ANNEX B
To
APPENDIX A

RESPONSIBILITIES FOR NBC DEFENSE PLANNING

The following is a synopsis of the responsibilities for NBC defense planning at the various echelons in addition to those outlined in Annex F, JSCP.

a. Combatant Commands

b. Services

c. Agencies. As directed in the Intelligence Priorities for Strategic Planning (IPSP).


ANNEX C

PLANNING GUIDANCE FOR NBC DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

1. Purpose. This annex provides guidance to the combatant commander for the preparation of plans for the conduct of NBC defense operations and for the use of RCAs and herbicides.

2.General. US policy is to deter WMD use by attaining and maintaining the military capabilities to deny an enemy a significant military advantage from such use. Key objectives are to stem the proliferation of nuclear weapons and technology and eliminate the threat of both biological and chemical weapons' use by achieving a worldwide verifiable ban on their development, production, and stockpiling. Annex F to the JSCP contains current guidance for NBC operations.

3. Intelligence. For potential enemy chemical and biological capabilities, see Annex F to JSCP and National Intelligence Estimates.

4. Capabilities. Not applicable.

5. Planning Guidance. In addition to the requirements contained in the NBC Defense Operations appendix to the Operations annex, plans will include the following elements, as appropriate:

e. Provisions for the establishment and operation of an NBC warning and reporting system. The system will provide for the flow of NBC strike data from lower echelons to the NCA and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and will interface with allied or coalition forces.

f. Positive, automatic procedures for the verification of enemy use of NBC. An absolute determination of enemy use of NBC will affect ROE and definitely affect the protective posture of friendly personnel and allies. Service components may have organic detection units and equipment but the Army component, as executive agent for chemical and biological warfare, will normally deploy the necessary laboratories and teams. Combatant commanders, JFCs, and their staffs must emplace the necessary communications and procedures to ensure the timely flow of this crucial information.

g. NBC capability of allied forces. The US supports and encourages an adequate allied NBC defense capability. Because of the degree of sophistication of the protective equipment and warning systems in an NBC environment, it is imperative that the combatant commander be aware of the protective capabilities of the allied forces. Under certain circumstances, US protective materiel may have to be made available to the allies.

h. Information regarding foreign NBC capabilities. Many of the components of chemical weapons are quite innocuous by themselves, so the NBC surveillance system must be comprehensive. As can be ascertained from the discussion of the threat in Chapter I, many countries have the potential to obtain nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

i. Designation of a dedicated communications system to transmit NBC warning data. Warning messages should be in strict compliance with the US Message Text Formatting Program and kept as brief as possible to facilitate transmission, especially if an existing operations net is used instead of a dedicated system. A standardized theater alarm system, which is integrated with the allied system, should be implemented. In the absence of guidance, different area commanders or Service components may devise their own alarm system.

j. Guidance on targeting of enemy NBC delivery means. This information is normally treated as a priority matter in the air operations center, fire support centers, and other target planning cells in the theater. The combatant commander normally will provide guidance regarding the priority of such targets. It is difficult to determine whether enemy artillery positions, ships, or air bases are preparing to launch an NBC attack. The use of special handling procedures, special security precautions, or protective clothing take on great significance for intelligence operators trying to discern enemy NBC plans. HUMINT data fed to an all-source center for analysis is often the most effective targeting procedure.

k. The use of RCAs and herbicides as described in detail in Annex F to the JSCP.



ANNEX D
TO
APPENDIX A

NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DEFENSE OPERATIONS;
RIOT CONTROL AGENTS AND HERBICIDES APPENDIX
TO AN OPERATIONS ANNEX

SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

                                             Issuing Headquarters
                                             Place of Issue
                                             Date

Appendix __ to Annex __ to ____________________ OPLAN (U)

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense Operations; Riot Control Agents and Herbicides (U)

( ) References List standing instructions regarding defense against NBC weapons.

1. ( ) Situation

a. ( ) Enemy. Refer to Annex B.

(1) ( ) Capabilities. Estimate enemy capabilities to employ NBC weapons. Summarize or refer to available delivery means, available munition stocks, defensive equipment, order of battle, defensive support (such as decontamination of combat support units), probable capabilities, areas the enemy is likely to subject to chemical or biological threat, and similar data.

(2) ( ) Courses of Action (COAs). Identify the possible enemy COAs using NBC weapons that could interfere with the accomplishment of the mission or affect the implementation of the plan.

b. ( ) Friendly. Estimate the NBC defensive capability of allied forces, government agencies, and civilian populations that may affect the accomplishment of the mission. Stipulate participation of allied forces, particularly whether they will be using chemical munitions and agents.

c. ( ) Assumptions. List the assumptions on which NBC defense planning is based.

2. ( ) Mission. During war, the use of RCAs and herbicides requires a Presidential decision. Such use should, therefore, be treated as an operational contingency that may or may not be authorized. Planned NBC defense operations encompass several options that the force commander should be prepared to undertake. Examples of mission statements that may be included here are to:

3. ( ) Execution

4. ( ) Administration and Logistics


07-10-1996; 11:10:29