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Non Proliferation

DOD OSD Office of Counterproliferation Chemical/Biological Defense
The DOD OSD Office of Counterproliferation Chemical/Biological Defense advocates, focuses and accelerates acquisition capabilities to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and to prevail decisively when confronted with their use.

The Antarctic - Zangger of proliferation control
The Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is the main multi-lateral agreement that aims to limit the spread of nuclear weapons. But it is not the only one. In this, the first of an occasional series of reference guides, CORE ISSUES focuses on the various antiproliferation agreements, what they mean and who is party to them.

International Atomic Energy Agency Department of Safeguards
The Department of Safeguards is one of the five departments of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The department administers safeguards designed to ensure that special fissionable and other material, services, equipment, facilities and information... are not used in such a way as to further any military purpose.

Against the Spread of Nuclear Weapons: IAEA Safeguards in the 1990s
There are a number of factors which are helping to expand and strengthen commitments to the exclusively peaceful use of nuclear energy and constitute an encouragement for the non-proliferation effort: the end of the Cold War, the increasingly active co-operation between the nuclear weapon States in peace-keeping, disarmament and non-proliferation matters, the public renunciation by South Africa of its previously existing nuclear weapons programme and the relinquishing by Argentina and Brazil of a nuclear weapons option.

Swords Into Plowshares: Considerations for 21st Century Export Controls in the United States
Trevor Hiestand - Emory International Law Review Volume 9 / Fall 1995 / Number 2 - " With contemporary international conflict and competition, measured not so much by ICBMs and land armies as by the gross national product and export market share, the export controls which the United States developed and promoted in the 1940s are no longer realistic,"

Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR)
Although the end of the Cold War dramatically reduced the danger to the United States posed by the threat of a massive nuclear exchange, instabilities and uncertainties in the new independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union have created new challenges and threats. By assisting the NIS in these tasks, the CTR program reduces the threats from weapons of mass destruction missile by missile, warhead by warhead, factory by factory, and person by person.

The Defense Couterproliferation Initiative
Bill Heiser Symposium on Theater Ballistic Missiles: What Is the Threat? What Can Be Done? American Physical Society Physics and Society Volume 23, Number 4 October 1994. "The Defense Counterproliferation Initiative tries to reverse this situation by ensuring that we can prevail even when facing aggressor forces equipped with weapons of mass destruction."

THE NUNN-LUGAR ACT: A Wasteful and Dangerous Illusion
by RICH KELLY Cato Foreign Policy Briefing No. 39 March 18, 1996 "The evidence suggests that CTR may in the long run threaten, rather than enhance, American security. CTR funds have eased the Russian military's budgetary woes, freeing resources for such initiatives as the war in Chechnya and defense modernization. Congress should eliminate CTR funding so that it does not finance additional, perhaps more threatening, programs in the former Soviet Union."

Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS)
Los Alamos National Laboratory Nonproliferation and International Security Program and Division (NIS) addresses nuclear dangers as well as other threats to U.S. and international security. Its mission is to develop and apply preeminent science and technology capabilities to deter, detect, and respond to proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and to ensure U.S. and international security.

Fighting Proliferation Without Waging War
Leon V. Sigal USPID Unione Scienziati Per Il Disarmo - VI convegno internazionale di Castiglioncello (Livorno) 28 Settembre - 2 Ottobre 1995 The Soviet Union is gone and nuclear proliferation has taken its place as the principal threat to American security. Three beliefs, widely shared by the American foreign policy establishment, as well as by elites in Japan and South Korea, have impeded efforts to cope with this danger. One is the belief that preventing proliferation is just too difficult to do that once a nation decides to build The Bomb, it cannot be persuaded to stop. A second belief is that the main proliferation menace comes from socalled "rogue" states like North Korea and Iran, rather than from unraveling states like the former Soviet Union or perhaps India and Pakistan. The third and most pernicious belief of all is that the way to get countries to abandon their nuclear ambitions is to demonize them as outlaws and force them to disarm the crimeandpunishment approach to nonproliferation.

US-Russian Military Contact Plan Signed
Secretary of Defense William J. Perry and his Russian counterpart General of the Army Pavel Grachev signed a program of defense and military contacts for 1996 during their bilateral meeting in Brussels on November 28, 1995. The 1996 plan consists of over 40 events including a series of military exercises ranging from search and rescue operations and theater missile defense to peacekeeping missions.

The Monitor Nonproliferation, Demilitarization and Arms Control
A Quarterly Publication of the University of Georgia Center for International Trade and Security. This is a MUST SEE resource.

Strategic Implications of the US - DPRK Framework Agreement, 3 April 1995 PDF Size = 125K
The Joint Doctrine Web Site was designed to make joint doctrine more accessible and to foster debate on doctrinal issues. U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE, STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE. The United States and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) signed an unprecedented framework agreement in October 1994 to halt the latter’s nuclear weapons program, establish low-level diplomatic contacts between Washington and Pyongyang, and reduce tensions on the Korean peninsula. In this study, the author argues that it also places the United States, South Korea’s historic ally and partner with South Korea in the Combined Forces Command, in a new and unfamiliar role as mediator of conflict on the peninsula. The author contends that the responsibility for imple-menting this complicated agreement, which involves sensitive political issues for all nations involved, falls primarily on the United States.

CBACI Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute
The Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute is a nonprofit corporation established to promote the goals of arms control and nonproliferation, with a special, although not exclusive focus on the elimination of chemical and biological weapons. It fosters this goal by drawing on an extensive international network to provide an innovative program of research, analysis, technical support, and education.

HSP Harvard Sussex Program on CBW Armament and Arms Limitation
The Harvard Sussex Program is an international collaborative program of research and communication to promote the global elimination of chemical and biological weapons and to strengthen the constraints against hostile uses of biomedical technologies.

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
"The Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (what a name! just call us the Secretariat) provides information on the Chemical Weapons Convention but also on other issues relating to toxic chemicals and chemical protection."

SIPRI-Saskatchewan-Frankfurt Group -- Effective Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention
"The project focuses on major aspects of national implementation from a National Authority perspective. The goal of the project is to achieve better understanding of industrial concerns. In the course of the project, areas will be identified where there should be a general approach to common problems and those where harmonization will be possible." Site includes extensive links to other resources.

The G-7 Summit on Nuclear Safety and Security: A Summit Primer
By Mark Hibbs The Global Reporting Network Issue Brief Number 12 Center for War, Peace, and the News Media New York University Department of Journalism and Mass Communication


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