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Type 83 152-mm Self-Propelled Gun-Howitzer
Type 83 120-mm Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun

The Type 83 152-mm SP Gun-Howitzer is capable of firing all standard types of 152-mm rounds. The main armament cannon is based on the Chinese 152-mm Towed Type 66 mounted on an entirely new chassis similar to the Russian 152-mm SP Gun-Howitzer 2S3. The layout of the Type 83 follows the general pattern of the American M109, with six roadwheel pairs, the engine and drive sprocket at the front, and the large square turret at the rear. There are extensive storage points around the hull and turret. The crew communicates with each other using the Type 803 intercom system.

Variants include the Type 462 425-mm Mineclearing Rocket Launcher 2-round rocket launcher for use in clearing minefields. Another variant is the 120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun, with the AT gun is fitted with a 120-mm smoothbore mounted inside a turret on a Type 83 Gun-Howitzer chassis. There are reports of the Type 83 being equipped with an anti-tank rocket launcher referred to as the Type 40. However, it is suspected that the rocket launcher is really the 40-mm anti-tank rocket launcher Type 69-1 (an upgraded variant of the Russian RPG-7).

Specifications

Alternative Designations None
Date of Introduction 1984
Proliferation At least 1 country
Description
Crew 5
Platform (chassis) Type 83
Combat Weight (mt) 30.0
Chassis Length Overall (m) 7.33
Height Overall (m) 3.50
Width Overall (m) 3.24
Automotive Performance
Engine Type Type 12150L, V-12, 520-hp liquid-cooled diesel
Cruising Range (km) 450 km
Speed (km/h)
Max Road 55
Max Off-Road 35
Cross-Country INA
Max Swim N/A
Fording Depth (m) 1.3
Emplacement Time (min) 1
Displacement Time (min) 1
Radio Type 889D
Protection
Armor, Turret (mm) INA
Armor Turret Top (mm) INA
Armor Hull (mm) INA
Self-Entrenching Blade No
NBC Protection System No
Smoke Equipment No
ARMAMENT
Main Armament
Caliber, Type, Name 152-mm, Type 66 cannon
Barrel Length (cal) 29
Rate of Fire (rpm)
Burst 4
Normal INA
Sustained INA
Fire from Ground INA
Loader Type Semiautomatic
Breech Type Vertical sliding wedge
Muzzle Brake Type Double baffle
Traverse ()
Left 360
Right 360
Total 360
Elevation () (-/+) -5/+65
Auxiliary Weapon
Caliber, Type, Name 12.7-mm (12.7x108) AA MG Type 54
Mount Type Turret top
Direct Fire Range (m) 1500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1500 ground/1600 for air targets (APDS)
Night INA
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rpm) 80-100 practical, 600 for air targets in 2-10 round bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62 (7.62 x 54R) Machinegun Type 59
Mount Type Turret coax
Direct Fire Range (m) 1800
Max Effective Range (m)`
Day 1000
Night 800
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rpm) 250 practical, 600 cyclic in 2-10 round bursts
FIRE CONTROL
Indirect Fire Panoramic
Direct Fire INA
Collimator INA
Gun Display Unit None
Fire Control Computer None
VARIANTS
  • 425-mm Mineclearing Rocket Launcher - Type 462 2-round rocket launcher for use in clearing minefields.
  • 120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun - The AT gun is fitted with a 120-mm smoothbore mounted inside a turret on a Type 83 Gun-Howitzer chassis.
  • MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION
    Caliber, Type, Name152-mm Frag-HE, Type 66
    Indirect Fire Range (m)
    Minimum Range 9600
    Maximum Range 17,230
    Complete Projectile Weight (kg) 43.6
    Muzzle Velocity 655 m/s
    Fuze Type Liu-4 PD and Proximity 152-mm Frag-HE Rocket Assisted Projectile
    Indirect Fire Range (m)
    Minimum Range INA
    Maximum Range 21,880
    Complete Projectile Weight (kg) INA
    Muzzle Velocity INA
    Fuze Type PD 152-mm Frag-HE Type 83
    Indirect Fire Range (m)
    Minimum Range INA
    Maximum Range 30,370
    Complete Projectile Weight (kg) 46.95
    Muzzle Velocity 955 m/s
    Fuze Type Liu-4 PD and Proximity
    Other Ammunition Types HE-I, Illumination, Smoke

    120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun

    Sources and Methods



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