Index FM 44-100 Air and Missile Defense Operations
PRELIMINARY DRAFT May 1999



Glossary

 

A2C2
            
AAA
             
AADC
            
ACA 
            
ACO
             
AD
              
ADA
             
ADCOORD
         
ADIZ
 
ADOA
 
ADW
             
AGL
             
AI
              
air defense artillery
 (ADA)
 
air defense operations area (ADOA)

air interdiction



airspace
 management

air superiority
 



air supremacy 


ALERT
  
ALOC

AMC

AMD

AMDPCS

AO
 
AOC
 
AOR

APOD
 
AR
 
area air defense Commander (AADC)


ARM

ARSPACE 

ASCC
            
ASG
 
ASP
 
ASPO

ATACMS

ATP

AV

AWACS           

BAS

battlefield air interdiction
battlefield coordination element (BCE) 
 
BCE

Bde

BM

C2

C2W
             
C3
              
C4I
            

CAFAD

CAP

CAS

CCIR

Cdr
             
CDRUSELM-NORAD  


CEP
             
CHS

CINC
            
CINCNORA

CJCS
            
close air support (CAS)

CM

CMMC

COA

COCOM

COFA
           
COMARSPACE
 
Command 








command and control






COMMZ
           
COMSEC
 
Control



CONUS
           
COSCOM

Counterair operations

CP

CRC

CRP

CSA

CSG

CSR

CSS
             
CZ

DA
              
DAO 
DCA

DCSOPS
          
DEFCON          

defensive counterair


DISCON          

DISE            

DLA

DMSP            

DOD             

DP
  
DS

DSA

DSCS            

DSCSOC          

DSP

EA

EAC

ECM

EEFI             

EHF             

electronic warfare 



electronic countermeasures 

EMCON           

EN

Engage


EO              

EOSAT

EP

EROS

ES

EW

FA

FAAD

FAADEZ

FARP

FDC

FEZ

FFIR

FID

fire support coordinator (FSCOORD)

fire support element (FSE)





FLOT

FLTSAT

FLTSATCOM       

FM

FO

FRAGO

FS

FSB

FSCOORD

FSE

FST

G1

G2

G3

G4

GMFSC

GPS

GS

GS-R

GSA

HE

HIDACZ

HIMAD

HQDA

HRV

HSS

ICBM

IEW

IFF

IFV

IN

intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB)

IPB

IR

IRBM

J3

JCS

JDN

JEZ

JFACC

JFC

JFLCC

JFMCC

JFSOCC

JICO

JOA

joint force air component commander (JFACC)

joint force land component commander (JFLCC)



JOPES

JOTS

JRA

JSOA

JSTARS

JTAGS

JTAMD

J-TENS

JTF

JTMD

JZ

LADW

LANDSAT

LAR

LCC

LNO

LOC

LRC

LRU

LZ

MARFORCC    

MCO

MCT

MEF

METT-TC

MEZ

MICOM

MILSATCOM

MLRS

MMC

MRR

MSB

MSI

MSR

MTOE

MWR

NAI

NASA

NATO

NAVCC

NBC

NCA

NEO

NGO

NICP

NMD

NORAD

OCA

OCOKA


offensive counterair (OCA)

OLS


OOTW

OP

OPCON
operational command


operational control

operational level of war


operations security (OPSEC)



OPLAN

OPORD

OPSEC

ORF

PAC

PAO

passive air defense




PASR

PIR

POD

POL

positive control




PPS

PRM


procedural control


PSS

PTL

Pub

PZ

R

R&S
            
RADC

remotely-piloted vehicle


RISTA

ROE

RSOI

RSR

RT

rules of engagement (ROE)

S1

S2

S3

S4

SDC

SEAD

SEP

SHF

SHORAD

SHORADEZ

SIAP

SJA

SLBM

SOC

SOE

SOF

SOP

SOR

SPOD

SPOT

SPINS

SSDC

STANAG

strategic level of war


suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD)

TAA

TAADCOORD

TACC

TACDAR

tactical air control center (TACC)


tactical level of war



TAI

TASM

TBM

TENCAP

TERS

TES

TF

THAAD

TIBS

TM

TMD

TOC

TRANSCOM

TRAP

TSA

UAV

UHF

USAF

USCINCSPACE

USMC

USN

USSPACECOM

USSR

USTRANSCOM

WAD

WCS

WEZ
 

Army airspace command and control

antiaircraft artillery

area air defense commander

airspace control authority

airspace control order

air defense

air defense artillery

air defense coordinator

Air Defense Identification Zone

air defense operations area

air defense warning

above ground level

air interdiction

ground-based surface-to-air weapons, for engaging air and missile targets

an area and the airspace above it within which procedures are established to minimize mutual interference between air defense and other operations

air operations conducted to destroy, neutralize, or delay the enemy's military potential before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces.

