IndexFM 44-94 ARMY AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND OPERATIONS



Glossary

Part I – Abbreviations and Acronyms

A2C2

Army airspace command and control

AADC

area air defense commander

AAMDC

Army air and missile defense command

AAW

anti-air warfare

ABCS

Army battle command system

ABIS

airborne broadcast intelligence system

ABL

airborne laser

ABMOC

air battle management operations center

ACA

airspace control authority

ACC

air component commander

ACE

analysis and control element

ACM

airspace control measures

ACO

airspace control order

ACP

airspace control plan

ACUS

Army common user system

AD

active defense

ADA

air defense artillery

ADCCN

air defense command and control net

ADE

air defense element

ADOCS

automated deep operations coordination system

ADSI

air defense systems integrator

ADW

air defense warnings

AFATDS

advanced field artillery tactical data system

AFFOR

Air Force forces

AGM

attack guidance matrix

AI

area of interest

AIS

automated information system

A / L

administration / logistics

ALCM

air-launched cruise missile

ALERT

attack and launch early reporting to theater

ALO

air liaison officer

AMD

air and missile defense

AMDCOORD

air and missile defense coordinator

AMDPCS

air and missile defense planning and control system

AMDWS

air and missile defense work station

AO

areas of operation; attack operations

AOC

air operations center

AOI

area of interest

AOP

air operations plan

AOR

area of responsibility

APOD

air ports of debarkation

ARFOR

army forces

ARSOF

Army special operations force

ASAS

all source analysis system

ASCC

Army service component commander

ASM

air-to-surface missile

ATDL

Army tactical data link

ATMD

Army theater missile defense

ATO

air tasking order

AWACS

airborne warning and control systems

   

BAS

battlefield automated system

BCD

battlefield coordination detachment

BDA

battle damage assessment

BM

ballistic missile

   

C2

command and control

C2W

command and control warfare

C3

command, control, and communications

C 4I

command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CADE

corps air defense element

CAPS

commander’s analysis and planning system

CAS

close air support

CCD

central communications display

CCIR

commander’s critical information requirements

C / E

communications / electronics

CG

commanding general

CIC

combat intelligence cell

CINC

commander in chief

CJTF

commander joint task force

CM

cruise missile

CNR

combat net radio

COA

courses of action

COMARFOR

commander of army forces

COMINT

communications intelligence

COMSEC

communications security

COORD

coordination

CONPLAN

contingency plan

CONUS

continental United States

CP

command post

CPP

communications patch panel

CRC

control and reporting center

CRE

control and reporting element

CS

combat support

CSS

combat service support

CTAPS

contingency theater air control system automated planning system

CTL

candidate target list

CTOC

corps tactical operations center

CTT

commander's tactical terminal

CVRT

criticality, vulnerability, recuperability, and threat

   

DAADC

deputy area air defense commander

DAL

defended asset list

DCA

defensive counterair

DCG

deputy commanding general

DISNET

defense secure network

DNVT

digital non-secure voice terminal

DOCC

deep operations coordination cell

DP

decision point

DRASH

deployable rapid assembly shelter

DSCS

defense satellite communications system

DSP

defense support program

DST

decision support template

DSVT

digital secure voice terminal

   

EAC

echelons above corps

ECCM

electronic counter-counter measure

ECU

environmental control unit

EEFI

essential elements of friendly information

ELINT

electronic intelligence

EMCON

emission control

EO

electro-optical

EOB

enemy order of battle

EPLRS

enhanced position location reporting system

EPW

enemy prisoner of war

EW

electronic warfare

   

FAA

forward assembly areas

FAAD

forward area air defense

FDC

fire direction center

FDDM

fire direction data manager

FDL

FAAD data link

FFIR

friendly forces information requirements

FOB

forward operating base

FSCOORD

fire support coordinator

FSE

fire support element

   

GALES

generic area limitation environment system

GBS

global broadcast system

GCCS

global command and control system

GCCS-A

global command and control system-Army

GPS

global positioning system

GSM

ground station module

   

HE

high explosive

HHB

headquarters and headquarters battery

HMMWV

high mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle

HN

host nation

HPT

high priority target

HPTL

high priority target list

HQ

headquarters

HUMINT

human intelligence

HVT

high value target

   

IADS

integrated air defense system

IBS

integrated broadcast service

ICAC2

integrated combat airspace command and control

ICC

information and coordination central

ICE

initial coordination element

ICO

interface control officer

IEW

intelligence and electronic warfare

IFF

identification, friend or foe

IG

inspector general

IJMS

interim JTIDS message system

IMINT

imagery intelligence

IMMP

information management modernization plan

INMARSAT

international maritime satellite

I-PAWS

interim pager alert warning system

IPB

intelligence preparation of the battlespace

ISR

intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance

IST

integrated services telephone

ISYSCON

integrated system control

   

