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 Update: 06/12/98   

 ARTICLE CITATIONS  GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED
JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS. 
                           


Rogue Country Could Secretly Buy Long-Range Missile, Shelton Says.
Aerospace Daily, Jun 08, 1998, p 379
According to this article, a rogue state may be able to acquire a
long-range ballistic missile before the US could deploy a National
Missile Defense system. However, Gen Henry Shelton, chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff said it would be unlikely for the development of
such a missile to go undetected. 
 

Shelby: Panel Lacks Full Understanding Of China Tech Transfer. 
Aerospace Daily, Jun 08, 1998, p 378
The Senate Intelligence Committee does not yet have a clear
understanding of the technology transfers that Space Systems Loral and
Hughes are accused of transferring to China. 


US, Israeli Lawmakers Form New Initiative On Missile Defense. 
Aerospace Daily, Jun 08, 1998, p 379
The US Congress and Israeli parliament have announced a bilateral
initiative to foster better understanding and cooperation on national
security, specifically the need to defend against ballistic missile
attack. 


Adding Product Lines, Architectures, and Software Reuse To The Software
Acquisition Capability Maturity Model. 
CROSSTALK. Tara Ragan, Donald J. Reifer, May 01, 1998, pp 14-18
The USASMDC, under sponsorship of the BMDO's Small Business Innovative
Research (SBIR) program, has been actively developing and promoting
changes to the Software Acquisition Capability Maturity Model to
stimulate increased software reuse through revised and improved
acquisition practices. The article summarizes the results of Phase I of
the effort to determine what changes to the SA-CMM are needed to exploit
the advances being made in the areas of product lines, architectures,
and software reuse. 


GOP Fails In Attempt To Add Funds To Defense. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Jun 09, 1998, p 3
Conservative House Republicans failed on June 5 to pass a FY99 budget
resolution that would have increased defense spending by $56b over five
years to keep pace with inflation. Later, the House passed, by a vote of
216-204, a FY99 budget resolution that keeps defense spending levels
consistent with those set in last year's balanced budget agreement, as
the Senate's version of the budget resolution did earlier this spring. 


Lockheed Martin Agrees To Share In THAAD Failure Costs. 
Defense Daily. Vago Muradian, Jun 09, 1998, pp 1-3
As an incentive to ensure success on the problem-plagued, multibillion
dollar THAAD system, Lockheed Martin has agreed to pay a share of the
costs associated with future failures in the development of the
antimissile system. 


GAO: Tech Transfer Issues May Hamper MEADS' Costs. 
Defense Daily, Jun 10, 1998, p 8
According to a new GAO report, "Defense Acquisition: Decision Nears On
Medium Extended Air Defense System," the US governments "reluctance" to
release information about critical military technologies to foreign
governments and companies may prevent the multi-national contractor
teams not developing the Army's MEADS from using the cheapest existing
missile technology in their MEADS designs. "...BMDO did not address the
impact that a decision to withhold critical information could have on
the execution of the program," the GAO report adds. 


Cohen Disputes Pentagon's Failing Grade On Y2K. 
Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Jun 09, 1998, p 4
According to SecDef Cohen, the Pentagon has made "considerable progress"
in solving its Y2K computer problem and does not deserve low reviews
from the GAO and OMB. 


House Panel Adds $1.6 Billion For Y2K. 
Defense Week. Patrick Kelly, Jun 08, 1998, pp 1, 13
A key House panel approved emergency funding of $1.6b for the Pentagon
to ensure its computers are ready for the year 2000 (Y2K) changeover and
to beef up computer security. The emergency designation means the money
would not be subject to last year's budget agreement and the funding
would have to come from outside the Pentagon budget. 


While Congress Cuts '99 Funds, THAAD Contractor Begins Restructuring.
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Jun 10, 1998, pp 3-4
House and Senate appropriations markup of the FY99 defense bill last
week included severe cuts to the THAAD program, which last month
experienced its fifth flight test failure in as many attempts.
Meanwhile, Lockheed Martin is restructuring the program, bringing in a
new VP in charge of flight testing and appointing another outsider from
within the corporation to head a program review team. 


MEADS Killed, Aerostat Cut As Senate Advocates 
Aircraft-Based Sensor Experimentation. 
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Jun 10, 1998, pp 1, 18-21
The Senate Appropriations Committee has cut the administration's
spending request for the Aerostat program and canceled the MEADS system
while pledging funds for increased research and development of an
aircraft-based air and missile defense sensor platform. Excerpts of the
Senate Appropriations Bill, 1999 are included with this article. 


