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R-29RM / SS-N-23 SKIF 

Overview    

Specifications Images Sources and Resources

The R-29RM is a three-stage liquid-propellant missile carrying four or ten MIRV. Compared to the R-29R the missile has a larger launch weight (40.3 to 35.5 Tons) providing a heavier payload (2800 kg to 1650 kg) to a greater maximum range (8300 to 8000 km). The R-29M incorporates a number of significant design changes relative to the predecessor R-29R

Relative to the R-29R, the diameter of the R-29RM was increased from 1.8 meters to 1.9 meters, which allowed an increase in propellant loading. The new missile's length was increased only slightly, from 14.1 meters to 14.8 meters, allowing the overall dimensions of the launching tube to remained constant. The D-9RM launch system for the R-29RM missiles is based on the D-9R system.

Unlike the R-29 and R-29R, the propulsion system of the first stage has four control chambers. The engines of all three stages are located in the tanks. The third stage propulsion system and the post-boost vehicle propulsion system use the same fuel tanks. The warheads are placed in an internal cavity of the concave conical bottom of the upper tank of the second stage at the periphery of the sustainer of the third stage.

NII Mashinostroyeniya began work on the development of the D-9RM launch system and the R29-RM in 1979. A series of vehicle development launches from a floating platform was conducted initially, followed by 16 flight tests from a ground platform and submarine tests. Deployment of the D-9RM launch system began in 1986.

Seven Deltra IV submarines were equipped with the D-9RM launch system. They carry 16 R-29RM missiles containing four warheads each. The R-29RM missiles carrying ten warheads were not deployed.

In 1988 the launch system was modernized providing improved accuracy, and for firing the missiles on depressed trajectories. At that time the missile was also equipped with improved warheads.

In late 1999 Russia announced plans to resume production of the SS-N-23. he state missile center Design Agency named after V. P. Makeev received a state order from the Russian government to resume the manufacture of naval missiles, including the most advanced RSM-54 system developed by the Agency when Victor Makeev was its general designer. While deployed with four warheads for the START I treaty, it was originally tested with 10 warheads and might be deployed with that number in the absence of such arms control agreements. It has been suggested that some of these liquid-fuel missiles could be deployed on land in the absence of the START agreements. T

Specifications    Return to Top

DIA

SS-N-23

NATO

Skiff

Bilateral

RSM-54

Service

R-29RM

OKB/Industry

3M37

Design Bureau

NII Mashinostroyeniya

Approved

 

Years of R&D

 

Engineering and Testing

 

First Flight Test

June 1983

IOC

 

Deployment Date

1986

Launch system

D-9RM with 16 missiles

Submarine

 

Type of Warhead

MIRV

Warheads

4 (tested with 10)

Yield (mt)

 

Payload (t)

2800

Total length (m)

14.8

Total length w/o warhead (m)

 

Missile Diameter (m)

1.9

Diameter of Stabilizers (m)

 

Launch Weight (t)

40.3

Fuel Weight (t)

 

Range (km)

8300

CEP (m) (Russian Sources)

500

CEP (m) Western Sources)

 

Number of Stages

2

Warheads Deployed

 

Booster guidance system

astroinertial

 

1st stage

2nd stage

Length (m)

   

Body diameter (m)

   

Fueled weight (t)

   

Dry weight (t)

   

Engine Designation

   

Propellants

Liquid

 

Fuel

Nitrogen Tetraoxid

Nitrogen Tetraoxid

Oxidizer

UDMH

UDMH

Burning time (s)

   

Verniers Thrust Sea Level/Vacuum (kn)

   

Specific Impulse (s)

   

Launching Technique

Underwater wet start/ surface

Firing conditions

  • Sea State
  • Submarine speed, kn


Images   Return to Top

Sources and Resources   Return to Top

  • Russian Strategic Nuclear Weapons, Pavel Podvig, ed., IzdAT, Moscow, 1998, 492 pp. (in Russian). Authors: Oleg Bukharin, Timur Kadyshev, Eugene Miasnikov, Pavel Podvig, Igor Sutiagin, Maxim Tarasenko, Boris Zhelesov