Comprehensive Test Ban News
- 9 January 2002 - Press Briefing by Ari Fleischer on nuclear testing:
- 9 January 2002 - Bush has not ruled out nuclear testing, but no plans now to do so. "The President has said that we will continue to adhere to the no-testing policy. If that would change in the future, we would never rule out the possible need to test to make certain that the stockpile, particularly as it's reduced, is reliable and safe. So he has not ruled out testing in the future, but there are no plans to do so."
- Letter from Russian Federation President Putin, 9 November 2001
- Conference to Enter into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
- US Considers Scrapping Unratified Nuclear Test Ban Accord
VOA News 7 Jul 2001
- Annan Urges India, Pakistan to Sign Nuclear Test Ban VOA News 15 Mar 2001
- US-Test ban, Voice of America, 05 January 2001 -- President Clinton is urging the U-S Senate to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, or C-T-B-T early this year.
- Shalikashvili Addresses Test Ban Treaty Concerns in New Report, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 05 January 2001 -- Former Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman John Shalikashvili issued a new report January 5 that says the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) "is compatible with keeping a safe, reliable U.S. nuclear deterrent and is an important part of global non-proliferation efforts."
- Albright Urges New Leadership Tt Look at CTBT Merit, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 05 January 2001 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright urged the incoming Bush administration and the new Congress January 5 to examine the latest assessment of the merits of the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and "decide what the right course is for America."
- Latin American Countries Meet To Promote Signature, Ratification And Follow-Up of Test-Ban Treaty, UN Press Release, 05 December 2000 -- The Government of Peru and the PTS/CTBTO PrepCom, in cooperation with the UN-LiREC, organized a workshop in Lima from 29 November to 1 December, on International Cooperation and National Implementation/Ratification Procedures for the Treaty.
- No Decision yet on Timeframe of Signing CTBT: Pakistan FM, People's Daily, 28 October 2000 -- Replying to a question about Pakistan's stance on CTBT, he told a press conference in the southern port city of Karachi that the CTBT is a good treaty and it is in Pakistan's interest to sign it.
- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty -- Four Years Old, Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization, Vienna, Austria, 29 September 2000 -- The fact that the total number of States who have ratified the Treaty has now reached 63 reflects "the high level of political support that the CTBT is receiving."
- Text: Senator Kyl Outlines Opposition to CTBT Ratification 05 June 2000 -- A key Senate opponent of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) says that the Senate refused to ratify the pact "on the merits" and not because members lacked sufficient time to study its implications.
- RUSSIA/TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 28 May 2000 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed
the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, a global ban on nuclear weapons testing.
- SECRETARY-GENERAL DEEPLY GRATIFIED BY RUSSIAN FEDERATION’S RATIFICATION OF NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY Press Release SG/SM/7366 - 24 April 2000
- STATEMENT BY THE FOREIGN MINISTRY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION - 21 April 2000 - The ratification of CNTBT by the State Duma is yet another confirmation of our country's consistent course of enhancing the regime of nuclear weapons nonproliferation, disarmament and strengthening strategic stability in the world.
- Text: Clinton Welcomes Duma's Approval of Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 21 April 2000 -- President Clinton issued a statement April 21 welcoming the Russian Duma's action earlier in the day in approving the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- U-S-RUSSIA-NUCLEAR Voice of America 21 April 2000 -- The Clinton administration is welcoming the
ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, or C-T-B-T, by the lower house of the Russian parliament, the Duma.
- RUSSIA / NUCLEAR Voice of America 21 April 2000 -- Russia's lower house of parliament, the Duma, has ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, [or C-T-B-T].
- Shalikashvili Says CTBT May Require Conditions for Senate Approval By Ralph Dannheisser Washington File 20 April 2000 -- It may well be necessary to attach conditions and understandings to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) signing statement in order to convince dubious senators to agree to ratification of the pact, retired General John Shalikashvili says.
- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty General (Retired) John Shalikashvili, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State for the CTBT 20 April 2000 -- The effort that I will be involved in I hope will allow the next administration to make a more reasoned and more informed judgment as to how to proceed with the treaty.
- RUSSIA / NUCLEAR Voice of America 20 April 2000 -- Russia's lower house of parliament, the Duma,
is scheduled to hold a hearing Friday on ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- Text: John Shalikashvili's Remarks to Carnegie Non-Proliferation Conference 16 March 2000 -- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is "too important to national
security, international stability, and American leadership to leave it
on the shelf," retired Army General John Shalikashvili declared March
- Text: Secretary Albright Calls for Nonpartisan Dialogue on CTBT 13 March 2000 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright says the effort to secure ratification of the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) "is far too important to abandon" and the United States will continue to work "for the treaty and to join with others around the world to halt the development and spread of more advanced nuclear arms."
- Transcript: John Shalikashvili Will Seek Senate Consensus on CTBT 13 March 2000 -- U.S. allies and the rest of the international community "need straight answers" about U.S. intentions regarding the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)," and, simultaneously, members of the U.S. Senate "deserve straight answers to their concerns" about the treaty, retired Army General John Shalikashvili says.
- CTBT Task Force Will Work to Bridge Differences with Senators on Ratification By Jacquelyn S. Porth Washington File 13 March 2000 -- "It is important that the world understand we are trying to bridge differences" between the U.S. Senate and the Clinton administration on ratifying the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), says the new special advisor to the president and the
secretary of state for the treaty.
- TEST BAN TREATY / SHALIKASHVILI Voice of America 13 March 2000 -- The Clinton administration has appointed a former top military officer to head its renewed drive to push for legislative approval of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- U.S. Administration Continues to Back Test Ban Treaty By Judy Aita USIA 17 February 2000 -- The Clinton administration's senior arms control official said that the Executive Branch is committed to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and has embarked on a plan to build a consensus in the Senate that will lead to its ratification.
- Text: Holum Remarks on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty USIA 16 February 2000 -- Senior Adviser for Arms Control and International Security John Holum said that despite the U.S. Senate's failure to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1999, the Clinton administration will continue to discuss the benefits of the treaty for US national security in an effort to build strong support for ratification in the future.
- Text: Albright Announces Shalikashvili Advisory Role on CTBT USIA 28 January 2000 -- Secretary of State Albright announced January 28 that General John Shalikashvili will spearhead the Clinton administration's effort to obtain Senate approval of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
- Transcript: Briefing by State Department Spokesman James Rubin on CTBT USIA 28 January 2000 -- State Department spokesman James Rubin told reporters January 28 that General John Shalikashvili will lead the Clinton administration's effort to develop bipartisan support for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) this year.
- O'Brien Says Clinton Will Press for Dialogue on Test Ban Treaty By Susan Ellis USIA 28 January 2000 -- In his State of the Union address January 27, President Clinton called for "a comprehensive American dialogue on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)" in order to restrain proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
- Partial Transcript: Holum January 12 Worldnet on Arms Control USIA 12 January 2000 -- Arms control "is the first line of defense" against threats of weapons of mass destruction and the missiles that can deliver them, says John Holum, the U.S. under secretary of state for arms control and international security.
- YEARENDER: TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 17 December 1999 -- The Senate handed President Bill Clinton a major foreign policy defeat by failing to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- U.S. Arms Control Adviser John Holum gives 1999 Progress Report
By Susan Ellis USIA 09 December 1999 -- The most prominent setback of 1999, he said, was the failure of the Senate to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), "which had profound reverberations both here in the United States and around the world."
- A Call for American Consensus By Madeleine K. Albright Time Magazine 22 November 1999 -- The U.S. Senate's recent rejection of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was a huge disappointment to many Americans. The U.S.'s allies and friends responded to this vote with universal shock.
- A Call for American Consensus: Why Our Arms-Control
Leadership Is Too Important To Risk in Partisan Political Fights Test Ban News (No. 44, November 22, 1999)
- Text: Albright before Chicago Council on Foreign Relations 10 November 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright acknowledged that the failure of the Senate to take up the vote could be blamed on both sides: "to the Senate for giving the Treaty short shrift; to the Administration for not doing enough to lay the groundwork for a successful debate."
