IndexFM 44-94 ARMY AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND OPERATIONS



Appendix B

Air and Missile Defense Annex (Sample)

This appendix provides a sample outline for an Army level AMD annex with related appendices. The sample is formatted as it will normally appear when used by AMD planners.

 

ANNEX ___(AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE) TO OPERATIONS ORDER NO ___

References: Maps, charts, datum, and other relevant documents.

Time Zone Used throughout the Order:

1. SITUATION. Thoroughly describe the operational environment in which the major operation will be conducted. Include tactical information for early phases of the operation.

2. MISSION. Describe the Army AMD mission in terms of the objective that must be accomplished and its aim or purpose. Provide an overview of the mission of integrated AMD operations in support of the JFC or JFLCC.

3. EXECUTION. Provide a statement, in general terms, of the commander's vision of AMD mission accomplishment.

a. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS. Describe the commander's vision of how the AMD mission will be accomplished for all phases of the operation, to include the intent for the execution of operations for each of the four TMD operational elements. Discuss defense of critical assets, sensors, active defense, attack operations, passive defense, and areas of responsibility for each phase of the operation.

b. TASKS TO SUBORDINATE UNITS. Provide the tasks for each phase of the operation in a subparagraph for units supporting TMD operations.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. Provide operational support instructions that are of primary interest to the elements being supported. Refer to the basic OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. Provide information concerning command post locations, succession of command and liaison requirements. State, in broad terms, the primary links for synchronizing and integrating AMD operations.

APPENDIX 1. INTELLIGENCE

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy air and theater missile forces, and friendly units available for AMD operations.

2. MISSION. Describe the mission of intelligence operations.

3. EXECUTION.

a. AREAS OF OPERATION. Identify specific features of the environment or activities within it that may influence available courses of action or the commander's decisions. Focus on the characteristics that will influence the AMD mission.

b. ENEMY SITUATION. Describe the enemy air and theater missile (TM) situation. Include disposition, composition and strength, air and TM weapon capabilities, recent and present significant activities, and peculiarities and weaknesses regarding enemy air and TM forces.

c. ENEMY CAPABILITIES. Provide a determination of threat air and TM force capabilities, enemy COAs, and doctrinal principles and tactics, techniques and procedures threat forces prefer to employ.

d. DOCTRINAL TEMPLATE. The doctrinal template illustrates the deployment pattern and disposition preferred by the threat's normal tactics when not constrained by the effects of the battlefield environment.

e. NAMED AREAS OF INTEREST. NAIs are points or areas where enemy activity (or lack of activity) confirm or deny enemy courses of action.

f. PRIORITY INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS. PIRs are information requirements compiled by the commander regarding enemy courses of action or capabilities which could significantly impact on the commander's decisions and/or identify critical intelligence gaps.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See basic AMD Annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. Provide information concerning CP locations, succession of command and liaison requirements.

TAB A. Doctrinal template.

TAB B. NAIs.

 

APPENDIX 2. ATTACK OPERATIONS

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy TM forces and capabilities and friendly units available for TMD attack operations.

2. MISSION. Describe the mission of attack operations capable forces.

3. EXECUTION.

a. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS. Describe the operational concept for each of the phases of the operation. Include attack operations guidance and targeting priorities for the AAMDC Commander, Land Component Commander and the Joint Force Commander.

b. AIR SUPPORT. Provide information on the employment and availability of air assets for attack operations. Describe the procedures for quick reaction use of Army aviation, Air force, Navy and Marine assets to attack TELs and / or other short dwell-time targets of opportunity.

c. FIELD ARTILLERY List artillery assets capable of engaging TMD targets to include unit designation and type and number of munitions available. Include unit location and launch authority if available.

d. ARMY AVIATION. List available assets.

e. NAVAL SUPPORT. Provide Naval TMD task organization and the coordination procedures for employment of Naval assets.

f ELECTRONIC WARFARE. Briefly describe the establishment and coordination of EW priorities. Details are provided in the C2W appendix.

g. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS. Provide the locations of the FSCL, CFL, engagement boxes, RFAs and NFAs. Describe the targeting plan and the assignment of targeting numbers. List the high priority targets. Provide target selection standards including range, TLE and attack guidance for preemptive strikes. Provide information on ROE and on procedures for sensor-to-shooter links and target deconfliction to allow components to rapidly engage targets. Provide ATO cycle and targeting battle rhythm.

h. REPORTING INSTRUCTIONS. Provide reporting instructions for attack operations capable units, SOF and coordination teams.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See basic AMD Annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. Designate the authority for prioritizing, coordinating and deconflicting attack operations by area of operation. Provide locations for the AAMDC, DOCC, JFACC, and , SOF units. Provide any codewords used to signal TBM activities. Provide procedures for alerting the force and transmission of launch point calculations to attack operations forces.

