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Liberation Movements, Terrorist Organizations,
Substance Cartels, and Other Para-State Entities

This directory of para-states is not a list of terrorist organizations, and is not constructed to supplement or complement the list of terrorist organizations of the US Department of State. The guide intentionally casts a wide net, and includes both the nasty and nice.

Para-States - Scope Note

  1. 15 May Organization
  2. 3rd October Organization
  3. 17 November Revolutionary Organization
  4. Abu Nidal organization (ANO)
  5. Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)
  6. Action Directe
  7. Aceh Merdeka
  8. Ahl-e-Hadees
  9. Aid for Northern Ireland
  10. Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
  11. Al-`Asifa
  12. Al-Badhr Mujahidin
  13. Al Faran
  14. Al-Fatah
  15. al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
  16. Al-Ittihad al-Islami (AIAI)
  17. al-Jihad
  18. al-Qa'ida (The Base)
  19. Albanian National Army (ANA)
  20. Alex Boncayao Brigade (ABB)
  21. Algeti Wolves
  22. Ali Suleiyman
  23. Alliance of Eritrean National Force
  24. Alliance pour la resistance democratique (ARD)
  25. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF)
  26. AMAL
  27. Amn Araissi
  28. Ansar al-Islam
  29. Anti-Imperialist International Brigade (AIIB)
  30. Anti-Imperialist Territorial Nuclei (NTA)
  31. Arab Revolutionary Brigades
  32. Arab Revolutionary Council
  33. Arewa People's Congress [Nigeria]
  34. Armed Forces of Puerto Rican National Liberation (FALN)
  35. Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
  36. Armed Islamic Movement [AIM]
  37. Armed Nuclei for Proletarian Autonomy
  38. Armed Proletarian Nuclei
  39. Armed Revolutionary Nuclei (ARN)
  40. Armée pour la libération du Rwanda (ALIR)
  41. Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA)
  42. 'Asbat al-Ansar
  43. Aum Shinrikyo
  44. Aum Supreme Truth
  45. Azad Khalistan
  46. Babbar Khalsa
  47. Babbar Khalsa Force
  48. Baader Meinhof Gang
  49. Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)
  50. Bavarian Liberation Army
  51. Bhinderanwala Tiger Force
  52. Black Mamba
  53. Black September
  54. Breton Liberation Front
  55. Breton Revolutionary Army
  56. Brigades of the Martyr Abdallah Al Hudhaifi
  57. Brigate Rosse
  58. Cambodian Freedom Fighters
  59. Caprivi Liberation Front
  60. Catholic Reaction Force (CRF)
  61. Cellules Communistes Combattantes
  62. Chukaku-Ha
  63. CNRM National Council of Maubere Resistance
  64. CNRT Timorese National Resistance Council
  65. Commandos of the November 95 Anarchist Group
  66. Committee for the Defense of Legitimate Rights
  67. Committee for Eastern Turkistan
  68. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)
  69. Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
  70. Conseil national pour la défense de la democratie (CNDD)
  71. Dal Khalsa
  72. Dark Harvest
  73. Dayak
  74. Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP)
  75. Democratic Karen Burmese Army (DKBA)
  76. Devrimci Sol (Revolutionary Left)
  77. Dev Sol
  78. Direct Action Against Drugs (DADD)
  79. Djibouti Youth Movement
  80. Dukhtaran E Millat
  81. Eastern Shan State Army (ESSA)
  82. Ejercito Popular Boricua (Macheteros)
  83. Ejercito Popular Revolucionario (EPR)
  84. ELA - Revolutionary People's Struggle
  85. Ellalan Force
  86. ELN - National Liberation Army -- Colombia
  87. EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston)
  88. ERP [Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo]
  89. Eritrean Democratic Liberation Movement
  90. Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement
  91. Eritrean Liberation Front-Revolutionary Council (ELF-RC)
  92. Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF)
  93. Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) - Basque Fatherland and Liberty
  94. Executive Outcomes
  95. FALINTIL National Armed Forces for the Liberation of East Timor
  96. Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN)
  97. FARC - Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
  98. Fatah Revolutionary Council
  99. Fatah Special Operations Group
  100. Federation of Associations of Canadian Tamils (FACT)
  101. Fighting Islamic Group (FIG)
  102. Force 17
  103. Forces armees du peuple (FAP)
  104. ex-FAR (Forces armees rwandaises)
  105. Forces nationales de liberation (FNL)
  106. Forces de liberation nationale (FALINA)
  107. Forces pour la défense de la democratie (FDD)
  108. Fraxia Midheniston
  109. Free Aceh
  110. Free Aceh Movement
  111. Free Papua Movement
  112. FPM - Morazanist Patriotic Front
  113. FPMR - Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front
  114. FRETILIN Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor
  115. Front contre l’occupation tutsie (FLOT)
  116. Front De La Liberation Nationale
  117. Front Line
  118. Front pour la liberation nationale (FROLINA)
  119. Fuerzas Armadas Liberacion Nacional Puertoriquena (FALN)
  120. al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya
  121. Gerakin Aceh Merdeka (GAM)
  122. God's Army
  123. GRAPO - 1 October Antifascist Resistance Group
  124. Gray Wolves [Sivi Vukovi]
  125. Grey Wolves
  126. Great East Islamic Raiders–Front (IBDA-C)
  127. HAMAS
  128. Harakat ul-Ansar (HUA)