- Holum Says Senate Dismissal of CTBT a "Detour," not a "Reversal" By Susan Ellis Washington File 10 November 1999 -- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) eventually will be ratified by the United States, according to John Holum, the State Department's senior adviser for arms control and international security. He said the recent setback of the vote in the Senate against the CTBT was "a detour rather than a reversal on the road to ratification of the test ban treaty."
- CTBT VOTE SPAWNS BROADER DEBATE ABOUT U.S. ENGAGEMENT ABROAD, 'NEW ISOLATIONISM' Foreign Media Reaction Issue Focus 01 November 1999 -- Citing President Clinton's post-vote press conference in which he warned of a "new isolationism," a significant portion of foreign media underscored their own concerns that U.S. proponents of "isolationism"--some thought the term "unilateralism" more apt--were "gaining influence," with "catastrophic" and far-reaching repercussions for the country's global leadership role.
- NUCLEAR TEST BAN-KENNEDY Voice of America 26 October 1999 -- The issue of a comprehensive ban on nuclear weapons testing has been a source of debate for many years. The first high-level attempt to limit nuclear testing came during the administration of John F. Kennedy.
- NUCLEAR TREATY-REACTION Voice of America 20 October 1999 -- George Perkovich is afraid the Senate action may provoke a so-called "nuclear domino effect" - in essence giving some countries the green light to proceed with nuclear testing.
- TEST BAN AFTERMATH Voice of America 18 October 1999 -- The U-S Senate vote against the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty has left an unusually bitter aftermath.
- CTBT: SENATE VOTE OVERWHELMINGLY CONDEMNED; U.S. LEADERSHIP QUESTIONED USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report 18 October 1999 -- Last week's U.S. Senate rejection of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) touched off a firestorm of criticism from all corners of the globe. In a near universal consensus, foreign media resoundingly condemned the "lamentable" and "dangerous" vote as no more than "reckless partisanship" by a Republican Senate majority intent on dealing President Clinton a "humiliating blow."
- ON THE LINE: COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 16 October 1999 -- Joining me today to discuss the Comprehensive Test
Ban Treaty are three experts. Michael Krepon is president of the Henry Stimson Center, a public policy foundation. Henry Sokolski is executive director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education
Center. And Gary Milhollin is director of the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control.
- Don't Give Up on the Test Ban By Joseph I. Lieberman and Chuck Hagel The New York Times 16 October 1999 -- Although there were not enough votes to ratify the treaty in its current form, most Senators from both parties thought it was a mistake to force a vote now.
- Transcript: Secretary Albright, Japanese Official Discuss CTBT USIA 15 October 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright pledged to Japanese State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Ichita Yamamoto that the United States remains committed to stopping the spread of nuclear weapons despite the U.S. Senate's failure to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) last week.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART October 15, 1999 -- There was a partisan exercise going on, where the vote, or the treaty, was only allowed out of committee -- out of Senator Helms' committee -- once he knew he had enough votes to defeat it. 90 out of 100 Senators wanted this vote delayed, and the reason it wasn't delayed was because a procedural vote on party loyalty was more important
- SENATE DEFEATS TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 15 October 1999 -- While the majority of commentaries castigated the
Republican-led Senate for playing politics with world
disarmament, a minority of dailies cheered the result,
emphasizing that the treaty was - and is - badly
flawed and in part unverifiable.
- Congressional Report, Friday, October 15, 1999 USIA 15 October 1999 -- Despite the largely party line vote by Senate Republicans October 13 against ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the consensus among them is that the United States should remain the world leader with respect to nuclear non-proliferation efforts; a nuclear test ban treaty can be approved in the future; and the United States should continue its own moratorium on nuclear testing.
- CHINA-US-TEST BAN
Voice of America 14 October 1999 -- China says it deeply regrets the United States Senate's refusal to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, but is promising to hasten work on its own ratification of the document. Beijing says the Senate's vote will not affect China's self-declared moratorium on nuclear tests
- CLINTON-TEST BAN
Voice of America 14 October 1999 -- President Clinton is vowing to fight on for eventual U-S ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty despite its defeat in the Senate Wednesday and he is urging other countries to ratify and support its terms.
- Text: Statement on CTBT by Spokesman for UN Secretary General Oct. 14
USIA 14 October 1999 -- UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's spokesman said October 14 that Annan
had "learned with regret of the negative vote of the Senate of the
United States of America on the ratification of the Comprehensive
Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty."
- PRESS CONFERENCE BY THE PRESIDENT October 14, 1999 -- Republicans irresponsibly forced a vote against the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. This was partisan politics of the worst kind, because it was so blatant and because of the risks it poses to the safety of the American people and the world. Now, if we ever get a President that's against the test ban treaty -- which we may get; I mean, there are plenty of people out there who say they're against it -- then I think you might as well get ready for it. You'll have Russia testing, you'll have China testing, you'll have India testing, you'll have Pakistan testing. You'll have countries abandoning the nonproliferation treaty.
- Clinton Says U.S. Will Continue to Adhere to CTBT Commitments USIA 14 October 1999 -- Despite Senate rejection of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the United States will continue to honor its commitments under the Treaty, President Clinton told reporters at anhour long news conference October 14 devoted largely to the arms control issue.
- Senate Rejection of Test Ban Treaty Leaves Much Unresolved USIA 14 October 1999 -- When the U.S. Senate rejected the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty October 13, it marked the first time in the nuclear age that the body had turned down an arms control agreement negotiated by the executive branch.
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 14 October 1999 -- COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY Senate failed to take action which would enhance US national security & interests. US will continue to maintain testing moratorium, to urge signing & ratification of CTBT. Vote a grievous blow to US leadership in non-proliferation. Countries of greatest concern are those who have recently tested, or might test soon: India, Pakistan, North Korea, China. Also of concern are countries which forswore nuclear weapons, based on understanding that nuclear powers would sign, ratify CTBT.
- A Debate That Mirrors Rather Than Magnifies By Robert G. Kaiser Washington Post Wednesday, October 13, 1999; Page A05 -- Jeremy J. Stone, longtime president of the Federation of American Scientists and an arms control advocate for decades, said opponents of the treaty who argue implicitly or explicitly for a resumption of testing are whistling in the dark.
- Transcript: President's Statement on Rejection of Test Ban Treaty USIA 13 October 1999 -- President Clinton expressed his keen disappointment over the U.S.Senate's failure to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty October 13 but said that nonetheless, "the United States will stay true to our tradition of global leadership against the spread ofweapons of mass destruction."
- Congressional Report, Wednesday, October 13
USIA 13 October 1999 -- The Senate late October 13 voted to reject the Comprehensive Test BanTreaty (CTBT).
- Congressional Report, Wednesday, October 13
USIA 13 October 1999 -- The Senate moved steadily toward a vote rejecting the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty late October 13, after supporters of the arms control pact -- knowing they lacked the votes for ratification -- failed in alast-ditch attempt to keep the issue off the floor.
- STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT Outside Oval Office -- October 13, 1999 -- I am very disappointed that the United States Senate voted not to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. This agreement is critical to protecting the American people from the dangers of nuclear war. It is, therefore, well worth fighting for. And I assure you, the fight is far from over.
- STATEMENT OF VICE PRESIDENT AL GORE ON SENATE REJECTION OF THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY October 13, 1999 -- I am deeply disturbed to see former
colleagues rush to embrace partisanship over statesmanship on a matter so
important to safeguarding the national security of the United States.
- White House Report, October 13, 1999USIA 13 October 1999 -- Asked about whether there will be a Senate vote on ratifying the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Lockhart said Senate Democrats are
working amongst themselves with the Senate leadership on a plan to put
off such a vote.
- TEST BAN TREATY DEFEATED; REPUBLICAN POLITICS DAMAGE NATIONAL SECURITY Council for a Livable World October 13, 1999 -- The defeat marks a disastrous setback for efforts to protect the American people from the spread of nuclear weapons.