JAOC

joint air operations center

JCCC

joint command control communications

JDISS

joint deployable intelligence support system

JDN

joint data network

JFACC

joint force air component commander

JFC

joint force commander

JFLCC

joint force land component commander

JFMCC

joint force maritime component commander

JFSOCC

joint forces special operations component commander

JIADS

joint integrated air defense system

JICO

joint interface control officer

JIPTL

joint integrated prioritized target list

JLENS

joint land attack cruise missile elevated netted sensor system

JMTOP

joint multi-TADIL operating procedures

JNDF

joint network design facility

JNSC

joint network support cell

JOA

joint operations area

JP

joint publication

JRE

joint range extension

JSOTF

joint special operations task force

JSTARS

joint surveillance and target attack radar system

JSWS

joint services workstation

JSYSCON

joint systems control

JTCB

joint targeting coordination board

JTAGS

joint tactical ground station

JTIDS

joint tactical information distribution system

JTMD

joint theater missile defense

J-WARN

joint warning and reporting network

   

LAN

local area network

LCC

land component commander

LCS

launcher control station

LNO

liaison officer

LOC

lines of communications

LOS

line-of-sight

LTU

line terminal unit

   

MARFOR

marine forces

MCC

maritime component commander

MCS

maneuver control system

MDCOORD

missile defense coordinator

MEL

mobile erector launcher

MEP

minimum engagement package

METT-TC

mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops, time available, and

 

civilian considerations

MI

military intelligence

MOPP

mission oriented protective posture

MSE

mobile subscriber equipment

MSRT

mobile subscriber radio terminal

MSTS

multiple source tactical system

MTI

moving target indicator

MTW

major theater war

   

NAI

named areas of interest

NAVFOR

Navy forces

NBC

nuclear, biological and chemical

NBCRS

NBC reconnaissance system

NCA

national command authority

NCS

net control station

NIPRNET

nonclassified internet protocol router network

   

O & I

operations and intelligence

OB

order of battle

OCA

offensive counterair

OCOKA

observation and field of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles,

 

key terrain, and avenues of approach

OPCON

operational control

OPFAC

operational facilities

OPLAN

operation plan

OPNS

operations

OPORD

operation order

OPSEC

operational security

OPTEMPO

operational tempo

   

PADIL

Patriot data information link

PAO

public affairs office

PD

passive defense

PGIP/T

predicted ground impact point/time

PIR

priority intelligence requirements

PLRS

position locating and reporting system

POL

petroleum, oil and lubricants

Power PAC3

power projection for Army command, control and communications

PPDL

point-to-point data link

PTL

primary target line

PTT

push to talk

   

RADC

regional air defense commander

RCS

radar cross section

RECCE

reconnaissance

RISTA

reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance and target acquisition

ROE

rules of engagement

   

SA

situational awareness

SADC

sector air defense commander

SAM

surface-to-air missile

SAR

synthetic aperture radar

SATCOM

satellite communications

SHORAD

short range air defense

SFOD

special forces operational detachment

SIGINT

signals intelligence

SIGO

signal officer

SIPRNET

secret internet protocol router network

SINCGARS

single channel ground and airborne radio system

SJA

staff judge advocate

SME

subject matter expert

SOCCE

special operations command and control element

SOCOORD

special operations coordinator

SOE

states of emission

SOF

special operations force

SOP

standard operating procedures

SOR

states of readiness

SPOD

sea ports of debarkation

STAMIS

standard Army management information system

STU

secure telephone element

SUCCESS

synthesized UHF computer controlled sub-system

   

TAAMDCOORD

theater army air and missile defense coordinator

TAC

tactical

TACC

tactical air command center

TACDAR

tactical data and reporting

TACON

tactical control

TACS

theater air control system

TACSAT

tactical satellite

TADIL

tactical digital information link

TAI

target areas of interest

TAOC

tactical air operations centers

TBM

tactical ballistic missile

TCS

tactical control station

TDDS

TRAP data dissemination system

TDS

tactical data system

TEL

transporter erector launcher

TERS

tactical event reporting system

TF

task force

TGO

terminal guidance operations

THAAD

theater high altitude area defense

TIBS

tactical information broadcast service

TM

theater missile

TMD

theater missile defense

TMDA

time division multiple access

TOC

tactical operations center

TOS

tactical operations station

TPFDD

time phased force deployment data

TPFDL

time phased force deployment list

TPL

time phase lines

TRAP

tactical receive equipment and related applications

TRITAC

tri-service tactical communications

TSC

theater signal command

TSN

track supervision net

TST

time sensitive target

TV

television

   

UAV

unmanned aerial vehicles

UAV-SR

unmanned aerial vehicle-short range

UHF

ultra high frequency

UMO

unit movement officer

UST

utilities shelter transporter

UTM

universal transverse mercator

   

VHF

very high frequency

VPN

voice product net

   

WIN

warfighter information network

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WOTS

worldwide origin and threat system

Part II – Terms and Definitions

Active Air Defense

Direct defensive action taken to destroy, nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air and missile threats against friendly forces and vital assets. It includes the use of aircraft, air defense weapons, electronic warfare, and other available weapons. See also air defense.

