News

Hard.Copy - 31 October 1997

ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS.

TMD Programs To Get Boost Under New Fast Track Bill.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 27, 1997, pp 139-139A 
Rep. Curt Weldon will introduce fast track legislation to infuse funding
into key theater missile defense programs to accelerate development of a
system to protect the US and Israel from Iranian ballistic missiles. The
programs which would be getting a funding boost include; Arrow, THAAD,
Navy Upper Tier, PAC-3, and Launch Detection/Battle Management.

Navy, Boeing Complete End-To-End SLAM-ER Test.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 27, 1997, pp 142-143
The first end-to-end free flight test of SLAM-ER was conducted on
October 16, 1997 at the Naval Air Weapons Center, Point Mugu, Calif.

BMDO To Report On Upgrading Of Navy Upper Tier To NMD.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 28, 1997, pp 145, 148
BMDO must report to Congress by next Feb. 15 on the possibility of
upgrading the Navy theater-wide system to a limited national missile
defense role. This report is to address technical issues associated with
a sea-based NMD option and whether and how it would provide additional
capabilities.

Legislation Boosting TMD Programs To Be Introduced Today.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 28, 1997, p 148
Rep. Weldon says he will introduce legislation to accelerate theater
missile programs under the "Iran Missile Protection Act of 1997". Some
of the programs that would be given a boost include the Arrow, THAAD,
and PAC-3 programs.

ABL Spec Understates Atmospheric Turbulence, GAO Says.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 28, 1997, p 151
The GAO charged that the design specifications used by the USAF for the
ABL understate the atmospheric turbulence and that some methods to
gather data aren't necessarily appropriate. In the GAO report" Theater
Missile Defense: Significant Technical Challenges Face the Airborne
Laser Program" the claim is made that the turbulence the ABL may
encounter could be four times greater than the design specifications.

New Bill Speeding Key TMD Programs Requires $325 Million.  
Aerospace Daily, Oct 29, 1997, pp 153-154
Legislation to accelerate development of theater missile defense systems
to protect Israel and US forces in the Middle East from an Iranian
ballistic missile threat projected to materialize within a year will
require $325 million in new funding.

Conferees Try To Keep Clementine 2 Alive Despite Line-Item Veto.
Aerospace Daily, Oct 29, 1997, pp 153, 155A
In a move to get around President Clinton's line-item veto of the
Clementine 2 interceptor program, the FY98 defense authorization
conference approved restructuring the effort. Among other things the
conference also adopted a House provision that would eliminate
deployment dates for certain core theater missile defense programs.

Airborne Laser Tested, Weighed For New Missions.  
Aviation Week & Space Technology, Oct 27, 1997, pp 26-28
Extensive research, completed since June, shows that the laser beam
holds together enough at ranges "greater than 400 km. [250 mi.]" to
destroy a ballistic missile within a few seconds, said Col. Michael
Booen, the program director for ABL. Program officials are conducting a
study of additional missions for the YAL-1A. The five areas in the study
that have shown promise are; imaging and reconnaissance, cruise missile
defense, suppression of air defenses, self-protection from SAMs,
suppression of air defenses, and a command and control mission.

Laser Engages Satellite, With Questionable Results.  
Aviation Week & Space Technology, Oct 27, 1997, p 27
MIRACL fired at MSTI-3 on the evening of Oct. 17, when it was about
60-70 deg. above the horizon, using various power levels. The satellite
and the indium antimonide mid-infrared sensor were not damaged. However,
it was not clear late last week whether any useful data were received
from the satellite. One government official reported that the
data-gathering was unsuccessful. A separate ground-based tracker did
detect that the laser had hit the satellite. There were also reports
that MIRACL was damaged by the test, but was "fixable" the Pentagon
official said.

Army Successfully Fires MIRACL Laser At Satellite.  
Defense Daily, Oct 21, 1997, p 1
The Army successfully fired its Mid-Range Infrared Chemical Laser
(MIRACL) on 10/17/97. No additional MIRACL tests are planned.

