RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE-RELATED LEGAL DOCUMENTS


Federal Law on Information,
Informatization, and the
Protection of Information

No. 24-FZ

Enacted By the State Duma
25 January 1995

Signed By the President of the Russian Federation
20 February 1995

Chapter 1. General Principles

Article 1. Sphere of Action of This Federal Law

1. This Federal Law regulates relations that arise during the:

  • formation and use of information resources on the basis of the creation, collection, accumulation, storage, search, and dissemination and presentation to the consumer of documented information;
  • the creation and use of information technologies and their support means;
  • the protection of the information and the rights of the subjects participating in the information processes and informatization.

    2. This Federal Law does not affect the regulations that are regulated by Russian Federation Law "Copyright and Related Rights."

    Article 2. Terms Used in This Federal Law and Their Definitions

    The following concepts are used in this Federal Law:
  • information [informatsiya] is information [svedeniya] concerning individuals, objects, facts, events, phenomena, and processes, irrespective of the form in which that information is presented;
  • informatization [informatizatsiya] is the organizational socioeconomic and scientific-technical process of creating the optimal conditions for satisfying the information needs and implementing the rights of citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public associations on the basis of the formation and use of information resources;
  • documented information (document) is information that has been recorded on a material carrier, with the data that makes it possible to identify it;
  • information processes are the processes of collecting, processing, accumulating, storing, searching, and disseminating information;
  • an information system is the systematically organized totality of the documents (document files [massif] and information technologies, including those with the use of computer and communications technology, that implement the information processes;
  • information resources are individual documents and individual document files, and documents and document files in information systems (libraries, archives, collections, data banks, and other information systems);
  • information about citizens (personal data) is information about the facts, events, and circumstances of a citizen's life which make it possible to identify him as an individual;
  • confidential information is documented information, the access to which is limited in conformity with Russian Federation legislation;
  • support means for automated information systems and their technologies are the software and technical, linguistic, legal, and organizational means (programs for electronic computers; computed technology and communications means; dictionaries, thesauruses, and classifiers; instructional and methodological guides; statutes, rules, job guidelines; schemes and their descriptions; and other operational and accompanying documents) that are used or being created during the planning of information systems and that support their operation;
  • the owner of information resources, information systems, and technologies and means for supporting them is the subject who, in complete volume, implements the powers of possession, use, and disposal of those objects;
  • the possessor of information resources, information systems, and technologies and their support means, is the subject who carries out the possession and use of those objects and who implements the powers of disposal within the legally established limits;
  • the user of the information is the subject who requests the services of the information system or of an intermediary in order to obtain the information that he requires, and who uses that information.

    Article 3. The State's Obligations in the Sphere of Forming Information Resources and Informatization

    1. State Policy in the sphere of forming information resources and informatization is aimed at creating the conditions for the effective and efficient informational support in deciding strategic and operational tasks in the social and economic development of the Russian Federation.

    2. The basic areas of state policy in the informatization sphere are:
  • the guaranteeing of the conditions for developing and protecting all forms of ownership of information resources;
  • the formation and protection of state information resources;
  • the creation and development of federal and regional information systems and networks; the guaranteeing of their compatibility and interaction in the single information space of the Russian Federation;
  • the creation of conditions for the efficient and effective information support of citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public associations on the basis of the state information resources;
  • the guaranteeing of national security in the informatization sphere, as well as the guaranteeing of the implementation of the rights of citizens and organizations under informatization conditions;
  • the promotion of the formation of a market of information resources, services, information systems, technologies, and their support means;
  • the formation and carrying out of a single scientific-technical and industrial policy in the informatization sphere, with a consideration of the present-day world level of development of information technologies;
  • the support of informatization projects and programs;
  • the creation and improvement of a system for attracting investments and the mechanism for encouraging the development and implementation of informatization projects;
  • the development of legislation in the sphere of information processes, informatization, and the protection of information.

    Chapter 2. Information Resources

    Article 4. Principles of the Legal System Governing the Information Resources

    1. Information resources are the objects of relations among individuals, legal entities, and the state; they constitute Russia's information resources and are protected by law, together with other resources.

    2. The legal system governing information resources is determined by norms that establish:
  • the procedure for documenting the information;
  • the right of to own individual documents and individual document files, and documents and document files in the information systems;
  • the category of information with regard to the level of access to it;
  • the procedure for the legal protection of the information.