BMDO Director Plans To Choose SBL Readiness Demonstrator Site By August.
Inside Missile Defense. Gigi Whitley, Jun 10, 1998, pp 11-12
LtGen Lester Lyles, BMDO's director, has directed two contractor teams
to evaluate a Senate recommendation to build a Space-Based Laser
Readiness Demonstrator in Mississippi. 


ABM Treaty Could Prevent US From Deploying NMD System That Works. 
Inside Missile Defense. Darcia R. Harris, Jun 10, 1998, p 6
Working under the ABM Treaty, the US will encounter a number of
stumbling blocks to building an effective NMD system, according to
Gregory Canavan, creator of the "Brilliant Pebbles" idea at the heart of
former President Reagan's vision of a space-based missile defense
system. 


Weldon Maintains Pressure On Lockheed Martin To Repair THAAD Missile.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 10, 1998, pp 2-3
Rep Weldon (R-PA) plans to keep up the pressure on Lockheed Martin to
fix the problems with the Army's THAAD missile. "We are going to
continue to press for both a back-up contracting firm and we are going
to continue to press for assessments ...against Lockheed Martin for any
future failures that might occur. 


Alaska Lawmakers Continue Push For National Missile Defense Coverage.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 10, 1998, pp 7-8
Alaska state and federal legislators will join economic and national
security experts in Anchorage later this month at a conference entitled
"Alaska's Assets and Security" that will focus on NMD and how the 49th
state fits into the current NMD equation. 


Clinton Declares United States and Russia As Parties To 1972 ABM Treaty.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 10, 1998, p 5
President Clinton, in a much anticipated letter meant to quell legal
wrangling between the administration and two key Republican legislators,
has declared that the US and Russia "clearly are parties" to the 1972
ABM Treaty. 

Experts Fear India, Pakistan Race To Place Nukes On Missiles. 
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 10, 1998, pp 1, 14-15
According to DoD spokesman Ken Bacon, although it is not certain whether
Pakistan possesses the capability now to design nuclear weapons small
enough to be mounted on ballistic missiles, the capacity to weaponize
nuclear weapons should be within the technological grasp of both India
and Pakistan within the next few years. 


Navy Kills 10 Initiatives To Glean Funds In Spending Plan. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 12, 1998, p 9
In order to free up $1.84b in the FY00 program objective memorandum, the
Navy canceled work on 10 different initiatives. Even with the spending
reductions, the service was forced to leave many of its priority
programs underfunded. 



BMDO May Want UOES Missiles Only After 2 Good Intercepts: Senate Action
On THAAD Tracks With BMDO's Draft Restructuring Plan. 
Inside the Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 12, 1998, pp 1, 14-16
Legislative action by the Senate Appropriations Committee to reduce and
transfer funds within the Theater High Altitude Area Defense system
closely parallels key elements of an alternative program plan for the
Army missile defense effort currently under consideration by the
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, according to BMDO documents.
Consideration is being given to reorganizing the THAAD program following
the Lockheed Martin missile's fifth consecutive failure in a recent
intercept test. 


Security Council Spokesman Says No US Assistance Effort Is Underway
Experts Say US Should Help India, Pakistan Safeguard Nuclear Devices.
Inside the Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jun 11, 1998, pp 13-14
An array of experts on security issues in South Asia said this week the
United States should provide technological assistance to India and
Pakistan to construct viable command and control systems to safeguard
their nuclear devices. In this view, the United States should tone down
the strategy of punishing newly declared nuclear weapon states with
rigid sanctions, and instead adopt a policy of managing proliferation of
nuclear arms. 


Air Force May Reduce Requirements For Remanufactured JSTARS. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 12, 1998, p 9
To minimize cost overruns and delivery delays in the Joint Surveillance
Target Attack Radar System program, the Air Force is considering
reducing its requirements for the remanufactured 707 aircraft, according
to Air Combat Command chief Gen Richard Hawley. 


House Panel Adds $150 Million To Support 
Navy Theater Wide Fielding By FY05. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 12, 1998, p 12
Rep Bill Young (R-FL), the chairman of the House Appropriations defense
subcommittee, said last week the Navy's Theater Wide missile defense
system shows much promise and should have its deployment date moved
forward three years from 2008 to 2005. To support this move, Young's
subcommittee has added $150m to the Navy's FY99 budget request for the
missile defense program. 