- NATION'S LARGEST PEACE GROUP CONDEMNS TEST BAN VOTE
PEACE ACTION ASSERTS: TREATY-WRECKERS WILL PAY AT POLLS Peace Action Education Fund OCTOBER 13, 1999 -- This vote opens the door to unchecked
nuclear weapons development and proliferation world-wide. As predicted,
Democrats voted as a block.
- SENATE DEFEAT OF COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY
Friends Committee on National Legislation October 13, 1999 -- Today, the United States Senate voted down the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), by a vote of 51 to 48, with one voting present. Without U.S. ratification, the treaty will never enter into force and other countries will be tempted to resume or begin nuclear weapons test explosions.
- Senate Rejection of Test Ban Treaty Is Serious Setback to Nuclear Non-Proliferation Efforts COALITION TO REDUCE NUCLEAR DANGERS October 13, 1999 -- The Senate failed to give its approval to
ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in a
largely party-line vote only 12 days after deciding to consider the matter.
- SENATE-TEST BAN VOTE Voice of America 13 October 1999 -- The U-S Senate has voted down a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons tests, handing President Clinton a
major foreign policy defeat.
- SENATE-TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 13 October 1999 -- The U-S Senate appears headed toward rejecting the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, with conservative lawmakers blocking attempts to put off a vote.
- CTBT: THE U.S.' 'DANGEROUS HESITANCE' IMPERILS NONPROLIFERATION REGIME USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report 13 October 1999 -- Faced with the near certainty that the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) will either be "rejected" outright or succumb to the "lesser evil" of postponement at the hands of the U.S. Senate, the vast majority of overseas media reacted with anger and dismay, contending that the failure to approve the treaty now would send a "devastating signal to the world" and "undermine" the global nonproliferation regime.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN Voice of America 12 October 1999 -- President Clinton was still
holding out against a Republican demand that he appeal
for the treaty to be taken off the Senate agenda until after he leaves office.
- SENATE-TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 12 October 1999 -- Party leaders are negotiating a delay in the ratification vote, which the White House requested in the face of all but certain defeat.
- White House Report, Tuesday, October 12, 1999
USIA 12 October 1999 -- "There are ongoing conversations between the Democratic leadership andthe Republican leadership in the Senate" on what to do about a Senatevote on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, White House Press SecretaryJoe Lockhart said.
- Text: Clinton Asks Senate to Postpone the Vote on CTBT October 12USIA 12 October 1999 -- President Clinton October 11 sent identical letters to Senate MajorityLeader Trent Lott, Republican of Mississippi, and Senate MinorityLeader Tom Daschle, Democrat of South Dakota, asking them to put off the vote on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) that is scheduled for late October 12.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART USIA 12 October 1999 -- The
President sent a letter yesterday seeking a delay on the vote based on our national security interests. I think that was a reasonable request from the President, again, based on our national security interests. And it's our hope now that the Senate will do the same and delay the vote.
- Text: Senator Lugar's Statement Announcing his Opposition to CTBTUSIA 12 October 1999 -- Senator Richard Lugar, Republican of Indiana, says he will voteagainst ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- Congressional Report, Tuesday, October 12USIA 12 October 1999 -- Key Democratic and Republican senators October 12 continued feverishbackstage efforts to call off an impending vote on ratification of theComprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in the face of certain defeat forthe arms control measure if it does come to a vote.
- Senate Should Avoid Rejection or Indefinite Postponement of Test Ban Treaty Say Proliferation Experts COALITION TO REDUCE NUCLEAR DANGERS October 11, 1999 --
"It is not prudent for the Senate to
foreclose the possibility that it will reconsider the Test Ban Treaty when
the support for the Treaty may be sufficient to secure its approval," said Daryl Kimball, Executive Director of the Coalition to
Reduce Nuclear Dangers.
- False Fears About a Test Ban By Ray Kidder, Lynn Sykes and Frank von Hippel Washington Post October 10, 1999 - If this country resumed testing, however, other countries would as well. They would improve their nuclear weapons much
more than we would and the world would be pushed back closer to nuclear
- TEST BAN Voice of America 10 October 1999 --
The Clinton administration is pushing the
Senate to delay a vote on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN Voice of America 9 October 1999 -- The White House has known for several days it
stands no chance of getting the two-thirds Senate
majority needed to ratify. And Mr. Clinton is urging
a postponement to allow time for more thorough debate
after political passions subside.
- A Treaty We All Need By Jacques Chirac, Tony Blair, and Gerhard Schroeder New York Times October 8, 1999 -- Failure to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty will be a failure in our struggle against proliferation. The stabilizing effect of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, extended in 1995, would be undermined. Disarmament negotiations would suffer.
- China to Speed up Ratification Process of CTBT, Official Says People's Daily 08 October 1999 - China will try her best to speed up the ratification process of a global nuclear test ban treaty based on a full review of the treaty and the international security environment, a Chinese official said in Vienna Wednesday.
- TEST BAN CONTROVERSY Voice of America 8 October 1999 -- The treaty is one of Mr. Clinton's last chances
to leave a legacy in foreign policy and perhaps repair
an image tarnished by scandal and impeachment.
- Key Senators Seek Agreement to Put Off CTBT Ratification Vote By Ralph Dannheisser USIA 08 October 1999 -- Leading Republican and Democratic senators are looking
for a way to delay -- perhaps for more than a year -- the scheduled
vote on ratifying the controversial Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
signed by President Clinton in 1996.
- Prototype Center Paves Route for Monitoring Test Ban Treaty By Jacquelyn S. Porth USIA 08 October 1999 -- Even as the Senate debated the pros and cons of ratifying
the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), a cadre of highly
skilled scientists and engineers were busy analyzing data from around
the world that will ensure that the Treaty's requirements are met.
- Text: Albright Says Bangladesh Will Ratify the CTBT Treaty 08 October 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said October 8 that the
Government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh is announcing
today [October 8] it has decided to ratify the Comprehensive Test BanTreaty.
- Transcript: Albright, Perry, Christopher Q&A with reporters on the CTBT 08 October 1999 -- Dr. William Perry, former Secretary of Defense, told reporters in Palo
Alto, California October 6 that the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the
directors of the U.S. nuclear laboratories all assured him at the time
he recommended to President Clinton that he sign the Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty in 1996 that "this treaty is in the national security
interests of the United States."
- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright Testifies Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Test Ban News (No. 43, October 8, 1999)
- White House Report, Friday, October 8, 1999 USIA 08 October 1999 -- President Clinton, in Ottawa October 8, asked the U.S. Senate to delay
its vote on a treaty to ban nuclear tests, saying the Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty appeared doomed to fail if voted on next week as
scheduled. Debate on the floor of the Senate had just begun earlier in the day.
- Why Ratify the CTBT? (October 8, 1999)
- CTBT Ratification: Key Points (October 8, 1999)
- The CTBT Is Not Unilateral Disarmament (October 8, 1999)
- The CTBT Is Effectively Verifiable (October 8, 1999)
- Benefits to the U.S. Derived From the CTBT International Monitoring System (October 8, 1999)
- The CTBT: Regional Issues and U.S. Interests (October 8, 1999)
- The Stockpile Stewardship Program (October 8, 1999)
- CTBT: Facts and Fiction (October 8, 1999)
- CLINTON - TEST BAN Voice of America 08 October 1999 -- President Clinton, at a news conference in Canada, has called on the U-S Senate to delay its planned vote next week on the global treaty banning underground nuclear tests.
- TEST BAN DEBATE Voice of America 08 October 1999 -- Debate on the nuclear test ban treaty is underway in the U-S Senate, but the arguing may not end in a ratification vote as planned. President Clinton's Democratic Party colleagues hope to shelve the accord rather than see it defeated on the floor of the Republican Party-controlled Senate.
- ALBRIGHT - ARMS CONTROL
Voice of America 07 October 1999 -- President Clinton is making an all-out effort to avert defeat in the Senate for one of his key foreign-policy priorities, a global ban on underground nuclear testing. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright was in California Wednesday to support the cause.
- CLINTON - TEST BAN Voice of America 07 October 1999 -- President Clinton says next week's Senate vote on ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty may be delayed. Bipartisan talks between lawmakers and the White House continue on a way to postpone the vote on the pact. The accord faces overwhelming opposition by majority Republicans, who believe the treaty would harm U-S national security.
