Annex B

Organization and Distribution


Introduction

Funding constraints and the force reduction within the Army have necessitated a re-look of ADA structure, organization, and equipment fielding. This re-look and subsequent restructuring grew from Total Army Analysis 2003 (TAA-03), the Functional Area Assessment (FAA) conducted in March 1996, and the ADA Vision. To paraphrase the ADA Vision, the ADA organizations of the 21st century will be reorganized, allowing them to function more effectively in support of Army XXI; standardized, to optimize compatibility and interoperability; modularized, to facilitate task force packaging; and right-sized, to balance effectiveness and operational risk.

The purpose of this annex is to present the organizational changes and the fielding schedules for systems and system improvements that will occur during the 1997-2003 timeframe.

Total Army Analysis

The TAA is a biennial, multiphased force- structuring process that generates the force required to execute the national strategy, given resource constraints and end-strength guidance. TAA results are used to develop the Army POM force.

TAA-05, currently underway, will define the force requirements and structure for the FY00-05 POM. The ADA TAA-05 force requirements are in Figure B-1. As indicated, the structure consists of a mixture of AC and ARNG units across the force. For each Theater Army, the ADA allocation is one AAMDC; one AMD brigade with three PATRIOT battalions, one THAAD battalion, and two Avenger/Stinger MANPADS battalions; and one JTAGS detachment. The allocation for each corps is one AMD brigade with two PATRIOT battalions and three Avenger/Stinger MANPADS battalions.

Each division will contain an AMD battalion, and each armored cavalry regiment (ACR), light cavalry regiment (LCR), heavy separate brigade or separate infantry brigade will contain one AMD battery.

Organizational Transition

Transition from current organizational designs to the future objective designs is based upon decisions made during the FAA process and, in the period beyond the POM, upon the force envisioned in the ADA Vision. This transition provides for the standardization and/or reorganization of the AMD force at division, corps, and theater levels.

Division AMD

The AMD battalions will be standardized in each type division (heavy, light, special) in the active component and ARNG (Figure B-2). In the heavy division, the AMD battalion will transition from a mix of Avenger, Stinger MANPADS, and Manual SHORAD Control System (MSCS) systems to a standard configuration of 24 Bradley Linebackers, 36 Avengers, and six sensors. This battalion structure will be "played" during the Division XXI AWE (November 1997); design validation is projected upon AWE completion. In the light divisions, the AMD battalion end state shows 36 Avengers, 24 Stinger MANPADS teams, and six sensors.

Corps AMD

The corps AMD brigade will evolve from varying compositions of AC/ARNG PATRIOT and Avenger battalions and ARNG Chaparral and Hawk battalions to the objective structure of AC MEADS battalions and ARNG Avenger/Stinger MANPADS battalions (Figure B-3). The transition of the AC Avenger battalions to the ARNG Avenger/Stinger MANPADS battalions, per the ADA Vision, "will allow the ARNG to assume a more active warfighting role."

Theater AMD

The theater AMD brigade will evolve from a current composition of three PATRIOT battalions (each with six batteries) to one of four PATRIOT battalions (each with five batteries), a THAAD battalion, and two Avenger battalions (Figure B-4).

In addition to the AMD brigade, the theater AMD force will include the AAMDC. The AAMDC will command and control the theater ADA brigades, synchronize theater air and missile defense (active defense, attack operations, passive defense) capabilities, and provide the Army Forces Commander/Joint Force Land Component Commander an automated operations center to perform Army and theater-level planning, integration, coordination, and execution functions. It will contain AC and ARNG personnel.

The AAMDC structure appears in Figure B-5.

Corps/Theater Evolution. Figure B-6 summarizes the evolution of corps and theater forces, with "snapshots" of FY97, FY05, and FY14.

Fielding Schedules

The AMD systems and system improvements will be distributed to AMD units in accordance with the following schedules. Fluctuations in funding and leadership decisions may change the timing and priority of fielding. Fieldings on the following charts are depicted by a small green triangle with system notations.

Figure B-7 presents fielding to divisional units.

Figure B-8 shows fielding to corps AMD brigades.

Figure B-9 presents fielding to theater units and other AMD organizations.

Summary

The AMD force of the future will contain less AC units, with only a modest increase in reserve components, and increased firepower from division through theater levels. As articulated in the ADA Vision, this force "is tactically and technically capable, flexible, and strategically deployable -- a force that can fight and win" and it is a force that "meets the National Military Strategy and National Security Strategy...(and) has building blocks for the future -- a future that is uncertain."


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