Appendix: Light Arms Production in Latin America

 

 

Country

 

Producer

 

Weapon Type

 

Design Source

 

Comments

 

Argentina

 

Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles "Domingo Matheu" (FMAP)

 

FN Model 1935 GP Browning 9 mm pistol (also M-90, Detective model)

 

lic./FN

 

185,000 produced 1969-1981 for military, private sales; still in production

 

FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle (and variants); also heavy-barreled FAP and 5.56 mm versions

 

lic./FN

 

122,000 produced 1960-1983 for military, export sales

 

PAM-1 and PAM-2 9 mm submachine gun

 

variant of U.S. M3A1

 

50,000 produced 1955-1972 for military

 

FMK-3, FMK-4

9 mm submachine gun

 

indigenous

 

30,000 produced by end 1991 for military

 

FN MAG 7.62 mm machine gun

 

lic./FN

 

In production since 1980; for military

 

GME-FMK2-M0 hand grenade

 

indigenous

 

For military

 

FMK-1, APG, MAPPG land mines

 

 

 

 

 

Fabrica Militar Rio Tercero

 

Model 1974 FMK-1 105 mm recoilless rifle

 

 

 

For military

 

FMK-1, FMK-2, FMK-3 60 mm mortars

 

indigenous

 

For military

 

FMK-2 LR 81-mm mortar

 

Brandt type (French)

 

For military

 

Brazil

 

Fabrica de Itujuba (part of Industria de Material Belico do Brasil, IMBEL)

 

Pistola Colt M-973 9 mm pistol, and variants

 

copy of U.S. M1911A1

 

Over 50,000 produced

 

Madsen M50 9 mm submachine gun

 

lic./Madsen (Danish)

 

For military, police

 

FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle and variants

 

lic./FN

 

At least 200,000 produced for military, export sales

 

MD-2, MD-3 5.56 mm rifles

 

based on FN FAL

 

For military, export sales

 

Forjas Taurus SA (incorporates Industrie Comercio Beretta SA)

 

Beretta Model 92 9 mm pistol and variants

 

lic./Beretta

 

For military, export sales (export version called PT-92)

 

M972 Beretta Model 12 submachine gun

 

lic./Beretta

 

For military, export sales (export version called MT-12)

 

.38 cal. revolver

 

 

 

For police, export sales

 

Mekanika Indutrie e Comercio Ltda.

 

Uru Model-II 9 mm submachine gun

 

indigenous

 

For military, export sales

 

Uirapuru 7.62 mm machine gun

 

indigenous

 

For military, export sales

 

Hydroar SA

 

57 mm M18A1 recoilless rifle

 

copy of U.S. M18A1

 

For military

 

3.5 in. M20A1 rocket launcher

 

copy of U.S. M20A1

 

For military

 

LC T1 M1 flamethrower

 

indigenous

 

For military

 

Companhia de Explosivos Valparaiba (CEV)

 

M3, M4 hand grenades; M2 rifle grenade; M3 anti-tank grenade; 60 mm, 81mm mortar rds.

 

 

 

For military

 

Quimica Tupan SA

 

AP NW AE T1 anti-personnel land mine

 

indigenous

 

For military, export sales

 

Chile

 

Fabricas y Maestranzas del Ejercito (FAMAE)

 

Special .38 cal. revolver

 

 

 

 

 

SIG SG-540 5.56 mm rifle; SG-542 7.62 mm rifle

 

lic./SIG (Swiss)

 

In production since 1980s; for military

 

9 mm SAF submachine gun

 

based on SIG design

 

For military and police

 

60 mm, 81 mm mortars

 

Brandt types (French)

 

For military

 

MAPP-78-F2, MAPT-78-F2, M18 land mines

 

 

 

 

 

Industrias Cardoen, S.A. (also doing business as Metalnor S.A.)

 

offensive/defensive hand grenade; MK-2 and Mini hand grenades

 

 

 

For military, export sales

 

AP, AP II, M18 land mines

 

 

 

 

 

Dominican Republic

 

Armeria San Cristobal

 

Cristobal Model 2 .30 cal. automatic rifle

 

designed by Hungarian exile P. Kiraly

 

Approx. 200,000 produced for military and export since 1953

 

Mexico

 

Fabrica Nacional de Armas

 

H&K G3 7.62 mm assault rifle

 

lic./H&K

 

In production since 1980s for military

 

FN FAL 7.62 mm rifle

 

lic./FN

 

Production ceased late 1970s

 

Productos Mendoza, SA

 

Model HM-3

9 mm submachine gun

 

.

 

For military

 

Peru

 

SIMA-CEFAR

 

MGP-15 submachine gun

 

indigenous

 

For police & security forces

 

MGP-79A, MGP-84, MGP-87

9 mm subma- chine guns

 

indigenous

 

For military, police

 

MGP-30 land mine

 

 

 

 

 

Venezuela

 

Compana Anonima Venezolana de Industrias Militares (CAVIM)

 

FN FAL 7.62 mm assault rifle

 

 

 

Approx. 10,000 assembled from Belgian parts in 1970s

 

FN Model 1935 HP 9 mm pistol

 

lic./FN

 

 

 

S&W M10, M60 revolvers

 

lic./S&W

 

 

 

Abbreviations:

lic. = license-produced FN = Fabrique Nationale Herstal (Belgium)

H&K = Heckler & Koch (Germany) S&W = Smith & Wesson (USA)

 

Sources:

Edward Clinton Ezell, Small Arms of the World, 12th ed. (1993)

Ezell et al.,International Small Arms Usage and Research and Development Trends (1993)

Terry J. Gander & Ian V. Hogg, eds., Jane's Infantry Weapons 95-96 (1995)

Ian V. Hogg & John Weeks, Military Small Arms of the 20th Century, 6th ed.

John Walter, Rifles of the World (1993)

Human Rights Watch Arms Project, Landmines: A Deadly Legacy (1993)

 

 

 

 

 

 

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

 

 

 

 

David Andersen is the National Chapter Coordinator at Student Pugwash USA in Washington, D.C. After graduating with a B.A. in Peace Studies and International Security Policy from Hampshire College in 1995, he received a Herbert Scoville Peace Fellowship, which he used at the Federation of American Scientists from July 1995-March 1996.

 

Michael Klare is a professor of peace and world security studies at Hampshire College in Amherst, Mass., and Director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies. He is the author of several books, including American Arms Supermarket (University of Texas Press, 1984) and Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws (Hill and Wang, 1995).

 

Oscar Arias Sánchez was the President of Costa Rica from 1986-1990. In 1987 he received the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Graciela Uribe de Lozano is an arms control expert on the staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Colombia and a regular participant in United Nations meetings on arms control and disarmament matters.