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BMC3I Battle Management, Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence

Effective BM/C3 conserves the number of interceptors required by improving weapon system fire distribution and coordination and through sensor fusion. It provides multiple information paths between sensors, shooters, and control locations to combat sensor outages and jamming. BM/C3 weapon cueing information also increases battlespace and depth of fire, improves defense against long-range threats, and increases the defended area. For attack operations, BM/C3 helps locate the threat and improve probability to shooting the shooter first. BM/C3 also supports passive defense measures by providing greater early warning and faster reaction times.

The BM/C3I architecture for TMD is built upon the existing command and control (C2) structure for Theater Air Defense (TAD) and adds the communications linking TMD C2 nodes, weapons, and sensors, and the TMD interfaces to intelligence systems and other supporting capabilities. The BMDO oversees independent weapon systems development and to provides guidance, standards, equipment, integration, and analysis to maximize the performance of a multitude of sensors, interceptors, and C2 nodes and to synergize their individual contributions to an integrated Joint theater-wide TMD system. Interoperability in BMC3I is essential for joint TMD operations. Accordingly, BMDO has established an architecture that all the Services can build upon and is actively pursuing three thrusts to ensure an effective and joint BMC3I for TMD. These three thrusts are: The primary goal is to provide the warfighter with an integrated TMD capability by building-in the interoperability and flexibility to satisfy a wide range of threats and scenarios. From its joint perspective, BMDO oversees the various independent weapon systems developments and provides guidance, standards, equipment and system integration and analysis to integrate the multitude of sensors, interceptors, and tactical command centers into a joint theater-wide TMD architecture.

The NMD BMC3 program provides the capability for the designated operational commander to plan, coordinate, direct, and control NMD weapons and sensors. BMC3 has always been identified as one of the most difficult issues associated with an NMD system. Unlike the other elements, this is not primarily a hardware issue, but rather a software development challenge. This development program is using a "build-a-little, test-a-little" philosophy to deliver a core BMC3 capability to the user for assessment. This effort also includes exercises and wargames to validate BMC3 concepts and exercising the evolving BMC3 system during every test.

Sources and Resources

TMD Battle Management/Command, Control, Communications & Intelligence
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) Battle Management/Command, Control, Communications & Intelligence (BMC3I) is one of the most important functions of the BMD, and is essential in order to exploit the full capabilities of the core Theater Missile Defense (TMD) weapons systems. Successful BMC3I increases the time available to engage hostile missiles, increases the effective allocation of interceptors, and reduces the potential for "leakers" -- attacking missiles that penetrate U.S. defenses.

NMD Battle Management Command, Control, and Communications
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) Battle Management Command, Control, and Communications (BMC3) project is focused on developing tactically representative hardware and software to integrate National Missile Defense (NMD) Ground Based Interceptor (GBI) and sensor operations in support of informed command and control (C2) decision making.

U.S. Army Theater Missile Defense Element (ATMDE)
News From The Front (NFTF!)"The Army Theater Missile Defense Element (ATMDE) was conceived and built to fill the need for a battle management facility to synchronize and energize Army TMD operations. The resulting TMD Force Projection TOC was built in less than six months. It uses existing or off-the-shelf capabilities, as it serves as an information engine for the Joint Force Land Component Commander (JFLCC).

The Cooperative Engagement Capability
APL Technical DigestOctober-December 1995, Volume 16, Number 4



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