Closing the Gaps
Securing High Enriched Uranium in the
Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
by Robert L. Civiak
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Executive Summary
Introduction
Proposal 1
Proposal 2
Proposal 3
Conclusion
Appendix A
Appendix B
Notes
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Glossary

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ANL   Argonne National Laboratory
DOE   Department of Energy
FSU   Former Soviet Union
gU/cm3   Grams Uranium per Cubic Centimeter
HEU   High-Enriched Uranium
ICBM   Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
IRT   Thermal Research Reactor (Russian Acronym)
kg   Kilogram
LEU   Low-Enriched Uranium
MCC   Materials Consolidation and Conversion
Minatom   Russian Ministry for Atomic Energy
MPC&A   Materials Protection Control and Accounting
mt   Metric Tons
MW   Megawatts
NIIAR   Institute of Atomic Reactors (Russian Acronym)
NTI   Nuclear Threat Initiative
PNPI   Institute of Nuclear Physics in St. Petersburg (Russian Acronym)
RERTR   Reduced Enrichment of Research and Test Reactors
U-Mo   Uranium-Molybdenum
U-235   Uranium-235
VVR   Water-Water Reactor (Russian Acronym)