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KH-2 CORONA

The KH-2 carried a single panoramic camera. The satellites were designed to deorbit a film capsule (referred to as a "bucket")from space with mid-air recovery of the returning capsule by a specially equipped aircraft. Early systems operated with a single bucket.



+------------+---------+-----------+------------+------------+------------+
| KH         | System  | Successful| Period of  | Amount of  | No. of     |
| Designator |         |  Mission  | Operations | Film       | Primary    |
|            |         |  Numbers  |            | (ft.)      | Camera     |
|            |         |           |            |            | Frames     |
|------------|---------|-----------|------------|------------|------------|
| KH-2       | CORONA  | 9013,     | October    | 17,949     | 7,246      |
|            |         | 9017,     | 1960 -     |            |            |
|            |         | 9019      | October    |            |            |
|            |         |           | 1961       |            |            |
+------------+---------+-----------+------------+------------+------------+

The following table gives a listing of all missions organized according to mission number order. The statement "mission failed" is made under the mission description for missions that failed to acquire imagery.

|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| KH-2 Mission  | Date          | Short Mission Description            |
|               | Launched      |                                      |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9011          | 26-Oct-60     | Mission failed.  Satellite failed to |
|               |               | separate from booster. Failed to     |
|               |               | achieve orbit.                       |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9012          | 12-Nov-60     | Mission failed.  Obtained orbit      |
|               |               | successfully.  Film separated before |
|               |               | any camera operation leaving only    |
|               |               | 1.7 ft of film in capsule.           |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9013          | 7-Dec-60      | *First successful mission employing  |
|               |               | KH-2 camera system.                  |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9014A         | See KH-5      |                                      |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9015          | 30-Mar-61     | Mission failed.  Second stage        |
|               |               | failed to obtain orbital velocity.   |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9016A         | See KH-5      |                                      |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9017          | 16-Jun-61     | *Capsule recovered from water on     |
|               |               | orbit 32.  Streaks throughout film.  |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9018A         | See KH-5      |                                      |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9019          | 7-Jul-61      | *Main camera malfunctioned on pass   |
|               |               | 22.                                  |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9020A         | See KH-5      |                                      |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|
| 9021          | 3-Aug-61      | Mission failed.  No orbit.           |
|               |               | Satellite guidance system failed.    |
|---------------|---------------|--------------------------------------|


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http://www.fas.org/spp/military/program/imint/kh-2.htm
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Originally created by John Pike
Updated Saturday, September 09, 2000