Index FM 44-100-2 AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY REFERENCE HANDBOOK
FINAL DRAFT - 31 March 2000



Glossary

 

A2C2

AAA

AADC

AAMDC

AAR

ABCS

ABMOC

ABT

ACA

ACC

ACO

ACR

ACV

AD

ADA

ADCN

ADCS

AMDCOORD

ADI

ADIZ

ADLNO

ADOA

ADSI

ADW

AE

AGCCS

AGL

AGTS

AI

air defense artillery

(ADA)

air defense operations area (ADOA)

air interdiction

 

 

airspace

management

air superiority

 

 

air supremacy

 

ALERT

ALOC

AMC

AMD

AMDPCS

AMDWS

AMG

AMT

ANBACIS

AO

AOC

AOI

AOR

APC

APDS-T

APOD

APU

AR

area air defense Commander (AADC)

 

ARM

ARNG

ARSPACE

ASAS

ASAT

ASCC

ASG

ASP

ASPO

ATACMS

ATCCS

ATDL

ATG

ATGM

ATMDE

ATO

ATP

AV

AVT

AWACS

A2C2

BAS

BATS

battlefield air interdiction

battlefield coordination element (BCE)

 

BCE

BCIS

BCU

Bde

BFV

BIT

BITE

BM

BMMO

BM/C3I

 

BM/C4I

 

BME

BMG

BN

BRU

BSA

BSFV

BSG

BTOC

C2

C2W

C3I

C4I

CADCI

CAFAD

CAP

CAS

CAU

CCIR

CDI

CDOPS

Cdr

CDRUSELM-NORAD

CDT

CEP

CEU

CFT

CHS

CINC

CINCNORAD

CIU

CJCS

CLET

close air support (CAS)

CM

CMMC

CNR

COA

COCOM

COFA

COFT

COMARSPACE

Command

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Command and Control

 

 

 

 

 

COMM

COMMZ

COMSEC

Control

 

CONUS

COPS

COSCOM

Counterair operations

CP

CPU

CRC

CRG

CRP

CSA

CSG

CSR

CSS

CSSCS

CST

CTC

Cueing

 

CZ

DA

DAM

DAO

DCA

DCSOPS

DEFCON

defensive counterair

 

DEM/VAL

DIS

DISCON

DISE

DLA

DLT

DLU

DMSP

DOD

DP

DS

DSA

DSCS

DSCSOC

DSMC

DSP

DSS-1

DSVT

DNVT

E

E3A

EA

EAC

ECCM

ECM

ECS

ECU

EDR

EEFI

EEU

EHF

EIU

electronic warfare

 

 

 

electronic countermeasures

EMCON

EMI

EMP

EN

Engage

 

EO

EOD

EOSAT

EP

EPLRS

EPP

EPU

ERINT

EROS

ERT

ES

ET

ETPT

EW

EWCC

EWOPS

FA

FAAD

FAADEZ

FARP

FAX

FCC

FDC

FEBA

FEZ

FFIR

FHT

FID

fire support coordinator (FSCOORD)

fire support element (FSE)

 

 

 

 

FLIR

FLOT

FLTSAT

FLTSATCOM

FM

FO

FOC

FOFT

FOPS

FOS

FOV

FRAGO

FROG

FS

FSB

FSCOORD

FSE

FST

FU

FW

G1

G2

G3

G4

GCI

GEM

GEOREF

GFE

GMFSC

GMT

GPFU

GPS

GS

GS-R

GSA

HE

HEI-T

HEMTT

HF

HHB

HIDACZ

HIMAD

HMMWV

HQDA

HRV

HSS

Hz

IBS

ICBM

ICC

ICOFT

ICOMS

ICS

ID

IEA

IEW

IFF

IFV

IJIMS

ILS

IMETS

IMT

IMTS

IN

INTEL

intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB)

INTERCOM

IOS

IOT&E

IPB

IR

IRBM

ISU

J3

JAOC

JCS

JDN

JEZ

JFACC

JFC

JFACC

JFLCC

JFMCC

JFSOCC

JICO

JOA

Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC)

Joint Force Land Component Commander (JFLCC)

 

 

JOPES

JOTS

JRA

JSN

JSOA

JSTARS

JTADS

JTAGS

JTAMD

JTAR

J-TENS

JTF

JTIDS

JTMD

JTOC

JTT

JZ

Kg

kW

KM

KV

L

LACM

LADW

LAN

LANDSAT

LAR

LAT

LAW

LB

LCC

LCD

LCS

LCU

LEA

LED

LID

LNO

LOC

LOS

LOS-R

LRC

LRF

LRPT

LRU

LS

LSA

LSDIS

LSMU

LZ

MAGTF

MANPADS

MAP

MARFORCC

MC

MCD

MCO

MCS

MCT

MEADS

MEF

MEI

METT-TC

 

