Index

RDT&E BUDGET ITEM JUSTIFICATION SHEET (R-2 Exhibit)
March 1996

RDT&E, Defensewide / BA 04 (Dem/Val) PE: 0603871C (Proj: 3153)

PE Title: NMD Tech (U)

Project Number / Title:
3153 Architecture Analysis and BM/C3 Initiatives

FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998FY1999 FY2000FY2001
Program Name:ActualEstimate EstimateEstimateEstimateEstimateEstimateTo
Complete
Total
Program
0603871C RDT&E03,0332,0993,0172,987 2,1972,181ContinuingContinuing

A. (U) MISSION DESCRIPTION AND BUDGET ITEM JUSTIFICATION:

(U) This project, which began in FY95 under the NMD and supporting Technology Program Elements for Project 3153, supports an initiative to ensure that appropriate issues relating to system architecture and BM/C3 are addressed in a coordinated and synergistic manner across all BMDO NMD and Theater Missile Defense (TMD) efforts. In this project, BMDO supports systems analysis work to determine the expected operational performance and effectiveness of missile defense systems under development. Computer simulation models are developed and used to investigate architecture and system level capability and to resolve critical technical issues related to the development of specific elements of the architecture. Tradeoffs in alternative elements, specific designs, inventory and integration of systems are conducted in detail to determine the most cost effective approach for a particular missile defense mission. The work is performed on a continuing basis in order to determine the impact of changing threats, mission requirements, and advances in technology.

(U) The work is sponsored by the BMDO Architecture Integrator and provides the BMDO with an independent assessment of the expected effectiveness of major programs under development and requirements for supporting technology. The work is separated into two program elements, one for TMD and the other for NMD. In the program element described here, the focus is on NMD systems and technology. The primary thrust of the work is to investigate alternative architectures for the NMD mission. Single site (ABM Treaty compliant) and multiple site defense options are considered against a number of threats, ranging from a few Reentry Vehicles (RVs) launched from a third world nation to a complicated engagement of multiple/pen-aided missiles launched by another world power. Defenses based on different surveillance/tracking sensors, including missile early warning assets, are an important consideration in the design options for a highly capable interceptor missile. Important issues such as the tracking sensor to missile seeker target handover, midcourse RV/decoy discrimination, the effect of nuclear environments, etc. are investigated under this program element.

(U) Future BM/C3 initiatives in this project will provide for the mission-area oversight and coordination of all BMDO BM/C3 development and acquisition activities in the role of senior advisor to the Director, BMDO. This effort will provide for the synergistic evaluation of relevant BM/C3 technical issues; the formulation of appropriate plans, programs, and policies to facilitate the coordination of all BMD Advanced Development BM/C3 research, development, and acquisition activities across TMD and NMD program activities; promote appropriate software reuse strategies to maximize BMD reuse capabilities; and minimize the duplication of BM/C3 research and development efforts across all NMD and TMD development efforts.

(U) PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND PLANS:

(U) A sound analysis and integration process, tailored to the unique demands of a technology readiness program is essential for developing and exacting an effective program which supports the national goals and objectives. These challenges must be addressed efficiently using resources to address the key/critical issues which must be resolved to enable fielding an effective NMD capability within the objective timeframes.

(U) FY 1995 Plans and Accomplishments:

o None

(U) FY 1996 Plans:

o ($1.931M) Architecture Analysis:

Evaluate the capability of an evolving NMD architecture (matched to threat advances over time).

Evaluate alternatives to defend Alaska and Hawaii (separate from CONUS defense).

Evaluate the space tracking sensor SMTS under development by the Air Force as contractor specific designs are made available.

Continue to evaluate RV/decoy discrimination techniques.

Evaluate the application of advances in TMD components/technology to NMD systems, especially in the design and development of large phased array radars.

Continue systems analysis work to evaluate architecture/system level issues as threats, missions, and development programs change.

Examine novel concepts for NMD proposed by members of the scientific community.

o ($1.102M) BM/C3 Initiatives:

Provide the mission-area capability to address emerging BM/C3 system requirements and concerns and facilitate their resolution in a synergistic manner across all NMD and TMD development efforts.

