RESPONSIBILITIES FOR NBC DEFENSE PLANNING
The following is a synopsis of the responsibilities for NBC defense planning at the various echelons in addition to those outlined in Annex F, JSCP.
a. Combatant Commands
(2) Implementation of nuclear detonation detection and reporting, chemical and biological detection and reporting, and radiation monitoring as prescribed in Joint Pub 1-03.7.
(3) Procedures for verifying enemy use of chemical/biological warfare (CBW).
(4) Support of NBC defense operations of allied forces, as appropriate.
(5) Acquisition and reporting of foreign information and intelligence on NBC activities.
(6) Primary and alternate means of communications with operational procedures to be used during and immediately following a chemical or biological attack.
(7) Targeting procedures for enemy NBC means.
(8) Procedures for requesting the use of RCAs and herbicides.
(2) Ensure adequate NBC defense for component forces.
(3) Inform the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the component commands of any inability to support the plans and requirements of unified and specified commands.
PLANNING GUIDANCE FOR NBC DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS
1. Purpose. This annex provides guidance to the combatant commander for the preparation of plans for the conduct of NBC defense operations and for the use of RCAs and herbicides.
2.General. US policy is to deter WMD use by attaining and maintaining the military capabilities to deny an enemy a significant military advantage from such use. Key objectives are to stem the proliferation of nuclear weapons and technology and eliminate the threat of both biological and chemical weapons' use by achieving a worldwide verifiable ban on their development, production, and stockpiling. Annex F to the JSCP contains current guidance for NBC operations.
3. Intelligence. For potential enemy chemical and biological capabilities, see Annex F to JSCP and National Intelligence Estimates.
4. Capabilities. Not applicable.
5. Planning Guidance. In addition to the requirements contained in the NBC Defense Operations appendix to the Operations annex, plans will include the following elements, as appropriate:
b. A comprehensive estimated types and quantities of RCAs and herbicides required and the means necessary to move this materiel. Include RCA and herbicides requirements in a separate listing, if applicable.
c. Procedures for the use of RCAs in situations involving threats to the lives of civilians. (Authorization for such use must be obtained in advance in accordance with Annex F, JSCP.)
d. A summary of special logistic matters pertaining to NBC defense operations, such as the following:
(2) Issuance of protective clothing.
(3) Medical support requirements, to include immunization (vaccine and toxoid) or chemical prophylaxis (e.g., Pyridostigmine Bromide).
(4) Transportation requirements.
(5) Escort requirements.
(6) Decontamination requirements.
(7) Shelter requirements.
(8) Guidance for civilians and dependents.
(9) OPSEC measures to protect RCAs and herbicides during storage and movement, as required.
(10) Detection and reconnaissance requirements.
f. Positive, automatic procedures for the verification of enemy use of NBC. An absolute determination of enemy use of NBC will affect ROE and definitely affect the protective posture of friendly personnel and allies. Service components may have organic detection units and equipment but the Army component, as executive agent for chemical and biological warfare, will normally deploy the necessary laboratories and teams. Combatant commanders, JFCs, and their staffs must emplace the necessary communications and procedures to ensure the timely flow of this crucial information.
g. NBC capability of allied forces. The US supports and encourages an adequate allied NBC defense capability. Because of the degree of sophistication of the protective equipment and warning systems in an NBC environment, it is imperative that the combatant commander be aware of the protective capabilities of the allied forces. Under certain circumstances, US protective materiel may have to be made available to the allies.
h. Information regarding foreign NBC capabilities. Many of the components of chemical weapons are quite innocuous by themselves, so the NBC surveillance system must be comprehensive. As can be ascertained from the discussion of the threat in Chapter I, many countries have the potential to obtain nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
i. Designation of a dedicated communications system to transmit NBC warning data. Warning messages should be in strict compliance with the US Message Text Formatting Program and kept as brief as possible to facilitate transmission, especially if an existing operations net is used instead of a dedicated system. A standardized theater alarm system, which is integrated with the allied system, should be implemented. In the absence of guidance, different area commanders or Service components may devise their own alarm system.
j. Guidance on targeting of enemy NBC delivery means. This information is normally treated as a priority matter in the air operations center, fire support centers, and other target planning cells in the theater. The combatant commander normally will provide guidance regarding the priority of such targets. It is difficult to determine whether enemy artillery positions, ships, or air bases are preparing to launch an NBC attack. The use of special handling procedures, special security precautions, or protective clothing take on great significance for intelligence operators trying to discern enemy NBC plans. HUMINT data fed to an all-source center for analysis is often the most effective targeting procedure.
k. The use of RCAs and herbicides as described in detail in Annex F to the JSCP.
Issuing Headquarters Place of Issue Date
Appendix __ to Annex __ to ____________________ OPLAN (U)
Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense Operations; Riot Control Agents and Herbicides (U)
( ) References List standing instructions regarding defense against NBC weapons.
1. ( ) Situation
a. ( ) Enemy. Refer to Annex B.
(1) ( ) Capabilities. Estimate enemy capabilities to employ NBC weapons. Summarize or refer to available delivery means, available munition stocks, defensive equipment, order of battle, defensive support (such as decontamination of combat support units), probable capabilities, areas the enemy is likely to subject to chemical or biological threat, and similar data.
(2) ( ) Courses of Action (COAs). Identify the possible enemy COAs using NBC weapons that could interfere with the accomplishment of the mission or affect the implementation of the plan.
b. ( ) Friendly. Estimate the NBC defensive capability of allied forces, government agencies, and civilian populations that may affect the accomplishment of the mission. Stipulate participation of allied forces, particularly whether they will be using chemical munitions and agents.
c. ( ) Assumptions. List the assumptions on which NBC defense planning is based.
2. ( ) Mission. During war, the use of RCAs and herbicides requires a Presidential decision. Such use should, therefore, be treated as an operational contingency that may or may not be authorized. Planned NBC defense operations encompass several options that the force commander should be prepared to undertake. Examples of mission statements that may be included here are to:
b. ( ) Employ RCA or herbicides in wartime, as required, only when authorized by the President to support the concept of operations in the Basic Plan.
b. ( ) Tasks. List the specific tasks assigned to each major subordinate commander.
c. ( ) Coordinating Instructions. In the final subparagraph, provide guidance and establish procedures applicable to NBC defense. Examples are the following:
(2) ( ) Procedures for requesting additional allocations of RCAs and herbicides.
(3) ( ) Coordination of the safety of friendly forces, including safety criteria.
(4) ( ) Requirements and responsibilities for post-strike analysis.
(5) ( ) Procedures for warnings and reports of enemy chemical or biological weapons employment.
b. ( ) Storage and Transportation. List procedures, locations, and responsibilities for storage and transportation of NBC defense equipment.
c. ( ) Support for Allies and Friendly Forces. List procedures and responsibilities for providing NBC defensive logistic support to allied and friendly forces, if applicable. Provide for necessary allied force familiarization or training.
d. ( ) Health Services. Outline procedures and responsibilities for providing health services support in the NBC environment envisioned in the Basic Plan. Refer to Annex Q for details of health service support.
5. ( ) Command and Control
a. ( ) Release Procedures. Explain specifically the procedure for obtaining conditional release authority and approval for all RCA and herbicide operations. Provide for appropriate delegation of authority to use RCA and herbicides upon approval.
b. ( ) Command, Control, and Communications. Refer to Annex K for general C3 requirements. Identify any special C3 requirements associated with reporting enemy use of NBC weapons or the C3 of military RCA and herbicide operations used by this command.