IndexFM 44-94 ARMY AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND OPERATIONS
DRAFT - February 1998



GLOSSARY

ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS and DEFINITIONS

 

A

A Avenger

AAA air avenue of approach

A2C2 Army airspace command and control

AADC area air defense commander

AADCOM Army Air Defense Command

AAR after action report

AAW antiair warfare

ABIC Army battlefield interface construct

ABT air breathing target

AC Active Component

ACA airspace control authority

ACC Air Combat Command

ACO airspace control order

ACCS Army command and control system

ACUS area common user system

AD air defense

ADA air defense artillery

ADCOORD air defense coordinator

ADCS air defense coordination section

ADDS Army data distribution system

ADIZ air defense identification zone

ADL automatic data link

ADMIN/LOG administrative-logistics

ADOA air defense operations area

ADPE automated data processing equipment

ADSI air defense space interface

ADTAC OPNS air defense tactical operations section

ADTOC air defense tactical operations center

ADW air defense warning

ADX air defense exercise

AFCENT Allied Forces Central Europe

AFCC Air Foce Component Commander

AFFOR Air Force Forces

AFP assault firing platoon

AFSATCOM Air Force Satellite Communications

AG Army Group; Adjutant General (Army)

AI air interdiction

AIM armored, infantry and mechanized

AM amplitude modulation

AMC Army Materiel Command; Air Mobility Command

AMD air and missile defense

AMG antenna mast group

AO area of operations; action officer

AOC air operations center

AOR area of responsibility

APOD aerial port of debarkation

AMOPS Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System

ARM anti-radiation missile

ARFOR Army Forces

ARNG Army National Guard

ART Army tactical tasks (AUTL code)

ARTEP Army Training and Evaluation Plan

ASAT anti-satellite

ASB area support battalion

ASCC Army services Component Commander

ASL authorized stockage list

ASP ammunition storage point; annual service practice

ATCCS Army tactical command and control system

ATO air tasking order

AUEL automated unit equipment list

AUTL Army Universal Task List (replaces BOS)

B

BAS battlefield automated system; battalion aid station

BCE battlefield coordination element

BDA battle damage assessment

BDE brigade

BIT/BITE built-in-test / built-in-test equipment

BM/C3 battle management command, control and communications

BMDO ballistic missile defense office

BOS battlefield operating system (obsolete - replace with AUTL)

BSFV-E Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle - Enhanced

C

CA Civil Affairs

CAAD Corps Area Air Defense

CAS close air support

C2 command and control

C2I command, control and intelligence

C2W command and control warfare

C3 command, control and communications

C3I command, control, communications and intelligence

C4 command, control, communications and computers

C4I command, control, communications, computers and intelligence

CCIR commanderís critical information requirements

CE communications electronic

CI counter intelligence; civilian internees

CINC Commander in Chief

CINC / NCA Commander in Chief / National Command Authority

CJCS Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff

CM cruise missile

CMO civil military opertions

CNR combat net radio

COA course of action

COCOM Combatant Command (command authority)

