Index FM 44-100 US ARMY AIR DEFENSE OPERATIONS 15 June 1995



APPENDIX B

ARMY AIR DEFENSE PLANNING

This appendix describes planning for air defense operations. Battle command and staff procedures contained in FM 101-5 are the basis for ADA procedures. This chapter highlights the specific requirements of the AD estimate and annex. The estimate process assists the force commander in decision making. The ADA commander, as ADCOORD, prepares the air defense estimate. Planning begins with the receipt of a warning order. After the force commander approves a course of action, a warning order is sent out and the air defense planning process continues. The end result of this process is the air defense annex detailing air defense support for the concept of the operation.

PREPARING THE AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE

Estimates are evaluations of how factors in each field of interest will influence the courses of action the commander considers. Although the estimate of the situation lies first and foremost in the commander's mind, staff estimates help the commander determine feasible, suitable, and acceptable courses of action. Staff estimates help the commander gather, update, analyze, evaluate, and validate critical facts, assumptions, and events. The estimate also allows the commander to formulate conclusions based on each staff's estimate.

Estimates provide the basis for logically and analytically developing solutions to situations (both in planning future operations and fighting current operations). The staff recommends how the commander can employ the command's available assets. The commander uses this information to reach decisions.

Once a mission is received, the estimate process begins. The ADA commander develops the air defense estimate in concert with the force S3 or G3. The ADA commander uses the IPB furnished by the force S2 or G2. Then, the ADA commander gathers and analyzes facts and makes assumptions. He will use these facts and assumptions to develop logical courses of action. The commander then chooses the course of action that best supports the mission. After the force commander selects a course of action, the air defense planning process continues. The result of this process is the air defense annex detailing air defense support for the concept of the operation.

AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE

The air defense estimate follows the basic staff estimate format. The air defense estimate provides information regarding the air defense supportability of proposed courses of action. It also provides recommended air defense priorities and an air defense scheme of maneuver. This information forms a basis for the air defense plan and is presented in the air defense annex. The estimate must be constantly reevaluated to keep it current. The factors of METT-T, OCOKA, and other considerations guide the ADA commander and staff during the estimate and subsequent planning. The degree of detail presented in the estimate depends on the planning time available. However, all elements of the estimate must be considered to make valid recommendations. The Air Defense Estimate Situation Overview illustration shows the relationship among troop-leading procedures, decision making, estimate of the situation, and IPB. The Estimate of the Air Defense Situation illustration shows a supporting commander's or operations estimate. The commander's or operations estimate formats provided in FM 101-5 may also be used.

ESTIMATE OF THE AIR DEFENSE SITUATION
(Classification)

Headquarters
Place
Date, time, and zone
Message reference number

AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE NUMBER____

References: Maps, charts, or other documents.
Time Zone Used Throughout the Estimate:

1. MISSION

When the estimate's purpose is to support the force level commander's operation, use the force level commander's mission statement. As the commander or operations officer, use the unit's mission statement when the estimate's purpose is to determine which course of action best accomplishes the support mission.

(Classification)

ESTIMATE OF THE AIR DEFENSE SITUATION (Continued)

(Classification)

AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE NUMBER____

2. THE SITUATION AND COURSES OF ACTION

This paragraph describes the conditions under which the unit will perform its mission and the possible courses of action of the supported force.

    a. Considerations affecting possible courses of action. For this paragraph, determine those factors of the situation which influence friendly and enemy actions and which, therefore, may influence the choice of a course of action. In the absence of facts, use logical assumptions that might directly affect the mission.

(Classification)

ESTIMATE OF THE AIR DEFENSE SITUATION (Continued)

(Classification)

AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE NUMBER____

    b. Anticipated difficulties or difficulty patterns. Identify those aspects in the commander's plan which create difficulity in providing air defense and affect the ability of the force to accomplish its mission.

    c. Own courses of action. Present an air defense course of action for each of the supported force courses of action. Each ADA course of action presented should include the following aspects:

(Classification)

ESTIMATE OF THE AIR DEFENSE SITUATION (Continued)

(Classification)

AIR DEFENSE ESTIMATE NUMBER____

3. ANALYSIS OF COURSES OF ACTION

Present a narrative which war-games each course of action. Determine the probable outcome of each course of action, including critical incidents, areas, times, and significant difficulties. Apply these factors to the analysis by considering the impact of enemy capabilities and significant difficulties on the possible success of each course of action.

4. COMPARISON OF COURSES OF ACTION

Compare each of the courses of action to determine which course of action air defense can best support. Present advantages and disadvantages for each course of action.

5. DECISION (RECOMMENDATION)

Compare each of the courses of action to determine a recommendation.

________________________

NAME
RANK

(Air Defense Coordinator)

ANNEXES: (as required)

(Classification)

PREPARING THE AIR DEFENSE ANNEX

The estimate of the situation assists the commander in determining the most suitable course of action to accomplish the mission. Once the commander makes this decision and clearly articulates the intent, the staff prepares OPLANs and OPORDs.

The ADCOORD must conduct detailed coordination with other staff sections to develop this annex. The ADCOORD derives information affecting the air defense annex from other staff estimates. Additionally, the air defense estimate helps drive these other staff estimates.

AIR DEFENSE ANNEX

The ADCOORD writes the plan as a five-paragraph annex to the supported unit's OPLAN or OPORD. See the Annex G (Air Defense) to OPORD illustration. The air defense annex assigns specific air defense missions each unit must accomplish. Concurrently or sequentially, ADA units may be preparing their own OPLANs or OPORDs.

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD

(Classification)

Copy___of___copies
Issuing headquarters
Place of Issue
Date-time group of signature
Message reference number

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD_____

References: Maps, charts, or other relevant documents.
Time Zone Used Throughout the Order:
Task Organlzation

1. SITUATION

    a. Enemy Forces. Detail enemy air capabilitles.

(Classification)

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD (Continued)

(Classification)

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD____

    b. Friendly Forces. ADA mission at all applicable levels. Describe how the air defense plan integrates with higher echelon plans.

    c. Attachments and detachments. Identify air defense resources attached from other commands and identify those air defense resources detached.

2. MISSION

Who, what, when, where, how, and why statement of the mission for the air defense artillery unit.

3. EXECUTION

    a. Concept of the operatlon. Commanders overall ADA plan to include the intent, objectives, and priorities.

    b. Tasks to subordinate ADA units. Briefly discuss ADA plan, command and support relationships, and priority of protection.

    c. Coordinating instructions. Instructions applicable to two or more subordinate units. Include references to other applicable annexes.

(Classification)

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD (Continued)

(Classification)

ANNEX G (AIR DEFENSE) TO OPORD____

4. SERVICE SUPPORT

See Service Support Annex.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL

    a. Command.

    b. Signal. See Signal Annex.

ACKNOWLEDGE:
OFFICIAL: NAME (Commander's last name)
APPENDIXES: RANK (Commander's rank)
APPENDIXES:
DISTRIBUTION:




(Classification)