planned direction of the exercise.

(3) MSEL. The MSEL contained in the COSIN, is a master listing of
all events which are injected by controllers during the execution phase of
an exercise. The MSEL may also contain the implementers used by the
injecting controller to actually insert the event into the exercise.

8 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

2-6. Central Planning Team (CPT):

a. Concept. The CPT is specifically tasked with the development and
continuity of operations for exercise development, design, execution, and
critique. While USSPACECOM, Deputy Director of Exercises, has the overall
responsibility for the above areas, the CPT is the medium for staff partic-
ipation.

b. General. Several CPT meetings are held during exercise develop-
ment. The first is held approximately 18 (JCS) or 10 (APOLLO GRIFFIN)
months in advance of exercise STARTEX. The first CPT meeting proposes
goals, JMETLS, and participation for USSPACECOM in a given CPX. Additional
CPT meetings called by the USSPACECOM, Deputy Director of Exercises,
project officer (or at request of CPT members) expands, modifies, or coor-
dinates documents, exercise design, and post exercise activities.

c. Composition. In addition to others, the CPT is composed of members
from the following staffs:

(1) USSPACECOM:

(a) Manpower and Personnel (SPJl).

(b) Intelligence (SPJ2).

(c) Operations (SPJ3):

1. Command and Control (SPJ3C).

2. Command and Control Countermeasures (SPJ3G).

3. Missile Warning Systems (SPJ3M).

4. Space Operations (SPJ30).

5. Space Control (SPJ3S).

6. Special Activities (SPJ3U).

7. Weather (SPJ3W).

8. operations Plans and Requirements (SPJ3X).

9. Exercises (SPJ3Z) - Chairman.

(d) Command Systems Control and Logistics (SPJ4-J6):

1. Logistics (SPJ4-J6L).

2. Command and Control Programs (SPJ4-J60).

3. Command and Control Systems Plans and Architecture (SPJ4-J6P).

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 9

(e) Plans and Policy (SPJ5X).

(f) Comptroller (SPAC).

(g) Center for Aerospace Analysis (AN).

(h) Protocol (SPCP).

(i) Engineering and Services (SPDE).

(j) Chaplain (SPHC).

(k) Inspector General (SPIG).

(1) Legal Advisor (SPJA).

(m) Public Affairs (SPPA).

(n) Political Advisor (SPPOLAD).

(o) Surgeon (SPSG).

(p) Security Police (SPSP).

(2) AFSPACECOM Exercises (DOCZ).

(3) USARSPACE Operations Division (MOSC-OP-OPS).

(4) NAVSPACECOM Exercise Coordinator (N316).

Note: Depending on the requirements of the exercise, ad hoc subcommittees
of specialists may be formed to deal with other issues. SCCs (AFSPACECOM,
NAVSPACECOM, ARSPACECOM) are responsible for representing their staffs and
subordinate commands at CPT meetings. NORAD, Superintendent for Combat
Operations Staff, is invited to attend all CPT meetings.

d. Tasks. CPT representatives should be prepared to accomplish the
following tasks (as a minimum) during various meetings:

(1) Recommend analysis objectives and concepts of play.

(2) Ensure that the exercise concept of play is compatible and
coordinated, and concept integrity is maintained in exercise play.

(3) Establish or expand exercise assumptions, if any, and STARTEX
situation.

(4) Identify planning factors and data bases to be used for plan-
ning and play.

(5) Identify subordinate staffs, agencies or units which have a
role in influencing or generating actions and ensure their participation or
assign responsibility for realistic simulation of their functions.

10 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

(6) submit as required (USSPACECOM), or review (JCS), EXSPEC,
EXPLAN, EXSUP, EXORD, and COSIN annexes.

(7) Develop simulation material for inclusion in COSIN.

(8) Ensure sufficient MSEL items have been submitted from their
functional areas of responsibility to obtain exercise objectives.

(9) Ensure MSEL items submitted by various commands or agencies,
effecting their functional area of responsibility, are valid and have been
coordinated and deconflicted.

(10) Coordinate proposed MSEL items with organizations who may be
affected by inclusion of items to ensure intended play is acceptable and
that the MSEL is adequate for that purpose.

(11) Develop and sequence the MSEL item or series of MSEL items
necessary to produce desired activity.

(12) Identify participants who will inject MSEL implementers
during play.

(13) As required, help prepare and coordinate effective imple-
menters.

(14) Identify trusted agents required for the control of events.

