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ALOUETTE III

The Alouette 3, production of which ended in 1979, was to have 1437 units built, to which must be added nearly 500 built under licence in India and Romania. The Alouette 3 initially used a Turbomeca Artouste 3 gas turbine that is greatly derated, i.e. that was utilized well below its nominal rated power of 880hp. Intended for high-altitude flight, it retains its full performance up to an altitude of 5000 meters. Later, under the designation SA319B, it was equipped with the Astazou 3, a less fuel-thirsty engine of identical power. The three-blade main rotor is mounted on the top of the fuselage to the rear of the cockpit. The single turboshaft engine is mounted above and to the rear of the cockpit and rotor shaft. The fuselage consists of an oval-shaped, glassed-in cockpit with fixed landing gear. The tail consists of rectangular flats with small, oval fins on tips. The rotor on the right has a prominent tail rotor guard.

Specifications

Country of Origin France
Builder AEROSPATIALE
RoleLight-attack, transport (six equipped troops), general purpose
Similar AircraftAlouette II, Gazelle, Scout/Wasp, OH-13 Sioux, BO 105
Rotor diameter 36 ft (11 m)
Length 32 ft, 10 in (10.02 m)
Height
Weight
Engine 1 Turbomeca Artouste 3 @ 880hp or
1 Astazou 3 @ 880hp
Maximum speed
Cruising speed
Range
Service Ceiling
ArmamentMachine guns, cannon, antitank missiles, rockets
Crew One
Cost
User Countries Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Austria, Burkina-Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, India (Chetak), Iraq, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Nepal (Chetak), Netherlands, Nicaragua, North Yemen, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, South Africa, Senegal, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Zaire

Sources and Resources



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Updated Tuesday, September 21, 1999 10:18:15 AM