    Article 5. Documenting of Information

    1. The documenting of information is a mandatory condition for including information in information resources. The documenting of information is carried out in the procedure established by agencies of state authority that are responsible for organizing business correspondence and standardizing documents and files of them, and for the security of the Russian Federation.

    2. A document that has been received from an automated information system takes on legal force after that document has been signed by an official in the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

    3. The legal force of a document that is being stored, processed, or transmitted with the aid of automated information and telecommunications systems can be confirmed by an electronically enciphered signature.

    The legal force of an electronically enciphered signature is recognized if the automated information system contains software and technical means that guarantee the identification of the signature and if the established rules for using them are observed.

    4. The right to certify the identity of an electronically enciphered signature is carried out on the basis of a license. The procedure for issuing licenses is defined by legislation of the Russian Federation.

    Article 6. Information Resources As an Element in the Makeup of Property and As an Object of the Ownership Right

    1. Information resources can be state or nonstate, and as an element of the composition of property are within the ownership of citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public associations. The relations with respect to the right of ownership of information resources are regulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.

    2. Individuals and legal entities are the owners of those documents and document files that were created at the expense of their own funds, were acquired by them on a legal basis, or were received by means of a donation or inheritance.

    3. The Russian Foundation and the subjects of the Russian Federation are owners of the information systems that are created, acquired, and accumulated at the expense of funds from the federal budget and the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation, as well as those obtained by other legally established methods.

    The state has the right to redeem documented information from individuals and legal entities in the event that that information is put into the category of a state secret. The owner of information resources containing information that has been put into the category of a state secret has the right to dispose of that property only with the authorization of the appropriate agencies of state authority.

    4. Subjects that submit documented information in a mandatory procedure to agencies of state authority or organizations do not lose their rights to those documents or the use of the information contained in them. The documented information that is submitted in a mandatory procedure to agencies of state authority or to organizations by legal entities, irrespective of their legal-organizational forms or forms of ownership, or by citizens on the basis of Article 8 of this Federal Law, forms information resources that is in the joint possession of the state and the subjects that submit that information.

    5. The information resources that are owned by organizations are included as part of their property in conformity with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. The information resources that are owned by the state are within the jurisdiction of the agencies of state authority and organizations in conformity with their competency, and are subject to record-keeping and protection as part of state property.

    6. Information resources can be a commodity, except for those instances that are stipulated by legislation of the Russian Federation.

    7. The owner of information resources enjoys all the rights stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, including the right:
  • to appoint a person to carry out the housekeeping management of the information resources or the operational management of them;
  • to establish, within the limits of his competency, a system and rules for processing and protecting the information resources and the access to them;
  • to define the conditions for disposing of the documents when they are being copied and disseminated.

    8. The right to own the means for processing information does not create the right to own the information resources belonging to other owners. Documents being processed in the procedure of offering services and under conditions of joint use of those processing means belong to their possessor. The ownership and conditions governing the use of the derivative output that is created in this instance are regulated by a contract.

    Article 7. State Information Resources

    1. The state information resources of the Russian Federation are formed in conformity with jurisdictional spheres as:
  • federal information resources;
  • information resources that are under the joint jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and the subjects of the Russian Federation (hereinunder referred to as joint-jurisdiction information resources);
  • information resources of subjects of the Russian Federation.

    2. The formation of state information resources in conformity with paragraph 1 of Article 8 of this Federal Law is carried out by citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public associations. Federal agencies of state authority and agencies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Federation form state information resources that are under their jurisdiction, and guarantee their use in conformity with the established competency.

    3. The activity of agencies of state authority and organizations in forming federal information resources, joint-jurisdiction information resources, and the information resources of subjects of the Russian Federation is financed from the federal budget and the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation, as an expense item "Information" ("Information Support").

    4. Organizations that specialize in forming federal information resources and/or joint-jurisdiction information resources on a contract basis are obliged to obtain a license for that type of activity at agencies of state authority. The licensing procedure is defined by legislation of the Russian Federation.

    Article 8. Mandatory Submittal of Documented Information In Order to Form State Information Resources

    1. Citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public association are required to submit documented information to the agencies and organizations that are responsible for the formation and use of state information resources.