2-7. Post-Exercise Phase. Major elements of the post-exercise phase in-
clude a HOTWASH of the exercise, first impressions report, critique confer-
ence, analysis report and final report.

a. HOTWASH. The HOTWASH is conducted immediately at the end of the
exercise (ENDEX). Normal participants are senior officers of USSPACECOM,
SCCS, and participating agencies. The primary purpose is to identify major
areas requiring the immediate attention of command.

b. First Impressions Report. This report is required from each SCC,
major staff, and participating agency (see EXPLAN 3499-90 for format). For
JCS, a consolidated report to OJCS is required. The initial impression re-
port is submitted in writing to USSPACECOM, Deputy Director for Exercises,
within 6 days from ENDEX. USSPACECOM, Deputy Director of Exercises, sched-
ules a first impressions conference, chaired by Director of operations, at
which senior representatives of USSPACECOM Deputy Directorates and SCCs can
raise issues requiring immediate operational attention.

c. Critique Conference. The critique conference involves a presenta-
tion of USSPACECOM participants' critique items and identification of major
problem areas. Submit USSPACECOM critique items and applicable items from
SCCs in the format shown in EXPLAN 3499-90. Submit critique items to US-
SPACECOM/SPJ3Z within 15 days from ENDEX. Subsequent to submission, the
critique conference convenes, and is chaired by USSPACECOM, Director of Op-
erations. At this board OPRs and offices of collateral responsibility
(OCR) are assigned to respond to specific items. Additionally, critique
items may be referred to SCCS, NORAD, or JCS for action.

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 11

d. Analysis Report. The USSPACECOM Analysis Report, published within
45 days after ENDEX by AN, contains a detailed analysis of pre-selected ex-
ercise objectives and provides a comprehensive assessment with appropriate
findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

e. Final Report. The USSPACECOM Final Report, or JCS Evaluation Re-
port, issued within 60 days after ENDEX, contains a detailed analysis of
the selected functional areas based upon data gathered during the exercise
and provides a comprehensive assessment of the exercise JMETLs with appro-
priate findings, conclusions, and recommendations. Further information on
analysis and evaluation requirements is contained in EXPLAN 3499-90.

12 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

Chapter 3

EXERCISE CONTROL AND SIMULATION

3-1. General. Control and orderly execution of a JCS or USSPACECOM spon-
sored exercise is accomplished through an Exercise Control Group (ECG),
under the direction of the Exercise Director (SPJ3Z), whose primary func-
tion is to ensure attainment of exercise objectives. Realistic simulation
of higher and lateral non-participating friendly commands or organizations
is the responsibility of the Blue Force Simulation Cell (BFSC), under the
direction of the Exercise Director (SPJ3Z). Simulation of friendly com-
mands or organizations subordinate to USSPACECOM is the responsibility of
the SCCS. Simulation of enemy commands and forces is the responsibility of
the Red Force Simulation Cell (RFSC). The ECG, and BFSC and RFSC personnel
must be completely familiar with the USSPACECOM and JCS EXPLAN, EXSUP,
EXORD, COSIN and the implementing plans of headquarters and agencies they
represent.

3-2. Control:

a. ECG. An ECG will be established to manage the execution phase.
For USSPACECOM-sponsored exercises, the ECG will be the highest level of
control. The ECG includes command-wide exercise planners, control and sup-
porting personnel, and communications.

b. Exercise Control Center (ECC). When USSPACECOM is participating in
an exercise it will establish an ECC that is "off limits" to player person-
nel. It will be located in proximity to combat operations centers or war
rooms to facilitate control personnel access to:

(1) Operations centers or war rooms for purpose of monitoring ex-
ercise operations.

(2) Communications within the headquarters or agency and with
subordinate, higher, and adjacent headquarters and agencies participating
in the exercise.

(3) Displays and files of exercise data and information.

3-3. Simulation:

a. BFSC. A BFSC will be formed for APOLLO GRIFFIN exercises to simu-
late all higher and lateral non-participating friendly commands and organ-
izations and is under the operational control of the Exercise Director
(SPJ3Z). Requirements and procedures for the BFSC are contained in EXPLAN
3499-90.

b. RFSC. A RFSC will be formed by the USSPACECOM Director of Intelli-
gence for APOLLO GRIFFIN exercises to provide appropriate data relative to
enemy commands, forces, and capabilities. RFSC activity will be closely
coordinated with the Exercise Director (SPJ3Z) and the BFSC. Requirements
and procedures for the BFSC are contained in EXPLAN 3499-90.