the coordination, integration, and regulation of the use of airspace of defined dimensions

that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another that permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea, and air forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force.

that degree of air superiority wherein the opposing air force is incapable of effective interference

attack and launch early reporting to theater

air lines of communications

United States Army Materiel Command

Air and Missile Defense

Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System

area of operations

air operations center

area of responsibility

aerial port of debarkation

Armor

within an over seas unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force, the commander will assign overall responsibility for air defense to a single commander

antiradiation missile

Army Space Command

Army Service Component Commander

area support group

ammunition supply point

Army Space Program Office

Army tactical missile system

Allied Tactical Publication

aviation

Airborne Warning and Control System

battalion aid station

air interdiction attacks against targets which are in a position to have a near term effect on friendly land forces the Army liaison element collocated with the TACC which processes land forces' requests for tactical air support, monitors and interprets the land battle situation for the TACC, and provides the necessary interface for the exchange of current intelligence and operational data

battlefield coordination element

brigade

battle management

command and control

command and control warfare

command, control, and communications

command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence CA counterair

combined arms for air defense

combat air patrol; crises action procedures

close air support

Commanderís Critical Information Requirements

commander

Commander, United States Element-North American

Aerospace Defense

Command circular error probable

Combat health support

Commander In Chief

Commander In Chief, North American Aerospace Defense

Command Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

air action against hostile tar gets which are in close proximity to friendly forces

cruise missile

corps materiel management center

course of action

combatant command

Correlation of Forces-Air

Commander, United States Army Space Command

the authority that a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources                and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing,                coordinating, and controlling military forces for the                accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes                responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel.

the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission.  Command and control functions are performed through an                  arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications,              facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission.

communications zone

communications security

authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations

continental United States

corps support command

air operations conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy air forces

command post

control and reporting center

control and reporting post

corps storage area

corps support group

control supply rate

combat service support

combat zone

Department of the Army

Division ammunition officer

defensive counter air

Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and plans

defense readiness condition

the protection of assets from air attack through both direct defense and destruction of the enemy's air attack capacity in the air

division support command

deployable intelligence support element

Defense Logistics Agency

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

Department of Defense

decision point

direct support

division support area

Defense Satellite Communications System

Defense Satellite Communications System operation center

defense support program

electronic attack

echelons above corps

electronic countermeasures

Essential Elements of Friendly Information

extremely high frequency

military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine,  exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum and action which retains friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum

that division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum

emissions control

Corps of Engineers

a command order used to direct surface-to-air units to engage specific targets with intent to destroy

engagement operations

Earth Observation Satellite

electronic protection

Earth Resources Observation System

electronic warfare support

electronic warfare

field artillery

forward area air defense

forward area air defense engagement zone

forward area rearm/refuel point

fire direction center

fighter engagement zone

Friendly Forces Information Requirements

Foreign Internal Defense

the individual responsible for the planning and execution of fires so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons

a functional element of a force command post that provides entralized targeting, coordination, and integration of fires delivered on surface targets by fire support means under the control of or in support of                 the force.  This element is staffed from the field artillery                 headquarters or field artillery staff section of the force and representatives of other fire support means.

forward line of own troops

Fleet Satellite

Fleet Satellite Communication System

field manual

force operations

fragmentary order

fire support

forward support battalion

fire support coordinator

fire support element

finance support team

Assistant Chief-of-Staff, Personnel

Assistant Chief-of-Staff, Intelligence

Assistant Chief-of-Staff, Operations and Plans

Assistant Chief-of-Staff, Logistics

Ground Mobile Forces Satellite Communications

Global Positioning System

general support

general support-reinforcing

General Services Administration

high explosive

high-density airspace control zone

high- to medium-altitude air defense

Headquarters, Department of the Army

high resolution visible

health service support

intercontinental ballistic missile

intelligence and electronic warfare

identification, friend or foe

infantry fighting vehicle

infantry

a continuous, integrated, and comprehensive analysis of the effects
of terrain, weather, and enemy capabilities on operations


intelligence preparation of the battlefield

intelligence requirement

intermediate-range ballistic missile

Operations Directorate

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Joint Data Net

joint engagement zone

joint force air component commander

joint force commander

joint force land component commander

joint force maritime component commander

joint force special operations component commander

Joint Interface Control Officer

joint operations area

The joint force air component commander's responsibilities will be assigned by the joint force commander (normally these would include, but not be limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and               tasking based on the joint force commander's appointment decision).

the designated senior land commander in a joint force who                 exercises command  and control of all assigned land forces.  Based upon the joint force commander's guidance, the JFLCC develops his concept of operations, assigns missions and allocated resources.  He supports subordinate units by conducting joint planning and coordination required to implement their schemes of maneuver.