    Lists of the documented information that is to be submitted in a mandatory procedure and lists of the agencies and organizations that are responsible for collecting and processing federal information resources are approved by the Russian Federation Government.

    2. The procedure and conditions for the mandatory submittal of documented information are made known to citizens and organizations. The procedure for the mandatory submittal (receipt) of information that has been put into the category of a state secret, and of confidential information, is established and carried out in conformity with the legislation concerning those categories of information.

    3. When registering legal entities, the registration agencies provide them with lists of the documents to be submitted in a mandatory procedure and with the addresses to which they are to be submitted. The list of documented information that is to be submitted in a mandatory procedure is attached to the charter of each legal entity (statute concerning it). Failure by the registration agencies to provide the legal entities being registered with a list of the documents to be submitted in a mandatory procedure, together with the addresses to which they are to be submitted, is not justification for refusal to register. The officials at the registration agencies who are guilty of failure to provide the legal entities being registered with lists of the documents to be submitted in a mandatory procedure, together with the addresses to which they are to be submitted, are brought to disciplinary responsibility, up to and including dismissal.

    4. Documents belonging to individuals or legal entities can be included, if the owner desires, as part of the state information resources according to the rules established for including the documents in the appropriate information systems.

    Article 9. Putting Information Resources in the Category of All-Russian National Property

    1. Individual objects in the federal information resources can be declared to be all-Russian national property.

    2. The putting of special objects in the federal information resources in the category of all-Russian national property and the definition of the legal conditions that pertain to them are established by federal law.

    Article 10. Information Resources By Access Categories

    1. The state information resources of the Russian Federation are open and accessible to everyone. Documented information that has been legally put into the category of limited access constitutes an exception.

    3. Documented information with limited access, with regard to the legal conditions that pertain to it, is subdivided into information that has been put into the category of a state secret, and confidential information.

    3. It is forbidden to put the following into the category of limited access:
  • legislative and other normative acts that establish the legal status of agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations, and public associations, as well as the citizens' rights, freedoms, and obligations, and the procedure for implementing them;
  • documents containing information concerning emergency situation, ecological, meteorological, demographic, sanitation-and-epidemiological, or other information that is necessary to guarantee the safe functioning of inhabited points and production sites, and the safety of citizens and the population as a whole;
  • documents containing information about the activity of agencies of state authority and agencies of local self-government, about the use of budgetary funds and other state and local resources, about the state of the economy and the population's needs, with the exception of information that has been put into the category of a state secret;
  • documents being accumulated in the open collections of libraries and archives, in the information systems of agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, public associations, and organizations, which are of public interest or are necessary for implement the citizens' rights, freedoms, and obligations.

    4. The putting of information into the category of a state secret is carried out in conformity with RF Law "State Secret."

    5. The putting of information into the category of confidential information is carried out in the procedure established by RF legislation, with the exception of instances stipulated by Article 11 of this Federal Law.

    Article 11. Information Concerning Citizens (Personal Data

    1. Lists of personal data to be included as part of federal information resources, joint-jurisdiction information resources, and the information resources of subjects of the Russian Federation, the information resources of local self-government, as well as that which is received and collected by nonstate organizations, must be consolidated at the level of federal law. Personal data is included in the category of confidential information.

    It is forbidden to collect, store, use, or disseminate information concerning private life, or any information that violates a personal secret, a family secret, a correspondence secret, telephone conversations, or postal, telegraphic, or other communications of an individual without his consent, other than on the basis of a court decision.

    2. Personal data cannot be used for purposes of causing any property or psychological harm to citizens, or for purposes of hindering the implementation of the rights and freedoms of citizens of the Russian Federation. Limitation of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of the use of information concerning their social origin, or their racial, national, linguistic, religious, or party affiliation, is prohibited and is punished in accordance with the legislation.

    3. Legal entities and individuals possessing, in conformity with their powers, information concerning citizens, or that receive and use it, bear the responsibility in conformity with RF legislation for violating the conditions pertaining to the protection, processing, and procedure for using that information.

    4. Mandatory licensing is required for the activities of nonstate organizations and private individuals that are linked with the processing of personal data and the submittal of that data to customers. The licensing procedure is defined by RF legislation.

    5. The impropriety of the activities of agencies of state authority and agencies in the collection of personal data can be established in a court procedure upon the request of subjects operating on the basis of Articles 14 and 15 of this Federal Law and the legislation concerning personal data.