COMMZ communications zone

COMPASS computerized movement planning and status system

COMSAT communications satellite

COMSEC communications security

CONUS Continental United States

CP command post

CPP communications patching panel

CPX command post exercise

CRC control and reporting center

CRG communications relay group

CRP control and reporting post

CS combat support

C/S Chief of Staff

CSC Combat Support Company

CSR control supply rate

CSS combat service support

CSSC combat service support company

CTA common table of allowance

CW continuous wave

CWAR continuous wave acquisition radar

CZ combat zone

D

DA Department of the Army

DCA defensive counterair

DOD Department of Defense

DOS Department of State; days of supply

DSCS defense satellite communications system

DSN defense switched network

DSP Defense Support Program

DSS direct supply support

DTTP doctrine, tactics, techniques and procedures

E

EA electronic attack

EAC echelons above corps; emergency action cell

ECM electronic countermeasures

ECCM electronic counter-countermeasures

ECS engagement control station

EDRE emergency deployment readiness exercise

EEFI essential elements of friendly information

ELINT electronic intelligence

EP electronic protection

EO engagement operations

EPLRS enhanced positioning location reporting system

EPP electric power plant

ERINT extended range interceptor

ESM electronic support measures

EUCOM European Command

EW electronic warfare; early warning

EWS electronic warfare support

F

FAAD forward area air defense

FCS fire control section

FDC fire distribution center

FDT fire distribution team

FEBA forward edge of battle area

FLOT forward line of own troops

FLTSAT fleet satellite

FM field manual; frequency modulation

FO force operations

FORSCOM Forces Command

FSCL fire support coordination line

FSE fire support element

FU fire unit

FW fixed wing

G

G-1 Assistant Chief of Staff, Personnel

G-2 Asssitant Chief of Staff, Intelligence

G-3 Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations

G-4 Assistant Chief of Staff, Logistics

G-5 Assistant Chief of Staff, Civil-Military Operations

G-6 Assistant Chief of Staff, Communications

GBR ground based radar

GBS ground based sensor

GCCS global command and control system

GMF ground mobile force

GPALS global protection against limited strikes

GPS global positioning system

GS general support

H

HAZMAT hazardous materials

HIMAD high-to-medium altitude air defense

HNS host nation support

HPT high-payoff target

HQ headquarters

HQDA Headquarters, Department of the Army

HUMINT human intelligence

HVT high-value target

I

IFF identification, friend or foe

IMINT imagery intelligence

IO information operations

IW information warfare

IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield

J

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff

JFACC Joint Force Air Component Commander

JFC Joint Foce Commander

JFI Joint Force Integrator

JFITL Joint Froce Integrator Task List

JMETL Joint Mission Essential Task List

JOA joint operations area

JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

JPUB Joint Publication

JSOA Joint Special Operations Area

JTAGS joint tactical ground station

JTF joint task force

JTIDS joint tactical information distribution system

JTMD joint theater missile defense

JTTP joint tactics, techniques and procedures

JULLS Joint Universal Lessons Learned System

JZ joint zone

K

KE kinetic energy

KM kilometer

L

L BTRY lower tier battery

LCS launcher control station

LNO liasion officer

LOC lines of communication

LOMEZ low altitude missile engagement zone

LRC lesser regional contingency; logistics readiness center

LRU line replaceable unit

LS launching station

LSDIS light and special division interim sensor

M

MACOM major command

MANPADS man-portable air defense system

MCT movement control team

MEF Marine Expeditionary Force

METL mission essential task list

METT-T mission, enemy, terrain, troops - time

MICOM Missile Command

MSL missile

MTS moving target simulator

N

NAI named areas of interest

NAVAIR Naval Air

NAVCC Naval Component Commander

NAVFOR Naval Forces

NBC nuclear, biological and chemical

NCA National Command Authority

NCTR non-cooperative target recognition

NGB National Guard Bureau

NMD national missile defense

NORAD North American Air Defense Command

O

OA operational area

OB order of battle

OCA offensive counterair; operational control authority

OCOKA Observation and fields of fire, Cover and concealment, Obstacles, Key terrain and Avenues of approach

OCONUS outside continental United States

OOTW operations other than war

OPCON operational control

OPLAN operations plan

OPORD operations order

OPS operations

OPSEC operations security

P

PADS position and azimuth determining system

PATRIOT phased array tracking intercept of target

PCP platoon command post

PERSCOM Personnel Command

PIR priority intelligence requirement

POD port of debarkation

POE port of embarkation

PSYOPS psychological operations

Q

QRF quick reaction force

R

RC reserve component

ROE rules of engagement

RSOP reconnaisance, selection and occupation of position

S

SACEUR Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

SAM surface-to-air missile

SEAD suppression of enemy air defense

SIGINT signal intelligence

SIGSEC signals security

SINCGARS single channel ground and airborne radio system

SOF special operations forces

T

TA Theater Army

TAACOM Theatre Army Area Command

TAADCOM Theater Army Air Defense Command

TACC tactical air command center

TACON tactical control

TACSAT tactical satellite

TADIL tactical automated digital information link

TAMCA theater army movement control agency

TAMD theater air and missile defense

TASM tactical air-to-surface missile

TBM tactical ballistic missile

TBP to be published

TCO tactical control officer

TD tactical director

TDA tactical director assistant

TERS tactical event reporting system

TF task force

THAAD theater high altitude area defense

TMD theater missile defense

TMD-AWE theater missile defense - advanced warfighting experiment

TOC tactical operations center

TRANSCOM Transportation Command

TRITAC tri-service tactical communications

TSA theater storage area

TSAD Theater Strategic Air Defense

TSOP tactical standard operating procedures

TTP tactics, techniques and procedures

U

UAV unmanned aerial vehicle

UBTRY upper tier battery

UHF ultra high frequency

UIC unit identification code

UJTL Universal Joint Task List

UN United Nations

USAADASCH United States Army Air Defense Artillery School

USAF United States Air Force

USCINCSPACE United States Commander in Chief, Space

USMC United States Marine Corps

USN United States Navy

USSPACECOM United States Space Command

V

VHF very high frequency

W

WEZ weapons engagement zone

WWMCCS worldwide military command and control system

X

XO executive officer

Y

 

 

Z

 

 

DEFINITIONS

A

active air defense. Direct defensive action taken to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles or to neutralize or reduce the effectiveness of such attacks. Measures include the use of aircraft, interceptor missiles, air defense artillery, non-air defense weapons in an air defense role, and electronic countermeasures and counter-countermeasures.

airbattle management. A fundamental task of air defense command and control and airspace management which encompasses the principles for the control and coordination of both tactical air and ground-based air defense resources. Air battle management is exercised through positive and procedural control methods.

air defense. All defensive measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of attack by hostile aircraft or missiles in the earthís atmosphere.

air defense artillery. Ground-based surface-to-air weapons, including guns and surface-to-air missiles and support equipment, for engaging air targets.

air defense operations area. An area and the airspace above it within which procedures are established to minimize mutual interference between air defense and other operations; it may include designation of one or more of the following : air defense action area, air defense identification zone, and/or fire-power umbrella.

