News

 

DATE=  10/7/97

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

NUMBER=2-220952

TITLE=CONGRESS/CHINA-NUKES (L ONLY)

BYLINE=PAULA WOLFSON

DATELINE=CAPITOL HILL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT: 




INTRO:  WITH A SINO-AMERICAN SUMMIT JUST WEEKS AWAY, CONGRESS IS 

TAKING A GOOD LOOK AT ISSUES THAT MAY BE ON THE AGENDA.  AMONG 

THEM: THE FATE OF A 1985 NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT THAT HAS 

NEVER BEEN IMPLEMENTED.  AS V-O-A'S PAULA WOLFSON REPORTS, THERE 

ARE SIGNS OF MOVEMENT.



TEXT:  THE AGREEMENT HAS ALWAYS BEEN CONTROVERSIAL.



IT TOOK THREE-AND-ONE-HALF YEARS TO NEGOTIATE A PACT THAT WOULD 

PERMIT SALES OF U-S NUCLEAR POWER TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.  CONGRESS 

THEN ADDED CONDITIONS -- SAYING THE AGREEMENT COULD NOT BE 

IMPLEMENTED UNTIL THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT STOPS SELLING NUCLEAR 

MATERIALS TO NON-NUCLEAR STATES.



PRESIDENT (RONALD) REAGAN COULD NOT PROVIDE THE CERTIFICATION 

(DOCUMENTATION THAT THE CONDITIONS WERE MET).  NOR COULD 

PRESIDENT (GEORGE) BUSH.   BUT A TOP CLINTON ADMINISTRATION 

NEGOTIATOR ON NUCLEAR ISSUES -- DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 

STATE ROBERT EINHORN --  IS IN BEIJING.  

// OPT //  SO IS THE PRESIDENT OF A MAJOR U-S CORPORATION THAT 

BUILDS NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS.  // END OPT //



MR. EINHORN IS EXPECTED TO MEET WITH KEY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 

AFTER HIS RETURN FROM THE CHINESE CAPITAL.  IN THE MEANTIME, THE 

HOUSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COMMITTEE IS SOLICITING ADVICE FROM

THE PRIVATE SECTOR.



FIVE SPECIALISTS IN ARMS CONTROL AND NUCLEAR-RELATED ISSUES WERE 

BROUGHT IN TO DISCUSS THE MERITS OF IMPLEMENTING THE NUCLEAR 

POWER COOPERATION AGREEMENT.  THEIR VIEWS RANGED FROM TOTAL 

OPPOSITION TO CAUTIOUS SUPPORT.



THE STRONGEST WORDS CAME FROM PRESIDENT REAGAN'S CHIEF ARMS 

NEGOTIATOR, (FORMER HEAD OF THE ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT 

AGENCY) KEN ADELMAN.  HE ONCE WAS A STRONG SUPPORTER OF THE 

AGREEMENT.  NOT ANYMORE.



                       /// ADELMAN ACT ///



         I COME TO YOU AS SOMEBODY WHO TESTIFIED A DOZEN YEARS 

         AGO ON BEHALF OF THE U-S/CHINA AGREEMENT.  AND I THOUGHT

         AT THAT TIME IT WAS A VERY GOOD DEAL FOR THE UNITED 

         STATES.  I COME TO YOU NOW AS SOMEONE WHO HAS BEEN 

         DISAPPOINTED BY THE RESULTS.



                         /// END ACT ///



HE SPOKE OF YEARS OF CHINESE SALES OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY TO 

PAKISTAN AND IRAN.  MR. ADELMAN SAID BEIJING CAN PROMISE TO 

CHANGE ITS WAYS, BUT ADDED WORDS ARE NOT ENOUGH.  HE SAID THOSE 

CONSIDERING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1985 AGREEMENT, SHOULD TAKE A 

CLOSE LOOK AT CHINESE COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL NORMS OF 

BEHAVIOR IN AREAS RANGING FROM HUMAN RIGHTS TO ARMS 

PROLIFERATION.



                       /// ADELMAN ACT ///



         OVERALL, THE BEST THAT CAN BE SAID IS THAT IT IS A ROCKY

         RECORD, IF I CAN BE SO KIND.  AND MOSTLY IT IS A PRETTY 

         DEPLORABLE RECORD. 



                         /// END ACT ///



BUT THE HEAD OF A MAJOR RESEARCH STUDY AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY SAID

THERE HAVE BEEN A FEW POSITIVE SIGNS.  JENNIFER WEEKS HAS BEEN 

LOOKING INTO THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN USES OF NUCLEAR 

TECHNOLOGY.  SHE TOLD THE COMMITTEE PRESIDENT CLINTON SHOULD 

IMPLEMENT THE AGREEMENT IF HE CAN CONFIRM CONTROVERSIAL CHINESE 

SALES OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY HAVE COME TO AN END.  SHE THEN 

SOUNDED A CAUTIONARY NOTE.



                        /// WEEKS ACT ///



         CONGRESS SHOULD REALLY LOOK AT THE TIMING OF THIS 

         DECISION CRITICALLY, AND SHOULD ASK IF THERE WERE NOT A 

         SUMMIT COMING UP IN A FEW WEEKS, WOULD WE BE CERTIFYING 

         CHINA NOW?   // OPT //  AND IF THE ANSWER IS "NO," THEN 

         WHICH IS MORE IMPORTANT: A SUCCESSFUL SUMMIT OR REAL 

         PROGRESS FROM CHINA ON NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION?  // 

         END OPT //



                         /// END ACT ///



THE NUCLEAR POWER INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES ARGUES CHINA IS 

ALREADY BUILDING PLANTS WITH HELP FROM COMPANIES IN FRANCE AND 

CANADA.  AN INDUSTRY SPOKESMAN TOLD THE COMMITTEE THERE IS NO 

STOPPING THE CHINESE NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAM.  MARVIN FERTEL SAID 

EVERYONE WILL BENEFIT IF AMERICAN EXPERTISE IS INVOLVED IN THE 

CONSTRUCTION OF NEW REACTORS.



                       /// FERTEL ACT ///



         THE RELEVANT QUESTION, ONCE WE SATISFY THE CERTIFICATION

         REQUIREMENTS IS NOT WHETHER CHINA SHOULD DEVELOP A 

         NUCLEAR PROGRAM -- THAT QUESTION HAS ALREADY BEEN 

         ANSWERED.  THE QUESTION IS WHETHER THE UNITED STATES 

         SHOULD BE THE ONLY NATION IN THE WORLD THAT EXCLUDES 

         ITSELF FROM ACCESS TO THE CHINA MARKET.



                         /// END ACT ///



THE INDUSTRY ESTIMATES IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NUCLEAR COOPERATION 

AGREEMENT COULD RESULT IN BILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN EXPORT REVENUES,

AND TENS-OF-THOUSANDS OF NEW AMERICAN JOBS.   (SIGNED)



NEB/RAE/WFR



07-Oct-97 7:04 PM EDT (2304 UTC)

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Source: Voice of America

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