Define NMD and TMD BM/C3 development process requirements to facilitate the translation of operational BM/C3 requirements to joint and combined interoperable systems.

Coordinate BMDO participation in the analysis, development, and implementation of various BMDO, DoD, Allied, and other Government and commercial initiatives relating to BMDO NMD/TMD BM/C3 development.

Develop a concise definition of BM/C3 and a simple description of its components, relative to TMD/NMD/Theater Air Defense (TAD) architectures.

Develop a Cost Analysis Requirements Document (CARD) like document to support cost and investment analysis.

(U) FY 1997 Plans:

o ($1.009M) Architecture Analysis:

Continue systems analysis work related to NMD issues.

o ($1.090M) BM/C3 Initiatives:

Provide BMDO system-level capability to address emerging BM/C3 system requirements and concerns in a synergistic manner across all NMD and TMD development efforts and facilitate the translation of operational BM/C3 requirements to joint and combined interoperable systems.

Coordinate BMDO participation in the analysis, development, and implementation of various BMDO, DoD, Allied, and other Government and commercial initiatives relating to BMDO NMD/TMD BM/C3 development.

(U) FY 1998 Plans:

o ($1.931M) Architecture Analysis:

Continue systems analysis work related to NMD issues.

o ($1.086M) BM/C3 Initiatives:

Provide BMDO system-level capability to address emerging BM/C3 system requirements and concerns in a synergistic manner across all NMD and TMD development efforts and facilitate the translation of operational BM/C3 requirements to joint and combined interoperable systems.

Coordinate BMDO participation in the analysis, development, and implementation of various BMDO, DoD, Allied, and other Government and commercial initiatives relating to BMDO NMD/TMD BM/C3 development.

(U) Acquisition Strategy:

Systems analysis work in this project is contracted. In November 1995, a two year competitive contract for this work (with two, one year extension options) was awarded to a ten-member corporate team led by SPARTA, Inc. For BM/C3 Initiatives efforts, expertise of Government, Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), System Engineering and Integration Contractor (SEIC), and Scientific, Engineering and Technical Assistance (SETA) personnel are leveraged in the execution of project activities, using existing contracts to the maximum extent possible. Specifically, U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command (USASSDC) and USAF/ESC Government and contractor personnel lead Information Architecture and development efforts; SETA and SEIC contracts provide the core of technical expertise for a variety of BM/C3 activities; and Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) contract vehicles provide state-of-the-art technical expertise in Software Engineering and related technical areas. Additional contractor services will be procured if needed to meet emerging program requirements.

B. (U) PROGRAM CHANGE SUMMARY:

FY1995FY1996FY1997 FY1998TOTAL COST
Previous President's Budget03,1103,1253,125 9,360
Current Budget Submit03,0332,0993,017 8,149

Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: Program funding decrease FY96 through FY98 due to minor changes in scope of program tasking.

Schedule: None

Technical: None

C. (U) OTHER PROGRAM FUNDING SUMMARY

Related RDT&E:Funding Dependency? (Yes1/No)
1460 NMD BM/C3, PE 0603871CNo
3152 NMD Systems Engineering, PE 0603871CNo
3153 Arch. Anal. & BM/C3 Initiatives, PE 0603173CNo
3153 Arch. Anal. & BM/C3 Initiatives, PE 0603872CYes
3251 TMD BM/C3, PE 0603872CNo

1Funding data for related RDT&E efforts that have a funding dependency can be found in the respective project summary/program element.

D. (U) Schedule Profile

FY1995FY1996FY1997 FY1998
1234123412341234
Engineering Milestonexa,b xcxd,exf
T&E Milestone
Tech Demo Milestone
Contract Milestone

a Define BM/C3 elements

b Assess TMD/NMD/TAD Architectures

c Assess Global Command & Control System (GCCS) Interoperability in support of the Technical Architecture

d Develop Commander-in-Chief CINC/user BM/C3 Feedback Plan in support of the Technical Architecture

e Establish BMD BM/C3 CARD like document

f Establish Technical Architecture

Planned Milestones Beyond FY98:

None