    Chapter 3. The Use of Information Resources

    Article 12. Implementation of the Right to Access to Information in the Information Resources

    1. Users -- citizens, agencies of state authority, agencies of local self-government, organizations,, and public associations --possess equal rights to access to state information resources and are not required to substantiate to the possessors of those resources the need to obtain the information that they are requesting. Information with limited access constitutes an exception.

    The access of individuals and legal entities to state information resources is the basis for carrying out public monitoring of the activities of the agencies of state authority, the agencies of local self-government, public, political, and other organizations, as well as the monitoring of the state of the economy, ecology, and other spheres of public life.

    2. Possessors of information resources provide the users (consumers) with information from the information resources on the basis of legislation, the charters of the indicated agencies and organizations, the statutes governing them, as well as contracts for information-support services.

    Information obtained on a legal basis from state information resources by citizens and organizations can be used by them to create derivative information for purposes of its commercial dissemination, with mandatory referencing of the source of the information.

    In this instance, the result of the labor and funds that have been invested to create the derivative information is the source of profit, rather than the initial information that was obtained from the state resources.

    3. The procedure by which the customer obtains information (an indication of the place, time, responsible officials, necessary procedures) is defined by the owner or possessor of the information resources, with the observance of the requirements established by this Federal Law. Lists of information and information-support services and information about the procedure and conditions of access to the information resources are offered free of charge to the users by the possessors of information resources and information systems.

    4. Agencies of state authority and organizations responsible for the formation and use of information resources provide conditions for the time-responsive and complete providing to the user of documented information in conformity with the requirements established by the charters (statutes) of those agencies and organizations.

    5. The procedure for accumulating and processing documented information with limited access, the rules for protecting it, and the procedure for access to it are defined by the agencies of state authority that are responsible for the definite type and files of information, in conformity with their competency or directly by its owner in conformity with legislation.

    Article 13. Guarantees of the Providing of Information

    1. Agencies of state authority and agencies of local self-government create resources that are accessible for everyone on questions of the activities of those agencies and their subordinate organizations, and also, within the limits of their competency, carry out the mass informational support of the users with regard to questions of citizens' rights, freedoms, and obligations, their safety, and other questions that are of public interest.

    2. Refusal to provide access to the information resources that are stipulated in paragraph 1 of this article can be appealed in court.

    3. The Committee on Informatization Policy, under the President of the Russian Federation, organizes the registration of all the information resources and information systems, and the publication of information concerning them in order to guarantee the citizens' right to access to information.

    4. The list of information services offered to users from state information resources free of charge, or in exchange for payment that does not completely compensate the expenses for the services, is established by the RF Government.

    The expenses for these services are compensated from the funds in the federal budget and the budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation.

    Article 14. Access of Citizens and Organizations to Information About Them

    1. Citizens and organizations have the right to access to documented information about them, and to clarify that information for purposes of guaranteeing its completeness and reliability; and have the right to know who is using or has used that information, and for what purposes. The limitation of the access of citizens and organizations to information about them is admissible only for the reasons stipulated by federal laws.

    2. The possessor of documented information about citizens is required to submit the information free of charge on the request of those persons to whom it pertains. Limitations are possible only in the instances stipulated by RF legislation.

    3. The subjects that present information about themselves in order to augment the information resources on the basis of Articles 7 and 8 of this Federal Law have the right to use that information free of charge.

    4. Refusal of the possessor of the information resources to provide the subject access to information about him can be appealed in a court procedure.

    Article 15. Obligations and Responsibility of the Possessor of Information Resources

    1. The possessor of information resources is required to guarantee the observance of the processing regulations and the rules for providing information to the user which have been established by RF legislation or by the owner of those information resources, in conformity with the legislation.

    2. The possessor of the information resources bears the legal responsibility for violating the rules of operating with the information, in the procedure stipulated by RF legislation.

    Chapter 4. Informatization, Information Systems, Technologies and Their Support Means

    Article 16. Development and Production of Information Systems, Technologies, and Their Support Means

    1. All types of the production of information systems and networks, technologies, and their support means constitute a special branch of economic activity, the development of which is determined by the state scientific-technical and industrial policy of informatization.

    2. State and nonstate organizations, as well as citizens, have equal rights to develop and produce information systems, technologies, and their support means.