Navy Management Of Missile Programs Given High Marks.  
Defense Daily, Oct 21, 1997, p 6
According to a recent audit by the DoD IG, the Navy's approach for
missile program management could serve as an example to the other
services. The report is titled: Transition of Navy Missile Acquisition
Programs for Program Management Offices to Support Commands, Report No.
98-004.

Lawmakers Say Line-Item Veto Misused On Defense Bills.  
Defense Daily, Oct 23, 1997, pp 1-3
Members of the HNSC charged that President Clinton misused his line-item
veto authority on the FY98 defense spending bills.

North Korean Missiles Target Alaska, Japan, Defectors Say.  
Defense Daily, Oct 23, 1997, p 7
On Tuesday two North Korean defectors testified to Congress that North
Korea is targeting ballistic missiles at American forces in South Korea,
Japan, Guam and Alaska.

Bill Would Authorize $390 Million For Iran Missile Threat.  
Defense Daily, Oct 29, 1997, pp 1-2
In response to reports of Iran's imminent fielding of mid- to long-range
ballistic missile, the Iran Missile Protection Act of 1997 (IMPACT 97)
has been introduced. The bill would authorize $390m in funding in an
effort to accelerate US theater missile defense programs such as THAAD,
Navy Theater Wide, the Israeli Arrow program and the Patriot Advanced
Capability-3 (PAC-3).

U.S. Expert Debates North Korean Defectors' Testimony.  
Defense News, Oct 28, 1997, p 17
The portrait that North Korean leaders are obsessed with missile
production to fuel a strategy based on a quick first strike may be
somewhat abstract. Their appearance marks the first time North Korean
defectors testified before a congressional committee. One of their
claims that North Korea has nuclear warheads is unverifiable.

Space Sentries.  
IEEE Spectrum, Sep 01, 1997, pp 50-59
This article discusses the DoD's plans for new suites of early warning
and missile tracking satellites, space weather probes, orbiting laser
weapons and antisatellite weapons. A history of early warning and
missile detection systems is included.

With Less Than Two Months To Go Before Report Is Issued: National
Defense Panel Draws Sharp Criticism For Skirting Specifics.  
Inside the Pentagon, Oct 23, 1997, pp 1, 12-13
The National Defense Panel (NDP) is already attracting some criticism on
the group's intention to avoid laying out specific force structure
alternatives for the military. Instead the NDP is recommending a broader
"transformation strategy" that the Pentagon could then use to adapt to
the requirements of future warfighting.

Air Force, Navy Bicker Over Data On JASSM/SLAM-ER Analysis.  
Inside the Pentagon, Oct 23, 1997, pp 5-6
The Navy and AF remain at odds over the Navy's provision of data on its
SLAM-ER plus. AF officials have accused the Navy of dragging their heels
on providing SLAM-ER Plus notional performance data in an effort to
degrade quality of analysis in the AOA. Navy maintains that JASSM is not
a priority and that resources and personnel are being put more
appropriately in SLAM-ER.

Services, BMDO Say Current Push For Common Interceptors Is "Disruptive".
Inside the Pentagon, Oct 23, 1997, p 11
The emphasis on developing a common kill vehicle for both THAAD and Navy
Theater Wide programs is "disruptive" to both and should be refocused to
center on component technology insertion initiatives, according to top
BMDO officials.

Iranian Test-Firings Back 'Missile Power' Claim.  
Jane's Defence Weekly, Oct 29, 1997, p 4
The official Islamic Republic News Agency quoted RADM Mohammad Razi
Hadayeq, as saying that the Qa'areh (Striker) system has been upgraded
and will now be deployed. RADM Hadayeq, who heads the Islamic
Revolutionary Guards Corps' navy's missile forces, said the Qa'areh and
other systems by Iran have "turned the Islamic republic into the
strongest missile power in the region." No specifications of the Qa'areh
were listed, but the implication was that the "upgrade" was performed
domestically.

Missile Base Will Extend Korean Reach.  
Jane's Defence Weekly, Oct 29, 1997, p 6
North Korean defector Ko Young-hwan told US Senate Governmental Affairs
Committee that military construction projects for long-range missile
sites that have been completed, including: an underground Taepo Dong
missile base capable of striking Japan, a site at Chungganjin that can
target US troops on Okinawa, and an intermediate range missile base on
Mt Kanggamchan located in South Pyogan province. His testimony could not
be independently verified.