MEZ

MHz

MICC

MICOM

MILES

MILSATCOM

MLRS

MMC

MOET

MOPP

MOS

MPC

MPH

MPN

MRE

MRP

MRR

MRT

MSB

MSE

MSI

MSR

MTOE

MWR

N

NAI

NASA

NATO

NAVCC

NBC

NCA

NEO

NGO

NICP

NMD

NORAD

NTC

NTDS

OAC

OB

OBC

OCA

OCOKA

 

offensive counterair (OCA)

OCU

OCWA

ODD

OIC

OLS

OOTW

OP

OPCON

operational command

 

 

operational control

operational level of war

 

operations security (OPSEC)

 

 

OPLAN

OPORD

OPSEC

ORF

OSI

PAC

PADIL

PADS

PAO

passive air defense

 

 

 

PASR

PATRIOT

PCOFT

PDU

PGS

PIMIT

PIR

PJHI

PLGR

PLL

PLS

PMCS

POD

POI

POL

POMT

positive control

 

 

 

PPI

PPS

PPU

PRM

procedural control

 

PSS

PTL

Pub

PZ

R

R&S

RADC

RC

RCMAT

RCS

RCT

RCU

RF

RFI

remotely-piloted vehicle (RPV)

 

RLRIU

RMP

ROE

ROTC

ROW

RPM

RPV

RPVTS

RRT

R&S

RS

RSI

RSOP

RSTA

RSOI

RSR

RT

RTO

rules of engagement (ROE)

RW

RWCIU

RWS

S

S1

S2

S3

S4

SAM

SATCOM

SCB

SDC

SDI

SDP

SDU

SEAD

SEN

SEP

SHF

SHORAD

SHORADEZ

SHTU

SIAP

SICC

SICPS

SIGO

SIMT

SINCGARS

SJA

SLBM

SLC

SOC

SOE

SOF

SOJ

SOJC

SOP

SOR

SPACECOM

SPOD

SPOT

SPINS

SRBM

SRPT

SSDC

SSI

STL

STPT

strategic level of war

 

 

STS

STU

suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD)

SVM

SVML

TAA

TAADCOORD

TACC

TACDAR

tactical air control center (TACC)

 

tactical level of war

 

 

TADIL

TADSS

TAI

TASM

TBM

TCA

TCO

TCS

TD

TDA

TDDS

TENCAP

TERS

TES

TF

THAAD

THT

TIBS

TM

TMD

TMDE

TNT

TOC

TOW

TP

TPT

TRANSCOM

TRAP

TSA

TSG

TST

TSVC

TTT

TTY

TVM

TWA

UAV

UCOFT

UHF

UPS

US

USA

USAADASCH

USAF

USEUCOM

USCINCSPACE

USMC

USMTF

USN

USPACOM

USSPACECOM

USTRANSCOM

UTM/MGRS

UV

VHF

VSTT

W

WAD

WAN

WCS

WEZ

XO

 
army airspace command and control

antiaircraft artillery

area air defense commander

army air and missile defense command

after action review

army battle command system

air battle management operations center

air breathing threat

airspace control authority

air component commander

airspace control order

armored cavalry regiment

antenna cable vehicle

air defense

air defense artillery

air defense coordination net

air defense coordination section

air and missile defense coordinator

air defense interface

air defense identification zone

air defense liaison officer

air defense operations area

air defense systems integrator

air defense warning

antenna element

army global command and control system

above ground level

advanced gunnery training system

air interdiction

ground-based surface-to-air weapons, for engaging air and missile targets

an area and the airspace above it within which procedures are established to minimize mutual interference between air defense and other operations

air operations conducted to destroy, neutralize, or delay the enemy's military potential before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces

the coordination, integration, and regulation of the use of airspace of defined dimensions

that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another that permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea, and air forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force

that degree of air superiority wherein the opposing air force is incapable of effective interference

attack and launch early reporting to theater

air lines of communications

united states army materiel command

air and missile defense

air and missile defense planning and control system

air and missile defense workstation

antenna mast group

avenger maintenance trainer

army nuclear, biological and chemical information system

area of operations

air operations center

area of interest

area of responsibility

armored personnel carrier

armor piercing discarding sabot-tracer

aerial port of debarkation

auxiliary power unit

armor

within an over seas unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force, the commander will assign overall responsibility for air defense to a single commander