 

APPENDIX 3. ACTIVE DEFENSE

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy air and TM forces and capabilities, and friendly units available to conduct AMD operations.

2. MISSION. Describe the mission of integrated active defense operations in support of the maneuver forces.

3. EXECUTION. Include a description of the concept of operations and coordinating instructions.

a. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS. State the plan for the early deployment of active defense units to defend the force and high priority, critical assets (from the Defended Asset List). Develop a time-phased plan for disposition of active defense assets as they arrive in theater, and as defended forces arrive in theater. Describe procedures for airspace control and coordination between the Joint Force Staff, JFACC, AADC, ACA, ARFOR, AAMDC, and EAC and Corps ADA brigades. Describe procedures for tactical control of fire control elements. Develop these procedures in accordance with procedural rules developed by the AADC and Joint Force Staff coordinator. Specify the deployment and employment of counter-RSTA procedures.

b. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS. Describe the role of the AAMDC in coordinating, reconciling and monitoring active defense functions in accordance with the established ROE as promulgated in the Air Defense Plan. Provide reporting instructions for missioned active defense units.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See the basic AMD annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. Designate the authority for prioritizing, coordinating and deconflicting active defense operations. Designate responsibility for coordination and execution of the AMD active defense plan. Provide locations for ADA brigade TOCs, Joint Force Staff, AADC and AAMDC. Provide for integration of Corps assets. Provide any codewords used to signal air and theater missile activities. Provide procedures for transmission of cueing information to active defense forces. Designate reporting communications circuits.

TAB A. TMD priorities.

 

APPENDIX 4. PASSIVE DEFENSE

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy air and TM forces and capabilities and friendly vulnerability to air and TM attack.

2. MISSION. Describe the mission of passive defense operations.

3. EXECUTION. Describe how Army units will apply passive defense measures to warn the force, reduce targeting effectiveness, enhance personnel and equipment survivability, and recover and reconstitute if attacked. Provide a vulnerability analysis and delineate measures forces should take to enhance survivability. Specify recovery and reconstitution measures to be taken by Army units in theater. Describe procedures for warning the force of enemy air and TM attack. Provide the commanderís philosophy on selective warning versus risk. Describe the procedures for providing alert messages and early warning (refined alert) messages.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See basic AMD Annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. See basic AMD Annex. Describe the theater warning nets.

TAB A. Warning devices.

 

APPENDIX 5. COMMUNICATIONS

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy air and TM forces and capabilities and friendly vulnerability to air and TM attack.

2. MISSION. State, in broad terms, the primary communications links for synchronizing and integrating AMD operations.

3. EXECUTION.

a. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS. Describe the communications links and nets that facilitate communications for each phase of the operation. Communications with higher and lower echelon units are described as well as connectivity to various nets and sensors. Describe voice and data networks and links for early warning, communications with higher and lower echelon units, joint communications, and communications with other service components, LNOs and the BCD.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See basic AMD Annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. See the basic AMD Annex.

TAB A. MSE/TRITAC network.

TAB B. FM nets.

TAB C. Antenna farm.

TAB D. Communications diagrams.

TAB E. Early warning net.

TAB F. LNO net.

APPENDIX 6. C2 WARFARE

1. SITUATION. Describe the situation in terms of enemy air and TM forces and capabilities and friendly vulnerability to air and TM attack.

2. MISSION. Describe the C2W mission as it affects AMD operations.

3. EXECUTION. Describe the employment of C2W measures including C2 protection and destruction or interference with enemy air and TM C3I. Describe the plans for accomplishing C2 protection through operations security (OPSEC), signal security (SIGSEC), computer security (COMPUSEC), deception, and camouflage and concealment.

a. OPSEC. Describe how the enemy will be denied timely information acquisition and identification of friendly forces. Include communications security, signature reduction and physical security measures.

b. SIGSEC. Describe the actions that must be taken to manage communications emissions over time in a manner that reduces the enemyís ability to detect and locate C2 nodes.

c. COMPUSEC. Describe the measures that must be taken to protect friendly electronic data processing systems from infiltration, viruses, etc.

d. Deception. Describe actions that must be taken to mislead the enemy, viz., falsifying the indicators used by the enemy to discern friendly intentions, capabilities or dispositions.

e. Cover and Concealment. Describe cover and concealment measures that must be taken to counter the enemyís targeting effectiveness, making soldiers, units, vehicles, aircraft, weapons systems, positions and installations difficult to locate, strike and destroy.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT. See the basic AMD Annex and OPLAN.

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. See the basic AMD Annex.