Index FM 100-12 Army Theater Missile Defense Operations
REVISED FINAL DRAFT - October 1999



Glossary

PART I – ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

A2C2 Army airspace command and control

AADC Area Air Defense Commander

AAMDC Army Air and Missile Defense Command

AAWC Anti-Air Warfare Commander

AAW anti-air warfare

ABCCC Airborne Battlefield Command And Control Center

ABCS Army Battle Command System

ABL Airborne Laser

ABMOC Air Battle Management Operations Center

ACA airspace control authority

ACE analysis and control element

ACE armored combat earthmover

ACE aviation combat element

ACO airspace control order

ACUS Army Common User System

ADA air defense artillery

ADE Air Defense Element

ADOCS Automated Deep Operations Coordination System

AFFOR Air Force Forces

ADTOC Air Defense Tactical Operations Center

ACUS Army common user system

ADA Air Defense Artillery

ADE Air Defense Element

AMD air and missile defense

AMDCOORD Air And Missile Defense Coordinator

AMDPCS Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System

ADOCS Automated Deep Operations Coordination System

ADSI air defense systems integrator

ADW air defense warnings

AEPDS Advanced Electronic Processing And Dissemination System

AFAPD advanced field artillery programmable data

AFATDS Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System

AFFOR Air Force forces

AFSATCOM Air Force satellite communications

AFSCC Air Force Service Component Commander

AFSOF Air Force Special Operations Force

AGCCS Army Global Command and Control System

AGM attack guidance matrix

AGL above ground level

AI area of interestair interdiction

AI area of interest

ALCM air-launched cruise missile

ALERT attack and launch early reporting to theater

ALO Air Liaison Officer

AM amplitude modulation

AMDCOORD Air and Missile Defense Coordinator

AMDPCS Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System

AMDTF Air and Missile Defense Task Force

AMDWS air and missile defense work station

ANBACIS automated NBC information system

AO areas of operations

AOP air operations plan

AOC air operations center

AOI area of interest

AOR area of responsibility

APAM anti-personnel/anti-materiel

APOD air ports of debarkation

ARFOR Army Forces

ARM anti-radiation missile

ARSOF Army Special Operations Force

ARSPACE Army Space Command

ARM antiradiation missile

ASARS Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar System

ASAS All Source Analysis System

ASCC Army Service Component Commander

ASCM anti-ship cruise missile

ASM air-to-surface missile

ASOC Air Support Operations Center

ASPO Army Space Program Office

AST Airborne Surveillance Testbed

ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System

ATCCS Army tactical command and control

ATDL Army tactical data linkATM asynchronous transfer method

ATMD Army theater missile defense

ATO air tasking order

ATS air traffic services

AUTODIN automated digital network

AWACS Airborne Warning and Control Systems

BAS battlefield automated system

BAT brilliant anti-armor submunitions

BCD Battlefield Coordination Detachment

BCP Battery Command Post

BDA battle damage assessment

BDE brigade

BIDS Biological Integrated Detection System

BLOS beyond line-of-sight

BM ballistic missile

BN battalion

BTRY battery

BTOC Battalion Tactical Operations Center

C2 command and control

C2W command and control warfare

C3 command, control, and communications

C 4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CAAD combined arms for air defense

CALCM conventional air-launched cruise missile

CAPS commander’s analysis and planning system

CAS close air support

CCIR commander’s critical information requirements

CDH CTIC Device Hybrid

CIC combat intelligence cell

CEC cooperative engagement capability

CEP circular error probable

CGS Common Ground Station

CIC combat intelligence cell

CHS combat health support

CINC Commander in Chief

CM cruise missile

Cmd Command

CNR combat net radio

COA courses of action

COCOM combatant command

COMARFOR Commander of Army Forces

COMINT communications intelligence

COMSEC communications security

CONOPS concept of operationsy

CONPLAN contingency plan

CONUS continental United Statesn

COTS commercial off-the-shelf

CP command post

CRC Control and Reporting Center

CRE control and reporting element

CS combat support

CSP communications system processor

CSS combat service support

CTAPS Contingency Theater Air Control System Automated Planning System CTIC COMSEC/TRANSEC Integrated Circuit

