COST (In Thousands) FY 1995 Actual FY 1996 Estimate FY 1997 Estimate FY 1998 Estimate FY 1999 Estimate FY 2000 Estimate FY 2001 Estimate Cost to Complete Total Cost
Total Program Element (PE) Cost 115,418 199,663 120,151 122,212 131,254 85,889 85,961 Continuing Continuing
0007 Space & Missile Tracking System (SMTS) 110,418 184,052 113,221 119,227 131,254 85,889 85,961 Continuing Continuing
0008 Cobra Brass 5,000 15,611 6,930 2,985 0 0 0 0 30,526

(U) A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification

(U) The purpose of the Space Based InfraRed System (SBIRS) program is to develop a system which replaces the existing Defense Support Program (DSP) system and meets the requirements stated in the USSPACECOM Capstone Requirements Document (CRD). The systems's missions are Missile Warning, Missile Defense, Technical Intelligence and Battlespace Characterization. SBIRS will incorporate new technologies that would enhance detection, provide direct reporting of ICBM/SLBM and tactical ballistic missile launches, and provide critical mid-course tracking and discrimination data for national and theater missile defense. The integrated system architecture consists of sensors located in Geosynchronous Orbits (GEO), Highly Elliptical Orbits (HEO) and Low Earth Orbits (LEO) and an integrated, centralized ground station serving all space elements of the SBIR System, as well as DSP. PE #604441F funds SBIRS Engineering and Manufacturing Development activities.

(U) This PE funds the SBIRS Demonstration/Validation activities: Space and Missile Tracking System (SMTS) and Cobra Brass (CB). SMTS is the Dem/Val effort for the LEO component of SBIRS, CB will provide data for the GEO and HEO components. This program is in the demonstration and validation Budget Activity Research Category because it funds the risk reduction and an advanced technology demonstration system.

(U) Acquisition Strategy :

(U) The SBIRS program is managed through a single consolidated System Program Office (SPO) at the Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles Air Force Base, CA. The SMTS Flight Demonstration System (FDS) acquisition plan was approved in Aug 92. The Flight Demonstration System (FDS) contract was awarded in May 95, and the two FDS satellites are scheduled to be launched into a low earth orbit by 3QFY99.

(U) CB is currently being developed by Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM. CB is planning to launch in FY98.

(U) B. Program Change Summary ($ in Thousands)

FY 1995 FY 1996* FY 1997 Total

Cost

(U) Previous President's Budget (FY96 PB) 111,838 130,744 126,369 Continuing
(U) Appropriated Value 117,000 265,744
(U) Adjustments to Appropriated Value
a. Cong Gen Reductions - 2,968 -6,232
b. SBIR - 2,165 -5,584
c. Omnibus or Other Above Threshold Reprogram -54,265
d. Below Threshold Reprogramming 3,551
(U) Adjustments to Budget Years Since FY96 PB -6,218
(U) Current Budget Submit/President's Budget 115,418 199,663 120,151 Continuing

(U) Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: Congress added $135,000 in FY96 to accelerate the SMTS operational deployment. The Air Force and DoD are developing acceleration strategies to accelerate the operational deployment by as much as 4 years. An additional ~$2,000,000 is required in FY97-03 to accelerate the program and begin deployment/operations. FY96 decreases due to undistributed cuts, SBIR and Bosnia I reductions. $6,218 reduction in FY97 due to inflation adjustments and O&M reductions.

* The FY96 PB amount does not reflect funding reductions that are reserved for other DoD reprogramming needs ($2,776)

Schedule: No Changes.

Technical: No Changes.

(U) C. Other Program Funding Summary ($ in Thousands)

Not Applicable.