air interdiction. Air operations conducted to destroy, neutralize or delay the enemyís military potential before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces. It is conducted at such distance from friendly forces that detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of friendly forces is not required.

airspace control (NATO). A service provided in the combat zone to increase operational effectiveness by promoting the safe, efficient, and flexible use of airspace. It is provided in order to permit greater flexibility of operations, while authority to approve, disapprove, or deny combat operations is vested only in the operational commander.

airspace management. The coordination, integration and regulation of the use of airspace of defined dimensions.

air superiority. That degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another that permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea, and air forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force.

air supremacy. That degree of air superiority wherein the opposing air force is incapable of effective interference.

area air defense commander. Within an overseas unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force, the commander will assign overall responsibility for air defense to a single commander. Normally, this will be the Air Force component commander. Representation from the other Service components involved will be provided, as appropriated, to the area air defense commanderís headquarters.

B

battlefield air interdiction. Air interdiction attacks against targets which are in a position to have a near term effect on friendly land forces. The primary difference between BAI and the remainder of theair interdiction effort is the level of interest and emphasis the land commander places on the process of identifying, selecting, and attacking certain targets. Therefore, BAI, requires joint coordination at the component level during planning, but, once planned, BAI is controlled and executed by the air commander as an integral part of a total air interdiction campaign. See air interdiction.

battlefield coordination element. The Army liaison element collocated with the TACC which processes land forcesí requests, monitors and interprets the land battle situation for the TACC and provides the necessary interface for the exchange of current intelligence and operational data.

C

close air support. Air action against hostile targets which are in close proximity to friendly forces and which require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of those forces.

combat service support. The assistance provided operating forces primarily in the fields of administrative services, chaplain services, civil affairs, finance, legal services, health services, military police, supply, troop construction, acquistion and disposal of real property, facilities engineering, topographic and geodetic engineering functions, food service, graves registeration, laundry, dry cleaning, bath, property disposal, and other logistic services.

command. The authority that a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel.

command and control. The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission.

command, control and communications countermeasures. The integrated use of operations security, military deception, jamming and physical destruction, supported by intelligence, to deny information to, influence, degrade, or destroy adversary command, control and communications (C3) capabilities and to protect friendly C3 against such actions. This is also called C3CM. There are two divisions within C3CM:

a.) Counter-C3. Comprises measures taken to deny adversary commanders and other decisionmakers the ability to command and control their forces effectively.

b.) C3-Protection. Comprises measures taken to maintain the effectiveness of friendly C3 despite both adversary and friendly counter-C3 actions.

D

 

E

 

F

fire support coordinator. The individual responsible for the planning and execution of fires so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons.

fire support element. A functional element of a force command post that provides centralized targeting, coordination, and integration of fires delivered on surface targets by fire support means under the control of or in support of the force. This element is staffed from the field artillery headquarters or field artillery staff.section of the force and representatives of other fire support means.

forward line of own troops. A line which indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time.

G

H

I

integrated warfare. The conduct of military operations in any combat environment where opposing forces employ nonconventional weapons in combination with conventional weapons.

intelligence preparation of the battlefield. A continuous, integrated, and comprehensive analysis of the effects of terrain, weather and enemy capabilities on operations. Using overlays, graphic displays, and templating techniques, the IPB process increases the accuracy and timeliness of the intelligence available to the commander. It should start well before combat operations begin.

J

joint force air component commander (JFACC). The JFACC derives his authority from the joint force commander (JFC) who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among his subordinate commanders, redirect and organize his forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of his overall mission. The JFC will normally designate a JFACC. The JFACCís responsibilities will be assigned by the JFC (normally, this includes planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the JFCís appointment decision). Using the JFCís guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders....

joint force commander (JFC). A general term applied applied to a combatant commander, subunified commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force. (Joint Pub 1-02)

 

K

 

 

L

 

M

 

N

 

O

operational control (OPCON). For DOD, synonymous with operational command.

operational level of war. The level of war at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted and sustained to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or areas of operations. Activities at this level link tactics and strategy by establishing operational objectives needed to accomplish the strategic objective, sequencing events to achieve operational objectives, initiating actions, and apply resources to bring about and sustain the events. These activities imply a broader dimension of time or space than do tactics; they ensure the logistic and administrative support of tactical forces and provide the means by which tactical successes are exploited to achieve strategic objectives.

operations security (OPSEC). The process of denying adversaries information about friendly capabilities and intentions by identifying, controlling, and protecting indicators associated with planning and conducting military operations and other activities.

P

passive air defense. All measures, other than active defense, taken to minimize the effects of hostile air action. These include the use of cover, concealment, camouflage, deception,

dispersion, and protective construction.

positive control. A method of airspace control that relies on positive identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having this authority and responsibility therein.

procedural control. A method of airspace control that relies on a combination of previously agreed and promulgated orders and procedures.

Q

 

R

remotely-piloted vehicle. An unmanned air vehicle capable of being controlled by a person from a distant location through a communication link. It is normally recoverable.

S

 

T

 

U

 

V

 

W

 

X

 

Y

 

Z