MIRACL Fails To Meet Test Objectives Again.  
Jane's Defence Weekly, Oct 29, 1997, p 11
The laser did succeed in illuminating the MSTI-3 satellite for several
short bursts of less than five seconds. However, the satellite could not
downlink data to the ground because it was still processing some
commands for the ground to adjust the medium wavelength camera on the
satellite. Nonetheless, DoD officials said they learned some useful data
from ground sensors.

Japan's Third Way: Seeking A Robust BMD. 
Jane's IDR Extra, Volume 2, No. 10, Oct 01, 1997, pp 1-7
Article examines Chinese and North Korean ballistic missile threats and
reviews Japan's BMD options including; adapting the sea-based Aegis
combat system, employing a land-based THAAD system for upper tier and a
third option of mixing both systems.

MSX Mission Objectives.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Jan 01, 1996, pp 4-10
The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) satellite, funded and managed by
the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, is a long duration,
"observatory"-style measurement platform that will collect several
terabytes of high-quality data on terrestrial, Earth-limb, and celestial
backgrounds; Intercontinental Ballistic Missile-style targets; and
resident space objects. Whereas the principal focus of MSX is to collect
phenomenology data in support of ballistic missile defense objectives,
it will also gather carefully calibrated data in support of civilian
efforts in terrestrial and atmospheric remote sensing and astronomy.
This article focuses on the DoD mission objectives of the MSX program.

MSX Design Parameters Driven By Targets And Backgrounds.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Jan 01, 1996, pp 11-18
The underlying requirements for demonstrating space-based surveillance,
acquisition, tracking, and discrimination of ballistic reentry vehicles
and penetration aids were followed in the design of the Midcourse Space
Experiment (MSX) satellite and sensors. MSX will be the first space
experiment to correlate optical contamination (changes in nonrejected
Earth radiance) with the satellite environment.

MSX Spacecraft Power Subsystem.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Jan 01, 1996, pp 77-87
The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) spacecraft is the fourth in a
series of APL spacecraft sponsored by the Ballistic Missile Defense
Organization. Though similar to its predecessors in mission objectives,
the MSX differs notably in the performance and environmental
requirements that drive the design of the electrical power subsystem
(EPS). The MSX EPS design demonstrates a viable concept in power system
engineering to meet the requirements of highly diverse, high-power, low
Earth orbit applications.

MSX Flight Operations System.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Jan 01, 1996, pp 102-116
The Midcourse Space Experiment spacecraft is operated by a
multi-organizational Flight Operations system, which is a worldwide
ground network of tracking stations and planning, control, performance
assessment, and data processing centers. This system prepares and
conducts scientific and engineering experiments and recovers the
necessary data to satisfy the requirements of the Ballistic Missile
Defense Organization. The elements of this operations-based system
include teams, facilities, procedures, and their functional
relationships, which collectively provide continuous on-orbit support of
the spacecraft system.

Midcourse Space Experiment: Guest Editor's Introduction.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 134-136
This is the second issue describing the Ballistic Missile Defense
Organization (BMDO) Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX). It focuses on the
technology used to implement the MSX Spacecraft Observatory.

MSX Command And Data Handling System.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 143-152
The Command and Data Handling System of the Midcourse Space Experiment
provides spacecraft control and data collection, formatting, and onboard
storage. It has embedded encryptors and decryptors to ensure
communications security during the mission. The command and Data
Handling System also maintains onboard time and performs autonomy rule
checking of housekeeping data for fault protection.

MSX Attitude Determination And Control Hardware.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 153-160
The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) satellite requires a complex and
demanding attitude control system. Precise pointing ability is combined
with substantial agility. The system must be able to point in the
direction of a test ballistic missile launch, follow the predicted
missile trajectory, and then receive closed-loop pointing instructions
from the MSX optical and radio frequency sensors to follow the target as
it proceeds on its ballistic trajectory. To meet this challenge, the MSX
attitude control hardware is the most advanced in the industry.