Related RDT&E:

(U) PE #604441F - Space Based InfraRed System (SBIRS) - EMD
(U) PE #305915F - SBIRS Operations & Deployment
(U) PE #305911F - Defense Support Program (DSP)
(U) PE #603871C - Advanced Tech. Dev. - National Missile Defense
(U) PE #604856C - Patriot PAC-3 EMD
(U) PE #603861C - THAAD Dem/Val
(U) PE #603867C - Navy Lower Tier Development
(U) PE #603868C - Navy Upper Tier Development

(U) D. Schedule Profile

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
(U) SBIRS Pre-EMD Review X
(U) SMTS FDS Authority To Proceed X
(U) SMTS FDS Preliminary Design Review (PDR) X
(U) SMTS FDS Critical Design Review (CDR) X
(U) Cobra Brass Launch (FY98)
(U) SMTS FDS Launch (3QFY99)

COST (In Thousands) FY 1995 Actual FY 1996 Estimate FY 1997 Estimate FY 1998 Estimate FY 1999 Estimate FY 2000 Estimate FY 2001 Estimate Cost to Complete Total Cost
0007 Space & Missile Tracking System (SMTS) 110,418 184,052 113,221 119,227 131,254 85,889 85,961 Continuing Continuing

(U) A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification

(U) The Space and Missile Tracking System (SMTS) represents the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) component of the Space Based InfraRed System (SBIRS). The objective SBIRS LEO constellation of low-earth orbiting satellites will provide global, below- and above-the-horizon access to strategic and tactical ballistic missiles in boost, post-boost, and midcourse phases of flight, and also track missile targets during reentry. LEO will support the four SBIRS mission areas of Missile Warning, Missile Defense, Technical Intelligence, and Battle Space Characterization.

(U) FY 1995 ($ in Thousands)

(U) Award SMTS FDS supplemental agreement for space and ground segment development (May 95).
(U) $68,246 Continue design & develop of the FDS satellite and ground segment.
(U) $1,976 Non-flying contractor conduct ground experiments.
(U) $12,890 Program office activities.
(U) Complete ABM Treaty compliance review (May 95).
(U) $5,400 Continue technology efforts in cryocoolers, focal plane arrays and 32 bit RAD hard processors.
(U) $13,906 Simulation, Discrimination, and computer support.
(U) $7,800 Data Analysis for Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) and Support for RAMOS.
(U) Conduct Preliminary Design Review (PDR) (Nov 95).
(U) $200 Funds to be moved from BPAC 0007 to 0008 with this PE
(U) $110,418 Total

(U) FY 1996 ($ in Thousands)

(U) $79,690 Continue SMTS FDS satellite and ground segment development.
(U) $5,000

(U) $20,000

(U) $65,000

(U) $10,000

(U) $24,919

Continue work for non-flying contractor.

Add LWIR to FDS

Schedule Recovery

LEO Tech Risk Mitigation

RI Low Cost Experiment

(U) $19,643 Program office activities.
(U) $10,800 Simulation, Discrimination, and computer support.
(U) Conduct Critical Design Review (CDR) (Dec 96).
(U) $-51,000 Current funding on Recission
(U) $184,052 Total

(U) FY 1997 ($ in Thousands)

(U) $86,865 Continue SMTS FDS satellite and ground segment development.
(U) $5,000 Continue work for non-flying contractor.
(U) $12,206 Program office activities.
(U) $9,150 Simulation, Discrimination, and computer support.
(U) $113,221 Total

(U) Acquisition Strategy :

(U) The GEO component of the SBIRS program is a pilot for acquisition streamlining. For the GEO component the traditional Defense Acquisition Board (DAB) documentation for an ACAT ID program was consolidated into a Single Acquisition and Management Plan (SAMP).

(U) While SMTS and Cobra Brass are part of the overall SBIRS, there are on-going contracts for each of these efforts. The SMTS Flight Demonstration System (FDS) acquisition plan was approved in Aug 92. The streamlined acquisition program established by the SBIRS GEO component pre-EMD phase will be used by SMTS when it enters EMD, after a successful deployment decision in FY00.

(U) The developing organization for the SMTS FDS satellites is the Air Force Space and Missile Center, Los Angeles AFB, CA. On 2 May 95, the FDS flyer contract was awarded to TRW, Redondo Beach, CA to design and build two FDS satellites to be launched in 3QFY99. Rockwell International, Space Systems Division, Downey, CA was awarded an FDS non-flyer contract. There is a two year test period leading up to an FY00 DoD deployment decision for the deployment of an operational SMTS constellation for SBIRS. The non-flyer will participate with the FDS flying contractor in ground experiments to mitigate overall program technical risk as well as to maintain competition.