- CTBT Aids U.S. Interests, Stymies Proliferators, Albright says USIA 07 October 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright has been valiantlyfighting to persuade the U.S. Senate to ratify the Comprehensive TestBan Treaty (CTBT).
- Stockpile Stewardship Tests Weapons By Computer, Not Explosions USIA 07 October 1999 -- The debate in the Senate Armed Services CommitteeOctober 7 focused on the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP), acritical part of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) which usesscience-based computer technology rather than actual nuclear tests toassess the condition of nuclear weapons. The debate pitted Departmentof Energy (DOE) Secretary Bill Richardson and the top scientists at nuclear laboratories throughout the United States, against RepublicanSenators who oppose the treaty.
- Text: Richardson Testimony on Stockpile Stewardship Program USIA 07 October 1999 -- Energy Secretary Bill Richardson told the Senate Armed ServicesCommittee October 7 that the Department of Energy's StockpileStewardship Program is working. "It is maintaining our nucleardeterrent without underground testing. We can enter into theComprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) armed with the knowledge that ournuclear arsenal is reliable."
- Byliner: Senate Shouldn't Delay Passing Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty USIA 07 October 1999 -- Three years ago last month, President Clinton became the first world leader to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Since then, 153 other world leaders have followed suit. Fifty-one nations, including most of our allies, have ratified the treaty.
- SENATE-TEST BAN Voice of America 7 October 1999 -- Party leaders are talking about calling off the vote, which is set for
next week - and would likely hand the administration an embarrassing defeat.
- White House Fact Sheet: Reasons for Ratifying the CTBT
USIA 07 October 1999 -- President Clinton is urging the Senate to give its advice and consentto ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) so thatthe Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime will be strengthenedand the United States will continue to be in a position to lead theglobal non-proliferation effort.
- Transcript: Clinton Remarks and Q&A on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty USIA 07 October 1999 -- President Clinton, for the third day in a row, urged the U.S. Senateto do what is right for the nation and the world and ratify theComprehensive Test Ban Treaty that bans all underground nucleartesting.
- Senators' Views Clash on Approving Test Ban Treaty USIA 07 October 1999 -- Members of the U.S. Senate have expressed sharply divergent views on
the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which has been awaiting Senate
ratification ever since President Clinton signed it in 1996.
- Text: Deputy UN Sec-Gen Urges Universal Ratification of the CTBT 07 October 1999 -- Louise Frechette, the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, urged universal ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in
an address October 6 in Vienna, Austria.
- Text: Ambassador Ritch Affirms U.S. Commitment to the CTBT 07 October 1999 -- Ambassador John B. Ritch III, the U.S. representative to United
Nations agencies in Vienna and permanent representative to the
Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
Organization, October 7 affirmed that the United States remains fully
committed to the Treaty's ratification and entry-into-force.
- Transcript: Secretary of State Remarks on CTBT at Hoover Institution 07 October 1999 -- "The CTBT will improve our ability to deter and detect clandestine nuclear weapons activity by giving us a new means to do so," she said.
"It will provide a global network of more than 300 sensors of four different kinds and the right to request on-site inspections."
- Transcript: Albright Q&A with reporters following Senate testimony on CTBT 07 October 1999 - Secretary of State Madeleine Albright told reporters that "the time for consideration has been artificially shortened, and I believe that it needs to have more consideration."
- Text: Albright's Opening Remarks Before Senate Panel 07 October 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is urging the U.S. Senate to
ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) "as soon as possible."
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT UPON DEPARTURE AT THE WHITE HOUSE SOUTH LAWN USIA 07 October 1999 -- Clinton speaks to religious leaders regarding the CTB. He states there treaty is in everyone's interest.
- Religious leaders join President Clinton in Supporting Ratification of the CTBT Test Ban News (No. 42, October 7, 1999)
- Bipartisan Support Grows for CTBT Test Ban News (No. 41, October 6, 1999)
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 06 October 1999 -- ARMS CONTROL Secretary Albright's Letter to Members of the Senate on Ratification of CTBT / Secretary Albright to Testify Before Senate Foreign Relations Committee 10/7/99 / Secretary Albright's Contacts with Senators, Former Secretaries of State, and Others / Prospects for Ratification of the CTBT/Compressed Timeframe/Non-Ratification / US Position on Testing Moratorium
- Test-Ban Treaty: Let's Wait Awhile By John Deutch, Henry Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft Washington Post October 6, 1999 -- The simple fact is that it is premature for the Senate to vote on the CTBT -- at least during the life of the present Congress -- because the treaty is not coming into force any time soon, whether or not the United States ratifies it.
- Former Defense Chiefs Oppose Pact Oct. 6, 1999 -- Text of a letter to Sens. Trent Lott, majority leader, and Tom Daschle, Democratic leader, from six former secretaries of defense -- James R. Schlesinger, Richard B. Cheney, Frank C. Carlucci, Caspar W. Weinberger, Donald H. Rumsfeld and Melvin R. Laird.
- Text: Cohen Testimony on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty USIA 06 October 1999 -- Defense Secretary William Cohen told the Senate Armed Services Committee October 6 that the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) "by banning nuclear explosive testing...removes a key tool that a proliferator would need in order to acquire high confidence in its nuclear weapon designs."
- DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL URGES UNIVERSAL RATIFICATION OF TEST BAN TREATY Press Release DSG/SM/68 DC/2664 - 6 October 1999 - During the three years since its opening for signature, the number of States that have signed the Treaty has grown to an impressive number of 154. Today, 46 States have ratified the Treaty. It is important to note that about half of the States whose ratification is required for the Treaty to enter into force have done so.
- THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN DEBATE Voice of America 06 October 1999 -- After two-years of languishing in the Senate, the Republican leadership has suddenly scheduled a vote on the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. The move has caught both the White House and Senate Democrats by surprise, since the treaty has not been previously considered a priority item by the G-O-P.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN
Voice of America 06 October 1999 --
President Clinton is pressing ahead with his campaign for ratification of the global nuclear test-ban treaty, despite forecasts that the accord faces near-certain defeat in the Senate next week. Leaders of both parties in the Senate are seeking a face-saving way of defusing the political confrontation.
- SENATE-TEST BAN
Voice of America 06 October 1999 --The Clinton administration is still pressing for ratification of the comprehensive test ban treaty or C-T-B-T - even though the Senate is likely to set the issue aside. Party leaders are negotiating a delay in the vote, which all sides agree would bring rejection for the treaty.
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AT COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY EVENT USIA 06 October 1999 -- I am very worried that the 21st century will see the proliferation
of nuclear and chemical and biological weapons; ... It is, therefore,
essential that the United States stay in the nonproliferation lead in a
- Text: Cohen Testimony on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
06 October 1999 -- Defense Secretary William Cohen told the Senate Armed Services
Committee October 6 that the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) "by
banning nuclear explosive testing...removes a key tool that a
proliferator would need in order to acquire high confidence in its
nuclear weapon designs."
- Defense Secretary Cohen Urges Congress to Send Signal on Nonproliferation By Susan Ellis USIA 06 October 1999 -- If the U.S. Congress rejects ratification of the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), Defense Secretary Cohen told the
Senate Armed Services Committee October 6, "it will send a signal to
other countries that we are no longer committed with the same
enthusiasm we've had for (nuclear) nonproliferation. It will give them
an excuse to find ways to either test or acquire weapons."
- Clinton Continues to Fight for Senate Approval of Test Ban Treaty By Wendy S. Ross USIA 06 October 1999 -- President Clinton made an impassioned plea for Senate ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) at an October 6 event in the East Room of the White House as debate swirled on Capitol Hill on whether the Senate leadership would postpone the vote, scheduled for October 12 by the Senate Majority Leader.
- Transcript: Clinton Remarks on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty 06 October 1999 -- President Clinton told an audience in the East Room of the White House late October 6 that the fight to gain Senate ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty "is a tough fight without much time."
- PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART October 6, 1999
If any senator in any party is using some personal resentment of the
President to thwart the national security interests of this country going
into the future, that raises serious questions about why they're in public
service and why they're in the Senate. The argument put forward by some that we should continue the moratorium on testing, but we shouldn't do anything to constrain others,
boggles the mind in its naiveness.
- White House Fights for Senate Ratification of Nuclear Test Ban TreatyUSIA 06 October 1999 -- With just a few days before the Senate is set to vote
October 12 on ratification of the long pending Comprehensive Test Ban
Treaty, President Clinton and his national security team are engaged
in a full court press to try to get the 67 votes needed for ratification.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE FOR ARMS CONTROL JOHN HOLUM, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR STRATEGY AND REQUIREMENTS TED WARNER, UNDER SECRETARY OF ENERGY ERNIE MONIZ, AND FORMER NSC SENIOR DIRECTOR FOR
DEFENSE AND ARMS CONTROL POLICY BOB BELL October 5, 1999 -- The Clinton administration happens to believe in American scientific
prowess and know-how. We happen to believe that we can do both. We
believe that we can get NMD to work and we're not going to deploy it unless
it will; and we believe -- as do the lab directors, the JASONS and the
Joint Chiefs of Staff -- that the stockpile stewardship program can deliver.
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AT SIGNING OF NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FY 2000 October 5, 1999 -- This treaty will strengthen our
security by helping to prevent other countries from developing nuclear
arsenals, and preventing testing in countries that have nuclear weapons
already, but have nowhere near the sophisticated program we do for
maintaining the readiness of our arsenal in the absence of testing.
- Text: Albright Asks Senators to Support CTBT 05 October 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright October 5 sent a letter to all
100 Senators in the U.S. Senate urging them to support the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) when it comes before the Senatefor a vote.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART October 5, 1999 -- I think anyone who is an objective observer here will agree with us, that after two years of pushing for this, to be told you have now nine days to make your case on something that is as important as this, is rather peculiar. I think that the
groups, for better of worse, these are not groups that have the resources
of, say, the insurance companies, and we all can see from activities today
what their access is and what they're able to do.
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT UPON DEPARTURE TO PENTAGON October 5, 1999 -- I think for the Senate to reject it would send a terrible message. It would say to the whole world, look, America's not going to test, but if you want to test, go right ahead.
- SENATE-TEST BAN Voice of America 5 October 1999 -- President Clinton is under mounting pressure
to seek a delay in the Senate vote on the nuclear test ban treaty.
- SENATE / TEST BAN Voice of America 5 October 1999 -- U-S Senate Republicans are urging President
Clinton to withdraw the nuclear test ban treaty from
Senate consideration -- where, they say, it faces certain defeat.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN Voice of America 5 October 1999 -- President Clinton is working against time to
try to line up -- by next Tuesday -- enough Senate
votes to ratify the global treaty banning underground nuclear tests.
- The CTBT Will Improve U.S. Ability to Verify Test Ban Test Ban News (No. 40, October 5, 1999)
- Daily News October 05, 1999 An External Affairs Ministry spokesman has clarified that there is no change in India's stand on the CTBT that there should be a positive environment as New Delhi tries to get a consensus within the country for signing it.
- No decision yet on CTBT conference Statesman News Service NEW DELHI Oct. 4. -- India is unlikely to attend the UN's review conference on the CTBT though a final decision awaits the return of the External Affairs Minister, Mr Jaswant Singh.
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 04 October 1999 -- COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY -- US has also been discussing transparency measures at nuclear test sites with Russia, which would have application to third countries as well. Secretary Albright will testify to Congress. US failure to ratify will make it harder for countries such as India & Pakistan to sign and ratify.
- President Clinton Meets with National Security Team on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 39, October 4, 1999)
- SENATE-TEST BAN Voice of America 4 October 1999 -- Opponents of the worldwide nuclear test ban
are predicting the U-S Senate will reject the treaty.
V-O-A's David Swan reports lawmakers are starting a
round of hearings on the issue (Tuesday) before voting
on ratification next week.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN Voice of America 4 October 1999 -- President Clinton is warning it would be a
"grave mistake" if the U-S Senate fails to ratify the
global nuclear test ban treaty in a vote expected October 12th.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART October 4, 1999
It is highly unusual, the tactics that are being employed by the Senate Republican majority. Now they've decided to throw it on the floor, not have any hearings in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The ABM treaty in 1972, there were eight days of hearings in the Foreign Relations Committee, 18 days of Senate floor consideration. The intermediate nuclear forces treaty in 1988, there were 23 days of Foreign Relations Committee hearings and nine days of Senate floor consideration. The Conventional Forces in Europe treaty, there were five days of Foreign Relations committee hearings and two days on the floor. START I, 19 days in Foreign Relations and 5 days on the floor. START II, 8 days in Foreign Relations committee and 3 days on the floor. Chemical weapons, 14 days in the committee, 3 days on the floor. And NATO enlargement, 7 days of committee hearings and 8 days on the floor.
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT IN PHOTO OPPORTUNITY WITH NATIONAL SECURITY TEAM October 4, 1999 -- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to end nuclear weapons testing forever is very important for protecting our people from the danger of nuclear war. That's why so many prominent Americans, including four former Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff support it. For two years, the opponents in the Senate have blocked any consideration of the treaty. Now, we have been given just eight days before the Senate vote. I will do all I can to get the treaty ratified.
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT IN PHOTO OPPORTUNITY USIA 04 October 1999 --
Our national security team is about to meet to discuss the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to end nuclear weapons testing forever. This
is very important for protecting our people from the danger of nuclear war.
That's why so many prominent Americans, including four former Chairmen of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff support it.
- White House Fights for Senate Ratification of Nuclear Test Ban Treaty USIA 05 October 1999 -- With just a few days before the Senate is set to vote
October 12 on ratification of the long pending Comprehensive Test Ban
Treaty, President Clinton and his national security team are engaged
in a full court press to try to get the 67 votes needed for ratification.
- CLINTON-TEST BAN Voice of America 04 October 1999 --President Clinton is launching a last-minute -- and admittedly uphill -- fight to try to win ratification of the global nuclear test-ban treaty, which comes up for a vote in the U-S Senate next week.
- TEST BAN ONITE
Voice of America 04 October 1999 --President Clinton is returning to Washington after a three-day trip to Nevada and California to raise money for Democratic candidates in next year's general elections. Once back at the White House, Mr. Clinton will try to persuade a reluctant Republican-led Senate to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in a vote scheduled for next week.
- TEST BAN Voice of America 04 October 1999 -- Clinton administration officials and Congressional Democrats acknowledge the Senate lacks
the 67 votes - or two-thirds majority - necessary to ratify the test ban treaty.
- U.S. - TEST BAN Voice of America 03 October 1999 -- White House officials are dismissing concerns expressed by members of the U.S. intelligence
community that the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty may be difficult to verify.
- STATEMENT OF VICE PRESIDENT AL GORE ON THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY October 2, 1999 - After more than two years delay, the Senate Majority Leader yesterday suddenly scheduled a vote on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. The only possible point of giving such an important Treaty so few days debate on so few days notice after so much delay is to cut the public out of the discussion.
- COHEN / TEST-BAN TREATY Voice of America 02 October 1999 -- Defense Secretary William Cohen is cutting short his visit to Southeast Asia, so he can rush back
to Washington and help the Clinton Administration in a last-ditch effort to win ratification by the U-S
Senate of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
- SENATE-TEST BAN Voice of America 01 October 1999 -- The Senate plans to vote on the pact on October 12th, but it does not appear to have the two-thirds majority needed to ratify the accord.
- CLINTON / TEST BAN TREATY Voice of America 01 October 1999 -- President Clinton's Democratic allies have reluctantly accepted the terms for the debate, which they fear could go against the administration.
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 01 October 1999 -- ARMS CONTROL Status of Ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty -- If we ban, through this treaty, explosions around the world, we will help prevent new states from developing nuclear weapons and constrain the development of more advanced weapons by countries such as Russia and China.