Talking Defense. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 11, 1998, p 1
The United States and Israel have created a first-of-its-kind, bilateral
and bipartisan parliamentary forum for increased cooperation on theater
missile defense and other security issues. The initiative comes at a
time when the US-Israeli relationship on TMD may be evolving from
cooperation to competition, as the Israeli Arrow system is regarded by
some as legitimate competition to Lockheed Martin's Theater High
Altitude Area Defense system--especially in the wake of the fifth THAAD
intercept test failure on May 12. 


Senate Panel Meets F-22 And JASSM Requests, Increases Space-Based Laser
Funds. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 12, 1998, p 12
The Senate Appropriations Defense subcommittee June 2 approved a $250.3b
spending package that provides full funding for the F-22 and Joint
Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile and increases the Space Based Laser's
budget by $94m. 



Summary Of FY99 House Defense Appropriations Bill. 
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 11, 1998, pp 21-22
The FY99 House Defense Appropriations Bill provides a total of $250.5b
in new discretionary spending authority for the Department of Defense
for FY99. The bill provides $3.0b more than was appropriated for FY98,
and is $270m below President Clinton's request. Adjusted for inflation,
the bill represents a one percent cut from FY98 levels. It incorporates
revised DoD and OMB economic assumptions for fuel, foreign currency and
inflation cost for 1999 compared to budget request. 


Efforts To Salvage Or Replace Canceled Follow-On-To-TOW Under Way.
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 11, 1998, p 10
Nascent effort to salvage or replace the Follow-On-To-TOW missile
program are under way in various parts of the Army and industry, with
supporters also hoping to convince the Office of the Secretary of
Defense to reverse the service's decision to terminate the effort in its
fiscal year 2000-2005 program objective memorandum. 


Senate Appropriations Panel Nicks Trident Missiles, Questions Total Buy.
Inside the Pentagon: Special Report, Jun 11, 1998, p 1
The Senate Appropriations Committee took $20 million out of the Navy's
$62.8m request in FY99 for advance procurement of Trident D-5 missiles,
which the service is using to "backfit" submarines carrying the older
Trident C-4 model. At the same time, the panel fully funded the FY99 buy
of five D-5 missiles at a cost of $260.65 million. 


Excerpts Of Senate Appropriations Report of FY99 Defense Funding. 
Inside the Pentagon: Special Report, Jun 11, 1998, pp 1-20
The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S.2132) making
appropriations for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending
September 30, 1999, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon
and recommends that the bill do pass. Functional areas include . . .
procurement of equipment and systems, and research, development, test
and evaluation. Appropriations for . . . military construction, nuclear
warheads, and civil defense are provided in other bills. 


News In Brief: China May Have Offered Pakistan Nuclear 'Umbrella'.
Jane's Intelligence Review. Ben Sheppard, Jun 01, 1998, p 3
Jeff Baxter, a senior US defense advisor, claims that China may have
offered Pakistan nuclear protection in exchange for Islamabad's agreeing
not to go ahead with atomic tests. 


Iran's "Disappearing" Strategic Assets. 
Jane's Intelligence Review, Jun 01, 1998, p 28
While Iran has yet to complete development of its Shahab-3 MRBM,
satellite imagery shows that it began construction of a missile site on
its western border as early as 1994, raising concerns about Iranian
intentions. The site provides several underground bunkers and facilities
which were built to move the Shahab. Experts believe that Iranian
missiles will be loaded on transporter erector launchers (TELs). 



South Asia Goes Ballistic, Then Nuclear. 
Jane's Intelligence Review.
Andrew R. Koch and W.P. S. Sidhu, Jun 01, 1998, p 36-37
Pakistan's test launch of the Ghauri, a clandestinely produced
intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM), was not the cause for
India's decision to conduct nuclear tests. However it strengthened the
hands of Indian hardliners to run such a test. India believed this
demonstrated more encircling by China. As a result of the Indian test,
Pakistani officials are under considerable pressure to conduct their own
test. 


Homing In On Russia's Approach To ASW. Jane's Intelligence Review.
Steven J. Zaloga, Jun 01, 1998, pp 8-11
Heretofore there has been little unclassified information available
about Russian missiles used for antisubmarine warfare. This article
discusses the various kinds of weapons available, provides general
information about range and accuracy, and has a table of technical data
about each missile. 