CTOC Corps TOC

CTIS Combat Terrain Information Systems

CTOC Corps Tactical Operations Center

CTT Commander’'s Tactical Terminal

CVRT criticality, vulnerability, recuperability, and threat

D3A decide, detect, deliver, and assess

DA direct action

DAADC Deputy Area Air Defense Commander

DAL defended asset list

DAMA Demand Assigned Multiple Access

DCA defense counter air

DDS Defense Dissemination System

DISE Deployable Intelligence Support Element

Div division

DISNET defense secure network

DNVT Digital Nonsecure Voice Telephone

DOCC Deep Operations Coordination Cell

DoD Department of Defense

DP decision point or decontamination pumper

DPG Defense Planning Guidance

DP decontamination pumper

DSCS Defense Satellite Communications System

DSP Defense Support Program

DST Decision Support Template

DSVT Digital Secure Voice Terminal

DTOC Division TOC

EAC echelon above corps

ECCM electronic counter -counter measure

EEFI essential elements of friendly information

ELINT electronic intelligence

EMCON emission control

EO electro--optical

EPLRS Enhanced Position Location Reporting System

ESJ Escort Support Jammer

ET enhanced trackwolf

ETRAC Enhanced Tactical Radar Correlator

EW electronic warfare

FA field artillary

FAA forward assembly areas

FAADC2 Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control

FAADC3I Forward Area Air Defense Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence

FAAWC fleet anti-air warfare commander

FAST forward area support terminalFBCB2 Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below

FDC fire direction center

FDDM fire direction data manager

FDL fighter data link

FFIR friendly forces information requirements

FLIR forward looking infrared

FLTSATCOM fleet satellite communications

FM Field Manual or frequency modulation

FROG free rocket over ground

FSCOORD fire support coordinator

FSCM fire support coordination measures

FSE fire support element

FSU former Soviet Union

FU fire unit

G&C guidance and control

GALES generic area limitation environment system GAT Guidance Apportionment and Targeting

GBDL ground-based data linkGBS Global Broadcast System

GCS ground control stations

GCCS Global Command and Control System

GMF ground mobile forces

GPS Global Positioning System

GRCS Guardrail Common SensorGSE ground support equipment

GSM ground station module

HAB heavy assault bridgeHCTR High Capacity Trunk Radio

HE high explosive

HF high frequency

HIMAD High-to-Medium Altitude Air Defense

HMMWV High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle

HPT high payoff target

HPTL high payoff target list

HUMINT human intelligence

HVT high value targetHPW high-pressure washer

HUMINT human intelligence

I&W indications and warnings

IADS Integrated Air Defense System

IATACS Improved Army Tactical Communications System

IBS Integrated Broadcast Service

ICAC2 integrated combat airspace command and control

ICBM intercontinental ballistic missile

ICC information and coordination central

IEW intelligence and electronic warfare

IFASA interim fire support automation system

IFF identification, friend or foe

IHFR Improved High Frequency Radio

IIR imaging infrared

IJMS intermediate JTIDS message standard

IMINT imagery intelligence

INMARSAT International Maritime Satellite SystemINF Intermediate Nuclear Force

INS inertial navigation system

Intel intelligence

INTELINK intelligence link

INTELSAT intelligence satellite

I-PAWS Interim Pager Alert Warning System

IPB intelligence preparation of the battlespace

IPDS imagery processing dissemination station

IPF integrated processing facility

IR infrared

IRBM intermediate--range ballistic missiles - 3,000 to 5,500 km range

ISR intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

JAOC Joint Air Operations Center

JDN Joint Data Network

JFACC Joint Force Air Component Commander

JFC Joint Force Commander

JFLCC Joint Force Land Component Commander

JFMCC Joint Force Maritime Component Commander

JFSOCC Joint Force Special Operations Component Commander

JIC Joint Intelligence Center

JIPTL Joint Integrated Prioritized Target List

JOA Joint Operations Area

JOC Joint Operations Center

JP Joint Publication

JPEG joint photographic experts group

JRAC Joint Rear Area CommanderCoordinator

JSEAD joint suppression of enemy air defense

JSOTF Joint Special Operations Task Force

JSTARS Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System

JTAGS Joint Tactical Ground Station

JTCB Joint Targeting Coordination Board

JTF Joint Task Force

JTAGS Joint Tactical Ground Station

JTIDS Joint Tactical Information Distribution System

JTMD joint theater missile defense

JTT Joint Tactical Terminal

J-WARN joint warning

JWICS Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications Systems

LACM land attack cruise missiles

LCC Land Component Commander

LCR large-caliber rockets

Ldr leader

LIN line item number

LNO liaison officer

LOC lines of communications

LOS line-of-sight

LRSU long range surveillance unit

MAE-UAV medium altitude endurance unmanned aerial vehicle

MAGTF Marine Air Ground Task Force

MARFOR Marine Forces

MCS maneuver control system

MDCOORD Missile Defense Coordinator

MDS Modular Decontamination System

METT-TC mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops, time available, and

civil considerations

MI military intelligence

MICAD multipurpose integrated chemical agent detector

MiDAS miniaturized data acquisition systemMIDS Multifunctional Information Distribution System

