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Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology [SAST]
Shanghai Bureau of Astronautics SHBOA
8th Academy

The Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology [SAST], a research and production complex headquartered in the Shanghai area, is also known as the Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology. Founded in 1961 as Shanghai Bureau 2, the enterprise initially concentrated on the development of tactical missiles systems. Bureau 2 later became SHBOA [Shanghai Bureau of Astronautics], which in 1993 was redesignated the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology.

The Shanghai Academy augments and occasionally competes against the five basic academies of the China Aerospace Corporation in launch vehicles and air defense systems. SAST designs, develops and manufactures launch vehicles and components, including the entire Long March-4 and FB-1 rockets, and components of the LM-3 and LM-2D. The Shanghai enterprise a setback with the FB-1 launcher, which was abandoned in favor of LM-2. The FB-1 had launched three military satellites, no details of which have published. The Shanghai "gang of four" was held responsible for the FB-1 failures between 1973 and 1981.

SAST is responsible for the development and production of the first, second stage structure and third stage attitude control system of the Long March [LM-3] launch vehicles, jointly developed with Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology. It has similar responsibilities for the associated DF-5 ICBM. SAST is responsible for the CZ-2D booster, while CALT managed the development of the CZ-2C.

Other activities include work on satellites, tactical missiles, civilian products, and the components and instruments for rocket inertial guidance and stabilization systems. Meteorological spacecraft are created by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology's Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, which until 1993 was also a part of CAST [other sources assert that this Institute is subordinated to CALT rather than SAST].

Subordinate Entities

The SAST includes some 10 research institutes and some 6-12 factories with a total staff of 30,000, of which some 6,000 are engineering and technical personnel.

Entity Corporation Location Staff Director Activities
8th Design Department Shanghai Institute of Electromechanical Engineering 478 Jin Zhuanglong SAM R&D
509th Research Institute Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering 600 Lu Zili SASTís key unit for satellite systems engineering and environmental testing. Established in 1969, primary products include FY-1 and FY-2 satellites. (CAST brochure has this institute under CAST)
802nd Institute Shanghai Institute of Radio Equipment SAM guidance and fuzes
805th Institute
809th Institute Shanghai Xinwei Electronic Equipment Research Institute LV and tactical weapons computer automation launch control systems design and satellite control computers. Established 1979.
8250th Institute
Shanghai Astronautics Bureau Systems Laboratory
Shanghai Institute of Electromechanical Equipment
Shanghai Institute of Electronic Communications Equipment Engineering
Shanghai Institute of Power Machinery
Shanghai Institute of Precision Instruments [Xinyue Institute] Guidance systems.
Shanghai Institute of Precision Metrology and Test Engineering
Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering
Shanghai Institute of S&T Information for Electromechanical Engineering
Shanghai Institute of Spaceflight Telemetry, Control, & Telecommunications Engineering
Shanghai Institute of Space Power Sources
Shanghai Institute of Systems Engineering
Shanghai Institute of Video & Telecommunications Equipment Engineering
Shanghai Precision Machinery Research Institute
Shanghai Spaceflight Architecture Design Institute
Shanghai Spaceflight Automatic Control Equipment Research Institute
Shanghai Xinfeng Chemical Engineering Institute Propellant technology
Shanghai Xinli Institute of Power Equipment Engines and motors
New China Machine Plant general assembly
Shanghai Broadcast Equipment Factory
Shanghai Instrument Factory
Shanghai Wire Communication Factory
Shanghai Xinguang Telecommunications Factory
Shanghai Xinhua Radio Factory
Shanghai Xinjiang Machinery Factory
Shanghai Xinli Machinery Factory
Shanghai Xinxin Machinery Factory liquid propellant rocket motors
Shanghai Xinya Radio Factory
Shanghai Xinyu Power Supply Factory
Shanghai Xinzhonghua Machinery Factory
Xijang Machine Plant general assembly

The 809th Institute in Shanghai is involved in military space project development and production of computers, automatic launch systems, and test and control equipment. With over 800 workers, including 360 engineers and technicians, it occupies nearly 16,000 square meters of facilities that include two assembly lines.

The Shanghai Institute of Power Machinery (SIPM) designs, develops, manufactures and tests liquid rocket engines. It has more than 400 employees, of whom 200 are technical staff with one third being senior engineers and professors. In the past SIPM has developed over 20 types of liquid rocket engines, such as Long March 3 first stage engine, apogee engine, orbit control engine and attitude control engines etc.

Products

Sources and Resources



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