Testbed For The MSX Attitude And Tracking Processors.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 161-172
The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) spacecraft employs infrared,
ultraviolet, and visible light sensors to collect images and
spectrographic signatures on a variety of targets, especially missile,
other satellites, and auroral phenomena. JHU APL designed and built an
elaborate testbed for the key elements of the MSX attitude and tracking
subsystems. The testbed provides the means to assess the performance of
these subsystems through simulations of missile encounters and other
data collection events.

MSX Ground Operations.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1997, pp 173-188
The multidisciplinary nature of ground operations necessitates careful
planning from the start of any space program. For the Midcourse Space
Experiment, ground operations began at APL with integration and test and
continued at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center with environmental and
system-level electrical testing. The spacecraft and its ground support
equipment were then flown to Vandenberg Air Force Base, where additional
testing and simulations were conducted and the spacecraft was prepared
for launch.

MSX Performance Assurance Program.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1997, pp 189-197
The structure and organization of the Performance Assurance Program
developed for the Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) spacecraft are
discussed. Included is an overview of the engineering disciplines of the
program: reliability, quality assurance, and system safety. The
performance assurance role in each of the four MSX development phases is
explained, followed by a review of MSX integration and test history as
it relates to performance assurance. A discussion of lessons learned
summarizes the results of the Performance Assurance Program.

UVISI Instrument.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 198-214
The Ultraviolet and Visible Imagers and Spectrographic Imagers (UVISI)
instrument is a complex of nine sensor units (five spectrographic
imagers and four imagers) and multiple processors that will provide
detailed images and spectra of targets for the Midcourse Space
Experiment (MSX) mission. This article discusses the specifications of
UVISI and its hardware and software features. It also attempts to give
the reader a sense of the design trade-offs made during UVISI
development that resulted in its present configuration.

Spatial Infrared Imaging Telescope III.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 215-225
The Spatial Infrared Imaging Telescope III (SPIRIT III) is a mid-wave
through longwave infrared instrumentation package built and managed by
the Space Dynamics Lab at Utah State University for the Midcourse Space
Experiment. SPIRIT III contains a radiometer and an auto-aligning
interferometer-spectrometer that share a telescope designed for high
off-axis rejection. This hardware will measure the spectral, spatial,
temporal, and intensity characteristics of Earth-limb backgrounds,
celestial objects, and other upper atmospheric phenomena. Collected data
will provide answers to fundamental questions about DoD surveillance
systems and supply invaluable information for system planners and
designers of future threat detection systems.

Space-Based Visible Sensor.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 226-236
The Space-Based Visible (SBV) instrument, a small visible-band
surveillance sensor built by MIT's Lincoln Laboratory, is part of a
sensor ensemble on the Midcourse Space Experiment satellite, a Ballistic
Missile Defense Organization program. This article describes the flight
configuration of the SBV sensor, its incorporated technologies, its
preflight status, and the surveillance experiments to be performed.

MSX Reference Objects.  
Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Apr 01, 1996, pp 246-252
This article considers two infrared sources, emissive reference spheres
and reference stars, used for on-orbit calibration of the Midcourse
Space Experiment's Spatial Infrared Imaging Telescope III.

Critics Decry Clinton's Military Space Vetoes.  
Space News, Oct 20, 1997, pp 3,18
President Clinton's cancellation of the military space plane, the
Clementine 2 mission and the Kinetic Energy Antisatellite (KEAsat)
weapon has drawn much criticism from Congress. Congress has 30 days to
overturn the veto with a new bill that would also be subject to a veto.

Solar Arrays Could Show Deep Space Promise.  
Space News, Oct 27, 1997, p 22
When NASA's Deep Space 1 spacecraft is launched next year, the space
agency is not the only organization taking a chance on the technology
demonstration probe. Under a $6m contract with the Ballistic Missile
Defense Organization, AEC-Able Engineering Co. Inc is providing NASA
with a pair of high power, refractive concentrator arrays as the probe's
primary power source.

Some U.S. Laser Data Lost During Test Firing At MSTI-3. 
Space News, Oct 7, 1997, p 28
During the 10/17/97 test of the Army's Mid Infrared Advanced Chemical
Laser (MIRACL) direct imager of the high power laser firing from
MSTI-3's main infrared sensor was not collected because of a data
scheduling problem on the satellite.