MIES modernized imagery exploitation system

MILSTAR military strategic, tactical, and relay system

MITT mobile intelligence tactical terminal

MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System

MOOTW military operations other than war

MOPP mission oriented protective posture

MPEG moving picture experts group

MRBM medium--range ballistic missiles - 1,000 to 3,000 km range

MSE mobile subscriber equipment

MSRT mobile subscriber radio terminal

MSTS multiple source tactical system

MTI moving target indicator

MTW major theater war

NADS Navy Area Defense System

NAI named areas of interest

NAVFOR Navy Forces

NAVSOF Navy Special Operations Force

NBC nuclear, biological, and chemical

NBCRS NBC reconnaissance system

NBCWRS NBC warning and reporting system

NCS-E Net Control Station-EPLRS

NCA national command authority

NCS-E net control station EPLRS

NITF national imagery transmission format

NTR Net Time Reference

NTWDS Navy Theater-Wide Defense System

O&I operations and intelligence

OB order of battle

OCOKA observation and field of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles,

key terrain, and avenues of approach

OPCON operational control

OPFAC operational facilityies

OPLAN operation plan

OPORD operations order

OPSEC operational security

OPTEMPO operational tempo

P3I pre-planned product improvement

PAC PATRIOT advanced capability

PADIL PATRIOT data link

PAH platoon area hazard

PAWS Pager Alert Warning System

PENAIDS penetration aids

PGIP/T predicted ground impact point/time

PIR priority intelligence requirements

Plt platoon

PLRS Position Locating and Reporting SystemPOE port of entry

PPDL point-to-point data linkPSYOPS psychological operations

R&D research and development

RADC Regional Air Defense Commander

RCS radar cross section

RECCE reconnaissanceRF radio frequency

ROE rules of engagement

ROZ restricted operations zone

RISTA reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

RPV remotely piloted vehicle

ROE rules of engagement

ROZ restricted operations zone

SAAWC Sector Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator

SADC Sector Air Defense Commander

SAM surface-to-air missile

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SATCOM satellite communications

SCTACSAT Single Channel Tactical Satellite

SHORAD Short- Range Air Defense

SEAD suppression of enemy air defense

Sec section

SEAL sea, air and land

SEE small emplacement excavator

SFOD Special Forces Operational Detachment

SICPS Standard Integrated Command Post System

SID secondary imagery disseminationSIDS Secondary Imagery Dissemination System

SIGINT signals intelligence

SIGO signal officer

SIPRNET secret internet protocol router network

SINCGARS Single Channel Ground And Airborne Radio System

SLAM Stand-off Land Attack Missile

SLAM ER stand-off land attack missile expanded response

SLBM submarine -launched ballistic missiles

SM submunition

SOA special operations aviation

SOAR special operations aviation regimentSOC Special Operations Center

SOCCE Special Operations Command and Control Element

SOCOORD Special Operations Coordinator

SOE states of emission

SOF special operations forces

SOMPF special operations mission-planning folder

SOP standard operating procedures

SOR states of readiness

SPOD sea ports of debarkation

SPOT Systeme Probatoire d' Observation de La Terre

SRBM short--range ballistic missiles - 30 to 1,000 km range

SR special reconnaissance

SRF Strategic Rocket Force

SSJ Self-Screening Jammer

SST single subscriber terminal

STOVL short take off, vertical landing

STT special tactics teams

SUCCESS Synthesized UHF Computer- Controlled Equipment Sub-system

TAAMDCOORD Theater Army Air and Missile Defense Coordinator

TAC tactical

TACC Tactical Air Command Center

TACDAR tactical data and reporting

TACFIRE Tactical Fire Direction System

TACON tactical control

TACS Theater Air Control System

TACSAT tactical satellite

TADIL Tactical Digital Information-Link

TACSOP tactical SOP

TADIL Tactical Digital Information Link

TADIXS-B Tactical Data Information Exchange Broadcast System

TAGS theater air ground system

TAH target area hazard

TAI target areas of interest

TAIS Tactical Airspace Integration SystemTAMD theater air and missile defense

TAOC Tactical Air Operations Center

TAOM Tactical Air Operation Module

TASR Tactical Automated Situational Receivers

TBM theater ballistic missile

TDDS Tactical Data Distribution System or TRAP Data Distribution System

TDDS TRAP Data Distribution System

TDS Tactical Data System

TEL transporter erector launcher

TENCAP tactical exploitation of national capabilities TERCOM terrain contour matching