antiradiation missile

army national guard

army space command

all source analysis system

antisatellite system

army service component commander

area support group

ammunition supply point

army space program office

army tactical missile system

army tactical command and control system

army tactical data link

antenna/transceiver group

anti-tank guided missile

army theater missile defense element

air tasking order

allied tactical publication

aviation

automatic video tracker

airborne warning and control system

army airspace command and control

battalion aid station

ballistic aerial target system

air interdiction attacks against targets which are in a position to have a near term effect on friendly land forces

the army liaison element collocated with the TACC which processes land forces' requests for tactical air support, monitors and interprets the land battle situation for the TACC, and provides the necessary interface for the exchange of current intelligence and operational data

battlefield coordination element/bradley control electronics

battlefield combat identification system

battery coolant unit

brigade

bradley fighting vehicle

built-in test

built-in test equipment

battle management

battalion motor maintenance officer

battle management and command, control, communications and intelligence

battle management and command, control, communications, computers and intelligence

battalion maintenance equipment

battery maintenance group

battalion

battery replaceable unit

brigade support area

bradley stinger fighting vehicle

beam steering generator

battalion tactical operation center

command and control

command and control warfare

command, control, communications and intelligence

command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

common air defense communications interface

combined arms for air defense

combat air patrol; crises action procedures

close air support

crew access unit

commanderís critical information requirements

classification, discrimination and identification

coherent doppler scorer

commander

commander, united states element-north american

aerospace defense command

control display terminal

circular error probable

cooling equipment unit

captive flight trainer

common hardware software

commander in chief

commander in chief, north american aerospace defense command

control interface unit/communications interface unit

chairman, joint chiefs of staff

cooling liquid electronic tube

air action against hostile tar gets which are in close proximity to friendly forces

cruise missile

corps materiel management center

combat net radio

course of action

combatant command

correlation of forces-air

conduct of fire trainer

commander, united states army space command

The authority that a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. it also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel.

The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission.

communications van

communications zone

communications security

authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations

continental united states

current operations van

corps support command

air operations conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy air

command post

control processing unit

control and reporting center

communications relay group

control and reporting post

corps storage area

corps support group

control supply rate

combat service support

combat service support control system

crew station trainer

combined training center

providing timely position data and with tentative identification of aircraft within a designated range of a fire unit

combat zone

department of the army

display aided maintenance

division ammunition officer

defensive counter air

deputy chief of staff for operations and plans

defense readiness condition

the protection of assets from air attack through both direct defense and destruction of the enemy's air attack capacity in the air

demonstration and validation

distributive interactive simulation

division support command

deployable intelligence support element

defense logistics agency

data link terminal

data link unit

defense meteorological satellite program

department of defense

decision point

direct support

division support area

defense satellite communications system

defense satellite communications system operation center

direct support maintenance company

defense support program/direct support platoon

digital small switch

digital secure voice terminal

digital non-secure voice terminal

east

navy AWACS aircraft

electronic attack

echelons above corps

electronic counter countermeasures

electronic countermeasures

engagement control station

equipment coolant unit

embedded data recorder

essential elements of friendly information

electronic equipment unit

extremely high frequency

external interface unit

military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine, exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum and action which retains friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum

that division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum

emissions control

electromagnetic interference

electromagnetic pulse

corps of engineers

a command order used to direct surface-to-air units to engage specific targets with intent to destroy

engagement operations

explosive ordnance disposal

earth observation satellite

electronic protection

enhanced position location reporting system

electrical power plant

electrical power unit

extended range interceptor

earth resources observation system

empty round trainer

electronic warfare support

embedded trainer

embedded troop proficiency trainer

electronic warfare

expanded weapons control computer

electronic warfare operations

field artillery

forward area air defense

forward area air defense engagement zone

forward area rearm/refuel point

facsimile

flight control center

fire direction center

forward edge of the battle area

fighter engagement zone

friendly forces information requirements

field handling trainer

foreign internal defense

the individual responsible for the planning and execution of fires so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons

a functional element of a force command post that provides centralized targeting, coordination, and integration of fires delivered on surface targets by fire support means under the control of or in support of the force. this element is staffed from the field artillery headquarters or field artillery staff section of the force and representatives of other fire support means.