- CTBT Event Sponsored by: Business Executives for
National Security and The Association of the Bar of the City of New York
(September 23, 1999)
- Remarks at Commemorative Event for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, Association of the City Bar
New York, New York, September 23, 1999
- Nuclear Test Ban Treaty needed to help prevent nuclear war by Charles D. Ferguson,
September 3, 1999 Las Vegas Review Journal If the Senate does not ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty this year, Americans could lose a unique opportunity to contain the growing threat of nuclear proliferation.
- Preparations Intensify for Conference on CTBT Entry Into Force Test Ban News (No. 38, August 23, 1999
- While Honoring Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, President Clinton Recalls Their Support for the CTBT Test Ban News (No. 37, August 10, 1999
- CLINTON / TEST BAN Voice of America 09 August 1999 -- President Clinton is stepping up his appeal to the Senate to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban treaty this year.
- "Free the CTBT": Senators Cite National Security, Public Opinion Test Ban News (No. 36, July 26, 1999
- Statement by the President Test Ban News (No. 35, July 23,
- Senators Urge Immediate CTBT Ratification By Susan Ellis USIA 20 July 1999 -- A bipartisan group of senators held a news conference July 20 to urge that the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty be ratified at once. Senate Minority (Democratic) Leader Thomas Daschle pointed out that on September 24, 1996, "President Clinton became the first of 152 world leaders to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty."
- Transcript: Clinton on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty 20 July 1999 -- President Clinton has urged the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to hold hearings this fall on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) so that "each side can make its case for and against the treaty, and allow the Senate to decide this matter on its merits."
- CLINTON / TEST BAN Voice of America 20 July 1999 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON IS RENEWING HIS APPEAL TO THE U-S SENATE TO RATIFY THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY. A BIPARTISAN GROUP OF SENATORS ALSO CALLED FOR ACTION ON THE TREATY.
- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET - July 20, 1999
- Prominent Republicans and Democrats call for CTBT ratification Test Ban News (No. 34, July 6, 1999
- Test ban treaty is last line of defense against nuclear espionage by Charles Ferguson and Daryl Kimball Minneapolis Star-Tribune June 4, 1999 -- Unless the United States soon ratifies the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and presses for global enactment, China, or any other nation that may have stolen U.S. nuclear weapons information, could resume nuclear
explosive testing that is necessaryto confirm new bomb designs.
- Spying Isn't the Only Way to Learn About Nukes By WILLIAM J. BROAD The New York Times 30 May 1999 -- In 1993 the administration decided that the best way to keep the nuclear arms race from heating up again was to get the world's nations to sign a test-ban treaty. The idea was that even if a country knew how to make a bomb, it couldn't perfect new ones and build up advanced forces without physically testing new designs. Releasing many of America's nuclear secrets was seen as an essential part of this strategy, since it would signal a new global order in which nuclear know-how was suddenly and irreparably devalued and real security would lie in the collective knowledge that nobody was able to push weaponry beyond the known boundaries. What had been gold would become dross, and the atom would lose power and prestige. Driven by such logic, the administration made public masses of generalities about nuclear arms, even as specific weapon designs were kept secret.
- Ratify Test Ban Treaty to Help Protect Nuclear Secrets by Charles Ferguson, Defense News May 24, 1999 -- The Senate can best repair the alleged damage to US nuclear weapons security by ratifying the nuclear Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) this year.
- Our Dealings with the Middle Kingdom by Charles D. Ferguson The Washington Post May 11, 1999 - China is not likely to deploy this weapon in its
military without further testing. This testing will not occur as long as
China continues to adhere to a nuclear-testing moratorium.
- TEXT OF A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO CONGRESSIONAL LEADERSHIP AND SELECTED REPRESENTATIVES AND SENATORS April 26, 1999 - I am pleased to note the Secretaries' conclusion that the nuclear stockpile has no safety or reliability concerns that require underground testing at this time.
- The Impact Of The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty On Nuclear Non-Proliferation And American Security Balan R. Ayyar; Bruce E. Blaisdell (Faculty Advisor) Air Command and Staff College April 1999 -- A careful cost/benefit analysis of the CTBT reveals that the Administration has made its case for the ratification. In fact, ratification could decrease some horizontal proliferation and by no accounts would increase it, so some relative advantage is left to proponents of the treaty.
- PREPARATORY COMMISSION FOR TEST-BAN-TREATY ORGANIZATION BEGINS THIRD YEAR OF WORK 22 March 1999 -- With a staff of 184 from 58 States signatories -- compared with an initial staff of nine in March 1997 -- CTBTO PrepCom has made steady progress in setting up the verification regime to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
- The Joint Chiefs of Staff call for prompt CTBT ratification Test Ban News (No. 33, March 4, 1999)
- RICHARDSON SAYS SENATE PASSAGE OF CTBT "CRITICALLY IMPORTANT" By Susan Ellis USIA 02 March 1999 -- Achieving Senate passage of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a priority for the Clinton Administration, says Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Bill Richardson. Speaking to the National Press Club March 2, he said CTBT "is an issue where the whole
cabinet is going to be deployed" to urge ratification.
- President urges Senate to approve CTBT now; more states ratify Test Ban News (No. 32, January 28, 1999
- National Security Advisor, Secretary of Energy: CTBT ratification is a top priority for 1999 Test Ban News (No. 31, January 14, 1999
- REMARKS BY SAMUEL R. BERGER
ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS
TO THE CARNEGIE INTERNATIONAL NON-PROLIFERATION CONFERENCE
January 12, 1999
- Remarks by Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
January 12, 1999
- ARMS CONTROL: DEFENSE BY OTHER MEANS JOHN D. HOLUM, ACTING UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE, ARMS CONTROL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS AND DIRECTOR, ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY Remarks to the Jefferson Literary and Debating Society, University of Virginia, November 29, 1998
- President calls for CTBT ratification on 2nd anniversary of Treaty signing Test Ban News (No. 30, September 25, 1998
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY September 24, 1998 - There has been a long, long time now in which the CTBT has been pending. It has strong bipartisan support from a range of former Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs and others, and the President I think is quite correct that now is the time to ratify this very important arms control measure.
- U.S. PRAISES STEPS BY INDIA, PAKISTAN TOWARD SIGNING CTBT By Judy Aita USIA 24 September 1998 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright praised Pakistan and India for stating that they intend to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) within the year, but said that "more steps need to be taken" before the U.S. can lift sanctions imposed after the two conducted nuclear tests earlier this year.
- TEXT: CLINTON STATEMENT ON COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY USIA 24 September 1998 -- (President expresses hope that India, Pakistan will sign)
- Nations pursue entry into force as CTBT ratifications climb to 20 Test Ban News (No. 29, September 14, 1998
- CTBT Prepcom is efficient means to improve global nuclear monitoring Test Ban News (No. 28, September 1, 1998
- Specter, Biden urge CTBT hearings; highlight overwhelming public support Test Ban News (No. 27, August 7, 1998
- Vice President calls on Congress to act now, ratify Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 26, July 30, 1998
- Breakthrough Systems to Detect Nuclear Explosions Worldwide DOE News Release - July 27, 1998 -- Scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, WA, have developed two breakthrough devices that can detect nuclear detonations by analyzing the atmosphere for traces of radioactive material.
- Brazil and Australia ratify CTBT; Brazil accedes to Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Test Ban News (No. 25, July 17, 1998
- DECLARE A MORATORIUM ON SUBCRITICAL TESTING July 16, 1998
Dear President Clinton: As national, regional, and local organizations working for the ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, we urge you to declare a moratorium on
the US subcritical testing program and seek agreement from Russia and China to halt activities at their test sites as well.
- US, France may violate CTBT Hindustan Times 16 July 1998 - An American scientific group has criticised a multi-billion dollar US federal research programme to harness nuclear fusion for peaceful energy production as violative of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and indicative of double standards in America's non-proliferation stance.
- U-S / NUKES Voice of America 15 July 1998 --
A NEW REPORT WARNS THAT CERTAIN TYPES OF NUCLEAR RESEARCH UNDERWAY IN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER COUNTRIES COULD LEAD TO ANOTHER GENERATION OF ATOMIC WEAPONS.