    3. The state creates the conditions for conducting scientific-research and experimental-design projects in the area of the development and production of information systems, technologies, and their support means. The RF government determines the priority trends in the development of informatization and establishes the procedure for financing them.

    4. The development and operation of federal information systems are financed from the funds in the federal budget, in expense item "Informatics" ("Information Support").

    5. State statistics agencies, jointly with the Committee on Informatization Policy, under the President of the Russian Federation, establish the rules for record-keeping and analysis of the state of the branch of economic activity, the development of which is determined by the state scientific-technical and industrial policy of informatization.

    Article 17. The Right to Own Information Systems, Technologies, and Their Support Means

    1. Information systems, technologies, and their support means can be objects of ownership by individuals, legal entities, and the state.

    2. The individual or legal entity that is recognized as the owner of the information system, technology, and its support means is the individual or legal entity with whose funds those objects were produced, purchased, or obtained by way of inheritance, donation, or other legal means.

    3. Information systems, technologies, and their support means are included as part of the property of the subject that is carrying out the rights of owner or possessor of those objects. Information systems, technologies, and their support means act as a commodity (output), with the observance of the exclusive rights of their developers.

    The owner of the information system, technology, and their support means determines the conditions for using that output.

    Article 18. Copyright and the Right to Own Information Systems, Technologies, and Their Support Means

    Copyright and the right to own information systems, technologies, and their support means can belong to various persons. The owner of an information system, technology, and their support means is required to protect the rights of their originator in conformity with RF legislation.

    Article 19. Certification of Information Systems, Technologies, and Their Support Means, and the Licensing of the Activity to Form and Use Information Resources

    1. Information systems, bases, and data banks that are intended to provide information services to citizens and organizations are subject to certification in the procedure established by RF Law "Certification of Output and Services."

    2. The information systems of agencies of the state authority of the Russian Federation and organs of the state authority of subjects of the Russian Federation, other state agencies, and organizations that process documented information with limited access, as well as means for protecting those systems, are subject to mandatory certification. The certification procedure is defined by RF legislation.

    3. Organizations that carry out operations in the area of designing and producing means to protect information and to process personal data obtain licenses for that type of activity. The licensing procedure is defined by RF legislation.

    4. The interests of the information consumer during the use of imported output in information systems are protected by the customs agencies of the Russian Federation on the basis of an international certification system.

    Article 20. Purposes of Protection

    The purposes of the protection are:
  • the prevention of leakage, theft, loss, distortion, or forging of information;
  • the prevent of the threats to the safety of an individual, society, or the state;
  • the prevention of unsanctioned actions to destroy, modify, distort, copy, or block information; the prevention of other forms of illegal interference in the information resources and information systems; the guaranteeing of the legal conditions pertaining to documented information as an object of ownership;
  • the protection of the citizens' constitutional rights to maintain personal secrecy and the confidentiality of the personal data contained in information systems;
  • the preservation of state secrecy, the confidentiality of the documented information in conformity with legislation;
  • the guaranteeing of the subjects' rights in the information processes and during the development, production, and application of information systems, technologies, and their support means.

    Article 21. Protection of Information

    1. Any documented information the improper handling of which can cause damage to its owner, possessor, user, or any other person is subject to protection.

    The rules governing the protection of information are established:
  • with respect to information that is included in the category of a state secret: by authorized agencies on the basis of RF Law "State Secret";
  • with respect to confidential documented information: by the owner of the information resources or by an authorized agent on the basis of this Federal Law;
  • with respect to personal information: by federal law.

    2. Agencies of state authority and organizations that are responsible for the formation and use of information resources that are subject to protection, as well as agencies and organizations that develop and apply information systems and information technology for the purpose of forming and using information resources with limited access, are guided in their activity by RF legislation.

    3. Monitoring of the observance of the requirements for the protection of information and the operation of special technically-programmed means of protection, as well as the guaranteeing of organizational measures to protect the information systems that are processing information with limited access in nonstate structures, are carried out by agencies of the state authority. Monitoring is carried out in the procedure defined by the RF Government.

    4. Organizations that process information with limited access, which information is owned by the state, create a special service that guarantees the protection of the information.

    5. The owner of the information resources or the persons authorized by them have the right to monitor the execution of the requirements concerning the protection of information and to prohibit or suspend temporarily the processing of information in the event of nonfulfillment of those requirements.