Active Defense

Operations that protect selected assets and forces from attack by destroying TM airborne launch platforms and/or TMs in flight. Active defense also includes those actions that mitigate the effectiveness of targeting and delivery systems through EW against remote or onboard guidance systems.

Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System

A standardized, digitized element of equipment in the AAMDC and brigade tactical operations centers (TOCs). The AMDPCS consists of an integrated system of hardware and software required to plan and execute the AAMDC and brigade missions. It includes vehicles, shelters, computers, communication, and ancillary equipment.

Air Defense

All defensive measures designed to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles in the Earth's envelope of atmosphere, or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. See also active air defense; aerospace defense; passive air defense.

Anti-Radiation Missile

A missile which homes passively on a radiation source. See also guided missile.

Attack Operations

Offensive actions intended to destroy and disrupt enemy TM capabilities before, during, and after launch. The objective of these operations is to prevent the launch of TMs by attacking each element of the overall system, including such actions as destroying launch platforms, RSTA platforms, C2 nodes, and missile stocks and infrastructure.

BMC4I

The BMC4I system links passive defense, active defense, and attack operations to provide timely assessment of the threat, to include IPB; rapid dissemination of tactical warning; and post-strike assessment to the appropriate TMD element. For each operational element, the BMC4I system must provide rapid communications among intelligence assets, and fusion and decision making facilities, warning systems, and weapon systems, to include a capability for rapid coordination with supporting combatant commanders.

 

Coordination Team

A term synonymous with Liaison Team. (See Liaison Team).

Joint Network Design Facility

The facility designated by appropriate authority to develop the network design for a specified joint exercise.

Joint Theater Missile Defense

The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy enemy theater missiles in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy’s theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of mutually supportive passive missile defense; active missile defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control communications, computers, and intelligence measures. Enemy theater missiles are those that are aimed at targets outside the continental United States. Also called JTMD.

Liaison Team

A team of officers and / or enlisted personnel dispatched from one element of a military force to another to maintain close and continuous communication, thus ensuring mutual understanding and unity of purpose and action between elements. Liaison teams ensure that senior commanders remain aware of the tactical situation by providing them with exceptional, critical and routine information, verifying the information and clarifying operational questions. Also called Coordination Team.

Mobile Erector Launchers

A towed launch vehicle capable of transporting a TBM to a tactical location and elevating and launching the missile. A MEL requires external ancillary equipment to support launch operations.

Passive Air Defense

All measures, other than active air defense, taken to minimize the effectiveness of hostile air and missile threats against friendly forces and vital assets. These measures include camouflage, deception, dispersion, and the use of protective construction. See also air defense.

Passive Defense

Operations which provide essential individual and collective protection for friendly forces, population centers, and critical assets. The principal measures used to accomplish passive defense are tactical warning, reducing targeting effectiveness, reducing vulnerability, and recovery and reconstitution.

Power Projection for Army Command, Control and Communications

(Power PAC3)

A term referring to an Army signal company resourced to rapidly deploy in support of Army contingency missions. The company will provide communications support for various ARFOR headquarters during initial entry into a theater. It will deploy up to 13 switched STAR-Ts and 6 liaison teams, and will have additional communications assets to include single channel TACSAT, high frequency radios and LOS systems.

Tactical Operations Center

A sub-element of a headquarters command post with staff elements (AAMDC, brigades and battalions). A tactical operations center (TOC) consists of a physical grouping of the staff elements concerned with current and future tactical operations and tactical support. A key standardized, digitized element of equipment in the AAMDC and brigade TOCs is the Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS).

Theater Missile

A missile, which may be a ballistic missile, a cruise missile, or an air-to-surface missile (not including short-range, non-nuclear, direct fire missiles, bombs, or rockets such as Maverick or wire-guided missiles), whose target is within a given theater of operation. See also joint theater missile.

Transporter Erector Launcher

A self-propelled launch vehicle capable of transporting a TBM to a tactical location and elevating and launching the missile. A TEL contains all ancillary equipment needed to support launch operations.

Warfighter Information Network

The Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) is Army Force XXI tactical telecommunications system consisting of infrastructure and network components from the maneuver battalion to the theater rear boundary. The WIN-T network provides Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) capabilities that are mobile, secure, survivable, seamless, and capable of supporting multimedia tactical information systems. The network’s capability to support unit task reorganization and real-time re-tasking of battlefield support elements is a vital enabler for Army 2010 and Beyond operational concepts. The WIN-T network will allow all Army commanders and other communications network users at all echelons to exchange information internal and external to the theater, from wired or wireless telephones, computers (internet like capability) or from video terminals.