- Brazilian Ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT - THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary - July 13, 1998
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1998 -- INDIA/PAKISTAN "We're hopeful that some of the dialogue in India now is a signal that they maybe have realized the wisdom of going forward with the Comprehensive Test Ban. But we are not on the verge of achieving that at this point; we're in the process of discussing it."
- CTBT issue: India 'eager' to secure some concessions
Hindustan Times , July 5, 1998 -- India is eager to secure some concessions before addressing the issue of signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in a meaningful fashion.
- G-8 calls on all states to sign, ratify Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 24, June 17, 1998
- TEXT: SECRETARY OF STATE'S REMARKS TO STIMSON CENTER -
10 June 1998 -- Secretary of State Albright has again urged the US Senate to approve the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) that would ban all future nuclear tests.
- ALBRIGHT / ARMS CONTROL Voice of America 10 June 1998 -- SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT HAS URGED QUICK U-S SENATE RATIFICATION OF THE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY.
- Secretary of State calls for CTBT, says we need it 'now more than ever' Test Ban News (No. 23, June 10, 1998
- Permanent Security Council members reaffirm commitment to Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 22, June 9, 1998
- SENS. LEVIN AND BINGAMAN CALL FOR HEARINGS ON THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY -- 09 June 1998 -- Urge Armed Services Chairman Thurmond To Show Leadership In the Wake of India and Pakistan Testing of Nuclear Weapons.
- President, Secretary of State call on Senate to set example, vote on CTBT Test Ban News (No. 21, June 5, 1998
- Architects of U.S. test moratorium call for action on Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 20, May 27, 1998
- DETECTING NUKES Voice of America - 21 May 1998 -
INDIA'S RECENT NUCLEAR TESTS HAVE FOCUSED NEW ATTENTION ON THE SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE OF DETECTING UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR BLASTS.
- President condemns Indian tests; urges action on Test Ban Treaty Test Ban News (No. 19, May 20, 1998
- RADIO ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT TO THE NATION 17 May 1998 - THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary -- "The CTBT's global
network of sensors and the short-notice on-site inspections it allows will improve our ability to monitor and discourage countries from cheating. I submitted the treaty to the Senate last fall. Now it's all the more important that the Senate act quickly, this year, so that we can increase the pressure on, and isolation of, other nations that may be considering their own nuclear test explosions."
- REDUCING THE NUCLEAR THREAT The White House -- May 16, 1998
India's nuclear test explosions clearly demonstrate the need to move quickly to bring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force.
- CLINTON / TEST BAN Voice of America 16 May 1998 -- IN HIS SATURDAY RADIO MESSAGE -- FROM THE BIRMINGHAM SUMMIT -- MR. CLINTON SAID U-S SENATE RATIFICATION OF THE TEST BAN TREATY HAS BECOME MORE URGENT
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE McCURRY 16 May 1998 -- Q Mike, the President is making a big pitch in his radio address today to the Senate to ratify the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. But since the Indians began their tests this week have you people detected any shift in opinion in the Senate with regard to ratification?
- National Security Advisor urges advice, consent to Treaty this year Test Ban News (No. 18, May 5, 1998
- Forty years after Eisenhower begins effort, Treaty ratification in reach Test Ban News (No. 17, May 1, 1998
- Treaty Preparatory Commission meets, reaffirms commitment to verification Test Ban News (No. 16, April 24, 1998
- Talbott, Holum make case for Treaty Test Ban News (No. 15, April 15, 1998
- British, French ratify CTBT Test Ban News (No. 14, April 7, 1998
- UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE HOLUM ON NUCLEAR TEST BAN
07 April 1998 -- The sooner the U.S. Senate ratifies the CTBT, Under Secretary of State
for Arms Control and International Security Affairs John Holum says, "the sooner we set the rest of the world on the same path."
- BRITAIN, FRANCE ARE FIRST NUCLEAR STATES TO RATIFY TEST BAN 06 April 1998 By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent -- Britain and France have ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), becoming the first nuclear weapons states to
- U.S. HAILS FRENCH, BRITISH DEPOSIT OF CTBT INSTRUMENTS
06 April 1998 -- President Clinton hailed the achievement of another milestone in the global effort to achieve a nuclear test ban treaty when France and Great Britain deposited their instruments of ratification at the United Nations on April 6.
- Subcritical experiment conducted Test Ban News (No. 13, April 3, 1998
- BELL: SENATE SHOULD OKAY CTBT BEFORE CLINTON'S S.ASIA TRIP 01 April 1998 (Says ratification would strengthen international norms)
- Two nuclear weapon states get CTBT legislative approval Test Ban News (No. 12, March 26, 1998
- CONTROVERSIAL BOMB TEST VOA 3/25/98 A CONTROVERSIAL WEAPONS TEST IN A REMOTE PART OF THE AMERICAN WEST IS SPARKING CRITICISM FROM DISARMAMENT
ADVOCATES. THEY SAY THE TEST COULD HARM EFFORTS TO PASS THE
COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY.
- Senate hearings: CTBT strengthens efforts against would-be proliferators Test Ban News (No. 11, March 20, 1998
- ACTING UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE HOLUM ON TEST BAN TREATY
18 March 1998
- Treaty in our national security interests (Test Ban News - No. 10, March 13, 1998)
- Treaty awaiting Senate action enjoys broad public support (Test Ban News - No. 9, March 4, 1998)
- Stand Aside, Senator ( St. Petersburg Times, St. Petersburg, Fl., March 2, 1998)
- Top scientists endorse CTBT (Test Ban News - No. 8, February 25, 1998)
- Regarding the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Prepared Remarks for U.S. Secretary of Energy Federico Peña , National Press Club, Washington, D.C. (February 12, 1998)
- National security principals stress benefits of CTB Treaty (Test Ban News - No. 7, February 19, 1998)
- Peña Calls for Ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty DOE News Release - February 12, 1998 -- In a major policy address, Secretary of Energy Federico Peña strongly urged the U.S. Senate to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty signed by President Clinton in September 1996.