forward-looking infrared receiver

forward line of own troops

fleet satellite

fleet satellite communication system

field manual

force operations

flight operations center

force-on-force trainer

future operations van

fiber optic system

field of view

fragmentary order

free rocket over ground

fire support

forward support battalion

fire support coordinator

fire support element

finance support team

fire unit

fixed wing

assistant chief-of-staff, personnel

assistant chief-of-staff, intelligence

assistant chief-of-staff, operations and plans

assistant chief-of-staff, logistics

ground control interception

guidance enhanced missile

geographic reference

government furnished equipment

ground mobile forces satellite communications

guided missile transporter/greenwich mean time

gas particulate filter unit

global positioning system

general support

general support-reinforcing

general services administration

high explosive

high explosive incendiary-tracer

heavy expanded mobility tactical truck

high frequency

headquarters and headquarters battery

high-density airspace control zone

high- to medium-altitude air defense

high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle

Headquarters, Department of the Army

high resolution visible

health service support

hertz

intelligence broadcast system

intercontinental ballistic missile

information and coordination central

institutional conduct of fire trainer

integrated communications security

intercommunication system

identification

interface electronic assembly

intelligence and electronic warfare

identification, friend or foe

infantry fighting vehicle

interim joint information message standard

integrated logistics support

integrated meteorological system

institutional maintenance trainer

improved moving target simulator

infantry

intelligence

a continuous, integrated, and comprehensive analysis of the effects

of terrain, weather, and enemy capabilities on operations

 

intercommunications

instructor operator station

initial operational test and evaluation

intelligence preparation of the battlefield (battlespace)

infrared radiation/intelligence requirement

intermediate-range ballistic missile

integrated sight unit

operations directorate

joint air operations center

joint chiefs of staff

joint data net

joint engagement zone

joint force air component commander

joint force commander

joint force air component commander

joint force land component commander

joint force maritime component commander

joint force special operations component commander

joint interface control officer

joint operations area

The joint force air component commander's responsibilities will be assigned by the joint force commander (normally these would include, but not be limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the joint force commander's appointment decision).

The designated senior land commander in a joint force who exercises command and control of all assigned land forces. based upon the joint force commander's guidance, the JFLCC develops his concept of operations, assigns missions and allocated resources. He supports subordinate units by conducting joint planning and coordination required to implement their schemes of maneuver.

joint operations planning and execution system

joint operations tactical system

joint rear area

joint surveillance net

joint special operations area

joint surveillance and target attack radar system

joint TADIL-A distribution system

joint tactical ground station

joint theater air and missile defense

joint tactical air request

joint-tactical exploitation of national capabilities

joint task force

joint tactical information distribution system

joint theater missile defense

jump tactical operations center

joint tactical terminal

joint zone

kilogram

kilowatt

kilometer

kill vehicle

liter

low altitude cruise missile

local air defense warning

local area network

land satellite

logistics assistance representative

live air trainer

light antitank weapon

pound

land component commander

liquid crystal display

launcher control station

lightweight computer unit

launcher electronic assembly

light emitting diode

light infantry division

liaison officer

lines of communications (logistic routes)

line of sight

line of sight rear

logistics readiness center

laser range finder

large repair parts transporter

line replaceable unit

launching station

logistics support analysis

light and special division interim sensor

launcher and sensor mockup

landing zone

marine air ground task force

manportable air defense system

mission application program

marine force component commander

maintenance center

missile countermeasure device

movement control officer

maneuver control system

movement control team

medium extended air defense system

marine expeditionary force

major end items

mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops, time and civilian considerations

missile engagement zone

megahertz

master information and coordination central

missile command

multiple integrated laser engagement simulator

military satellite communications

multiple-launch rocket system

materiel management center

march order and emplacement trainer

mission oriented protective posture

military occupational specialty

message processing center

miles per hour

MSE packet switch network

meals ready to eat

missile round pallet

minimum risk route

missile round trainer

main support battalion

mobile subscriber equipment

multispectral imagery

main supply route/missile simulation round

modified table of organization and equipment

morale, welfare, and recreation

north

named area of interest

national aeronautics and space administration

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

navy component commander

nuclear, biological, and chemical

national command authority

noncombatant evacuation operations

non-government organization

national inventory control point

national missile defense

north american aerospace defense command

national training center

naval tactical data system

officers advanced course

order of battle

officers basic course

offensive counterair

observation, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, and avenues of approach

an operation mounted to destroy, disrupt, or limit enemy air power close to its source as possible

operator control unit

operations center work area

optical disk drive

officer in charge

operational linescan system

operations other than war

observation post

operational control

those functions of command involving the composition of subordinate forces, the assignment of tasks, the designation of objectives, and the authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission

synonymous with operational command

the level of war at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or areas of operations

the process of denying adversaries information about friendly capabilities and intentions by identifying, controlling, and protecting indicators associated with planning and conducting military operations and other activities

operation plan

operation order

operations security

operational readiness float

operator system interface

patriot advanced capabilities

patriot digital information link

position and azimuth determining system

public affairs officer

All measures, other than active defense, taken to minimize the effects of hostile air action. These include the use of tactical warning of air or missile attack, cover, concealment, camouflage, deception, dispersion, and protective construction.