  129. Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami (HUJI)
  130. Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami/Bangladesh (HUJI-B)
  131. Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM)
  132. Hawari Group
  133. Hawari Special Operations Group
  134. Hizballah Al Khalji
  135. Hizballah [Bahrain]
  136. Hizballa [Kuwait]
  137. Hizballah [Lebanon]
  138. Hizbullah [Turkish]
  139. Hizb-i-Islami
  140. Hizb-I Islami Gulbuddin (HIG)
  141. Hizb-i Wahdat
  142. Hizb ul-Mujahidin (HM)
  143. Ikhwan-ul-Mussalmin
  144. Interahamwe
  145. International Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders
  146. International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders
  147. International Justice Group
  148. International Revolutionary Action Group
  149. International Sikh Youth Federation
  150. Iparretarrak (IK)
  151. Iranian National Front
  152. Iraqi National Accord (INA)
  153. Iraqi National Congress
  154. Irish National Liberation Army (INLA)
  155. Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  156. Irish Republican Army (IRA) - Continuity
  157. Irish Republican Army (IRA) - New
  158. Irish Republican Army (IRA) - Provisional
  159. Irish Republican Army (IRA) - Real
  160. Isatabu Freedom Movement
  161. Islamic Army of Aden
  162. Islamic Group (IG)
  163. Islamic Great Eastern Raiders Front
  164. Jamat-E- Islami
  165. Islamic Armed Group (GIA)
  166. Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade
  167. Islamic Jihad [Egypt]
  168. Islamic Jihad [Lebanon]
  169. Islamic Jihad [Turkey]
  170. Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine
  171. Islamic Liberation Army (AIS)
  172. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
  173. Islamic Movement Organization
  174. Islamic Movement for Change
  175. Islamic Reform Movement
  176. Islamic Resistance Movement
  177. Islamic Salvation Army
  178. Islamic Salvation Front / Movement (FIS)
  179. Islamic Salvation Movement
  180. Islamic Union (Al-Ittihad al-Islami)
  181. Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM)
  182. Al-Jama’a al-Islamiyyah al-Muqatilah bi-Libya
  183. Jemaah Islamiya (JI)
  184. Jamat-e-Islami
  185. Jamaat ul-Fuqra
  186. Jamiat-e-Ahl-e-Hadees
  187. Jamiat ul-Mujahidin
  188. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF)
  189. Japanese Red Army (JRA)
  190. Jihad Group
  191. Kach
  192. Kachin Defense Army (KDA)
  193. Kachin Independence Organization (KIO)
  194. Kahane Chai
  195. Khalistan Liberation Tiger Force
  196. Khalistan Commando Force
  197. Khalistan Liberation Front
  198. Khalistan National Army
  199. Khmer Rouge
  200. Komala
  201. Ku Klux Klan
  202. Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM)
  203. Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI)
  204. Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)
  205. Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
  206. La Cosa Nostra
  207. Lashkar I Jhangvi
  208. Lashkar-e-Taiba
  209. Lautaro Youth Movement (MJL)
  210. Lautaro faction of the United Popular Action Movement (MAPU/L)
  211. Lautaro Popular Rebel Forces (FRPL)
  212. Lebanese Armed Revolutionary Faction
  213. Les mongoles
  214. Liberation Army of the Islamic Sanctuaries
  215. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
  216. Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)
  217. Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF)
  218. Macheteros
  219. Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK - Services Office
  220. Malaita Eagles Force
  221. Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front (FPMR)
  222. Maoist Communist Centre (MCC)
  223. Martyrs of Tal Al Za'atar
  224. Mau Mau
  225. Mayi-Mayi
  226. Meccan Group
  227. Middle-Core Faction
  228. Minnesota Patriots Council
  229. Mong Tai Army (MTA)
  230. Mohajir Qaumi Movement [MQM]
  231. Morazanist Patriotic Front (FPM)
  232. Moro Islamic Liberation Front [MILF]
  233. Moro National Liberation Front [MNLF]
  234. Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)
  235. Mothaidda Quami Movement (MQM)
  236. Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO)
  237. Mouvement de liberation congolais (MLC)
  238. Movement for an Islamic State
  239. Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC)
  240. Movimento Sociale Italiano
  241. Movimiento De Liberacion Nacional
  242. MRTA - Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement
  243. Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO)
  244. Muslim Brotherhood
  245. Muslim Iranian Student's Society
  246. Muslims Against Global Oppresion
  247. Muttahida Jihad Council [MJC]
  248. Muttahidda Quami Movement (MQM)
  249. Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA)
  250. National Army for the Liberation of Uganda (NALU)
  251. National Committee for the Liberation and Defense of Albanian Lands (KKCMTSH)
  252. National Council for Resistance (NCR)
  253. National Front for the Liberation of Corsica
  254. National Liberation Army (ELN) -- Bolivia
  255. National Liberation Army (ELN) -- Colombia
  256. National Liberation Army of Iran (NLA)
  257. National Liberation Front Of Kurdistan (ERNK)
  258. National Patriotic Front of Liberia
  259. National United Front of Arakan (NUFA)
  260. New Jihad Group
  261. New Mon State Party (NMSP)
  262. New People's Army (NPA)