(U) Pre-EMD activities would begin in late FY99 with approximately three pre-EMD study contracts. The purpose of pre-EMD would be to develop specifications and designs for the objective SMTS. This period would also be used to re-optimize the SBIRS HEO, GEO, LEO constellations, and to revalidate the AFSPACECOM Operational Requirements Document. If a decision is made to deploy an operational SMTS in FY00, pre-EMD contractors would compete for an EMD contract - to be awarded in FY02. The same streamlined acquisition approach being used currently for the GEO EMD would be used as a baseline for the LEO EMD as well. First launch of the operational constellation would occur in FY06.

(U) B. Program Change Summary ($ in Thousands)

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997 Total

Cost

(U) Previous President's Budget 0 114,824 119,404 Continuing
(U) Appropriated Value 112,000 249,824
(U) Adjustments to Appropriated Value

a. Cong Gen Reductions - 2,968 -5922
b. SBIR - 1,935 -5586
c. Omnibus or Other Above Threshold Reprogram -54,265
d. Below Threshold Reprogramming 3,321 -6,183
(U) Adjustments to Budget Years Since FY96 PB

(U) Current Budget Submit/President's Budget 110,418 184,052 113,221 Continuing

(U) Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: Congress added $135,000 in FY96 to accelerate the SMTS operational deployment. The Air Force and DoD are developing acceleration strategies to accelerate the operational deployment by as much as 4 years. An additional ~$2,000,000 is required in FY97-03 to accelerate the program and begin deployment/operations.

FY96: $51,000 has been proposed for recission

FY97: Funding was reduced by $3,588 for non-pay inflation.

Schedule: Not Applicable.

Technical: Not Applicable.

(U) C. Other Program Funding Summary ($ in Thousands)

Not Applicable.

(U) D. Schedule Profile

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
(U) SMTS FDS Downselect X
(U) SMTS FDS PDR X
(U) SMTS FDS CDR X
(U) FDS Launch (3Q FY99)

(U) A. Project Cost Breakdown ($ in Thousands)

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997
(U) FDS satellite and ground segment 68,246 79,690 86,865
(U) Non-flying contractor 1,976 5,000 5,000
(U) Add LWIR to FDS 0 20,000 0
(U) Schedule Recovery 0 65,000 0
(U) LEO Tech Risk Mitigation 0 10,000 0
(U) RI Low Cost Experiment 0 24,919 0
(U) Program office activities 12,890 19,643 15,794
(U) Technology efforts 5,400 0 0
(U) Sim., Discrim., & computer support 13,906 10,800 5,562
(U) Data Analysis for MSX and Support for RAMOS 7,800 0 0
(U) Adjustment 200 -51,000
(U) Total 110,418 184,052 113,221

(U) B. Budget Acquisition History and Planning Information ($ in Thousands)

Performing Organizations:

Contractor or Government Performing Activity Contract Method/Type or Funding Vehicle Award or Obligation Date Performing Activity EAC Project Office

EAC

Total

Prior to

FY 1995

Budget

FY 1995

Budget

FY 1996

Budget

FY 1997

Budget to Complete Total Program

Product Development Organizations

FDS Contract CPAF TBD TBD TBD See Note 70,222 169,690 91,865 Continued Continued
Misc. Various Various Continued Continued See Note 31,303 32,443 12,156 Continued Continued
RI Low Cost Exp. TBD TBD TBD TBD See Note 0 24,919 0 TBD TBD

Support and Management Organizations

Aerospace Various Continued Continued See Note 8,693 8,000 6,740 Continued Continued

Test and Evaluation Organizations

Not Applicable

(U) B. Budget Acquisition History and Planning Information Continued ($ in Thousands)

Government Furnished Property: Not Applicable.

Subtotal Product Development See Note 227,052 106,481 Continued Continued
Subtotal Support and Management See Note 8,000 6,740 Continued Continued
Subtotal Test and Evaluation (Not Applicable) See Note
Adjustment -51,000
Total Project See Note 184,052 113,221 Continued Continued

Note: FY94 was accomplished with funds from PE 63440F.