- Nuclear stockpile certified safe, reliable (Test Ban News - No. 6, February 12, 1998)
- Test Ban Treaty Held Hostage ( Los Angeles Times, February 9, 1998)
- Lab Directors affirm: Nuclear deterrent secure under CTBT (Test Ban News - No. 5, February 4, 1998)
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT TO THE WORKERS AND COMMUNITY OF LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY February 3, 1998
- Excerpts from President Clinton January 27, 1998
- Remarks to the Business Executives for National Security, and the New York Academy of Sciences The Honorable John D. Holum, Director U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and Acting Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International
Security Affairs , New York City (January 22, 1998)
- End Nuclear Testing ( The Denver Post, January 22, 1998)
- Ban is the Best Defense ( The News & Observer, Raleigh, NC., January 13, 1998)
- President asks for Senate to approve CTBT this year (Test Ban News - No. 4, January 28, 1998)
- NATO endorses Test Ban Treaty (Test Ban News - No. 3, December 4, 1997)
- Nuclear Treaty; Get Ready to Ratify the Test Ban
( Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Mn., November 8, 1997)
- TEST BAN UNDER SCRUTINY VOA 01 November 1997
- Nuclear Weapons and the CTBT, by Federico Peña
( The Washington Times, October 29, 1997)
- Stockpile stewardship the 'right program' (Test Ban News - No. 2, October 29, 1997)
- Efforts to ratify historic treaty begin (Test Ban News - No. 1, October 28, 1997)
- 'U.S. Should Lead on Test Ban Treaty,' by Isabel Cohen
( Omaha World-Herald, October 23, 1997)
- On Balance, CTBT Works, by Vincent Dupont and Richard Sokolsky
( Defense News, October 13-19, 1997)
- Let Senate Finally Ratify Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, by Foster ( Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 6, 1997)
- Ban All Nuclear Tests ( The Hartford Courant, October 5, 1997)
- Leadership Needed for Test-Ban Treaty; the Senate Should Approve A Halt to Nuclear Testing ( Portland Press Herald, September 29, 1997)
- Senate Should Ratify Historic Treaty Banning Nuclear Tests ( The Pantagraph, Bloomington, Il.,September 29, 1997)
- Wrap Up the Test Ban Treaty and Move On ( Dayton Daily
News, September 27, 1997)
- Ban Nuclear Tests; Senate Should Ratify Historic Treaty
( Telegram & Gazette, Worcester, Ma., September 26, 1997)
- Poll Shows Support for Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Remains Strong ( U.S. Newswire, September 26, 1997)
- Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty: Time Is Right for Ratification
( Journal Now, Winston-Salem, NC., September 25, 1997)
- Banning Nuclear Tests ( The San Francisco Chronicle, September 24, 1997)
- Global Nuke Ban Worthwhile Goal ( Sun-Sentinel, Fort Lauderdale, Fl., September 24, 1997)
- Nuclear Ban Is Next Step Toward Peace
( The Morning Call, Allentown, Pa., September 24, 1997)
- Clinton Asks Senate to OK Nuclear Test Ban; , by Elizabeth Shogren ( Los Angeles Times, September 23, 1997) Weapons: President, Using U.N. Appearance to Outline Vision of an Increasingly Integrated World, Also Calls on Other Countries to
- Clinton Calls for End to Global Nuclear Testing ( Dayton Daily News, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton: End Nuclear Tests; Create Court for Rights Violators ( Sun-Sentinel, Fort Lauderdale, Fl., September 23, 1997)
- Clinton: End Nuclear Tests for All Time; ( The Orlando Sentinel, September 23, 1997) the President Told the U.N. Monday That He'd Start the Ball Rolling for the United States to Sign the Pact
- Clinton Endorses U.N. Initiatives; Test-Ban Pact Advances, by Robert A. Rankin and David Hess ( The Record, Bergen County, NJ., September 23, 1997)
- Clinton to Push Global Testing Ban, by Bob Deans ( The News, Mexico, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton to Push Nuclear Test Ban, by George Condon ( The State Journal-Register, Springfield, Il., September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Pushes Arms Treaty; President Tells U.N. He's Sending Test-Ban Pact to Senate ( The Baltimore Sun, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Pushes for Test Ban Approval , by Brian McGrory,
( The Boston Globe, September 23, 1997)In a Speech to UN General Assembly, He Also Offers a Plan for U.S. To Repay its Debt
- Clinton Puts Heat on Test-Ban Treaty, by Nancy Mathis
( The Gazette, Montreal, Canada, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton: Ratify N-arms Pact; U.N. Speech Sets Up Clash With Senate, by Judy Keen and Mimi Hall ( USA Today, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Seeks Global Test Ban on Nuclear Arms, by
Bob Deans ( The Ottawa Citizen, Canada, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Tells U.N. He's Ready to Forward Test Ban to Senate, by John F. Harris ( The Washington Post, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Touts Global Ban on Nuclear Tests ( St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 23, 1997) In U.N. Speech, He Backs Treaty
- Clinton, at UN, Says He'll Press Senate on Test Ban Pact, by James Bennet ( The New York Times, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton, at UN, Vows to Seek Approval for Test Ban Treaty, by Brian Knowlton ( International Herald Tribune, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Urges End to Nuclear Tests
( The Tampa Tribune, September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Urges OK on Test-Ban Treaty, by James Bennet ( The Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tn., September 23, 1997)
- Clinton Urges Ratification of Ban on Nuclear Testing, by Robert Rankin ( The Des Moines Register, September 23, 1997)
- In U.N. Speech, Clinton Vows Action on Treaty, by
John F. Harris ( The Buffalo News, September 23, 1997)
- No More Nukes; Clinton to Give Major Push to Test Ban Treaty, by Ron Fournier ( The Chattanooga Times, September 23, 1997)
- Nuclear Ban Gets Nudge by Clinton, by Bob Deans ( The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, September 23, 1997); In Pitch to U.N., He Vows to Push Treaty to End Tests Fueling Arms Race
- Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty to Go Before Senate Soon,
by George E. Condon Jr. ( The San Diego Union-Tribune, September 23, 1997)
- President to Seek Senate Approval of Nuclear Test Ban, by Richard Whittle ( The Dallas Morning News, September 23, 1997)
- Senate. Test. Weapons. Restriction. Backing the Ban/Nuclear Treaty Goes to Senate, by Josh Friedman ( Newsday, New York, NY, September 23, 1997)
- A Test Ban Plea 'For All Time' by Ron Fournier ( Rocky Mountain News, Denver, CO., September 23, 1997) Clinton, In U.N. Speech, Announces He Has Sent Nuclear Treaty To Senate,
- Testing Ban Goes to Senate, by John F. Harris ( Las Vegas Review-Journal, September 23, 1997)
- U.S. Offers Peace to UN, by David S. Cloud ( Chicago Tribune, September 23, 1997) ; Clinton Extends Olive Branches of Nuclear Treaty and Back Dues, Calls for World Body to Make Reforms
- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: "The Longest-Sought, Hardest-Fought Prize in the History of Arms Control" White House Fact Sheet September 22, 1997
- Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Safeguards White House Fact Sheet September 22, 1997
- Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty White House Factsheet September 22, 1997
- FACT SHEET: 146 NATIONS HAVE SIGNED TEST BAN TREATY 24 September 1997
- WHITE HOUSE ON PURPOSE OF TEST BAN TREATY 23 September 1997
- WHITE HOUSE MARKS NUCLEAR TEST BAN MILESTONES 23 September 1997
- CLINTON LETTER TO SENATE ON NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY 23 September 1997
- Remarks by the President to the 52nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly September 22, 1997
- Second Subcritical Experiment Conducted Successfully at the Department of Energy's Nevada Test Site DOE News Release - September 18, 1997 --
The Department of Energy's Nevada Operations Office today conducted the second subcritical experiment at the Nevada Test Site. The experiment named Holog was conducted safely and preliminary indications are that the experiment was successful.
- Second Subcritical Experiment Scheduled for September 18
DOE News Release - September 16, 1997 -- The Department of Energy has scheduled the second of two planned subcritical experiments—physics experiments to learn the properties of nuclear materials—for Thursday, September 18. The experiment, named Holog, will be conducted by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at the U1a
Complex at the Nevada Test Site.
- Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty The Honorable John D. Holum, Director U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Remarks at the 18th Annual Seismic Research Symposium, Loews Annapolis Hotel, Annapolis, Hotel (September 6, 1996)
- Statement to the Conference on Disarmament The Honorable John D. Holum, Director U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency , Geneva, Switzerland (August 1, 1996)
- DOE Successfully Conducts First Subcritical Experiment
DOE News Release - July 2, 1997 -- Data Confirms No Nuclear Explosion
- First Subcritical Experiment Scheduled for July 2 DOE News Release - June 30, 1997 -- The Department of Energy has scheduled the first of two upcoming subcritical experiments -- physics experiments to obtain scientific data on the properties of nuclear materials -- for July 2. The experiment, named Rebound, is sponsored by the Los Alamos National Laboratory at the U1a Complex at the Nevada Test Site.
- Remarks by the President In Address to the 51st General Assembly of the United Nations - September 24, 1996
- STATEMENT FROM THE ARMS CONTROL DIRECTOR ON THE TREATY TO BAN NUCLEAR TESTING September 10, 1996
- COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY White House Factsheet September 10, 1996
- STATEMENT FROM ARMS CONTROL DIRECTOR ON NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY NEGOTIATIONS June 28, 1996
- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY
Mark Andrew Tinker
- COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY A TOP PRIORITY The Status of Negotiations - January 1996
- Statement to the United States Delegation to the Conference on DisarmamentThe Honorable John D. Holum, Director U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
, Geneva, Switzerland (January 23, 1996)
- STATEMENT FROM SECRETARY HAZEL R. O'LEARY ON PRESIDENT CLINTON'S
ANNOUNCEMENT OF A CONTINUED U.S. NUCLEAR TEST BAN DOE News Release - August 11, 1995
Maintained by Robert Sherman
Updated Saturday, June 10, 2000 6:11:55 PM