  263. New Red Brigades/Communist Combatant Party
  264. Northern Alliance
  265. Nucleus Faction
  266. Orange Volunteers
  267. Ordine Nuovo (New Order)
  268. Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM)
  269. Organisation of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority) OIPFM
  270. Organization of the Oppressed on Earth
  271. Orly Group
  272. Osama bin Laden
  273. Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
  274. Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)
  275. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  276. Parti pour la liberation du peuple hutu (PALIPEHUTU)
  277. Partido Democratico Popular Revolucionario (PDPR)
  278. Party of Allah
  279. Party of Democratic Kampuchea
  280. Party of God
  281. Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
  282. People Against Gangsterism and Drugs (PAGAD)
  283. People's Liberation Army (PLA) Ireland
  284. People's Liberation Army Of Kurdistan (ARGK)
  285. People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI)
  286. People's Republican Army (PRA)
  287. Peoples' War Group (PWG) [India]
  288. Peoples' War Group (PWG) [Nepal]
  289. Peuple en armes pour la liberation du Rwanda (PALIR)
  290. Pirates
  291. PKK - Kurdistan Workers' Party
  292. Popular Boricua Army (Macheteros)
  293. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  294. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC)
  295. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-Special Command (PFLP-SC)
  296. Popular Liberation Forces
  297. Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR)
  298. Popular Revolutionary Vanguard
  299. Popular Struggle Front (PSF)
  300. Prima Lina
  301. Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA)
  302. Provos
  303. Puka Inti
  304. Rajneeshee
  305. Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)
  306. Real IRA
  307. Red Army Faction (RAF)
  308. Red Brigades
  309. Red Hand Defenders
  310. RENAMO - Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana
  311. Recontra 380
  312. Recontras
  313. Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
  314. Revolutionary Cells
  315. Revolutionary Council of Nigeria (RCN)
  316. Revolutionary Justice Organization
  317. Revolutionary Left
  318. Revolutionary Nuclei
  319. Revolutionary Organization 17 November
  320. Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims
  321. Revolutionary Organization of the Toilers of Kurdistan
  322. Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C)
  323. Revolutionary People's Struggle (ELA)
  324. Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei (NIPR)
  325. Revolutionary Struggle
  326. Revolutionary United Front (RUF)
  327. Riyadus-Salikhin Reconnaissance and Sabotage Battalion of Chechen Martyrs
  328. Russian Organized Crime (ROC)
  329. Rwandan Liberation Army
  330. Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC)
  331. Saheed Khalsa Force
  332. Sendero Luminoso (SL)
  333. Serb Volunteer Guard [SDG / SSJ] "Tigers"
  334. Serbian Radical Party [SRS]
  335. Shan Democratic Union
  336. Shining Path
  337. Shora-e-Jehad
  338. Sipah I Sahaba Pakistan
  339. SLA - South Lebanese Army
  340. Special Purpose Islamic Regiment
  341. Students of the Engineer
  342. Students of Yahya Ayyash
  343. Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)
  344. Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM)
  345. Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI)
  346. Supreme Assembly of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SAIRI)
  347. Talaa' al-Fateh
  348. Taleban
  349. Terra Lliure (TL) (Free Land)
  350. Territorial Anti Imperialist Nucleus
  351. The Brotherhood
  352. The Order
  353. The Tunisian Combatant Group (TCG)
  354. Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA)
  355. Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army
  356. Turkish Hizballah
  357. Turkish Islamic Jihad
  358. Turkish Peoples Liberation Army
  359. Uganda National Rescue Front
  360. Uganda National Rescue Front II
  361. Uganda Salvation Front/Army
  362. Uighur militants
  363. Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
  364. UDT Uniao Democratica Timorense
  365. Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF)
  366. Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
  367. Union des forces vives pour la liberation et la democratie en RDC-Zaire (UFLD)
  368. Union pour la liberation nationale (ULINA)
  369. UNITA Union Nacional Por La Independencee Totale Do Angola
  370. United Company of Jihad
  371. United Jihad Council
  372. United Liberation Front of Assam
  373. United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC)
  374. United Wa State Army (UWSA)
  375. Vanguards of Conquest
  376. Vasat
  377. Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors
  378. Weathermen
  379. Weather Underground Organization
  380. West Nile Bank Front [WNBF]
  381. White Eagles
  382. World Tamil Association (WTA)
  383. World Tamil Movement (WTM)
  384. Zapatista National Liberation Army
  385. Zimbabwe African National Union

Sources and Resources



FAS | Intelligence | World Agencies ||||| Search | Join FAS


http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/
Created by John Pike
Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Updated May 4, 2006