personnel accounting and strength reporting

phased array tracking radar intercept on target

patriot conduct of fire trainer

power distribution unit

precision gunnery system

patriot intermediate maintenance instructional trainer

priority intelligence requirement

PLGR/JTIDS hybrid interface

precision lightweight global positioning system receiver

prescribed load list

palletized load system

preventive maintenance checks and services

port of debarkation

program of instruction

petroleum, oils and lubricants

patriot organizational maintenance trainer

a method of airspace control that relies on positive identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having this authority and responsibility therein

planned position indicator

precision positioning system

primary power unit

personnel readiness management

a method of airspace control that relies on a combination of previously agreed and promulgated orders and procedures

personnel system support

primary target line

publication

pick-up zone

reinforcing

reconnaissance and surveillance

region air defense commander

reserve component

radio controlled miniature aerial target

radar cross section

remote control terminal

remote control unit

radio frequency

radio frequency interference

An unmanned aerial vehicle capable of being controlled by a person from a distant location through a communications link. It is normally designed to be recoverable.

routing logic radio interface unit

reprogrammable microprocessor

rules of engagement

Reserve Officer Training Corp

rest of world

revolutions per minute

remotely piloted vehicle

remotely piloted vehicle trainer station

radio relay terminal

reconnaissance and surveillance

radar set

radio subsystem interface

reconnaissance, selection, and occupation of position

reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition

reception, staging, onward-movement and integration

required supply rate

return to duty/radio terminal

radiotelephone operator

Directives that delineate the circumstances under which weapons may fire at an aircraft. The right of self-defense is never denied.

rotary wing

radar weapons control interface unit

rigid wall shelter

secret/south

adjutant

intelligence officer

operations and training officer

logistics officer

surface to air missile

satellite communications

stinger control box

strategic defense command

strategic defense initiative

signal data processor

stinger distribution unit

suppression of enemy air defenses

small extension node

spherical error probable

super high frequency

short-range air defense

short-range air defense engagement zone

simplified hand held terminal unit

single integrated air picture

subordinate information and coordination central

standardized integrated command post system

signal officer

sentinel institutional maintenance trainer

single channel ground and airborne radio system

staff judge advocate

sea-launched ballistic missile

side lobe canceller

sector operations center

state of emissions

special operation forces

stand off jammer

stand off jammer countermeasures

standing operating procedure

state of readiness

space command

sea port of debarkation

systeme probatoire d'observation de la terre

special instructions

short range ballistic missile

small repair parts transporter

space and strategic defense command

sensor system interface

secondary target line

stinger troop proficiency trainer

the level of war at which a nation or group of nations determines national or alliance security objectives and develops and uses national resources to accomplish those objectives

sentinel training system

secure telephone unit

that activity which neutralizes, destroys, or temporarily degrades enemy air defenses in a specific area by physical attack and or electronic warfare

stinger vision module

standard vehicle missile launcher

tactical assembly area

theater army air defense coordinator

tactical air control center

tactical detection and reporting

the principal air operations installation (land- or ship-based) from which all aircraft and air warning functions of tactical air operations are controlled

the level of war at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to accomplish military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces

tactical digital information link

training aids, devices, simulators and simulations

target area of interest

tactical air-to-surface missile

tactical ballistic missile

tactical control assistant

tactical control officer

tactical command system

tactical director

tactical director assistant

tactical data distribution system

tactical exploitation of national capabilities

tactical event reporting system

tactical event system

task force

theater high-altitude area air defense

tracking head trainer

tactical information broadcast system

technical manual; theater missile

theater missile defense

test, measuring and diagnostic equipment

troop netted trainer

tactical operations center

tube-launched, optically-tracked, wire guided (missile)

tactical planner

troop proficiency trainer

transportation command

tactical receive equipment and related applications

theater storage area

tactical shelter group

troop subordinate trainer

through sight video camera

table top trainer

teletype

track via missile

tentage work area

unmanned aerial vehicle

unit conduct of fire trainer

ultrahigh frequency

uninterruptible power supply

United States

United States Army

United States Army Air Defense Artillery School

United States Air Force

United States European Command

United States Commander In Chief, Space Command

United States Marine Corps

united states marine task force

United States Navy

US Pacific Command

United States Space Command

united states transportation command

universal transmercator/military grid reference system

ultraviolet

very high frequency

variable speed training target

west

weapons alert designator

wide area network

weapon control status

weapon engagement zone

executive officer