TERS tactical Theater Event reporting System

TGO terminal guidance operations

THAAD Theater High Altitude Area Defense

TIBS Tactical Information Broadcast Service

TLAM Tomahawk land attack missile

TLE target location errors

TM tactical missile or theater missile

TMD theater missile defense

TMDA Time Division Multiple Access

TOC tactical operations center

TPFDD time- phased force deployment data

TPFDL time- phased force deployment list

TPL time phase lines

TRANSEC Transmission Security

TPN tactical packet network

TRAC tactical radar correlator

TRAP tactical receive equipment and related applications

TRITAC tri-service tactical communications

TRIXS Tactical Reconnaissance Intelligence Exchange Service

TST time-sensitive targets

TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures

TV television

UAV unmanned aerodynamic aerial vehicles

UAV-SR unmanned aerial vehicle-short range

UHF ultra high frequency

UI Unified Instruction

UN United Nations

USAF United States Air Force

USMC United States Marine Corps

USSPACECOM United States Space Command

USMTF United States message text format

UTM universal transverse mercatorUW unconventional warfare

VHF very high frequency

VTC video teleconference

VMF variable message format

WIN-T Warfighter Information Network-Terrestial

WMD weapons of mass destruction

WOC Wing Operations Center

WOTS worldwide origin and threat system

PART II – TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

aerospace defense - 1. All defensive measures designed to destroy or nullify attacking enemy aircraft and missiles and also negate hostile space systems.

2. An inclusive term encompassing air defense, ballistic missile defense, and space defense. See also air defense; space defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)

active air defense - Direct defensive action taken to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action. It includes such measures as the use of aircraft, air defense weapons, weapons not used primarily in an air defense role, and electronic warfare. See also air defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)

active defense – Operations that protect selected assets and forces from attack by destroying TM airborne launch platforms and/or TMs in flight. Active defense also includes those actions which that mitigate the effectiveness of targeting and delivery systems through EW against remote or onboard guidance systems.

air defense - All defensive measures designed to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles in the Earth’'s envelope of atmosphere, or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. See also active air defense; aerospace defense; passive air defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)

anti-radiation missile – A missile which homes passively on a radiation source. See also guided missile. (Joint Pub 1-02)

attack operations - Offensive actions intended to destroy and disrupt enemy TM capabilities before, during, and after launch. The objective of these operations is to prevent the launch of TMs by attacking each element of the overall system, including such actions as destroying launch platforms, RSTA platforms, C2 nodes, and missile stocks and infrastructure.

BMC4I - The BMC4I system links passive defense, active defense, and attack operations to provide timely assessment of the threat, to include IPB; rapid dissemination of tactical warning; and poststrike assessment to the appropriate TMD element. For each operational element, the BMC4I system must provide rapid communications among intelligence assets, and fusion and decision-making facilities, warning systems, and weapon systems, to include a capability for rapid coordination with supporting combatant commanders.

joint theater missile defense – The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy enemy theater

defense missiles in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy’s theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of mutually supportive passive missile defense; active missile defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control communications, computers, and intelligencC4Ie measures. Enemy theater missiles are those that are aimed at targets outside the continental United StatesCONUS. Also called JTMD. (Joint Pub 1-02)

passive air defense – All measures, other than active air defense, taken to minimize the effectiveness of hostile air action. These measures include deception, dispersion, and the use of protective construction. See also air defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)

passive defense – Operations which that provide essential individual and collective protection for friendly forces, population centers, and critical assets. The principal measures used to accomplish passive defense are tactical warning, reducing targeting effectiveness, reducing vulnerability, and recovery and reconstitution.

space defense - All defensive measures designed to destroy attacking enemy vehicles (including missiles) while in space, or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. See also aerospace defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)

theater missile - A missile, which may be a ballistic missileBM, a cruise missileCM, or an air-to-surface missileASM (not including short-range, non-nuclear, direct fire missiles, bombs, or rockets such as Maverick or wire-guided missiles), whose target is within a given theater of operation. See also joint theater missile defense. (Joint Pub 1-02)