    6. The owner or possessor of documented information has the right to request agencies of state authority to evaluate the correctness of the fulfillment of the norms and requirements for protecting his information in the information systems. The appropriate agencies are defined by the RF Government. These agencies observe the conditions of the confidentiality of the information itself and the results of the verification.

    Article 22. Rights and Obligations of Subjects in the Area of Information Protection

    1. The owner of documents, a file of documents, or information systems, or the persons authorized by them, in conformity with this Federal Law, establish the procedure for providing the user with information, with an indication of the time, place, responsible officials, as well as the necessary procedures, and guarantee the conditions of the users' access to the information.

    2. The owner of documents, a file of documents, or information systems guarantees the level of protection of the information in conformity with RF legislation.

    3. The risk linked with the use of uncertified information systems and their support means is borne by the owner (possessor) of those systems and means. The risk linked with the use of information obtained from an uncertified system is borne by the user of the information.

    4. The owner of documents, a file of documents, or information systems can request the organizations certifying the means of protecting information systems and information resources to carry out an analysis of the sufficiency of the measures to protect his resources and systems and to obtain consultations.

    5. The owner of documents, a file of documents, or information systems is required to inform the owner of the information resources and/or information systems concerning all instances of violations of the rules governing the protection of information.

    Article 23. Protection of the Subjects' Rights in the Sphere of Information Processes and Informatization

    1. The protection of the subjects' rights in the sphere of the formation of resources, the use of information resources, and the development, production, and application of information systems, technologies, and their support means is carried out for purposes of preventing violations of the law, stopping improper actions, restoring violated rights, and compensating for damage that has been caused.

    2. The protection of the subjects' rights in this sphere is carried out by a court, a court of arbitration [arbitrazhnyy sud]., or an arbitration tribunal [treteyskiy sud], with the consideration of the specifics of the violations of the law and the damage that was caused.

    3. For violations of the law when operating with documented information, the agencies of state authority, organizations, and their officials bear the responsibility in conformity with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the subjects of the Russian Federation. In order to consider conflict situations and to protect the rights of participants in the sphere of forming and using information resources, creating, and using information systems, technologies, and their support means, temporary or permanent arbitration tribunals can be created. An arbitration tribunal considers the conflicts and disputes between the two sides in the procedure established by the legislation governing artbitration tribunals.

    4. Responsibility for violations of international norms and rules in the area of the formation and use of information resources, and the creation and use of information systems, technologies, and their support means, is entrusted to agencies of state authority, organizations, and citizens in conformity with the contracts concluded by them with foreign companies and other partners, with a consideration of the international treaties that have been ratified by the Russian Federation.

    Article 24. Protection of the Right to Access to Information

    1. Refusal to provide access to open information or the providing to what is known to be unreliable information to the users can be appealed by court procedure. Nonexecution or improper execution of the pledges assumed in a contract for delivery or buying-selling, or other forms of exchanging information resources among organizations are considered by a court of arbitration. In all instances the persons who have been refused access to the information and the person who have received unreliable information have the right to compensation for the damages caused to them.

    2. The court considers disputes concerning the unsubstantiated putting of information into the category of information with limited access, and suits seeking the compensation of damages in instances of unsubstantiated refusal to provide information to users, or as a result of other violation of the users' rights.

    3. Administrators and other employees of agencies of state authority and organizations who are guilty of the illegal limitation of access to information or the violation of the rules governing the protection of information bear the responsibility in conformity with the criminal and civil legislation and the legislation governing administrative offenses.

    Article 25. Entry into Effect of This Federal Law

    1. This Federal Law goes into effect on the day of its official promulgation.

    2. It is proposed to the President of the Russian Federation that he put the legal acts that have been issued by him into conformity with this Federal Law.

    3. The Government of the Russian Federation is instructed to:
  • put the legal acts issued by that Government into conformity with this Federal Law;
  • prepare and submit to the State Duma within a three-month period, in the established procedure, recommendations concerning the making of amendments and additions to the legislation of the Russian Federation as a result of the enactment of this Federal Law; and
  • enact the normative legal acts that guarantee the implementation of this Federal Law.

    [Signed] B. Yeltsin,
    president of the Russian Federation Moscow, the Kremlin
    20 February 1995
    No. 24-FZ