COST (In Thousands) FY 1995 Actual FY 1996 Estimate FY 1997 Estimate FY 1998 Estimate FY 1999 Estimate FY 2000 Estimate FY 2001 Estimate Cost to Complete Total Cost
0008 Cobra Brass 5,000 15,611 6,930 2,985 0 0 0 0 30,526

(U) A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification

(U) The Cobra Brass (CB) Program was a DIA/CMO (Central MASINT Office) Research and Development program to explore the utility of staring, fast framing, multi-spectral electro-optical sensors. CB has been combined into the SBIRS program as a result of the Feb 95 DAE review. This approach represents a significant departure from the traditional approach of scanning, slow framing, single band sensors which have traditionally been used for Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment (TW/AA).

(U) Previous CB sensors have demonstrated the ability of this technology to contribute to both the Theater Missile Defense (TMD), Technical Intelligence (TI), and Battlespace Characterization (BC) missions. A major emphasis of this program will be to increase the timeliness of sensor tasking and reporting. This will allow CB data to be processed in real-time through the existing theater infrastructure. CB will support the GEO and HEO component of the SBIRS.

(U) FY 1995 ($ in Thousands)

(U) System Concept Review (Feb 95).
(U) $500 Payload Design Review.
(U) $3,700 Ground Station Design Review.
(U) $1,000 Test Unit.
(U) $-200 Funds to be moved from BPAC 0007 to 0008 within this PE
(U) $5,000 Total

(U) FY 1996 ($ in Thousands)

(U) $10,011 Payload.
(U) $1,000 Test Unit.
(U) $4,100 Ground Station Build 1.
(U) $500 Satellite (I&CO).
(U) $15,611 Total

(U) FY 1997 ($ in Thousands)

(U) $2,400 Payload.
(U) $1,500 Satellite Inspection & Checkout.
(U) Payload delivered (Dec 96).
(U) $3,030 Ground Station Build 1 & 2.
(U) Ground Station testing complete (Mar 97).
(U) $6,930 Total

(U) B. Program Change Summary ($ in Thousands)

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997 Total

Cost

(U) Previous President's Budget 5,000 15,920 6,963 Continuing
(U) Appropriated Value 5,000
(U) Adjustments to Appropriated Value

a. Cong Gen Reductions -309
b. SBIR
c. Omnibus or Other Above Threshold Reprogram
d. Below Threshold Reprogramming -35
(U) Adjustments to Budget Years Since FY95 PB

(U) Current Budget Submit/President's Budget 5,000 15,611 6,930 Continuing

(U) Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: 200K was reprogrammed form BPAC 0007 to 0008 to correct an allocation error, not yet reflected in data base.

Schedule: Not Applicable.

Technical: Not Applicable.

(U) C. Other Program Funding Summary ($ in Thousands)

Not Applicable.

(U) D. Schedule Profile

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
(U) System Concept Review X
(U) Payload Design Review X
(U) Ground Station Design Review X
(U) Payload Consent to Ship Decision X

(U) Grd Station Build 1 Testing Complete at Sandia X

(U) Grd Station Build 1 Installed at Ground Site X

(U) CB Launch (FY98)

(U) A. Project Cost Breakdown ($ in Thousands)

FY 1995 FY 1996 FY 1997
(U) Payload 500 10,011 2,400
(U) Ground Station 3,700 4,100 3,030
(U) Test Unit 1,000 1,000 0
(U) Satellite I&CO 0 500 1,500
(U) Adjustment -200
(U) Total 5,000 15,611 6,930

(U) B. Budget Acquisition History and Planning Information ($ in Thousands)

Performing Organizations:

Contractor or Government Performing Activity Contract Method/Type or Funding Vehicle Award or Obligation Date Performing Activity EAC Project Office

EAC

Total

Prior to

FY 1995

Budget

FY 1995

Budget

FY 1996

Budget

FY 1997

Budget to Complete Total Program

Product Development Organizations

Sandia Nat'l Labs Various Various 31,035 31,035 0 5,200 15,611 6,930 2,985 30,726

Support and Management Organizations

Not Applicable

Test and Evaluation Organizations

Not Applicable

(U) B. Budget Acquisition History and Planning Information Continued ($ in Thousands)

Government Furnished Property: Not Applicable

Subtotal Product Development 15,611 6,930 2,985 30,726
Subtotal Support and Management 0 0 0 0
Subtotal Test and Evaluation
Adjustment -200
Project Total 15,611 6,930 2,985 30,726