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 13

3-4. Controller-Player Relationship. In general, USSPACECOM- and JCS-
sponsored exercises are procedural exercises. Delays in decision making in
one area, or at one level, could have an adverse affect in another area or
level. Controllers, therefore, should exchange information as necessary
with decision makers at all levels to obtain information on actions taken
or decisions made. For the ECG to be effective, the following ground rules
should be observed:

a. Controllers must be responsive to the exercise director or senior
controller and operate through the ECG communications network.

b. Controllers must not be players; however, player-controllers may
serve as a response cell for headquarters that are not playing the exer-
cise.

c. Controllers should exercise coordinated free-play activity when
procedures are not being followed, planned exercise events are preempted,
or the exercise tempo must be adjusted to conform to the exercise schedule.

d. Controllers must stop exercise play that would result in unwar-
ranted disclosure of Essential Elements of Friendly Information (EEFI).

e. Additional requirements and procedures for the ECG are contained in
EXPLAN 3499-90.

14 USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990

Chapter 4

Exercise Design Checklist

4-1. General. The exercise checklist is a chronological list of essential
tasks that are to be accomplished in the planning, execution and POBT-
exercise phases of JCS or USSPACECOM APOLLO GRIFFIN exercises. The
checklist is based on an 18-month period for JCS exercises and a 10-month
period for APOLLO GRIFFIN exercises. Indicated suspenses represent an
ideal situation. Actual suspenses may vary with each exercise.

4-2. Exercise Design Checklist. The exercise task and designated week of
accomplishment are as designated in figure 4-1, Exercise Design Checklist.

JCS Exercise APOLLO GRIFFIN
Week Task Week

E-80 Start Project Officer Book E-52
E-80 Review EPG, ECAB Items, JMETL'S, etcetera E-52
E-78 JCS Planning Conference (PC) Number 1 N/A
E-75 Prepare Development Timeline, Distribute E-51
Exercise Announcement
E-73 Initial CPT E-50
E-71 Develop Concept E-50
E-70 Brief J3 and Receive Guidance E-49
E-68 Brief Directors E-49
E-65 Concept Paper to CINC E-48
N/A Red and Blue Global Scenario Meeting E-47
E-58 Major MSEL String Scripting Meeting E-47
E-52 JCS PC Number 2 N/A
E-51 Prepare and Coordinate Specification (Includes E-45
Planning Timeline, Concept, Global Scenario,
Strings)
E-51 Exercise Specification to Printer E-44
E-50 Distribute Exercise Specification E-43
E-42 MSEL Inputs to J3Z E-37
E-41 Draft MSEL to Printer E-35
E-40 Distribute Draft MSEL E-34
E-38 CPT for MSEL (Joint Staff and Components) E-32
E-36 Working MSEL to Printer E-31
E-34 Distribute Working MSEL E-30
E-32 JCS EXPLAN Conference N/A
E-29 EXPLAN Supplement Inputs to J3Z E-30
E-26 Level 1 MSEL Inputs to JCS N/A
E-25 EXPLAN Supplement to Printer E-26
E-23 Distribute EXPLAN Supplement E-25
E-22 JCS COSIN Conference N/A
E-20 Implementers Due to J3Z E-24
E-15 Draft COSIN to Printer E-21
E-14 Distribute Draft COSIN E-20

Figure 4-1. Exercise Design Checklist.

USSPACECOMR 55-8 23 February 1990 15

JCS Exercise APOLLO GRIFFINI
Week Task Week

E-12 CPT for COSIN E-18
E-8 COSIN to Printer E-14
E-7 Distribute Final COSIN E-13
E-7 Prepare Draft EXORD E-10
N/A Significant Military Exercise Brief (SMEB) E-8
Inputs to J3Z
E-7 Print and Distribute Draft EXORD E-8
N/A SMEB Message to Joint Staff E-6
E-6 EXORD Inputs to J3Z E-6
E-4 Telephone Directory Input to JCS N/A
E-4 JCS Data Collection Plan N/A
E-4 Distribute EXORD E-4
E-4 Prepare Briefs E-4
E-2 Distribute COSIN Change E-2
E-1 Conduct Comm Test, Training E-1
STARTEX

ENDEX
ENDEX HOTWASH ENDEX
ENDEX+6 Days First Impressions to J3Z ENDEX+6 Days
ENDEX+10 Days First Impressions Report to Joint Staff ENDEX+10 Days
ENDEX+21 Days ECAB Inputs to J3Z ENDEX+21 Days
ENDEX+28 Days ECAB I ENDEX+30 Days
ENDEX+40 Days ECAB Responses to J3Z ENDEX+45 Days
ENDEX+45 Days ECAB II ENDEX+55 Days
ENDEX+50 Days ECAB Inputs to JCS N/A
N/A Final Report to Joint Staff ENDEX+75 Days

Figure 4-1. Continued.

OFFICIAL JOHN L. PIOTROWSKI
General, USAF
Commander in Chief

WAYNE R. HEINKE
Colonel, USAF
Director of Information Management