Russia And Ukraine: Restructuring For A New Era. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Andrew Duncan, Jun 01, 1998, pp 5-7
While the larger states of the former Soviet Union, including Russia and
Ukraine, are steadily reducing the size of their forces, the smaller
states (Moldova, Trancaucasian regions) have not. Georgia, Azerbaijan,
Armenia, and Belarus has actually increased the number of some kinds of
equipment in military service. 



Nuclear-Powered Submarines: India's Strategic Trump Card. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Andrew R. Koch, Jun 01, 1998, pp 29-31
India is spending a significant portion of its military budget on the
development of nuclear powered submarines. the expressed goal is to make
India the only country outside of the five declared nuclear weapon
states to operate nuclear submarines. The research facilities aiding in
the development of the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) is provided. 


Iran's Ballistic Missile Projects: Uncovering The Evidence. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Duncan Lennox, Jun 01, 1998, pp 24-27
There are a number of conflicting reports about Iranian ballistic
missile programs. The article discusses systems under development and
their capabilities, potential targets, ranges, and latest estimates. 


Restrained Reply: Defying A Limited Ballistic Missile Attack. 
Jane's International Defense Review. Frank Barnaby, Jun 01, 1998, pp 69-73
Article concludes that "although TMD systems are relatively expensive,
it will be hard for politicians in developed countries to claim that
defense against the limited ballistic missile attack which smaller
countries will be able to mount in the foreseeable future is not
affordable. NMD systems against strategic missile attacks, however,
cannot be justified , and are not cost effective. These factors are not
likely to change in the foreseeable future. Moreover, NMD deployment
would be a serious threat to progress in nuclear arms control and
disarmament. In particular, it is crucial to retain the 1972 ABM Treaty
until something better can be negotiated." 



Making Warfare Acceptable: Nonlethal Strategies. 
Journal Of Social, Political And Economic Studies. 
Bowers, S.R.; Mielnik, P.A., Mar 01, 1998, pp 17-32
This article examines the prospects for developing new technologically
advanced weaponry which will render opponents incapable of effective
military action, thus reducing the need for high casualties in combat. 


Revolution in Progress: Today's Proliferating Science And Technology.
Journal Of Social, Political And Economic Studies. Murphey, D.D., Mar
01, 1998, pp 75-92
The proliferation of science and technology in today's world is
discussed and is illustrated by reference to current developments in
such areas as miniaturization, photovoltaics, nonlinear equations, and
materials science. Developments in information technology,
computerization , robotics and biotechnology are given special emphasis.



Limitations In American Capabilities For Missile Defense.
Journal Of Social, Political And Economic Studies. 
Fox, E; Orman, S., Sep 01, 1997, pp 259-265
The US has historically provided deterrence against nuclear threat for
Western countries. The belief is amplified by US claims that TMD systems
currently under development in America will provide protection for US
forces operating out of area and defend allied troops. However, in order
to meet this commitment, the US would need to complete successfully some
ongoing development programs and acquire more interceptors and launchers
than are currently planned. 



Challenge Of Space: Further Strategic Defense Considerations For The
United States. 
Journal Of Social, Political And Economic Studies.
Hughes, J. H., Dec 01, 1997, pp 259-265
Strategic problems of space defense are discussed, and the author warns
that as in surface warfare, defense lines in space can be broken by a
concentration of offensive forces. Discusses Brilliant Pebbles, low
earth orbit, and geosynchronous earth orbit of space based defenses. 


Relevance Of Naval Theater Missile Defense. 
Journal Of Social, Political And Economic Studies. 
Fox, E.; Orman, S., Mar 01, 1998, pp 3-15
Despite the potential capabilities of Naval TMD for providing a genuine
area defensive system for America and its allies, a review of the
development program indicates that the US Naval capabilities continue to
be less well supported than some of the Army's ground-based systems.
This article examines issues that have contributed to the present
situation and concludes that there are a number of unique features of
the Naval capabilities which would significantly enhance the overall
robustness of a missile defense. It also examines the influence of ABM
Treaty restrictions on systems which are designed to provide area
defense, concluding that effective defense and Treaty compliance are
incompatible. This issue must be confronted by the US Congress if monies
allocated to TMD are to be spent wisely.