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2S6M Tunguska Anti-Aircraft Artillery

In addition to the 8 mounted ready missiles two additional missiles can be carried inside. Range out to 10 km for hovering aircraft and low flying targets. There is a 2S6M1 variant/upgrade, which has improved missile control, range and altitude capabilities of 1.5-10 km, and 0.015-6 km respectively. An artist`s concept of the Soviet ZSU-X anti-aircraft system was released by the US Department of Defense in January 1987. However, as of November 1997 the 2S6M1 was not known to be fielded.

Specifications

Alternative Designations 2K22M, Tunguska-M
Date of Introduction 1990
Proliferation At least 2 countries
Description
Crew 4
Combat Weight (mt) 34
Chassis GM-352M tracked vehicle
Chassis Length Overall (m) 7.93
Height (m)
TAR up 4.02
TAR down 3.36
Width Overall (m) 3.24
Automotive Performance
Engine Type V-12 turbo diesel
Cruising Range (km) 500
Speed (km/h)
Max. Road 65
Max. Swim INA
Fording Depths (m) INA
Radio R-173
Protection
NBC Protection System Yes
ARMAMENT
Gun
Caliber, Type, Name 30-mm gun, 2A38M
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 4,800 (four gun total)
Reload Time (min) gun ammunition and missiles in about 16 min.
Elevation (°) (-/+) -10 to + 87°
Fire on Move Yes
Missile 9M311
Name SA-19/GRISON
Range (m)
Max. Range 8,000-10,000
Min. Range 2,500
Altitude (m)
Max. Altitude 3,500
Min. Altitude 15
Dimensions
Length (m) 2.83
Weight (kg) 57 (in container)
Missile Speed (m/s) 600-900
Guidance SACLOS
Seeker Field of View(°) INA
Tracking Rate INA
Warhead Type Frag-HE
Warhead Weight (kg) 9
Fuze Type Proximity
Self-Destruct (sec) INA
System Reaction Time (sec) 6-12
Fire on Move No (must be at a halt to fire the missile)
FIRE CONTROL
Sights w/magnification
Stabilized optical sight 1A29M
Magnification 8x
Field of View(°) 8 o
Commander’s position IR day/night sight
IFF Yes
Radars HOT SHOT radar system
Name 1RL144 (TAR)
Function Target Acquisition
Detection Range (km) 18-20
Tracking Range (km) INA
Frequency 2-3 GHz
Frequency Band E
Name 1RL144M (TTR)
Function Target Tracking
Detection Range (km) 16
Tracking Range (km) INA
Frequency 10-20 GHz
Frequency Band J
MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION
Type AP-T, Frag-T, HE-I
Range (m)
Max. Range 4,000
Min. Range 200
Altitude (m)
Max. Altitude 3,000
Min. Altitude 0
Projectile Weight (kg) INA

Sources and Methods



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