Joint Operations Planning and Execution System

Joint Operations Tactical System

joint rear area

joint special operations area

Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System

Joint Tactical Ground Station

Joint Theater Air and Missile Defense

Joint-Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities

joint task force

joint theater missile defense

joint zone

local air defense warning

Land Satellite

logistics assistance representative

land component commander

liaison officer

lines of communications (logistic routes)

logistics readiness center

line replaceable unit

landing zone

Marine Force Component Commander

movement control officer

movement control team

Marine expeditionary force

mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time and civilians available

missile engagement zone

Missile Command

Military Satellite Communications

multiple-launch rocket system

Materiel Management Center

minimum risk route

main support battalion

multispectral imagery

main supply route

modified table of organization and equipment

morale, welfare, and recreation

named area of interest

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Navy Component Commander

nuclear, biological, and chemical

national command authority

noncombatant evacuation operations

non-government organization

national inventory control point

national missile defense

North American Aerospace Defense Command

offensive counterair

observation, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, and avenues of approach

an operation mounted to destroy, disrupt, or limit enemy air power close to its source as possible

Operational Linescan System

 

operations other than war

observation post

operational control
those functions of command involving the composition of subordinate forces, the assignment of tasks, the designation of objectives, and the authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission

synonymous with operational command

the level of war at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or areas of operations

the process of denying adversaries information about friendly capabilities and intentions by identifying, controlling, and protecting indicators associated with planning and conducting military operations                 and other activities

operation plan

operation order

operations security

operational readiness float

Patriot advanced capabilities

public affairs officer

all measures, other than active defense, taken to minimize the effects of hostile air action. These include the use of tactical warning of air or                 missile attack, cover, concealment, camouflage, deception, dispersion, and protective construction.

personnel accounting and strength reporting

priority intelligence requirement

port of debarkation

petroleum, oils and lubricants

a method of airspace control that relies on positive              identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having this authority and responsibility therein

precision positioning system

personnel readiness management

 

a method of airspace control that relies on a combination of previously                        agreed and promulgated orders and procedures

personnel system support

primary target line

publication

pick-up zone

reinforcing

reconnaissance and surveillance

region air defense commander

an unmanned aerial vehicle capable of being controlled by a person from a distant location through a communications link. It is normally designed to be recoverable.

reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

rules of engagement

Reception, Staging, Onward-movement and Integration

required supply rate

return to duty

directives that delineate the circumstances under which weapons may fire at an aircraft.  The right of self-defense is never denied.

Adjutant

Intelligence Officer

Operations and Training Officer

Logistics Officer

Strategic Defense Command

suppression of enemy air defenses

spherical error probable

super high frequency

short-range air defense

short-range air defense engagement zone

Single Integrated Air Picture

staff judge advocate

sea-launched ballistic missile

sector operations center

state of emissions

special operation forces

standing operating procedure

state of readiness

sea port of debarkation

Systeme Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre

Special Instructions

Space and Strategic Defense Command

Standardization Agreement

the level of war at which a nation or group of nations determines national or alliance security objectives and develops and uses national resources to accomplish those objectives

that activity which neutralizes, destroys, or temporarily degrades enemy air defenses in a specific area by physical attack and or               electronic warfare

Tactical Assembly Area

theater Army air defense coordinator

tactical air control center

Tactical Detection and Reporting

the principal air operations installation (land- or ship-based) from which ll aircraft and air warning functions of tactical air operations are                 controlled

the level of war at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to accomplish military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces

target area of interest

tactical air-to-surface missile

tactical ballistic missile

Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities

Tactical Event Reporting System

Tactical Event System

task force

Theater High-Altitude Area Defense

Tactical Information Broadcast System

technical manual; theater missile

theater missile defense

tactical operations center

Transportation Command

Tactical Receive Equipment and Related Applications

theater storage area

unmanned aerial vehicle

ultrahigh frequency

United States Air Force

United States Commander in Chief, Space Command

United States Marine Corps

United States Navy

United States Space Command

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

United States Transportation Command

weapons alert designator

weapon control status

weapon engagement zone